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The explosion to side of the ship; it seemed to be about forty feet away from the ship.

3d Interrogatory. Were you on deck or below? On deck.

4th Interrogatory. If you were on deck did you have a clear vision of the submarine ?

No.

5th Interrogatory. How did the submarine announce her presence to the S. S. Ancona?

By a shot. This shot sent a jet of water into the air as it struck the sea.

6th Interrogatory. Was any warning given by the submarine to the master of the S. S. Ancona that he should stop?

I do not know.

7th Interrogatory. If a warning was given to the master of the S. S. Ancona by the submarine, how promptly was that warning obeyed by the master of the S. S. Ancona?

I do not know if a warning was given.

8th Interrogatory. If you have any well founded belief as to the nationality of the submarine, state upon what facts that well founded belief is based.

I was not able to form an opinion.
9th Interrogatory. Did the submarine display a flag?
Yes.

10th Interrogatory. If so, what was the nationality of the flag displayed?

I do not know.

11th Interrogatory. Was the flag displayed by the submarine when her presence was first known to the S. S. Ancona; if not, at what period of the attack was the flag of the submarine displayed?

The submarine had no flag displayed when she began her attack of the S. S. Ancona, but raised her flag some time afterwards. This was done after the firing had begun.

12th Interrogatory. Are you conversant with European languages and customs; if so, was there anything that came within your knowledge, observation, or hearing that caused you to form an opinion that the submarine or the crew of the submarine were of another nationality than that of the flag displayed !

I speak English, French, Hebrew, and Yiddish. I have no personal knowledge as to the nationality of the submarine or of its crew.

13th Interrogatory. Did the master of the S. S. Ancona in your judgment, stop the steamer within a reasonable length of time after the submarine had given warning, if warning was given ?

I can not state.

14th Interrogatory. Did the submarine fire on the S. S. Ancona after the Ancona had hove to?

Yes; she did.

15th Interrogatory. Had the passengers remained on board the S. S. Ancona after the attack of the submarine what, in your judgment, would have been their fate?

They would have been all lost.

16th Interrogatory. What was the fate of those who remained on board the Ancona?

I do not know.
17th Interrogatory. Did you, personally, seek safety in a lifeboat?
Yes.

18th Interrogatory. What would have been your fate if you had not sought refuge in a lifeboat ?

I would have been drowned.

19th Interrogatory. How long a time after the warning signal for the passengers to take to the lifeboats before the ship was torpedoed?

I think about half an hour.

20th Interrogatory. Did the submarine cease firing while the passengers were being embarked in the lifeboats ?

No.

21st Interrogatory. Did the submarine give any assistance or make any effort to rescue the passengers and crew after the ship had been torpedoed?

No.

22d Interrogatory. Did the submarine fire on the lifeboats after they had left the ship?

I do not think so.
23d Interrogatory. What flag was flown by the submarine ?
I do not know.
24th Interrogatory. What warning shots were given?

The first shot I know of was that mentioned in my answer to the second interrogatory.

25th Interrogatory. Whether the vessel was being fired on while the

passengers were leaving? Yes. 26th Interrogatory. Time allowed for such taking off! The only time between the shots was of a few seconds seemingly.

27th Interrogatory. Whether vessel sank before all the passengers were taken off ?

I do not know.

28th Interrogatory. Were there any other vessels in the neighborhood?

I do not know.

29th Interrogatory. What was the conduct of the crew during the taking off of the passengers ?

Every man was looking after himself.

Last question unnumbered. Do you know any of the survivors of the S. S. Ancona who could corroborate your statement ? To the last question, unnumbered, he saith : No.

ISAAC STRACHLEVITZ.

Sworn and subscribed to before me this first day of December, 1915.

JAY WHITE, Consul of the United States of America.

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Sworn Declaration of Domenico Tambone, passenger on board

S. S.“Ancona.'

AMERICAN CONSULAR SERVICE,

Naples, November 26, 1915. Be it known that on this twenty-sixth day of November, 1915, before me, Herbert Carlson Biar, Vice Consul of the United States of America in and for the city and consular district of Naples, Italy, duly commissioned and sworn and by law authorized to administer oaths and affirmations, personally appeared Domenico Tamboni, now residing at the Asilo Degli Emigranti (Emigrant Shed) in Naples, Province of Naples, Kingdom of Italy, whose home address is 302 Thirtieth Street, Hoboken, New Jersey, United States of America, and being by me duly sworn, did depose and say, I was born at Molfetta, Province of Bari, Italy, about thirty-three years ago, but I do not know the date of my birth. I am an Italian subject.

I embarked on the S. S. Ancona at Naples on the fifth day of November, 1915.

TAMBONE DOMENICO.

Sworn and subscribed to before me this twenty-sixth day of November, 1915.

HERBERT CARLSON BIAR, Vice Consul of the United States of America.

Question No. 1. Where were you when you first were conscious that something unusual was occurring on board the S. S. Ancona?

In the third-class dining room.

Question No. 2. What, at first, attracted your attention to the disturbance?

The firing of the cannons.
Question No. 3. Were you on deck or below?
Below deck.

Question No. 4. If you were on deck, did you have a clear vision of the submarine ?

Question No. 5. How did the submarine announce her presence to the S. S. Ancona?

From the port-hole of the dining room I saw the submarine at about two hundred and fifty meters off the starboard bow. Presence made known by the firing of cannon.

Question No. 6. Was any warning given by the submarine to the master of the S. S. Ancona that he should stop?

I do not know, because I was below deck at the time, but the first shot appeared to be fired with blank cartridge, judging by the sound of the report.

Question No. 7. If a warning was given by the submarine to the master of the S. S. Ancona how promptly was that warning obeyed by the master of the S. S. Ancona?

The ship continued on her way after first few shots, but after about ten shots she put up the Italian flag and stopped. The submarine then hoisted the Austrian flag. I know this to be so, because in the meantime I had come up on deck and entered one of the lifeboats and saw it with my own eyes.

Question No. 8. If you have any well founded belief as to the nationality of the submarine, state upon what facts that well founded belief is based.

The fact that the submarine did not at once hoist its flag, but waited till the Ancona had hoisted the Italian flag indicates to my mind that she was not an Austrian submarine, but rather a German. This belief is held by the majority of the surviving passengers and crew of the Ancona.

Question No. 9. Did the submarine display a flag?

When firing commenced it did not display any flag whatever, but hoisted the Austrian flag as previously stated after the Ancona had hoisted the Italian flag.

Question No. 10. If so what was the nationality of the flag displayed by the submarine ?

Austrian.

Question No. 11. Was the flag displayed by the submarine when her presence was first known to the S. S. Ancona; if not at what period of the attack was the flag of the submarine first displayed?

No. Flag first displayed after about ten shots had been fired and the Ancona had hoisted the Italian flag.

Question No. 12. Are you conversant with European languages and customs, and if so was there anything that came within your observation or hearing that caused you to form an opinion that the submarine or the crew of the submarine were of another nationality than that of the flag displayed ?

Only with Italian and English. The submarine was too far away to be able to distinguish the crew on board.

Question No. 13. Did the master of the S. S. Ancona, in your judgment, stop his steamer within a reasonable length of time after the submarine had given warning, if warning was given?

Yes. With the velocity of the Ancona going at full speed it was in my judgment impossible to stop sooner.

Question No. 14. Did the submarine fire upon the S. S. Ancona after the Ancona had hove to?

Yes, submarine continued to fire after the Ancona had hove to.

Question No. 15. Had the passengers remained on board the S. S. Ancona after the attack of the submarine, what, in your judgment, would have been their fate?

They would have drowned.

Question No. 16. What was the fate of those who remained on board the S. S. Ancona?

They were drowned.
Question No. 17. Did you, personally, seek safety in a lifeboat?
Yes.

Question No. 18. What would have been your fate had you not sought refuge in a lifeboat?

I would have had to swim or take the chance of drowning.

Question No. 19. How long a time was allowed after the warning signal for the passengers to take to the lifeboats before the ship was torpedoed?

About half an hour.

Question No. 20. Did the submarine cease firing while the passengers were being embarked in the lifeboats?

No.

Question No: 21. Did the submarine give any assistance or make any effort to rescue the passengers and crew after the ship had been torpedoed?

No.

Question No. 22. Did the submarine fire upon the lifeboats after they had left the ship?

No.
Question No. 23. What flag was flown by the submarine?
Austrian flag.
Question No. 24. What warning shots were given ?

The first shot apparently fired with blank cartridge, judging by the sound of the reports.

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