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349

1917.
Circular telegram to all Apr. 2 Informs them of President
the missions.

Wilson's address to special
session of Congress, Apr.
2, 1917, and quotes Joint
Resolution declaring the
existence of a state of war
between the Imperial Ger-
man Government and the
United States.

PART XVI Severance of Diplomatic Relations between the United States and

Austria-Hungary.

358

Ambassador Penfield to the Feb. 1 Quotes note of Jan. 31
Secretary of State (tele-

from the Austro-Hunga-
gram).

rian Minister for Foreign
Affairs announcing his
Government's intention of
extending submarine war-

fare.
The Secretary of State Feb. 14 Instructs him to inquire of
to Ambassador Penfield

Austro-Hungarian Govern-
(telegram).

ment as to the modifica-
tion of that Government's
pledge given in the An-

361

cona case.

363

Ambassador Penfield to the Mar. 2 Quotes aide memoire handed
Secretary of State (tele-

him by Austro-Hungarian
gram).

Government in reply to
American inquiry as to the
modification of Austria-
Hungary's pledge given in

the Ancona case.
Chargé Grew to the Sec. Apr. 8 Severance of diplomatic re-
retary of State (tele-

lations between the United gram).

States and Austria-Hungary.

371

PART XVII
Declaration of War against Austria-Hungary.

No.

From and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

Page.

373

son

1917.
Address of President Wil- Dec. 4 Joint Resolution declaring
to Congress (ex-

the existence of a state of
tract).

war between the Imperial
and Royal Austro-Hun.
garian Government and
the United States, Dec. 7,
1917.

PART XVIII Severance of Diplomatic Relations between the United States and

Turkey.

375

375

2639 Secretary of Embassy Tar- Apr. 20 States the Imperial Ottoler to the Secretary of

man Government has in-
State (telegram).

formed Embassy it finds
it necessary to rupture its
diplomatic relations with
the United States. Amer-
ican interests have been
confided to the Swedish

Minister.
The Secretary of State Apr. 23 Informs him of the sever-
to Ambassador Sharp

ance of relations between
(telegram).

the United States and
Turkey and instructs him
to suspend all activities
in her behalf and follow in-
structions outlined in De-
partment's telegram Feb.
5th regarding German in-

terests.
The Secretary of State to Apr. 23 Same, mutatis mutandis, as
Ambassador W. H. Page

above.
(telegram).
The Secretary of State Apr. 23 Same as above.

to Minister Droppers

(telegram).
The Secretary of State to Apr. 23 Same as above..

Chargé Wheeler (tele.
gram).

OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS.

DIPLOMATIC CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN THE UNITED

STATES AND BELLIGERENT GOVERNMENTS RELAT-
ING TO NEUTRAL RIGHTS AND COMMERCE.

PART I.

DECLARATION OF LONDON.

(Continuation of correspondence printed in Special Supplement,

July, 1915, pp. 1-8, and October, 1916, pp. 1-13.)

The Secretary of State to Chargé Laughlin.

No. 4191.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, September 18, 1916. Sir: The Department has received the Ambassador's No. 4181, of July 10, 1916, enclosing for the information of the Department a copy, in duplicate, of the text of an Order in Council, dated the 7th of July, 1916, entitled “The Maritime Rights Order in Council, 1916," which effects a change in the rules hitherto adopted by the British Government to govern its conduct of warfare at sea during the present war, and transmitting, also in duplicate, a copy of a memorandum which has been drawn up by the British and French Governments explaining the grounds for the issue of the Order in Council mentioned.

You are instructed to address a formal note to Lord Grey, with reference to the Order in Council of July 7, 1916, and the memorandum of the same date on this subject, and say that the Government of the United States, after giving these documents careful consideration, deems the rules therein set forth for the guidance of British authorities as at variance with the law and practice of nations in several respects, in regard to some of which the United States has already made known its views in prior correspondence, and that the Government of the United States reserves all of its rights in the

premises, including the right not only to question the validity of these rules, but to present demands and claims in relation to any American interests which may be unlawfully affected directly or indirectly by the application of these rules. I am, etc.,

ROBERT LANSING.

Ambassador W. H. Page to the Secretary of State.

No. 4988.]

AMERICAN EMBASSY,

London, October 11, 1916. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the Department's Instruction No. 4191 of September 18, with respect to the Maritime Rights Order in Council, 1916, and in reply to enclose herewith, for the information of the Department, a copy of the Note which has been received from the Foreign Office, under date of October 10, in response to the Embassy's representations in the premises. I have, etc.,

WALTER HINES PAGE.

[Inclosure.]

FOREIGN OFFICE,

October 10, 1916. YOUR EXCELLENCY:

I have had the honour of receiving Mr. Laughlin's note of the 3rd instant (No. 211), in which he makes a communication under instructions from your Government with respect to the Maritime Rights Order in Council, 1916.

I would point out that if the rules cited in the Order in Council are not deemed by the United States Government to be in accordance with international law, they should be challenged in the Prize Court. I have, etc.,

(For the Secretary of State:)

MAURICE DE BUNSEN.

The Secretary of State to Ambassador W. H. Page.

No. 4502.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, November 24, 1916. Sir: The Department has received your No. 4988 of October 11, 1916, with which, having reference to the Department's instruction No. 4191 of September 18, in relation to the Maritime Rights Order in Council of 1916, you enclose a copy of a note received from the Foreign Office in response to the Embassy's representations in the matter.

You will address to the Foreign Office a note in reply to the effect that without admitting that even individual rights when clearly violated by Orders in Council must be maintained by resort to local tribunals, this Government must announce that it, of course, has no intention to resort to British courts for the maintenance of such of its national rights as may be infringed by Orders in Council of Great Britain. I am, etc.,

ROBERT LANSING.

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