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* 3 not accounted for.

Name of ship.

Registry.

Date of attack.

Torpedoed.

Mine.

Gun fire.

Warned.

Ameri-
cans on
board.

Americans

killed.

Sunk.

1

6 Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.

Yes.
Yes...

None. Yes.

2 (?) None. Yes.

Yes

None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.

Yes.....

Yes..

Englishman
British Mar. 23, 1916 Yes

Yes

No
Eptalofos
British Mar. 23, 1917 Yes

No
Yes

No
Eretria
British May 12, 1916 Yes

No
No

No
Fairport
British Apr. 15, 1916 Yes

No
Yes

No time to

escape. Folia British Mar. 11, 1917 | Yes

No

No
Galgorn Castle British Feb. 27, 1917 No

No
Girda
Norwegian Mar. 13, 1917

Yes, and No

bombs.
Hainault
Belgian Mar. 12, 1917 No

No
Yes....

No
Harpaluss
British Dec. 2, 1916 No

Bombs Yes.
Harrovian
British Apr. 16, 1916 No

No

Yes.
Havgard
Norwegian . Feb. 6, 1917

Bombs Yes.
Helgoy
Norwegian Jan. 3, 1917 Yes

No

Yes
Holly Branch
British Jan. 1, 1917 No

No

Yes, and Yes ?.

bombs.
Iberian
British July 30, 1915 | Yes

Yes.
Inverlogie..
British Mar. 9, 1917 No

Yes.

Yes.
Inverlyon
British Apr. 11, 1916 No

Yes

Yes
Japanese Prince British Feb. 10, 1917 Yes

No

No
Kelvinia
British Sept. 2, 1916 No

No
Knutsford
British July 22, 1916 No

Yes Not stated
Koophandel
Belgian Aug. 1, 1915 No

No

es

No
La Campine
Dutch. Mar. 13, 1917| Yes

No
No

Yes.
Leo
Russian July 9, 1915 Yes

No
No

No
Lord Tredegar.

British ...
Sept. 17, 1916 Yes

No
No

No
Lorton
Peruvian Feb. 5, 1917

Yes, and

bombs.
Lucilline
British Mar. 13, 1917 Yes

No
No

No
Malmanger

Norwegian Mar. 22, 1917 Doubtful; explosion.
Maloja
British Feb. 27, 1916 No

No
Manchester Engineer British Mar. 27, 1916 Yes

No
No

No
Mantola

British
Feb. 8, 1917 Yes

No
Yes

No
Margam Abbey British Apr. 10, 1916 No

No
Yes.

No
Marion

Norwegian Apr. 6, 1917
Mayola
British Feb. 16, 1917 No

No

Bombs Yes
Mecklenburg

Dutch
Feb. 27, 1916 No

Yes
No

No
Medusa
Italian Mar. 16, 1917

Yes, and Yes

bombs.
Memnon
British Mar. 12, 1917 Yes

No
No

No
Mohacsfield
British Jan. 13, 1917 Not stated

Yes

Yes.
Neath
British Mar. 27, 1917 Yes

No
No

No
Nicosian
British Aug. 19, 1915 No

No
Yes

No
Noordam

Dutch

Oct. 1914 Norwegian British Mar. 13, 1917 (?)

No

No
Nyland
Norwegian . Feb. 23, 1917

Bombs Yes 1 Not known; about 40.

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1 Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.

1 Yes.
None. | Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.

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Name of ship.

Registry. Date of attack.

Torpedoed.

Mine.

Gun fire.

Warned.

Ameri-
cans on
board.

Americans

killed.

Sunk.

No
No
Yes

No
Vo
Yes
No

Yes

Yes.

No
es
Yes

Palermo
Paul Paix
Pinna
Queen Louise
Queen Wilhelmina
Rauma
Ravenhill
Rievaulx Abbey
Rio Tiete
Roanoke
Ronald
Saint Leonards
Saint Ursula
Sandvik
Saxonian

Italian
British
British
British
Dutch
Norwegian
British
British
British
British
Norwegian
British
British
Norwegian
British

ASNI

Yes.

[blocks in formation]

Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes.
No
No
Yes.
No

Bombs
No

Yes

23

1 Yes.
None. No.
Injured. Beached.

None. Yes.
None.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None.
None. | Yes.

1 No.
None. Yes.
None. | No.

None. Yes.
1

None. Yes.
3 None ; 1 in. Yes.
jured.

None. Yes.

None. Yes.
7 None; 1 in-Yes.
jured.

1

None. Yes.
1
None.

Yes.
None. Yes.

Yes.
Yes.

[blocks in formation]

Yes.

Dec. 2, 1916 | Yes

No
Dec. 24, 1916 No

Yes.
Mar. 12, 1917 | Yes

No
Mar. 31, 1917 Yes
July 31, 1916 No
May 31, 1916 No

No
Apr. 18, 1916 No

No
Sept. 3, 1916

Explosion.
Mar. 28, 1917 | Yes

No
Feb. 11, 1917 | Yes

No
Mar. 16, 1917
Nov. 15, 1916 No
Dec. 12, 1916 Yes
Mar. 27, 1917
Feb. 7, 1917 | Yes

No
Nov. 1, 1916 | Yes
Sept. 27, 1916 Yes

No
Mar. 9, 1916 Yes
Feb. 28, 1917 (?) Mine(?).
Feb. 18, 1917 No

No
Feb. 19, 1917 No

(?)
Mar. 28, 1917 | Yes

No
Feb. 4, 1917 No

Not stated
Sept. 26, 1916 No

No
Aug. 29, 1916 No
Mar. 1, 1917 Yes
Mar. 8, 1917 Yes
Dec. 10, 1916 NO

Yes
Sept. 2, 1916 No

No
Sept. 6, 1916 Yes
Apr. 17, 1916 No

Y
Mar. 11, 1917 Yes
Feb. 4, 1917 Yes
Aug. 4, 1916 No

No
Feb. 26, 1917 | Yes

No

Not stated
Nov. 22, 1916 No

Sjostad
Skogland
Skrim
Snowdon Range
Solbakken
Southgarth
Stathe
Stella del Mare.
Storenes
Storstad
Strathalbyn
Strathallan
Strathtay
Terge Viken
Thode Fagesund
Thor II
Tottenham
Tritonian
Trunkby
Trym

Bombs .. Yes,
Bombs Yes
Yes, and No

bombs.
Bombs.. Yes.

Yes.
Yes.
Bombs
Yes
No

Norwegian
British
British
Italian
Norwegian
Norwegian
British
British
British
Norwegian
Norwegian
Norwegian
British
British
British
Norwegian

Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Yes

Yes.

Yes

None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None.
None. Yes.
None. Yeg.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.
None. Yes.

No

-NONNNN

[blocks in formation]

None. Yes.
None. Yes.

Tubantia
Turino
Vedamore
Virginia
Wallace
Welsh Prince
Wilfred

10

Dutch
British
British
British
British
Brittab
Norwegian

Mar. 16, 1916 | Yes
Feb. 4, 1917 | Yes
Feb. 7, 1917 Yes
July 17, 1917 | Yes
Feb. 7, 1917 No
Oct. 13, 1016 Yeg
Mar. 10, 1017 | Not stated

[blocks in formation]

None. Yeg.
None. No,
None. Yes.
None. You.

2

4. WARFARE BETWEEN SUBMARINES AND ARMED

MERCHANT VESSELS.

The Secretary of State to the British Ambassador.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, April 22, 1916. SIR: Confirming my conversation with Your Excellency of some weeks ago, in regard to the instructions which the Imperial German Government states have been issued by Your Excellency's Government for the guidance of British sea captains, I have the honor to inclose alleged copies of such instructions 1 which have been formally transmitted to this Government by the Imperial German Government.

I have the honor to request to be informed, if there is no objection, as to whether these instructions have been issued by His Majesty's Government and whether they are now in force, and if they are not in force what instructions have subsequently been issued by the British Government to British merchantmen, and, further, whether British sea captains are bound to obey any such instructions issued to them under a penalty for neglect to do so.

I would appreciate it if Your Excellency could find it possible to furnish me with this information as promptly as possible. I have, etc.,

ROBERT LANSING.

The British Ambassador to the Secretary of State. No. 111.]

BRITISH EMBASSY,

Washington, April 25, 1916. SIR: With reference to your Note of the 22d instant I have the honour to inform you that according to a telegram which I have received from Sir Edward Grey the instructions of October 20 for the guidance of British sea captains, which have been communicated to your Government contain the orders at present in force.

You will no doubt observe that the instructions contained in your note under reply were issued before the above-named date. I have, etc.,

CECIL SPRING RICE.

? Not printed. See Special Supplement, 1916, pp. 327, et seq.

The British Ambassador to the Secretary of State.

BRITISH EMBASSY,

Washington, April 28, 1916. MY DEAR MR. SECRETARY:

In accordance with a request received from Mr. Woolsey, I have pleasure in sending to you herewith a copy of the Admiralty instructions for Armed Merchant Ships of October 20, 1915, which were communicated officially to Mr. Page by Sir Edward Grey and published in the press here on March 3 last. These are the instructions at present in force.

I have telegraphed to enquire whether masters of ships who disobey these instructions are liable to any penalty and shall not fail to inform you as soon as I receive a reply. Believe me, etc.,

CECIL SPRING RICE.

[Inclosure.]
Confidential.

No. 741
INSTRUCTIONS FOR DEFENSIVELY ARMED MERCHANT SHIPS.

A. THE STATUS OF ARMED MERCHANT SHIPS.

(1) The right of the crew of a Merchant Vessel forcibly to resist visit and search, and to fight in self-defense, is well recognized in International Law, and is expressly admitted by the German Prize Regulations in an addendum issued in June, 1914, at a time when it was known that numerous merchant vessels were being armed in self-defense.

(2) The armament is supplied solely for the purpose of resisting attack by an armed vessel of the enemy. It must not be used for any other purpose whatsoever.

(3) An armed merchant vessel, therefore, must not in any circumstances interfere with or obstruct the free passage of other merchant vessels or fishing craft, whether these are friendly, neutral, or hostile.

(4) The status of a British armed merchant vessel can not be changed upon the high seas.

B. RULES TO BE OBSERVED IN THE EXERCISE OF THE RIGHT OF

SELF-DEFENSE.

(1) The Master or Officer in command is responsible for opening and ceasing fire.

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