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HEARING

BEFORE A

SU BCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

UNITED STATES SENATE

LIBRAR і

SIXTY-SIXTH CONGRESS.

SECOND SESSION

P Р
FEB 27 1921

لام

PURSUANT TO

S. RES. 263

DIRECTING THE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE TO INVESTI-
GATE STATUS AND ACTIVITIES OF ONE LUDWIG C. A. K.
MARTENS, CLAIMING TO BE A REPRESENTATIVE

OF THE RUSSIAN SOCIALISTIC

SOVIET REPUBLIC

Parti

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS.

HENRY CABOT LODGE, Massachusetts, Chairman. PORTER J. McCUMBER, North Dakota. GILBERT M. HITCHCOCK, Nebraska. WILLIAM E. BORAH, Idaho.

JOHN SHARP WILLIAMS, Mississippi. FRANK B. BRANDEGEE, Connecticut. CLAUDE A. SWANSON, Virginia, ALBERT B. FALL, New Mexico.

ATLEE POMERENCE, Ohio. PHILANDER C. KNOX, Pennsylvania.

MARCUS A, SMITH, Arizona. WARREN G, HARDING, Ohio.

KEY PITTMAN, Nevada.
HIR W. JOHNSON, Cali rnia.

K. SHIELDS, Tennessee.
HARRY S. NEW, Indiana.
GEORGE H. MOSES, New Hampshire.

C. F. REDMOND, Clerk.

MEMBERS OF SUBCOMMITTEE.

GEORGE H. MOSES, New Hampshire, Chairman. FRANK B. BRANDEGEE, Connecticut.

ATLEE POMERENE, Ohio. WILLIAM E. BORAH, Idaho.

RUSSIAN PROPAGANDA.

MONDAY, JANUARY 12, 1920.

UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,

Washington, D. C. The subcommittee on Foreign Relations met in Room 422, Senate Office Building, at 11 o'clock a. m., Senator George H. Moses presiding.

Present: Senators Moses (chairman), Knox, and Pomerene.

Also present: Hon. Thomas W. Hardwick, of counsel for Ludwig C. A. K. Martens and Santeri Nuorteva, secretary to Ludwig C. A. K. Martens.

The subcommittee met pursuant to Senate resolution 263, which is as follows: Whereas one Ludwig C. A. K. Martens claims to be an ambassador to the United

States from the Russian soviet government; and
Whereas according to newspaper reports he refuses to answer certain questions before

the Lusk investigating committee in the city of New York, a committee appointed
to investigate propaganda against this Government, on the ground that he is such
ambassador and entitled to diplomatic privileges; and
Whereas said Martens has headquarters in the city of New York and is alleged to be

directing propaganda against this Government; and Whereas, according to his testimony before said Lusk committee, he came to this

country as a German citizen and is a member of the Communist Party, pledged to

overthrow capitalistic systems of government the world over; and Whereas said Martens, according to his said testimony, regards this Government as a

capitalistic government: Now, therefore, be it Resolved, That the Committee on Foreign Relations is hereby authorized and directed, through the full committee or through any subcommittee thereof, to investigate as speedily as possible the status of said Martens; what alleged government or power in Europe he represents; what, if any, recognition of any kind has been accorded him by this Government; whether or not he is an alien enemy; what propaganda, if any, he is carrying on for the overthrow of governments; and all facts and circumstances relating to his activities in this country and his alleged diplomatic representation, and all facts relative to the activities of any other party, parties, or organization bearing upon or relating to Russian propaganda in this country, and make report to the Senate of such findings.

The said committee is hereby empowered to sit and act at such time and place as it may deem necessary; to require, by subpoena or otherwise, the attendance of witnesses, the production of books, papers, and documents; to employ stenographers at a cost not exceeding $1 per printed page. The chairman of the committee, or any member thereof, may administer oaths to witnesses. Subpoenas for witnesses shall be issued under the signature of the chairman of the committee or subcommittee thereof. Every person who, having been summoned as a witness by authority of said committee or any subcommittee thereof, willfully makes default, or who, having appeared, refuses to answer any question pertinent to the investigation heretofore authorized, shall be held to the penalties provided by section 102 of the Revised Statutes of the United States.

The expenses thereof shall be paid from the contingent fund of the Senate on vouchers ordered by said committee, signed by the chairman thereof, and approved by the Committee on Contingent Expenses.

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