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knowledge Mr. Pitt acquired under the ication of his excellent elementary work care of a private tutor at Burton Pyn- on Christian Theology, bas, in terms of sent, the seat of his father ; and the very affectionate regard, borne the most Earl took pleasure in teaching him, honorable testimony, not only to the while still a youth, to argue with logi- promising abilities, but to the private cal precision, and to speak with elegance virtues and amiable dispositions of his and force. He accustomed him to the illustrious pupil. Mr. Pitt was afterpractice of making accurate enquiries wards entered a student of Lincoln's respecting every subject that caught Inn, and made so rapid a progress in his attention, and taught him not to re- his legal studies, as to be soon called main satisfied with a superficial obser- to the bar, with every prospect of sucFation of appearances. These lessons

He once or twice went upon the brought him into an early practice of western circuit, and appeared as junior cool and patient investigation, rarely, if counsel in several causes. On the disever, acquired by those who prefer the solution of Parliament in September, trappings of eloquence, and the showy 1780, Mr. Pitt was returned for a bor. ornaments of language, to plain soberough, at the age of 22. diction, and pertinent matter of fact. Under such an able paternal guide, an

From this era of his political acute mind could not fail to imbibe a birth until the year of his death, store of sound practical knowledge. we lose sight of Mr. Pitt (at least The Earl saw in his son, a future in the pages of the annalist) and statesman, and, in all probability, a future minister of his country also. It

behold only the politician and the was a laudable ambition, and to gratify premier. It is not our wish to de. it he spared no exertions ; directing tain the reader, or swell our rehis whole attention to the great object view with giving extracts from exof rendering his son accomplished in all things requisite to form a publick selves with referring him to the

tracts ; but we will content our. character, and to preserve the lustre already attached to the name of Wil. newspapers of the last eighteen liam Pitt. He, himself, frequently en. years for specimens of the matter tered into disputations with him, and and style of the remainder of the encouraged him to converse with others,

volume. As we have however upon subjects far above what could be expected from his years. In the ma

quoted the first page, we will also nagement of these arguments, his fa- quote the last, and, in so doing, bether would never cease to press him lieve we have given all, which has with difficulties : nor would he permit any claim to originality :him to stop, till the subject of contention was completely exhausted. By During the early part of the year, being inured to this method, the son

the greatest efforts had been used by acquired that quality which is of the the British government to awaken the first consequence in publick life....a continental powers to a just sense of sufficient degree of firmness and pre- their own honour and of the dangers sence of mind, as well as a ready de. that awaited them from the enormous livery, in which he was wonderfully power of France, and to induce the aided both by nature and education. three great princes to make common That he miglit enjoy all the benefits of cause with this country. Bonaparte instruction which this country could in the meanwhile was increasing his give him, and at the same time, by a preparations for invasion, and they were Tapid progress in the preliminary stu- so nearly matured, that the attempt dies, qualify himself early for the sen. was expected to be made every day, ate, he was, at between fourteen and when the French troops were suddenly falteen years of age, taken from under marched from Bologne to Germany. the private tuition of the Rev. Mr.Wil. A coalition had indeed been formed, state, and entered at Pembroke hall, Cam. and upon a scale of such magnitude, bridge, where he was placed under the that ministers, with reason, hoped a , tuition of Dr. Turner, now dean of most successful issue. The precipiKorwich, and Dr. Pretyman, the pres- tancy and fatal errors of the Austrians est bishop of Lincoln; who, in the ded- are known, and the consequent defeat VOL IV. No. 2

O

of the coalesced monarchs by the dis.' made after him, and a statement of his graceful capitulation of Ulm, and the danger was transmitted to his majesty, victory of Austerlitz, which enabled to his relations, and most of his friends; Bonaparte to dictate peace to the em- lady Huster Stanhope, his neice, and peror of Germany, to compel tbe em- Mr. James Stanhope bad an interview peror of Russia to march his army back with him on Wednesday morning, and to his own dominions, and to new-mod- received his last adieu ; his brother, al the territories and governments of the earl of Chatham, took his last fare. the German princes. The depression wel in the afterrioon. The bishop of which events so calamitous, and so en- Lincoln continued with him all night. tirely beyond the ordinary occurrences The mortal symptoms were now apof war, produced in England, was great proaching to a crisis. His extremities and general. The nation could scarcely were already cold, and his senses hebe roused by the glorious battle of Tra- gan to fiul. As a last and desperate falgar. Mr. Pitt, whose health had effort to protract life, blisters were aplong been declining under the fatigues plied to the soals of his feet ; they re. of never-ceasing attention to the atlairs stored him to something of sensation of his .country, sunk beneath the c:- and recollection, but they could arrest lamity. He had been to Bath for the nothing of the progress of death. It is benefit of the waters, and had returned said that he continued clear and comto London for the purpose of attending posed till a short time before his dissothe meeting of parliament, when his lution, which took place without a disorder increased to an alarming de struggle, at half past four on the Thurs. gree. It was an hereditary gout, at- day morning, and the last words that tended with extreme weakness brought trembled on his lips were “Os my on by a too anxious attention to busi: COUNTRY." ness. His nervous system was so shattered as to deprive him for weeks to

We feel unwilling to dismiss gether of sleep. Water in the chest, this volume, without bestowing on and extraordinary debility of the stom- it some signal marks of our un. ach, supervened. On Tuesday, the

qualified censure.

We would 21st of January, 1806, his disorder was so aggravated, that all expectation was

wish, with censorial justice, to gibat an end. It became necesary for his

bet it, in terrour to those writers, physicians to declare an opinion, and “ who make books, as apothecaries that Mr. Pitt himself should be made make medicines, by pouring from acquainted with his imminent danger. one vessel into another.” But its The bishop of Lincoln, his tutor and subject has saved it: the niedal him, fulfilled the painful office with intrinsically is worthless, but the firmness. Mr. Pitt was hardly sensi- image and superscrip:ion ble : this dreaded shock had scarcely vine ; nor could we, without scrupower to dissipate his lethargy; but ple, assign, to the cook or the after a few moments he waved his

trunkmaker, those pages which hand, and was left alone with the bish. op. He had desired that some papers

are sanctified by the magnum et should be brought to him, to which his venerabile nomen of William Pitt. signature was necessary ; and after he had settled all worldly concerns, he desired to receive the sacrament from

ART. 9. his venerable friend, and it was accord

Letters on the existence and charingly administered. Some time passed in the solemn duties of religion. His

acier of the Deity, and on the will was made in a calm interval be.'

morai state of man, tween this time and the following day. Dobson, Philadelphia, printed He had signified a desire to write a by the author. 2 vols. 12mo. few lines, but his exhausted condition deprived him of the power. The ply. sicians now thought proper to discon

In the preface the aut!:or latinue medicine. During the morningments the general - want of scripof Wednesday repeated inquiries were tural kuowledge

tural knowledge among young

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By Thomas

men, and informs us that these of the Greek words all and alov, letters were designed as materials is not authorized by the best lexi. or hints for thinking, and are pub- cographers and commentators. lished with an earnest desire of The adjective, in its primary sense, drawing the attention of young per. signifies a real and proper eternity. sons to the study of those subjects It is an universal rule, in all lanwhich are universally important." guages, that words must be taken We were ready to give every de- in their original acceptation, unless gree of credit, and make every al- there be some concomitant circum. lowance that might possibly be re- stance, exprest or implied, to give quired, to a writer who proceeded them a figurative sense. “ The on such worthy motives; and were words everlasting, eternal, forever, much pleased with the perspicuity and the like, (says bishop Newton) of his style, and the clearness with are sometimes used in a limited which he evinces the general truths sense, or do not always signify an of christianity, in the first part of endless duration. But whenever his work; but hope and confidence these words do not signify an endWere soon displaced by surprise and less duration, it is because they are disappointment, when we found applied to things, which are only the sole aim, and scope of the of icmporary duratio!), and mani. whole work, was to revive exploded festly and confessedly known to be heresies, to propagate erroneous such. The sense is limited and opinions and give to wild unfounded restrained by the nature of the conjectures the semblance of estab- 'thing. But when the nature of the lished truth. Such is the tendency thing does not limit and restrain of these letters, which exhibit their it, the words should certainly be author as a Pythagorean, a Uni- taken in their proper and genuine vers list, and an Anabaptist.

signification." Newton's Works, That we should combat the fan- vol. 6, p. 353. ciful notion of a metempsichosis, Unless Mr. D. can prove, that. or the doctrines of universal re- he understands Greek better thau demption, and the impropriety of the ablest divines, who have written baptising infants, is perfectly un- on this subject, we shall not feel necessary. Orthodox christians, inclined to adopt his translations. who have been at any pains to ex- When an author again intrudes amine their faith, and know upon upon the publick, topicks which what foundation it stands, are sat- were once in controversy, but upisfied that these points have been on which the greatest number of amply discussed by able men, have most learned and eminent divines been long settled, and the rubbish have clearly decided ; there is reathrown aside by all straight-faded son to fear that he can have no persons, who wish not to be inter- other object in view than to inrupted in the right path, and pre- crease the perplexity of those wio sume not to be wise above what is still doubt, and mislead the weak written. With respect to the un. and wavering, who are easily informed, they can be directed to “ blown about by every wind of better sources, froin whence to de- doctrine ;” for what effect can he rive more satisfaction than either expect to produce on men of abiliour time or talents can furnish for ty, who, with upright intentions, them. We will, however, observe have examined for themselves? that Mr. Dubso, in his translation. But, perhaps, he flaters himself that he has gone deeper into the the very same subjects attempted subject than his predecessors in to be supported by the very same heterodoxy, and has brought for- and many other arguments, in ward arguments not only new, but which we have found more inof more force and efficacy than any genuity and plausibiiity than is in others ; if such are his notions, we our power to compliment him must take the liberty to undeceive with. him, and assure him we have seen

CATALOGUE
OF NEW PUBLICATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES.

For FEBRUARY, 1807.
Sunt bona, sunt quædam mediocria, sunt mala plura.-MART.

NEW WORKS.

took place before the federal court at

Frankfort, Kentucky, November 25th, An Experimental Inquiry into the 1806. 8vo. 25 cts. New-York, CotChemical and Medical Properties of tom and Stewart. the Statice Limonium of Linnæus. By The Catechism of the Protestant EValentine Mott, citizen of the state of piscopal Church in the United States of New-York, and president of the Ameri- America. To which is annexed, a can Æsculapian Society. New-York, Catechism, designed as an explanation T. & J. Swords.

and enlargement of the Church Catech. A Catalogue of Plants contained in ism ; recommended by the Bishop and the Botanick Garden at Elgin, in the Clergy of the Protestant Episcopal vicinity of New York, established in Church of the State of New York. 3d 1801, by David Hosack, M.D. professor edition. New-York, T. & J. Swords. of Botany and Materia Medica in Co- The Domestick Chaplain : being lumbia College, and Fellow of the Lin- fifty-two short Lectures, with appronaan Society in London. New-York, priate Hymns, on the most interesting T. & J. Swords.

subjects, for every Lord's day in the The Mental Flower Garden : or, an year. Designed for the improvement instructive and entertaining Companion of families of every christian denominafor the Fair Sex. In two parts. To tion. By John Stanford, M.A. Newwhich are added, interesting sketches York, T. & J. Swords. of Female Biography, ornamented with Oration, delivered before the Offi. appropriate copperplates. By a Friend cers and Members of Merrimack to the Fair Sex. 12mo. $1 bound. Lodge, Haverhill, on the Festival of St. New-York.

John the Evangelist, December 27th, Love: A Poem, delivered before 1806. By M'Gregore Burnside, A. B. the E. E. branch of the Non Descript preceptor of Franklin academy, AndoClub. By the H. C. Newburyport. ver, Mass. 8vo. Haverhill, F.Gould, Feb. 1807. E. W. Allen.

The duty and character of a gospel The Christian Monitor, No. IV, a bishop illustrated. A sermon preached religious periodical work, by a Society Oct. 30, 1803, at the ordination of the for promoting christian knowledge, &c. Rev. William B. Wesson to the pastocontaining Nine Discourses on Relative ral office over the church and society Duties, and Reasons for believing the in Hardwich. By Joseph Lee, A. M. truth of Divine Revelation. 12mo. pp. pastor of the church in Royalston. 192. wove paper. 30 cents, boards. Wright, Northampton. Boston, Munroe & Francis.

Observations upon Baptism, delivered A full Statement of the Trial and at Ipswich, south parish, June 12,1806. Acquittal of Aaron Burr, Esq. contain. By Joseph Dana, D. D. pastor of the ing all the proceedings and debates that church in that place ; with a view of

109

introductory circumstances and pro- geons of the Consular Guards, &c.ceedings in the said church. pp. 24. Translated from the French, by Adam Blunt, Newburyport.

Neale, of the University of Edinburgh, A Sermon preached at the ordina- Member of the Royal College of Suruon of Rev. Nathan Waldo, at Wil- geons of that city, and late surgeon of liamstown, Vt. Feb. 26, 1806. By Eli- the Shropshire regiment of militia. To jah Parish, pastor of the church in By- which is added, a Letter concerning the field, Mass. Davis, Hanover, N. H. Seasoning, or Yellow Fever of the West

A Letter to the inhabitants of the Indies. By George Pinckard, M.D.city and state of New York : on the New York, T. & J. Swords. subject of the commerce of the west- The World Unmasked, or the Phi. ern waters. By Agricola. New York, losopher the greatest cheat. In twen. S. Gould. pp. 40. 12mo.

ty-four Dialogues-Translated from the A Collection of Hymns for youth. French. $1. Philadelphia, Thomas By John Stanford, M.A. New-York, Dobson. T. & J. Swords.

A correct statement of the whole The Free-Mason's Vocal Assistant, preliminary controversy between Thos. (both in French and English) and Re- 0. Selfridge, Esq. and Benj. Austin ; gister of the Lodges of Masons in South also a brief account of the catastrophe Carolina and Georgia. Charleston, S.C. in State-Street, on the 4th of August, J. J. Negrim.

1806 : with some remarks. By Thos.

0. Selfridge. He takes my life, when he NEW EDITIONS OF WORKS. doth take the means whereby I live.

Second edition. 8vo. Charlestown. The Life of the late Right Honoura- The Christian Institutes ; or, the ble Charles James Fox : exhibiting a sincere word of God. Being a plain faithful account of the most remarkable and impartial account of the whole faith events of his political career, and a de- and duty of a christian. Collected out lineation of his character as a statesman, of the writings of the Old and New senator, and man of fashion. Compre. Testament : digested under proper hending numerous anecdotes of his heads, and delivered in the words of publick and private life ; and an accu- scripture. By the Right Rev. Father rate description of the ceremonies in God, Francis, late bishop of Chester. which took place at his funeral in West- The 1st American, from the 12th Lonminster abbey, on the 10 October, 1806. don edition. 12mo. pp. 330. NewBy B. C. Walpole, Esq. To which is York. T. & J. Swords. added, the character of Mr. Fox, by The Grave, a poem, by Robert Blair. R. B. Sheridan, Esq. $1 boards. New To which is added, Gray's Elegy in a York, Ezra Sargeant.

Country Church-yard. 12mo. NewNumber I. of the second Boston edi. buryport, W. & J. Gilman. tion of Shakespeare's Plays. Contain- Memoirs of Captain Roger Clap, one ing Rowe's life of Shakespeare, Dr. of the first settlers of New-England, Johnson's preface, the Tempest, Two containing an account of the hardships Gentlemen of Verona, with notes by which he and others experienced on Johnson, &c. 12mo. price 42 cts. Bos- their landing 12mo. 37 cents, marble ton, Munroe & Francis.

covers. Boston, Wm. T. Clap. The Life of Malesherbes. 12mo. Introduction to the English Reader, 874 cts. bound. New-York, Brisban & or a selection of pieces in prose and Brannan.

poetry,calculated to improve the youngThe Wanderer in Switzerland, and er class of learners in reading; and to other Poems. By James Montgomery. imbue their minds with the love of 12mo. New York, S. Stansbury. virtue ; with rules and observations for

Observations on the disease called the assisting children to read with propriePlague, on the Dysentery, the Ophthal- ty. By Lindley Murray, author of the my of Egypt, and on the means of pre- English Grammar, &c. Improved edivention. With some remarks on the tion. New-York, Collins & Perkins. Yellow Ferer of Cadiz, and the des- Genuine Religion the best Friend of cription and plan of an Hospital for the the People ; or, the influence of the reception of patients affected with epi. gospel, when known, believed and exderick and contagious diseases. By perienced upon the manners and happiP. Assalini, M.D. one of the chief sur- ness of the people. By Archibald Bo.

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