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and acquirements, and four years He did not however sink into afterwards he lost his beloved broth- literary idleness. In 1797 he edier, with whom he had always en- ted the works of Pope in 9 vols. joyed a mutuality of affections and 8vo.

8vo. The notes to this edition, studies, of a very uncominon kind. which necessarily include the great

In 1788 he obtained, through est part of his celebrated Essay, the interest of Lord Shannon, a are highly entertaining and instrucprebend of Winchester cathedral. tive. But Dr. Warton was severeHe soon after obtained the Rectory ly, and, it may be added, illiberalof Easton, which he exchanged ly, attacked for inserting one or for that of Upham.

two somewhat indecent pieces in Being now at the age of 71, he this edition, which had hitherto resigned his school on 23 July been excluded from his collected 1793, and retired to his Rectory works. The most harsh of these of Wickham, “ carrying with him attacks came from the author of the love,admiration, and esteem of the Pursuits of Literature : somethe whole Wykehamical society." thing, no doubt, must be deducted

“ That ardent mind,” says Mr. from the violence of one, whose Wooll, “ which had so eminently professed object was satire ; but distinguished the exercise of his the grey hairs and past services of publick duties, did not desert him Warton ought to have protected in the hours of leisure and retire. him from excessive ruderess; and ment ; for inactivity was foreign these over-nice criticks mig:ht, with to his nature. His parsonage, bis a proper regard to consistency, farm, his garden, were cultivated have demanded the exclusion of and adorned with the eagerness and several other works of Pope. It taste of undiminished youth; whiist must not be concealed, however, the beauties of the surrounding that Beattie agreed in some deforest scenery, and the interesting gree with these censurers. “I grandeur of the neighbouring have just seen,” says he, “ a new shore, were enjoyed by him with edition by Dr. Joseph Warton, of an enthusiasm innate in his very the works of Pope. It is fuller being. His lively sallies of play. than Warburton's ; but you will ful wit, his rich store of literary not think it better, when I tell you, anecdote, and the polished and that all Pope's obscenities, which habitual ease, with which he imper- Warburton was careful to omit, ceptibly entered into the various are carefully preserved by Warton, ideas and pursuits of men in differ who also seems to have a great faent situations, and endowed with vour for infidel writers, particueducations totally opposite, render- larly Voltaire. The book is well ed him an acquaintance both profit- printed, but has no cuts, except a able and amusing ; whilst his curious caricature of Pope's perunaffected piety and unbounded son, and an elegant profile of his charity, stamped him a pastor head."* adored by his parishioners. Diffi- Warton was not however detercult indeed would it be to decide, red by the blame he thus suffered, whether he shone in a degree less from entering upon an edition of in this social character, than in the Dryden ; which, alas! he did closet of criticism, or the chair of instruction."

* Forbes, II. 320.

not live to finish ; though he left are yet necessary to give a rich two volumes ready for the press. and lively interest to the memoirs This however is the less to be re- of a modern author ; more espegretted as a similar undertaking is cially of one, whose own mind now in the hands of Mr. Walter abounded in that kind of knowledge. Scott.

In the next place, the corresponHe died 23 Feb. 1800, æt. 78, dence which Warton himself left leaving behind him a widow ; one for publication, and which thereson, Rev. John Warton ; and three fore, as it was well known how daughters ; of whom only the long and how widely he had been youngest was by the last wife. connected with persons of genius,

Such are the outlines of Dr. excited the strongest curiosity, is, Warton's life ; in which I have for the most part, slight and unimnot confined myself to Mr. Wooll's portant. It is true, the letters are, Memoir, having inserted a few every one of them, those of emitrifling notices from personal know- nent people : but scarce any one ledge. I cannot here transcribe at written with any effort ; or upon length the delineation of his mor- interesting subjects.

What can al and literary character, with have become of the letters of the which his biographer concludes Wartons themselves? Or did they the present publication : but in find no time, or no talent for episthe brief observations I shall make tolary exertion ? For here are, I with candour, yet with frankness, think, only sixteen of Dr. Warmy opinion both of that, and of ton ; and only two of T. Warton. the success with which Mr. Wooll A few of them have nothing to has executed his task, will appear. do with either of the Wartons.

Let me own then, that the vol. Two or three of Dr. Johnson are ume now presented to the world, interesting, as they relate to Colin some respects, does not quite lins, the poet. answer my expectations. The life itself, considering it comes from Dr. Johnson to Dr. Warton, one, who was a native of Winches

March 8, 1754. ter, who was brought up under ***. « How little can we venture Dr. Warton, and who seems to to exult in any intellectual powers, have had the advantage of all or literary attainments, when we the family papers, is rather too consider the condition of poor Colsparing, not merely of incident, lins ! I knew him a few years ago, which literary men seldom supply, full of hopes and full of projects, but of remarks, opinions, anec- versed in many languages, high in dotes, habits of study, and pic- fancy, and strong in retention. tures of mind. In truth a great This busy and forcible mind is now deal of what it tells, was known under the government of those before. It is written with much who lately would not have been talent, and elegance ; and every able to comprehend the least and where exhibits the scholar and the most narrow of its designs. What man of virtuous sentiment. But do you hear of him? Are there perhaps the important duties of Mr. hopes of his recovery ? Or is he Wooll's station have not given him to pass the remainder of his life in time to fill his mind with all, which misery and degravation ? Perhaps probably may be called the idlenes- with complete consciousness of Fis. ses of modern literature, but which cataunity."

Vol. IV. No. 1

Again, Dec. 24, 1754.

velut inter ignes « Poor dear Collins ! Let me know,

Luna minores, whether you think it would give in whatever work it appears. him pleasure, if I should write to him. I have often been near his Mrs. Montagu, to Dr. Wartong state ; and therefore have it in

17 Sept. 1782. great com niseration.”

*** “ By opening to us the Again, April 15, 1756. original and genuine books of the 6 What becomes of poor dear Col- inspired poets, and distinguishing lins ? I wrote him a letter, which too what is really divine in them, he never answered. I suppose you lead us back to true taste. writing is very troublesome to him. Criticks that demand an ignorant That man is no common loss. submission, and implicit faith in The moralists all talk of the uncer- their infallibility of judgment, or tainty of fortune ; and the transito- the councils of learned academies, riness of beauty ; but it is yet more passing degrees as arbitrary, could dreadful to consider, that the pow. never establish a rational devotion ers of the mind are equally liable to the muses, or mark those bounto change ; that understanding daries, which are rather guides may make its appearance, and de- than restraints. By the candour and part; that it may blaze and expire !” impartiality, with which you ex

amine and decide on the merits of Collins died in this very year the ancients and moderns, we are 1756. It is singular that, after all informed and instructed ; and Dr. Johnson had written about him I will confess I feel myself inexwith such ardent and eloquent af- pressibly delighted with the praisfection, he could at a long subse- es you give to the instructor of quent period, when time generally my early youth, Dr. Young, and meliorates the love of departed the friends of my maturer age, friends, and memory aggrandizes Lord Lyttelton and Mr. West. their images, speak of him with Having ever considered the friendsuch splenetick and degrading crit- ship of these excellent persons icism in his “ Lives of the poets.” as the greatest honour of my life, Those lives, especially of his and endeavouring hourly to set becotemporaries, powerful as they fore me their precepts, and their often are, have gone further to- examples, I could not but be highwards the suppression of rising ly gratified by seeing you place a genius, than any book our lan- guard of laurel round their tombs, guage has produced. They flatter which will secure them from any the prejudices of dull men, and mischievous impressions,envy may the envy of those who love not attempt to make. I do not love literary pursuits ; and on this ac- the wolf and the tiger, who assail count, in addition to the wonder- the living passenger ; but most of ful force with which they are com- all beasts I abhor the vampire, posed, have obtained a dangerous who violates the tomb, profanes popularity, which has given a full the sepulchre, and sucks the blood effect to their poison.

of sleeping men--cowardly, cruel, The next best letter, is one, and ungenerous, monster ! You and indeed the only one, by Mrs. Mon- your brother are criticks of another tagu, whose correspondence ale disposition ; too superiour to be ways shines

jealous, too goed to be serere, yox

give encouragement to living auth- edition) in the same metre as Colors, protection to the memories lins's Ode to Evening, has great of those of former times ; and in- merit ; but here again we are unstead of destroying monuments, fortunately too strongly reminded you bestow them. I have often of its exquisite rival. Warton thought, with delighted gratitude, has also an Ode to Evening, in that many centuries after my little which are some good stanzas. Essay on Shakespeare is lost and “ The Dying Indian ;” and more forgotten, the mention made of it particularly “ The Revenge of in the History of English Poetry, America," are very fine ; but the the Essay on Pope, and Mr. Har- latter is too short for such a subris's Plilological Enquiries, will ject, and ends too abruptly. On not only preserve it from oblivion, the whole, I cannot honestly subbut will present it to opinion with scribe to Mr. Wooll, where he much greater advantages than it says : “ There breathes through originally appeared with. These his poetry a genuinely spirited in-' reflections afford some of the hap- vention, a fervour which can alone piest moments to

be produced by an highly-inspired “ Yours, &c. &c.

mind; and which, it is to be pre“ Eliz. MONTAGU.” sumed, fairly ranks him amidst

what he himself properly terms, To the juvenile poetry of Dr. “the makers and inventors ;" that Warton, which is here republished, is, the “real poets." There seems scarce any thing new is added. to be wanting these original and Perhaps I may think that Mr. predominant impressions, that peWooll has rated his powers in this culiarity of character, which alway, if we judge from these re- ways accompany high genius, and mains, a little too high ; though which are exhibited in the poetry there are some striking and appro- both of his brother Thomas, and. priate traits in his delineation of his cotemporary Beattie. them. Yet I must admit that “ The This opinion, if just, will not Enthusiast, or Lover of Nature," detract from Dr. Wárton's critical written at the age of 18, is a rich talents. The power which feels, and beautiful descriptive poem, and and the power which originates I will indulge no hyper-criticisms poetry, are totally distinct. The upon it. The Odes it is impossible former no writer seems to have to avoid comparing with those of his friend and rival, Collins, which * Dr. Warton, in a note to Milton's were published in the same year, Translation of the 5th Ode, Lib. i. of at the same age ; and it is equally Horace, in his brother's edition of that impossible to be blind to their friend and school-fellow, Mr. William

poet, says : “ In this measure, my striking inferiority. The Ode to Collins, wrote his admired: Ode :o EvenPancy has much merit ; but it ing : and I know he had a design of seems to me to want originality ; writing, many more Odes without and to be more an effort of mem- that “ Dr. I. Warton might have ad

rhyme.” T. Warton goes on to say, ory, than of original and predomi- ded, that his own Ode to Evening nant genius. The finest lines, was written before that of his friend consisting of 28, which begin at Collins; as was a poem of his, enti. Ferse 59, were inserted subsequent tled “The Assembly of the Passions ;" do the first edition, a circumstance before Collins's favourite Ode on that not noted by Mr. Wooll. The subject.” Mr. Wooll has inserted a

prose sketch on this subject ; but no Ode to Content, (not in the first



possessed with more exquisite pre- Wooll,

Wooll, in his dread of “ descendcision, than Dr. Warton ; and I ing to the minutiæ of daily habits," do not mean to deny that he pos- has not left us a portrait sufficiently sessed the latter in a considerable distinct. Nor has he given us any. degree : I only say that his pow. sufficiently bold touches, such as ers of execution do not seem to we had a right to expect in the have been equal to his taste. life of one of the Wartons ; while,

But Dr. Warton's fame does unfortunately, here are scarce any not rest upon his poetry. As a original letters to supply the deficritick in polite literature he stands ciency. I had hoped to have found in the foremost ranks. And Mr.

And Mr. materials for an interesting and Wooll, who being educated under energetick character ; but, what him had the best opportunity of Mr. Wooll has omitted, it would forming a just opinion, has delineat- be rash for a stranger to attempt. ed is character as a teacher with Mr. Wooll however promises the highest and most discriminate another volume, and tho’ I cannot praise. His vivacity, his benevo- hope that my suggestions will have lence, and his amiable temper, any influence with him, yet perand moral excellencies have long haps some one of more authority been known ; and are celebrated may induce him to favour the by his biographer with a fond admi- publick with a supplementary acration. But I must say, that Mr.


For the Anthology.




Geneva, Sept. 26th, 1806. After a satisfactory journey up the

Rhine, from Rotterdam through MY DEAR FRIEND,

Utrecht, Nimeguen, Cleves, CoWE have at length finished the logne, Coblentz, Mayente, Worms, tour of Switzerland, and add two Strasburg, and Colmar, we entered more to the ten thousands, who Switzerland at Basle the 5th of have seen and admired before us. September. For the sake of seeMr. ******** has been my com- ing the famous chute du Rhin we panion ever since we reluctantly went fifty miles out of our way parted with

******* at Rotter- as far as Schaffhausen, passing dam (13th of Aug.); and as he through a part of the Brisgau, has a taste for the picturesque, and once belonging to the humbled I have pretty good eyes, we have house of Austria, but now given seen and enjoyed as much, as oth- to the Prince of Baden. From er gallopping travellers. You, I Schaffhausen we travelled to Zuknow, are rather curious in geog- rich, in my estimation the most raphy ; and if you are at leisure eligible spot in Switzerland ; to pore over a large map of Swit- thence we crossed mount Albis on zerland, you will have it in your our way to Lucerne, by a road alpower to trace your friend's route most too difficult for carriages. through this interesting country, From Lucerne we sent our voiture.

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