Obrázky stránek
[ocr errors]

He says,

ces, and inconclusive reasoning of consequences directly the reverse the writer, involves him.

of those the author contemplates. In page 81, in note B. he says, After having represented the at

tachment which the Romans mani. • Another law, for each and every fested for their capital city, and the state, would have an excellent tendency to extend neat husbandry...viz. After the enthusiastick love the French bear year ****, no citizen, or single free. to Paris ; after relating the lamenthoider, should hold more than **** ahle sacrifice, made in the sale of cres in any one county or state.' publick lots at Washington, in This, to be sure, might assist tion of congress, to the project of

1802 ; and after calling the attenineat husbandry,' but does not seem opening canals and turnpike-roads calculated to preserve neat liberty. from the seat of government, in The impolicy and absurdity of such radial lines, to all parts of the union, a law, requires no comment; and he thus addresses them : when he proceeds to state the impending dangers of over-grown Fathers of the American people ! be landholders, we want better evi- assured of this sacred truth! until you dence than he has yet adduced.- can agree, with heart and hand, to love


ple will never respect their head.' *If it be true, that all republicks are finally ruined by the monopoly and ty.

To love with the heart is natural ranny of their over-grown landlords, we enough ; but when love becomes cannot be too well guarded against the so intense as to require the assisdanger in the older counties of the se

tance of the hands, the lover is in veral states. All this will occur in due time, or an Agrarian must be the con

a deplorable situation. We must sequence, as in times of antiquity, un- confess, this apostrophe seemed a less the minor republicks, or monied as little strange at first, but the author sociations, and generally commercial has informed us in the prefatory habits, should secure and perpetuate the address, that he owned several glorious freedom of America.'

hundred house lots in the city of From this passage we may infer, Washington : that the writer entertains a com

Felix qui potuit rerum cognoscere fortable hope, that, in due time,' the republick will be in danger of

Wecannot acknowledge the great being overthrown by the power and influence of land-holders ; but as utility of a national debt, which the his work is intended for the United

author appears to think so highly States, he either reasons wrongly, lick loans, for the purpose of es

advantageous. His ideas of pubor he forgets the innumerable a. cres in the western states, yet un- ed on an imaginary basis, and can

tablishing publick credit, are foundoccupied, together with the unexplored and unknown territory of not have the effect of increasing Louisiana. If any republick can

the confidence in government. In be in danger from the land-holders, page 82, he shortly states the adand such an opinion is not author

vances we make in population, and ised by the history of any country, proposes, by foreign loans, to init must be a small one, and very

crease our numbers to such a pitch populous; but, in a country where

as to defy foreign invasion : so much land remains unimprov

• We repeat, that our population in. ed, an Agrarian law would produce creases at least 3 per cent, by an annual


compexind, by which we double our ful statistical document. This inpopulation in about 23 years. We shall

ventory amounts, in round pumdo this in less, if we become more commercial, and encourage, by all means,

bers, to $2,505,000,000 ; but as further usefulemigration ; this we ought

articles of so great value seldom to do, to place our country immediately appear at market, we shall omit in a state invulnerable to foreign inva- examining it. ders. The easiest means are, first, an Much credit, however, is due to increase of foreign loans ; and the rest

the author for his labour in collect. will then follow of course, as we trust we shall fully evince in other parts of ing materials and forming tables, our book."

relative to receipts and expendi

tures,' imports and exports, and Whenever the circulating me- various other subjects, which come dium of a country is sufficient to naturally within the course of staauswer all demands, for the com- tistical inquiries, and political econmercial and ordinary transactions omy. In the table, containing the of its inhabitants, a further increase list of banks in the United States, is not only unnecessary but inju- we noticed a difference we little Tious. Noney was invented rather expected. In Massachusetts alone as a substitute for credit, than as a there were twenty-two banks in subject of trade, and whenever it 1805, while all the other states afshall not supply the common pur- forded but forty-six. The same proses of domestick use, the money disproportion in publick schools price of all articles, and land, will exists, much to its honour. be lessened. When the circulat- The style, in which the manual is ing medium is multiplied, the con- written,will not bear a close examinsequence is reversed, and the nomi- ation. Like some pieces of painting, pál value of shings seldom bought, examine it closely, and its roughudl be increased. This is the only ness offends; viewed at a distance, difference. But our author would its disproportions are monstrous. sucrease it by foreign loans, that There are too many repetitions, we may enhance the value of pub. and weak and trifling expressions, lick lands, and introduce a multi- which are altogether unfit for a tude of foreigners, to cultivate and work of this kind, where clearness improve them. If such an absurd and simplicity are peculiarly retheory can be sustained, the prac- quisite. tice is impossible.

Although the Manual of Mr. Many other erroneous principles Blodget cannot with impunity pass will be discovered on perusing the the ordeal of just criticism, his

Manual,' which we shall not par- work will certainly claim attention ricularise. His ideas of a pubiick for its novelty and importance. debt, and the process of paying it The inquiry into the causes of naby an advantageous change of pub- tional prosperity, wealth, and hapEk stock, are very questionable, piness, can be looked upon with xd result from a false notion of indifference only by those, in whom the value of the ó vital fluid' of the pecuniary or political aggrandizestate. Many of his tables are trif- ment has stified all feelings of ling, and claiin little credit ; and humanity. his fall and perfect inventory of Statistical inquiries originated all the real and personal estate of and were first adopted in Germaahe union, is rather a whimsical ny, the publication of which gave reverie, than an accurate and use. rise to Sir John Sinclair's very


valuable and extensive statistical ments, as will most promote their account of Scotland. The object usefulness. To extend the system of these was to acquire a knowl- of agriculture, it shonld ascertain edge of the strength of govern- the amount of produce annually ment on such subjects, as particu- raised, the number of labourers larly relate to · Matters of State.' employed in the various departBut Sir John Sinclair extended the ments of husbandry, and collect sphere, and affixed to the term Sta- information relative to the soils tisticks' the idea of “ an inquiry best adapted to different vegetainto the state of a country, for the bles. To lessen the quantum of purpose of ascertaining the quan- unproductive labour, inquiries contum of happiness, enjoyed by its cerning the present state of inland inhabitants, and the means of its navigation and turnpikes should future improvement." Thus de- be instituted, and the utility and fined, this science is certainly com- practicability of any proposed acprehensive enough for all purpo- ditions or alterations designated. ses of political economy and sta- This is peculiarly important to a tistical philosophy. It has hith- country, where so much land reerto been little considered ; nor mains unoccupied, and where new Can very extensive investigations settlements are continually formbe made, without prompt and ef- ing, the prosperity of which must ficient aid from government. The depend upon easy and convenient want of scientifick men, capable of communications with distant and conducting such inquiries ; the older settlements. In the bankirg great responsibility, to which any system, inquiries should be made individual must subject himself; relative to the number, capitals, the difficulty of persuading others operation, and effect of banks, and to co-operate, and of establishing the influence they have upon the a regular and enlightened corres- internal traffick of the country. pondence ; and the immense la- Under this head, the subject of bour of collecting, arranging, and money, in all its relations, will natucondensing the information, when rally be investigated. The subobtained, relative to so extended ject of education also merits great and diversified a territory as the attention. The number of univerUnited States of America, are ob- sities, colleges, academies, and stacles, which nothing but a liberal other seminaries of learning should assistance from administration can be obtained, and the modes of inremove.

struction, and the nature of the esIt is certainly the duty of gov- tablishments, examined. These ernment to watch over the domes

are subjects, upon which the betick economy of the state with the neficent and philosophick mind same care and solicitude, that it dwells with delight; but from protects and fixes its foreign rela- which it turns with disappointment tions. In order to improve the and regret, if those, who have the commercial resources of the Union, means, or who, urged by duty to it should make critical inquiries the pursuit, view them with coldinto the present state of manufac- ness and indifference. tures, ship-building, and all the If to combine science with the branches of manual labour, con- useful arts ; if'to convert idleness Dected with them, and introduce to industry, and beggary & wretchsuch regulations and improve. edness to competence and enjoy


ment ; ifto substi: ute learning and mentioned incidentally in Mr. Carris morals for ignorance and corrup- publication ; this is too ridiculous tion ; if to introduce improvements to need any comment in proof of in agriculture, commerce, and man- its absurdity : the booksellers can ufactures, and explode the present

more pertinently on this slovenly, unproductive, and awk- matter. ward practices ; if, in short, to exert What may be said of Mr. Carr's ourselves in the cause of promoting book, must either be confined to the strength and happiness of the general opinions, or extended to a nation, are objects worthy the ato particular review, which, from the tention of enlightened statesmen, great variety of subjects, enumeran establishment, under the aid and ated in this volume, cannot be done, patronage of government, must consistently, with the space allotproduce the most salutary and ted to this department. beneficial effects. As such a de- Prefaces, in general, are replete sign would raise the moral and with vain ostentation or frivolous physical character of man, and as excuse, and we have seldom seen its foundations are laid deep in the any, so widely different from the interest and welfare of the commu- common herd, as that of the volume nity, it would certainly succeed, before us. After a summary of the and it success would be attended author's design, and an acknowlwith publick confidence and grat- edgment of the assistance he has itude.

received, he concludes by a declaration, that if he has failed in the

execution, the fault must be altoART. 13.

gether attributed to himself. The The Stranger in Ireland ; or a tour

design of the work is to illustrate in the southern and western parts

the Irish character, and to give a of that country, in the year 1805. By John Carr, Esq. of the Hon- the south and south-west parts of

descriptive narrative of a tour into ourable Society of the Middle

Ireland, and also some account of Temple, author ofa Northern Sum

the state of society, in 1805 ; also mer, the Stranger in France, c.

the political economy, national Animæ quales neque candidiores 'Terra tulit, neque queis me sit devinaior

manners, publick buildings, &c., of

that country. Third American edition, To The design is calculated to prowhich is now first added, an Ap- duce important effects, since it propendix, containing an account of poses to develope the real characThomas Dermody, the Irish poet, ter of a nation, which has been a wonderful instance of prematur. hitherto very little known,or mereity of genius. N. York, printed ly as the land of whiskey and poby I. Riley & Co. 1807.


The author has illustrated this How Carr's Stranger in Ireland character in a manner which does and Dermody's life have been him very considerable honour ; brought together, in the volume and although his descriptions of under review, is a thing which can- Irish beneficence, &c. are somenot be accounted for, on any prin- uimes overloaded, yet a pretty corciple of attraction in nature. The rect idea of Ireland's national charreason assigned for this curious ar acter may be obtained from perusrangement is, that Dermody is ing this publication. The other


Hor. Lib. I. Sat. S.

parts of his design are executed he undoubtedly was so, if to be with ability, and prove the depth unfortunate is to be surrounded with and extent of Mr. Carr's investi- friends and patrons, and to rush gation.

headlong into almost every species To such, as read for their im- of vice, notwithstanding the repeatprovement, he has rendered his ed admonitions of the one and the book highly profitable, by an abun- assistance of the other. dance of useful matter; and those, We attribute the high reputawho take up a volume, and put it tion, in which Dermody has l.itherdown again, merely to fill up an to appeared, not to his real abstract interstice between their other a- merit, but to his miseries ; and musements, will be tickled with ma- this is more singular, since the mia ny parts of the Stranger in Ireland. series of Dermody were the ef

On the other hand, the dignity fects of his own brutish propenof this work is considerably lessen- sities. When we mourn over the ed by too great quantity of anec- follies or vices of any one, we are dote. “ Salt (says Kaime) in cer. inclined by pity and not by justice. tain quantities is seasonable at Pity begets partiality for the obmeals, but he must have a rare ject of our commisseration and palate, who can make a dinner on partiality endeavours to paliate salt.” The numerous extracts from every fault, wiile it exalls every Curran,Graitan, Kirwan, &c. how- thing in the shape of merit für ever profitable to the readers of this above its real desert. publication, are altogether extrai)- While we suppose Mr. Raycous from the author's design. mond very partial to young DerWe have no objection to an au. mody, we trace a cause, although thor's performing more than he we find nothing like an excuse for promises, in the line of his sub- the many improbable stories in ject, but when he would illustrate these i interesting' memoirs.a national character by extracts Did we believe in the Metempsyfroin sermons and orations, as the chosis, we should at once conclude method is somewhat singular, we the soul of some ancient mytholshould be glad to have a hint of it ogist had revived in Mr. Raybefore hand.

mond. It is stated, that Dermody, The style of this volume is gen. when most children are scarceerally well adapted to answer the ly instructed in the rudiments of design, although in some parts their mother tongue, was perfectcrowded with superfluous epithets. ly familiar with the Latin and

On the whole ; Carr's Stranger Greek languages, and could with in Ireland is the most correct and facility read and comprehend the useful publication, giving an ac- most difficult authors in those count of the Irish nation, that has languages.' ever appeared.

What shall we say to this ? that We shall now dispatch the "Ap- we do not believe the story, or pendix, (so called) or some ac- that it is impossible? A child, percount of that surprising young fectly acquainted with the Greek genius, Derinody; extracted from and Latin languages! Mr. Raythe life of Dermody by J. G. Ray- mond is evidently distracted. mond, Esq.

shall not therefore, remark any Dermody has been named the farther on these memoirs. unfortunate poet of Ireland,' and

To such, as are desirous of Vol. IV. No. 3.


« PředchozíPokračovat »