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Translation of the Culex of Virgil.
allow him all the indulgence that poem, we are inclined to vindicate ever translator claimed. Where, Mr. S. from the charge of too great of different readings, the true one liberty in his manner of rendering was doubtful, he had the right of it into English, and to grant him choosing ; and where the reading the praise of presenting to us a was obscure, he had the right of story better told, with more interguessing There is, in different est, and with more gracefulness, parts of this poem, such a mixed than the materials from which he mass of mythology and fable, so was obliged to compose it, entitled blended, so obscure in design, and us to expect. so sudden in transition, that we are The following extract will serve not disposed to blame the transla- for an example of Mr.S.'s manner: tor for ois occasional freedom in
"O, bona pastoris !' &c.—V. 57. supplying the evident deficiencies of his author, by that which his "Blest is the shepherd's life! ah, happy classical reading has enabled him
swain, more fully to express.
Who seeks no joys beyond his native
plain ; He has taken a small liberty of Nor pants for wealth, nor heaves a this kind in the story of Tantalus, wishful sigh as related by the Gnat, after his For all the charms of pageant luxury. visit to the shades :
For him no joy can Syrian dyes impart,
Nor costly bowls, the boast of Alcon's «Vix ultimus omni
art ; Restat, nectareas Divum qui prodidit Nor splendid halls, nor stones of fairest escas,
hue, Gutturis arenti revolutus in omnia sen. Nor pearls that toil from India's ocean su.'-V. 239, C.
But oft, when Spring, and all her cbarms Here doomed in hell
appear, To feel a thirst, he sees the means to And Flora's pencil paints the blooming quell,
year, Sad Tantalus remains ; condemned by Full light of heart, from some green Fove,
bank be vicws For stealing nectar from the starry grove." The various fields, and notes their
sey'ral hues ; . The tale of Orpheus Mr. S. has Or, all at ease, beguiles his hours away, told very much in a manner of his whilst with his reed he tunes some own, without any particular regard pastral lay. to the original.
Vines, ourling o'er him, shade the verWe have noticed, on the other
dant ground, hand, several lacunæ ; particularly And ripning clusters hang luxurious
round.' an allusion to the fable of Phaëton, fu. 126, .) Some trifling oo
The style and versification of missions we observed in passing,
this performance are generally corwhich we think not sufficiently im- of partiality to Mr. S., if we were
reci. But we should be accused portant to call for censure or complaint.
to pass unnoticed a few defects, The general character of this which we are confident, with a littranslation is that of a freedom,
tle more labour, he would have
avoided. which we should not approve, were the Culex as perspicuous, as those
•You fam'd in war, Octavius,' &c. writings of Virgil, with which we In this grave address to the are more familiar. But consider- prince, thou is much to be prefer. ing the intrinsick defects of the red ; and we remark incidentally,
that, fam'd in war is not authorised eminent composers ; suited to allo in the text which Mr. S. has used ;. the metres in general use. To *cui meritis oritur fiducia chartis.' which is prefixed, an introduction Chartis is undoubtedly the correct to psalmody. Second edition. reading, and not castris ; for it Boston, printed by Manning & must be remembered, that Cæsar Loring, for Cushing & Appleton, was yet a puer, and had not dis- (Salem.) pp. 136. tinguished himself in the field.
TO the honour of the literary Those' and 'these,' followed by gentlemen of Salem they were the (this' and 'that,' and applied to the first to resist an imposition, which shepherd's flock, we mention for
was lately attempted to be practis. the consideration of Mr. S.
ed, by some of our southern brethThe 50th line, . To mount,' &c. an Alexandrine, which neither clo- Rees' Cyclopædia. In this resist
ren, in the republication of Dr. ses a paragraph, por a period.
ance we united our exertions, not •Where none may go, but those whom however from malice, or because Minos doom.'
we were glad of the occasion ; but We are confident Mr. S. is not because it is the duty of good men reduced to such poverty of lan. to be watchful over each other guage, that he feels it necessary to for the general edification. Por sacrifice grammatical propriety to whoever supposes, that the good an imperious call for a rhyming men of this world must be perfect, word.
has made but little observation on "This aid 'tis hard to find, human nature, and is in danger of If (whether) chance produced, or fate losing his charity, which ought
never to fail. The good only can While we congratulate the pub- bear reproof. The plain language, lick on this small accession to the which they use one towards the specimens of American literature, other, falls into a rich and healthwe cannot but express a wish, that ful soil, and brings forth fruit, Mr. S. had directed his industry sometimes sixiy and sometimes a and talents to some undertaking, hundred fold. It is only the vain which would have entitled him to and impertinent coxcomb in lite, more praise. Should he hereafter rature, who cannot bear those invite us to compare his produc- faithful rebukes of a friend, which tions with the poets of Greece or are designed only to heal a diseasRome, we hope they will contain ed, or to strengthen a debilitated something more interesting, than frame. the death, the infernal peregrina- We are not content to approve tions, and the ghostly, but vocal merely, but we must declare our apparition of a Gnat;- rare gna: unqualified approbation of the scnindeed;
timents, which are contained in the •Corro quoque rarior alho.' preface to this work, and which
were likewise prefixed to the forART. 21,
mer edition. They were written The Salem Collection of Classical by no coinınon hand ; and we re
Sacred Musick'; in three and commend them to the frequent pefour parts : consisting of psalm rusal of singers, especially of tunes and occasional pieces, se- 'such as are engaged in forming lected from the works of the most collections of sacred mesick.
Salem Collection of Sacred Musick.
We wish that psalmody was petual source of consolation, and almore generally a subject of atten- ways enhances the felicity of our rion with christians, especially purest and most elevated affections. with those to whom nature has it is the natural expression of gratgiven a taste for the delights of har- itude, and none has more reason mony, and a voice to aid in its per- for gratitude, than the christian, to formance. It is a most rational whom it is permitted, while pass. and delightful employment. We ing through this scene, to view in soon lose the relish for that spe. perspective the promised land. cies of musick, which is designed The cause of the decline of oniy to display the powers of the church musick is to be attributed voice, or the skill of the perfor- principally to the ignorance of our mer. The sober employments of teachers of the art. “In villages, domestick life too soon banish where there are no organs,' says from the family circle the in- Dr. Miller, the singing-masiers struments, which seem almost may do a great deal; but they have exclusively devoted to the works much to forget, and much to learn. of Italian, French, and English Fondly attached to compositions in masters, whose complicated and many parts, and those chiefly com. artificial pieces are frequently posed by unskilful men, abounding learnt with extreme pain, and too in ill-constructed fugues and false often forgotten without regret. harmony, they are apt to treat All the time, consumed by the ge. with contempt the simple, but ele. nerality of our fashionables in the gant melodies, used in parish acquisition of this science, is thus, churches ; but, would they study in a great proportion of the the various beauties of expression, scholars, lost. It is the loss of a the true portamento, or conduct of most valuable accomplishment, for the voice, free froin all nasal sounds musick is in itself a language; or screaming exertions-a proper and we may add, that it is more pronunciation, and the energetick universally understood by mankind expression of emphatical words ; in general, whose nerves vibrate they would soon find, that these in unison with its selected tones, despised melodies, when properly than any other language among performed, with true pronunciation, the dialects of the earth.' The just intonation, and feeling expres. reason of this loss may be, that in sion, are as capable of fixing the the common songs, glees, and attention, and affecting the hearts even in many of the pieces, which of the congregation, as more elabscholars are taught, there is but orate musick.'* little to clevate the mind, and to In most of our churches a set of inspire a taste for the science. tunes are sung,in which the congreThe greater part is mere tinsel, gation cannot join. There appears shining with false lustre for a to us to be as much impropriety in moment, very costly, but of little excluding any from a participation value. But the object of psalm- in what ought to be a common ody is the praise of our Common act, as there would be in reading. Father, in whose praise the highL'st intelligences are constantly en- The Psalms of David for the use of Faged, and with increasing de- parish churches. The words selected from fight. Itis almost the only amuse
the version of Tate and Brady, by the Ree. ment of youth, which never loses lected, adapted, and composed by Edward
George Hay Drummond, the musick meis relish in old age. It is a per- Miller, Mus. Doct. London price 1246
the prayers, or delivering the ser. in which the other parts, especially mon, in an unknown tongue. It the two upper, are so greatly alteris perhaps owing to this circum- ed, from what they are in any stance, that there are so many, who collection of sacred musick withdo not join at all in this employ. in our knowledge, that we hesment, or who do it with indiffer- itate to recommend it, as we were ence. We therefore wish, that the prepared to do, as the companion ballad-like and indecorous compo- in churches, and the guide in sitions of many ignorant modern schools.t composers might be banished from We confess, that several of the publick worship ; and that the no- tunes, which we have enumerated ble ancient nielodies might be in the note, have been cruelly recalled from exile, and restored to mangled by almost every Ameritheir just rights and privileges. can compiler, who has copied them. We would not however entirely If the offence were indictable, no proscribe the more quick and com- grand jury would find a bill against plicated melodies; some of which, many of the offenders of this class particularly many by Pleyel,Hadyn, for any thing short of murder. and Costellow, are charming speci- What! can't they read ? or are mens of musical composition, and they Goths and Vandals, who love admirably suited to devotional oc- to make war upon taste and ancasions.
tiquity? The professor' ought, We have indulged in these gen. we think, to have furnished some eral remarks, because we always authority, for so widely deviating advance with a slow and melancho- from the most approved European ly step to the painful task of no- standards. We admit, that the ting the faults of excellent produc- emendations evince an acquaintance tions. For, as though the editors with the rules of musick : but of• The SalemCollection of Classi- whether it arises from our depravcal Sacred Musick' meant to exem- ed taste, or from the strength of plify in their work the truth of the early impressions, or from our atclosing remark of the preface, tachment to the doctrines of the that perfection seems only tó reformation ; we must confess, shun us in proportion to our en
that we prefer Old Hundred, as it deavours to approach her,' we ob- has generally been sung by the serve defects in this edition, from best writers, and as it was probably which the former was in a far written by Martin Luther, to any greater degree free.
alterations which even a Handel " Let others hail the rising sun,
could make. Alterations ! this is We bow to that, whose race is run.” the age of alterations : science, as • The eminent professor of musick' well as government, trembles at the bas, we think, deformed with mod- revolutionary spirit of the times. ern improvements the grandeur of associations, which ages have con- Rockingham, Truro, Winchester, Armsecrated. The airs of the tunes, ley, Mecklenburgh, Putney, Canterbuit is true, remain, in most instan- Eighty-One, Pensance, Bangor, Buck:
Colchester, Dunchurch, Irish, Old ces, untouched. But there are in ingham, Wantage, Sutton, Psalm 96, this collection twenty-seven tunes,* and Italy.
† When we referred to this Collecs All Saints, Angels' Hymn, Bath, tion in page 51 of the present volume of Brecknock, Old Hundred, Oanaburgh,
the Anthology, we had not seen the Portugal, Richmond, Rickmanswouth,
la justice to this selection, it work only in a style of commendaqught to be stated, that the typo- tion. But it is no surprising things graphical execution is handsome that it should be imperfect. Where und very correct ; that the tunes is the book, which is free from deare, with few exceptions, from the fect? We console ourselves with compositions of eminent masters; the reflection, when we see a good and that the Introduction to man fall into a fault, or a wise man Psalmody' is, on the whole, a use- guilty of an error, that there is hope ful one. We wish that, consist- of a tree, if it be cut down, that it ently with our fidelity to the pub- will sprout again, and that the tenpick, we could have spoken of this der branch thereof will not cease.'
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL
your reputation : And they have per.
haps fallen into that mistake, which is « Philadelphia, April 15, 1807. ever fortunate when it gives birth to “The opening of the Pennsylvania schemes of publick usefulness, that Academy of the Fine Arts, appointed might, otherwise, not have been under. for this day, was very generally attend. taken. ed by the contributors. It is but justice This acknowledgment, not withstandto the Directors to say, that the number ing, I shall present you with nothing and selection of Casts, they have im like a statement or account, with its de ported, do great honour to their exer. ficient balance ; this will come from tions. The figures are from the choic. another quarter, together with a plan est pieces of statuary in Europe, and, ar. from the directors, for relieving the ranged with taste and judgment, form- Academy from some present embar ed a splendid exhibition, and gave uni- rassments, as well as for supplying the versal satisfaction. The following ap- means of placing it upon a firmer and propriate address on the occasion, was broader establishment. delivered by George CLYMER, Esq. If the contemplation of the pieces of President of the Institution :
exquisite workmanship, that encircle “The Directors of this Institution, you, would of itself impart a knowledge, haring fixed on a day, for opening the as it will an admiration of the art that building, dedicated, by your liberality, produced them, you might expect to the Fine Arts--they now call you something, in this address, upon its together to witness how the trust com. principles—Some indeed, there are amitted to them has been executed. And mong us, who have a professional acintending at the same time, a short ad quaintance with such subjects but dress to you, its founders and patrons, these are few, and the rest, not particuthe task of its delivery, from the avoca- larly instructed, are, I trust, not inclintions of some gentlemen, has fallen up- ed to supply the defect of science, by on me.
the affectation of taste, or the cant of With this exposure of their work, it connoisseurship ; their business is not would be well, if the directors could to offer the proofs of any present skill, say that the funds, so generously sup- but to lay the foundation, to furnish the plied, had been equal to the objects means of the future attainment; and on And that they could speak confidently this, none need apprehend the failure of their saving management in the ex. of success. No nation has the proud penditure, but this, I fear, would be a monopoly of genius, or can make itself questionable theme ; the truth indeed its exclusive seat ; wherever there are is, that the cost has exceeded the esti. men, there genius is to be found.-Bemate. The calculations of unexperien- sides the universality of this grant of ced zeal are seldom just : And besides nature, instances sufficient are in eri. they have been less intent upon sparing 'dence that we have not been omitted in your money, than solicitous te advance the dispensation. Our country, it is