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treat from the present vexations, Among other evils, of the first and a secure accommodation a- class, is the undeserved loss of gainst the coming calamities of reputation. This, to an honouraexistence. In like manner, to all ble man, is a deprivation greater who are oppressed by physical than that of life. · If a virtuous evils, hope offers a suitable relief: mind have been for years raising she spreads her light, and all his character by regular pursuits darkness vanishes ; she extends of industry, and the punctual disher powerful hand, and the tear is charge of moral obligations ; if he wiped from the widow's eye and have attained an high rank among the countenance of the orphan his fellow-men, and with conscious glistens with cheerfulness.

superiority views himself as equal The natural evils of the world to the highest in the eye of heaven, are indeed great ; they are suffi- how is his heart torn, when this cient to oppress a virtuous mind, reputation has been sapped by the and to appal the stoutest resolu- artful and the malignant, when the tion ; yet if we diligently survey lowest artifices have successfully the whole system of beings, we been executed to number him shall find other sources of misery, among thecriminal and the vicious? more poignant in their effect, if No anguish is equal to his; no not more frequent in their recur- tongue can speak his sorrow ; no rence. Physical infirmities have treasures can compensate his loss. reference only to the body ; of Yet to this poor being of misforcourse they cannot endure longer tune there is hope. This will cheer than life ; and though our exis- him and comfort him ;, not merely tence be embittered by sorrow, and the hope that his accusers will one overwhelmed by agony, there is day be condemned, for an honourlittle consequent apprehension a- able man will pardon even his enebout future felicity or torment. mies ; not merely the hope that But as moral agents, men are sub- his character will be re-established jected to temptation; they are se- in this world, for of this he may duced by evil pleasures, or trans- care but little, as experience has ported with furious passions. Hence evinced the vanity of depending on is produced the whole catalogue of the opinion of the world ; but the crimes. Hence 'originate those sure and certain hope of another vices and sins, which a moral state, where his virtues will shine philosopher cannot contemplate clearer than the day-star in its mewithout pity, and which the trans- ridian, where his good deeds will gresser of human and divine laws be recompensed by fall-flowing knows to be the cause of his severe felicity, and where perhaps his punish:nent, and misery. These heavenly father will crown him evils, which relate to our moral with greater glory for the loss, nature,have evidently two springs ; which he sustained below, of all. they are produced either by our that is valuable, dear, and praiseown folly and wickedness, and then worthy. we are criminal; or they are the Hope is the constant attendant on consequence af accidents and cir- him, who has laboriously endeavourcumstances, which are not to be ed to acquire renown in the repubresisted, and then we are unfortu- lick of letters, and who, from the Rate.

negligence of mankind, or the absurdity of fashion, has never obtain- the effects of chance or design. ed the rank which was his due. No The dungeon indeed contains his one should everdespond. Literary body, but nothing restrains the history will point out many names, operations of mind. He may look high in literature, and often in the forward to his release by the des mouth of fame, who were once truction of his country ; to his esunknown, forgotten, or disregard- cape by means of a thousand acci, ed. In their progress through a dents ; to a deliverance by. civil great undertaking, hope comforted commotions, or the conflagration of and fortified them. It exhibited the prison, the influence of friends, in bright array the testimonials of or the convulsion of an earthfuture celebrity, and proclaimed quake. the loud and distinct acclamations A dungeon is the solitude of a of mankind. Even if the writers criminal, and, I hope, sometimes were flattered and seduced by the the cell of a penitent. No one can gay rise of hope ; if they did not limit by finite bounds the compasreceive tributary honours or prof- sion of infinite benevolence. The itable distinctionsin their life-time, murderer should indeed deeply they looked forward with a steady feel tủe awful horrour of his crime; eye to ages yet unborn, and in an- he should be torn by the remorse ticipation enjoyed the shouts of of his conscience, and humiliated gratulation, and the - embraces of even to dust by the solemn contemkindred souls, who welcomed their plation of his accumulated wickedadvancement to the temple of ness. To such a man I would not fame.

offer the smallest reason of confiThe evils, which are produced dence, not the most minute ground by wickedness, are always horrible of assurance to the favour of heain the eyes of society and of God; ven ; yet if he were deeply sora those, which arise from folly, rath- rowful, if he were inwardly coner than from sin, are not always , vinced of his wickedness, and were punished with severity by the completely repentant, I trust that earthly judge ; and perhaps here- a ray of hope would gleam into his after they may be considered with dark dungeon, and that he might an eye of compassion by the su- sometimes think on the infinite preme disposer of all things. merits of his Saviour, and the inCrimes, which are plotted in dark- finite power of his God. We are ness and secrecy by the delibera- all the children of sin, and have all tions of infernal men, and which forfeited the countenance of our are perpetrated with all the cool Maker ; yet we can trust in the savageness of malignancy, are pun- hope of reconciliation, not only for ished with unrelenting justice by ourselves, but even for murderers, earthly tribunals ; yet I know not for we know that goodness is unif hope ever deserted the most limited, and that there is mercy in shameless of villains. His fancy heaven. continually suggests hopes from

For the Anthology.
SILVA, No. 29.
juvat integros accedere fontes,
Atque haurire--juvat novos decerpere flores.

LUCRETIUS
Sweet are the springing founts, with nectar new;
Sweet the new fowers that bloom ; but sweeter still
Those flowers to pluck, and weave a roseate wreath.

TACITUS.

Rosa, with a faithful picture of the The writings of Tacitus display miseries and crimes of the Roman the weakness of a falling empire, empire, from the death of Augusand the morals of a degenerate age. tus, to the assassination of Vitel"The period in which he lived was lius. Perhaps this series of time Favourable to the exercise of writ- was as fertile in crimes as the dark ing ; and under the auspices of ages. Before these, mankind bad Trajan he was not restrained from become inured to misery. Noone painting strongly, what he had ar- knew what was liberty, and very dently conceived. His genius was few had even heard of it. Of course energetick and penetrating. In the their situation was not materially 'horrours of the years, which pre- worse, during the centuries that ceded the reign of Vespasian, he followed. But previously to the finds an ample subject for the commencement of the empire, ev. workings of his mind, and in his en in the days of Marius, and Sylla, * reflections on the corruption of and Pompey, and Cæsar, there was *manners, and the state of society, some reverence for ancient laws 'he discovers the most profound and institutions. Freedom was not knowledge of our nature. Ac- entirely forgotten, and where real

cordingly his writings by the schol- felicity was wanting, there was a *ars in Europe have been studied as false, alluring, mock-sun glory, a regular task. They form the which attracted, illuminated, and subject of deep meditation for all deceived. The knowledge of this statesmen, who wish to raise their was in the remembrance of the country to glory ; to continue it slaves of Tiberius, and fathers had in power, or preserve it from ruin. told it to their children, so that Time has destroyed that part of both realised the miseries of the the history which depictured the times—rendered more excruciatvirtues of Titus, Nerva, and Tra- ing from the recollection of the jan ; but as if to show how vile tales of the victories of Cæsar, and our nature can be, has left almost the splendour of Augustus. The *untouched the lives of Tiberius causes, which led to the downfal and his successors, to the accession of this mighty empire, are highly of Vespasian. The mutilations worthy of the consideration of ev. have however been almost restor- ery statesman and scholar; and no ed through the patronage of prin- where can they be studied with ces, the industry and erudition of more pleasure and profit than in successive editors and commenta- the writings of Tacitus. tors ; so that the world is now presented, as by a wild Salvator

SOUTHERN'S TRAGEDY OF ISA: statesman than an orator ; but the BELLA.

wonderful collocation of words to • Tæt tragedy of Isabella is rath. give richness and effect to his sena er of the common kind, except as ence, is remarkable. He loves a to the plot, which is good. The full close on the ear, and I should incidents are of a very interesting think, delighted like Gibbon to nature, and are certainly well ar- mark the musical pauses and dyranged. The distress of Isabella ing conclusion of elaborate senis awful, and her madness is pa. tences. Yet in these orations he thetick; bat in the language there is short, vehement, and abrupt. is no flow of verse ; in the senti. He was master of every style, ment there is no burst of mighty from the swelling Asiatick luxumind; in the morals there is riance, to the pithy conciseness of something faulty. Nor do I like Tacitus, and used them as suited the introduction of such comick his particular purpose. If he beings as the nurse. If Southern thunders against Cataline, he is introduced these in imitation of short, quick, attentive to his ideas, Shakespeare, he was grossly mis- and sometimes careless of hartaken ; for why should a poet im- mony ; but if he praises Pompey itate what at least is doubtful as to in the Manilian, or courts Cæsar merit. The world and the criticks in Marcellus, his words are long, are not perfectly reconciled to the and his periods remarkably harfools, the coxcombs, and the Fal monious. The whole language of staffs of the serious plays of Shake- compliment and courtesy is open speare, and shall Southern attempt to his delicate powers of selection, to make that critically good, in and the force of the Roman tongue which the all-powerful spirit of the rolls on the ear of the auditor with great magician did not perfectly such amplitude, dignity, and grace, succeed? The tragedy of Isabella that no one can deny, its charms, has little of the sentiment of Ot- or resist its application. We reway, and nothing of the elegance gret to see the encomiums lavishof Rowe. I have seen Southern ed on himself in the third oration, somewhere called tragick, but in For the services Cicero had renIsabella I can observe nothing tra- dered his country, he had a right gical, but the horrid combination to general congratulation and civ. of heart-rending incidents, which ick honours, but I could have wishis to be ascribed to the plot, and ed he had been less frequent and not to the play. I have never seen diffuse on his own merits. · He Mrs. Siddons in Isabella ; but she needed not to have proved the day has been described to me, as being of conservation more illlustrious wonderfully great. Her manner than that of creation, nor have is majestick, and her looks are thought himself more deserving the most expressive ; her tones of renown, than Romulus the founare sometimes soft, like the south der of the city. He affects to diswind blowing over the grove, and dain all honours, all decorations, sometimes deep, like the bursting signs of greatness, and marks of of revengeful thunder.

superiority, as inferior to the mer

its of his achievements, and as inCICERO.

sufficient to reward him for the CICERO, in the Catalinarian ora- benefits he had rendered his countions, shows bimself not less a try.. Vol. IV. No. 7.

2 Y

MILTON

is the the ancient Lucifer, who, acMilton is one of the English cording to the language of the proauthors, who will probably last as phets, would have ascended to hea, long as the English language, not ven, and exalted his throne above merely on account of bis original, the stars of God, who has fallen as unrivalled excellence in the sub- the star of the morning, and whose lime, but because national pride is pride precipitated him to hellinterested in bis preservation. This arch rebel overcome, who The Greeks boast of their Homer; bears on his front the marks of the Romans of Virgil ; the Ital. thunder, does 'not repentor change, ians of Tasso ; the Portugese of though changed in outward lustre.' Camoens; the Spaniards of Er. In the last degree of abasement cilla ; the French of Voltaire ; and wretchedness, he retains the and the English of Milton. Be- memory of his ancient glory, and sides this last, the nation does not meditates on new vengeance.pretend to boast, of any other ep Some trait of his celestial nature ick; for whatever may be the mer- may yet be perceived in his inferits of Blackmore, Pye, Ogilvie, nal soul. His pride alone triumphs Glover, or Southey, neither has over his remorse. He rallies his produced a national epick. Of desponding legions, and infuses ins course the English from honest, to them his audacity and fury. Anhonourable pride, will always just- çient prophets had foretold that ly extol their Milton, as equal to man was to be created to take the any, and superiour to most of the rank, which he had formerly held. the heroick poets of ancient or He conspires to defeat this favoure modern times, • His delight was ite object of Jehovah ; he arrives to sport in the wide regions of in the midst of dangers at the conpossibility ; reality was a scene fines of the universe ; he sees a too narrow for his mind. He sent glimpse of that light which he had his faculties out upon discovery, abandoned, and whose splendour into worlds where imagination on- he had attempted to efface ; ly can travel, and delighted to form new modes of existence, and fur

- horror and doubt distract nish sentiment and action to su

His troubled thoughts, and from the

bottom stir periour beings; to trace the coun- The hell within him.' sels of hell, or accompany the choirs of heaven.' Milton's char- It is then that he exhales so batuacter of Satan exhibits wonderful rally all his despair, in that admirpowers of mind.

The English able apostrophe to the full blazing poet paints him as the genius of sun, which is, or ought to be, well destruction, but gives him form known to our readers. When and substance. He is not a meta- Paradise Lost was translated into physical, abstract being, as the the French language, the judicious French poets would have made Rollin, Louis, Racine, and Des him, talking about atheism, &c. preaux all admired the wonderfu 1 He is an arch fiend, the enemy of genius of the English poet. Vol God and man, walking to and fro taire was not less delighted ; unt the earth, seeking whom he may his mad zeal against christianity devour, whose real existence is ac warped all his literary opinions knowledged by all christians, for Thus the same Voltaire who, wri. whom Milton wrote his poem. He ting of epick poets, had said,

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