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carried to the western ports, and with about three quarts of very fine salt ; the manufactories of France and this mixture is sufficient for eight hun

dred weight of beef. As the pieces Spain.

are brought from the person cutting up, Throughout his details, it is er first sprinkle the pieces with the spice, ident, the authour is a man acquain- and introduce a líttle into all the thick led with the subject of his inves- est parts ; if it cannot be done other'. tigation. In his tables of coins, wise, make a small incision with a

knife. The first salter, after rubbing weights and measures, and his salt and spice well into the meat, shoulą account of the customs and quali- take and mould the piece, the same as ties of goods, he may be thought washing a shirt upon a board ; this maģ by some to descend to a tedious be very easily done, and the meat being and unnecessary particularity. But lately killed, is soft and pliable ; this it should be considered, that, in which will make it imbibe the salt and

moulding opens the grain of the meat, this very minuteness, the most spice much quicker than the common valuable commercial information method of salting. The first saltei is to be sought : and we think, if hands his piece over to the second his accuracy bears any proportion salter, who moulds and rubs the salt to his enumeration of facts, that occasion, introduces the spice : when

well into the meat, and if he observes Mr. Jackson's book will be found the second salter has finished his piece, exceedingly useful for mercantile he folds it up as close as possible, aná reference. There is also much hands it to the packer at the harness miscellaneous information to te tubs, who must be stationed near him : collected from various parts of this harness tubs as close as possible.

the packer must be careful to pack his work. We quote the following All the work must be carried on in account of the method of packing the shade, but where there is a strong provisions in the hottest season, as current of air, the harness tubs in par. an example of his style and intel. ticular ; this being a very material ligence :

point in curing the meat in a hot cli

mate. Meat may be cured in this man. * At Tunis we had a great many ships

ner with the greatest safety, when the

thermometer in the shade is at 1100 to victual, in the hottest season ; the extreme heat assisting the curing? had not only to provide for their daily A good sized bullock of six or seven expenditure, but also to lay in a large hundred weight, may be killed and salt. sea stock, which if not effectually cured ed within the hour. in a very few hours, the whole would

The person who attends with the be inevitably lost. We killed upwards spice near the first salter has the greatof forty bullocks in the hottest season, est trust imposed upon him ; besides and, by observing the following meth- the spice, he should be well satisfied od, never spoiled one ounce of meat. that the piece is sufficiently salted, be.

The animal should be killed as qui- fore he permits the first salter to hand etly as possible ; the best method of the piece over to the second salter. killing a bullock is by thrusting a sharp- All the salt should be very fine, and pointed knife into the spinal marrow, the packer, besides sprinkling the botbehind the horns, when the bullock tom of his harness tubs, should be carewill immediately fall, without any strug- ful to put plenty of salt between each gle ; then cut the arteries about the tier of meat, which is very soon tumed heart. As soon as he is skinned and into the finest pickle. The pickle will quartered, begin to cut up in six pound nearly cover the meat as fast as the pieces, not larger, particularly the thick packer can stow it away. It is always parts.

a good sign that the meat is very safe, Take half a pound of black pepper, when the packer begins to complain half a pound of red or Cayenne pepper, that his hands are aching with cold. half a pound of the best saltpetre, all It is better to kill the bullocks on beat or ground very fine ; mix these board a ship, than on shore ; in all hot three well together, then mix them climates them is generally a land or sea




breeze, the ship will of course ride tion. Convinced, as we are, that head to wind, and by spreading an

all true taste will be best cultivated awning the over ship's decks, there will

in the ancient soils, that the most be a thorough current of air, which in. creases the evaporation, the cause of valuable specimens of natural sim. the extreme cold.

plicity and refined thought are By this method there is no doubt that transplanted, or produced, by enthe meat is perfectly cured in three grafting on our rude stock the hours from the time of killing the bullock : the saltpetre in a very little time

scions of a happier clime, we have strikes through the meat ; however, it

called and shall call with a loud is always better to let it lie in the bar. voice for every encouragement, ness tubs till the following morning, that individuals or the publick can when it will have an exceeding pleasant bestow. It would be foolish to as. smell on opening the harness tubs, then take it out and pack it in tight barrels,

sert, that no one has ever thought with its own pickle.

correctly or written well, whose

mind was not imbued with ancient For cabin or particular private use, lore ; but the history of letters as. take the thick flanks, briskets, and tops sures us, that the instances are of the ribs, and after curing them as we have described, add a little clay sugar; vindicates its superiority from the

Original genius sometimes with pimento,, which serves to give it a very rich flavour.

deficiencies of education, as the These parts should be packed in kegs, generous spirit of Achilles could about sixty pound each, and when

not long be concealed by his fem. packed to be preserved any length of inine habiliments :—but the grace kime, should be in its own pickle, which is much better than any made pickle,

of fine-writing in poetry or prose; Provisions cured in this manner will that ease, which every man, before keep during the longest voyages, are the experiment, is confident he more wholesome and more palatable could equai ; that justness of tivan any other, and a sure preventive thought and propriety of expres, against the scurvy, partly owing to the sion, so distinguishable at a second spices that are made use of in the curing; and also, that a careful cook may reading from violent paradox and always make good soup from this meat, tawdry decoration, that may mislead as lie sait is very easily extracted ; for at the first ; that indescribable the same operation which served to

charm, diffused over the humour impregnate the meat with the salt, will of Addison, like a thin fleecy cloud also serve to extract it.' p.70–74.

upon the surface of the sun, mitigating its ardour, but not lessening

its radiance ; all are derivable from ART. 41,

early, and frequent, and enthusiQ. Horatii Flacci Carmina Expur. astick study of the Grecian and geta cum notis Jos. Juventii, et

the Latin Muses. aliorum.

Nocturna versate manu, versate diurna.
Nunc adbibe puro
Pectore verba, puer.

Read them by day, and study them by

Horatium in quibusdam nolim inter-

Quint. Of interesting authours how few Cantabrigiæ, apud Gulielmum can we name, who owe not their Hilliard. 1806. 8vo.pp.546. best education to the ancients !

Shakespeare, Burns, and who shall EVERY project for diffusing the complete the triumvirate? One of study of classical literature in our the most correct scholars of modern country we receive with gratula. Europe is the most sublime of her

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bards. Even amid his - holy con

of an ancient, in the true meaning templations near

of the word, issued from the Amer

ican press. It was printed at Siloa's brook, that flow'd

Salem, and a favourable character Fast by the oracle of God,

of it may be found in our Anthol. his thoughts frequently wandered ogy, Vol. II. p. 549. We expect without impiety to the Ilyssus and indeed, if subscriptions are numethe Mincio.

rous enough, (and certainly the A great critick has said, Plu- publick are bound to encourage tarch was the last of the ancient such rare merit) an edition of Ti. books, he would lose : but the bullus, by the care of a gentleman claim of Horace to that honour of this town, that will reflect honwould be supported on his own our on the cis-atlantick press. criterion of excellence, delectando pariterque monendo,' by equal from the press of the neighbouring

The work now under review is numbers and with greater fervour. In his essay on the writings and of the course of study, in that seni

University, and is adopted, as part genius of Pope, Jo. Warton, a

inary. gentleman and a scholar, says, Horace is the most popular au- • This edition of Horace was under. thour of all antiquity. The reason taken for the use of students at Haris, because he abounds in images, vard University. The consideration of drawn from familiar life, and in the pernicious tendency, in a moral remarks, that come home to men's view, which certain obscene expres

sions and allusions of this otherwise exbusiness and bosoms. Hence he is cellent author might have, induced the more frequently quoted and alluded, governours of the

University to procure than any poet of antiquity.' Like the publication of this expurgated edi. our own Pope, Horace is preemi- tion, as a substitute for that, hitherto nently the poet of common sense.

used, which is entire. An expurgated The strongest confirmation of the notes of Jos. Juventius and others,

edition, printed at London 1784, with this is the frequent republication in which every indecent passage apof his works. According to Dr. pears to have been carefully suppress. Douglas, famous for his library, ed, has been taken for its model. To and celebrated by Goldsmith, as

this it conforms in almost every partic.

ular ; omitting the same offensive pas. the scourge of impostors, the ter

sages, and adopting, in general, the rour of quacks, before the year same reading of the text, and the same 1739 four hundred and fifty edi- notes. A few alterations however have tions of Horace had appeared ; and been made in the text, agreeably to the several of the most valuable have reading of the French edition by Vabeen published since. The first ed, and some new ones, chiefly from

and some notes have been rejectclassical work from the press, the edition in usum Delphini, have Cicero's Offices, was probably been added. The punctuation also is printed in 1465 at Mentz by the on a plan somewhat different from that, famous Faustus, who has errone. generally received ; the colon being ously been thought the inventor of this departure from the common meth

altogether neglected. The reasons for the art. Horace was ushered into od of pointing were, that the use of the publick in 1470.

colon is very unsettled and irregular, In our country classical books and that the other three points are sufare in some demand, yet they ficient, it is apprehended, to answer have seldom been republished ;

every purpose of correct punctuation.'

Advertisement to the Cambridge and we know of only one edition

edition, page 3

The London publication of 1784 has un mercifully annihilated some was only for boys ; and we believe, of the finest passages, · lines, that no young gentleman, arrived at a virgin without blush might read.' years of discretion, and only such In this Jesuit Horace more is oshould be admitted at the univer-, mitted than in the 18mo. edition of sity, will need this castigated edi. Didot, examined by a correspondtion for the safeguard of his mor- ent in our Anthology for February als. The vulgarities of Horace last. The publisher was certainly are so disgusting, as to shock, infected with the madness of Jack, rather than allure ; and they are who, tearing off his embroidery, besides of infrequent occurrence, rent the cloth with it. "Ah, good and difficult to be explained. It is brother Martin,' said he, do as I indeed a poor compliment to the do, for the love of God; strip, ingenuous minds of the students, tear, pull, rend, flay off all.' and che omission may have the bad

Of the omissions from this voltendency of setting them to study

ume we may conclude by recollecin other editions the worthless, but ting, that to have - translated the mysterious passages, which, if 9th Ode of Lib. 3 (one of the profound ia their own, would be ne

scribed) was never imputed to glected and despised.

bishop Atterbury as an insult to We regret too, that our alma society, or an offence against remater, in adopting this school- ligion. That version we could not master's publication, has transcri- easily procure ; but we have one bed also his advertisement, and of- of the famous 5th Ode of Lib. l, fered one of her own besides in the which will shew the ardour for recommon language of a newspaper. form in these castigated editions. Why did she not tax the talents of Let any student of the university one of her many learned sons, and read from Milton's works, if he preserve us from the deep and

can without danger to his temporal lasting disgrace of an English and eternal interests, Quis multa preface to a Latin classick ? The first castrated edition, of almost word for word without

gracilis te puer in rosa, rendered which we find mention in any cata- rhime, according to the Latin mea. logue, (and often in catalogues sure, as near as the language will alone will the poverty of our

permit. country afford the means of ascertaining the dates of literary works) What slender youth bedew'd with liquid is by Jos. Juvencius, a Jesuit, odours Paris, 1736, 3 vols. 12mo. ; and it Courts thee on roses in some pleasant has been several times reprinted. cave, The London copy abovementioned,

Pyrrha ? for whom bind'st thou we have not been able to procure; Plain in thy neatness ? O how oft

In wreaths thy golden hair, but we have before us one printed shall he at Rouen, 1757.

On faith and changed Gods complain, These editions are not common

and seas in our country, and we need not Rough with black winds and storms desire them. Should we admit

Unwonted shall admire ! the utility of expunging a few lines Who now enjoys thee credulous, alt from our school editions of the Who always vacant always amiable classicks, we must blame that fe

Hopes thee, of flattering gales rocious passion for decency, that Unmindful. Hapless they

To whom thou untry'd seem'st fair. Me without it, and in most of the pas

in my vow'd Picture the sacred wall declares t' have sages it ought to be preserved. In hung

that admirable sentence, beginning My dank and dropping weeds

at l. 192 of B. I of Paradise Lost, To the stern God of sea.

must the colons be changed in

lines 202, 208, 210 ? We prefer Thus far, it will be seen, our ob- to read the comparison, and the jections are general to all the mu- subject of comparison, in one petilated editions. The unhappy riod. Vide 311. Again, subject before us is thus far only culpable with others : but he has

Such applause was heard

As Mammon ended ; and his sentence also committed an offence in the

pleas'd, solitary instance, in which his con- Advising peace : for such another field duct differs from his predecessors. They dreaded worse than hell : so His sole claim to originality is of thunder, and the sword of Michael founded on a fault, the banishment Wrought still within them. of colons. The lawful claims of this branch of the family of punc- After peace and hell, in this pastuation have often been opposed in sage, some would have periods ; America A professor in the but we think the sense and the senneighbouring University,whose tal- tence are better continued togethents, usefully employed for many er. Punctuation is not arbitrary, years,we remember with gratitude, as is sometimes said by those,who was inimical to them ; and many

never studied it. Men

may think of his pupils have perhaps thought. in such an artificial manner, as to lessly joined his banners in the supersede the use of colons ; but warfare. A powerful auxiliary to variety of style requires sentences the misocolon party has just ap- of various length, and colons then peared in the person of the philol. become necessary. ogist of Connecticut, of whom we

Wliat wild work has reformacan hardly discover, whether he is tion made in the volume under more ingenious in pursuit of nov- review! Who will not see, that elties, or ardent in opposition to the colon is more proper in Od. 1. the ancient landmarks of language. 17. Take a rule for the use of The divided empire has been al- colons from modest Murray :lotted, in imagination, partly to the "when a member of a sentence is semicolon, and partly to the peri- complete in itself, but followed by od : but the colon's rights are not some supplemental remark, or to be overthrown by such combat- further illustration of the subject,' ants, while he is supported by the and apply it, in Od. 7. 31. whole host of the literati. This O fortes, pejoraque passi point, we know, is often improp- Mecum sæpe viri, nunc vino pellite cuerly used, and may sometimes give way to the pretenders with

Cras ingens iterabimus æquor. out injury to the sense ; but in Surely the antithesis between nunc many cases its use is indispensable. and cras forbids the period, used Let any of these reformers of in the volume before us. When punctuation read two pages of Mil-Od. 7 is quoted by us, the number ton, and change the colon for the refers to the perfect, not to the other stops in every instance, if mutilated edition. Another inthey can. There is hardly a page stance of the horrour of colons is


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