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greatest advantage... We wish they would acknowledge the publick claim to their communications, enforced by the authority of the great moral poet :

“ Heaven doth with us as we with torches do,

Not light them for themselves.” Perhaps the present state of society tends in a peculiar degree to foster general selfishness of character. A man's intellectual attainments appear to be regarded, as the means only of his personal advantage. Doubtless many men of sense ascribe to us a species of fanaticism, as the spring of that propensity we discover to enlighten, improve, and entertain a publick, which gives us for our pains neither fame nor money. We suggest to them a solution of our conduct, which does not assign us a place greatly below or above the standard of human nature. We are exposed to the influence of that “ Esprit de corps," which animates literary assoeiation. The pleasures, found in composition and in the exercise of the mental powers, put some of us upon blotting paper. If the cause still appear inadequate to the effect, we must be supposed to feel a desire to be useful in the way,which our pursuits and studies direct ; or if this seem too elevated a principle, let our services be deemed symptoms and effects of an impulse of more doubtful value....what a late writer on moral philosophy denominates the passion for reforming the world.

We must confess, however, that we have a motive somewhat interested for wishing, that the pecuniary receipts of our publication may rise as high as possible above its demands, which is, that all the surplus funds are applied to the support and increase of a Publick Library j...one of those institutions, of which every scholar in most parts of our country feels the want....which our government from its nature does not comprise within its cares....and which nothing but the industry and munificence of individuals will establish and supply. The respectable patronage now given to the Anthology is sufficient to encourage our perseverance. But we wish its more extensive circulation ; and hope its friends will speak in its favour. We wish this increase of patronage, not merely because this work is the object of our affection and partly the fruit of our industry and genius, such as they are ; nor merely from an opinion that it may contribute to make its readers more wise, good, and happy....but also, because its avails go to a general object of real importance.

Every judicious effort to promote the love of Letters and Arts is entitled to countenance, for this, among other reasons...that a progress in letters and arts corresponds to the progress of society in other respects, in our country. We are becoming familiar with wealth. Out of wealth grows luxury. If those enjoyments that flow from literature and taste are not emulated, we shall be exposed to that enervating and debasing luxury, the object of which is sensual indulgence...its immediate effect, vice...and its ultimate issue, publick degradation and ruin.

With respect to the probable merit of this periodical work in future, we speak with caution ; although we are determined to use our endeavours to make it worthy of the publick patronage. We have always wished to promise little and perform more. We hope it will not degenerate ; we believe it will improve. At the close of the last year, it pleased the Supreme Disposer, in his inscrutable wisdom, to remove, by death, one of our associates, who often contributed to enrich and adorn our miscellany ; who, in erudition, in genius, in taste ; in honour, generosity, and humanity ; in every liberal sentiment, and every liberal accomplishment, was surpassed by few. We sensibly feel, and we deeply deplore, this loss to ourselves, to society, and to our country. The number, however, of our fellow labourers and correspondents is increasing. We shall this year attempt to treat a few subjects in a systematick form. We may offer strictures on different modes of education. We hope to furnish American biography. In our reviews we shall generally confine ourselves to such works as may be interesting, either from their subjects or their execution ; not wholly omitting those fugitive publications, which are worthy of notice merely as facts in the history of American literature, or as topicks of useful or pleasant animadversion. We may endeavour to portray the characters of various standard authors in several departments of science and taste, for the benefit of those, who would know what guides to choose in the conduct of their studies. We renew our request to the several booksellers in every part of the United States, to transmit to us a copy of all books, pamphlets, literary projects, &c. immediately after publication.

BIOGRAPHY.

SKETCH OF THE LIFE AND CHARACTER OF

DR. JOSEPH WARTON,

WITH AN ACCOUNT OF MR. WOOLL'S MEMOIRS OF HIM.

THE Rev.John Wool, a Wyke- Smythe, who would at first conhamist, now master of Midhurst demn us, without knowing the school, in Sussex, has just publish- prudential reasons, which induce ed, in a quarto volume, the Life, us to do it.” The’author died in Poems, and Correspondence of the preceding year, 1745. Dr. Joseph Warton.

But Joseph Warton had already It appears that Dr. Warton, published a quarto pamphlet of Was born at the house of his ma- his own poems, as I shall particuternal grandfather, the Rev. larize presently. He was admitJoseph Richardson, at Dunsfold ted on the foundation of Winchesin Surrey, in April 1722. His ter college, 1736, and soon disfather, as it is well known, was tinguished himself for his poetical Vicar of Basingstoke, in Hamp- talents. As early as Oct. 1739, shire, had been Professor of Poe- he became a contributor to the try at Oxford, and was himself a poetry of the Gentleman's Magapoet: as is proved by a posthu- zine, in conjunction with bis friend mous volume, published by this, Collins, and another ; by some his eldest son, with the following verses entitled“ Sappho's Advice,” title. Poems on several occasions, signed Monitorius, and printed by the Rev. Mr. Thomas Warton, at p. 545.* In 1740, he was re&c. It was published by subscrip- moved from Winchester, and betion. The editor had it some time ing superannuated, was entered of in hand. In a letter to his brother Oriel College, Oxford. Thomas, dated 29 Oct. 1746, he How he spent his time at Oxsays, “ Since you left Basingstoke, ford may be guessed from the folI have found a great many poems lowing interesting and eloquent of my father's, much better than passages of a letter to his father. any we read together. These I á To help me in some parts of am strongly advised to publish by my last collections from Longisubscription, by Sir Stukely nus, I have read a good part of Shuckburgh, Dr. Jackson, and Dionysius Halicarnassus : so that other friends. These are suffi- I think by this time I ought fully cient to make a six shilling octavo volume ; and they imagine, as my

* It is worth remarking how many father's acquaintance was large, it this Magazine has ushered into the

first productions of persons of genius would be easy to raise two or three world. In the same month appears hundred pounds ; a very solid ar- Akenside's “ Hymn to Science," datgument in our present situation. ed from “Newcastle upon Tyne,” 1739; It would more than pay all my in the next page appears a Juvenile son. father's debts. Let me know your in the next month, p. 599, is inserted

net by Collins, signed Delicatulus ; and thoughts upon this subject ; but Mrs. Carter's beautiful Ode to Melando not yet tell Hampton, or cloty.

more

to understand the structure and go abroad with his patron ; and on disposition of words and sentences. this occasion his brother, Thomas, I shall read Longinus as long as I wrote that beautiful “ Ode sent to live : it is impossible not to catch a friend on leaving a favourite vilfire and raptures from his glowing lage in Hampshire,” which alone, style. The noble causes he gives in my opinion, would place him at the conclusion for the decay of in the higher order of poets ; and the sublime amongst men, to wit, which is one of the most exquisite the love of pleasure, riches and descriptive pieces in the whole idleness, would almost make one body of English poetry. Every look down upon the world with line paints, with the nicest and contempt, and rejoice in, and wish most discriminative touches, the for toils, poverty, and dangers, to scenery about Wynslade and Hackcombat with. For me, it only wood. serves to give me a greater distaste, contempt, and hatred of the “ Ah! mourn, thou lov'd retreat! No Profanum Vulgus, and to tread

Shall classick steps thy scenes explore !" under foot this αγεννέστατον πάθος

&c. &c. as thoroughly below, and unwor. “For lo ! the Bard, who rapture found thy of man. It is the freedom, In every rural sight and sound ; you give me, of unburdening my

Whose genius warm, and judgment

chaste soul to you, that has troubled you

No charm of genuine nature pass'd ; so long : but so it is that the next

Who felt the muse's purest fires, pleasant thing to conversing with Far from thy favour'd haunt retires : you is writing to you : I promise Who peopled all thy vocal bowers myself a more exalted degree of With shadowy shapes, and airy powpleasure next vacation, by being in some measure better skilled to

The first of T. Warton's sonconverse with you than formerly.” In 1744 he took his degree of slade : and the images in several

nets is also addressed to WynA. B. was ordained on his father's of his other poems are drawn from curacy, and officiated there, till

this neighbourhood.* Feb. 1746. In this year he published “ Odes on various subjects. had advanced no farther than Mon

In about six months, when they By Joseph Warton, B. A.," &c.

tauban, Dr. Warton left his patron, The greater part of these have and returned to his family. He been republished by Mr. Wooll.

now dedicated his whole time to There seems no sufficient reason

the translation of Virgil's Eclogues for what he has omitted. The whole have been lately reprinted wards published, with Pitt's Trans

and Georgics: which he soon afterfor Sharpe's edition of the Poets. lation of the Eneid, and the origi

In the following year he was nal Latin of the whole ; accompresented by the Duke of Bolton panied by notes, dissertations, to the small rectory of Wynslade, commentaries, and essays. This at the back of Hackwood Park, a

work was well received ; and Oxpleasing and picturesque retire- ford conferred the degree of A. ment, which

gave him an opportu. M. by diploma on the Editor. nity at once of gratifying an ardent attachment by marriage, and pur

* The lines which begin suing his poetical studies. I'wo

“ Musing thro' the lawny park” years afterwards he was called to I presume to allude to Hackwood, &c.

ers !"

a

At this time Dr. Johnson, in a fied approbation. He did not put letter dated 8 March 1753, ap. his name to it, nor did he complied to him from Hawksworth to municate the information to many assist in the Adventurer. “Being of his literary friends ; but it desired,” says he, “ to look out was immediately known to be his. for another hand, my thoughts Richardson, I think, calls it an necessarily fixed on you, whose amusing piece of literary gossip, fund of literature will enable you Richardson, though a genius, was to assist them, with very little in- not a man of literature; or he never terruption of your studies, &c. could have called it gossip." &c. * The province of Criticism The critical observations are almost they are desirous to assign to the always just, original, and happily Commentator on Virgil.”* His expressed ; and discover a variety first paper, I believe, is No. 49, of learning, and an activity of mind, 24 April, 1753, containing which are entitled to admiration. Parallel between ancient and mod- It is true that his method is often ern learning." His communica- abrupt and desultory ; but it is tions are undoubtedly the best of dullness, or ignorance, alone, which the whole work ; and are written mistakes formality of arrangement, with an extent of erudition, a force and the imposition of a philosophic of thought, and a purity, elegance, manner, for depth of thought, and and vigour of language, which de- novelty of instruction. mand very high praise.

The essay drew forth, in due He now planned to unite in a time, Ruffhead's Life of Pope, a volume, and publish “Select Epis- poor jejune performance, written tles of Angelus Politianus, Deside- with all the sterility and narrowrius Erasmus, Hugo Grotius, and ness of a Special Pleader. others," a part of a design for a

In 1766 Dr. Warton succeeded History of the Revival of Learn, to the Head-Mastership of Wining, which had also been agitated chester school. In 1772 he lost by his brother, and his friend Col- his first wife. About this time he lins; but which unfortunately none

became a member of the literary of them executed.

club in London. In Dec. 1773, In 1754 he obtained the living he remarried Miss Nicholas. In of Tunworth, near Wynslade ; and 1782, he obtained from Bishop in 1755 was elected second Mas- Lowth a prebend of St.

l's, and ter of Winchester school. In 1756 he published the first shire ; which last he exchanged

the living of Chorley, in Hertford-volume of his “Essay on the gen

for that of Wickham, in Hants. ius and writings of Pope :" * A book," says the supercilious John

In this last year, 1732, he gave

the world the second volume of son, “ which teaches how the brow of criticism may be smoothed, and

his “ Essay on Pope,” of which how she may be enabled, with all the publication had been retarded her severity, to attract and to de

by motives of a delicate and lauda

ble nature. light ;" but which, as it

In 1786 he suffered a most seteracted the stream of fashion, and opposed long received prejus vere aflliction in the loss of his secdices, did not meet with unquali- ond son, the Rev. Thomas War

ton, Fellow of New College, Ox• Boswell's Life of Johnson, I. 224. ford, a young man of high talents

coun

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