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mittances of the produce of the ment. The treaty simply procolonies to the mother country. vides a further duty of one per The argument is not fairly stated cent. in one case and two per cent. by this writer. It does not come in the other, which has little or no within the general principle, that tendency to enable the British trano person shall inquire into the der to contend with us in this means,by which, or the place,from valuable branch of commerce. I whence, property has been brought But this writer indulges himself within the territory of a neutral in a vain satire against this proris. state, further than as it may serve ion, as tending to authorize the to cast light on the question wheth- president to levy a duty onesports er it belong to a neutral or bel- without the consent of congress, ligerent;' for if this were conced- and contrary to the express terms ed, still Great Britain could take of the constitution. If we could it in transitu between the colony believe him sincere in this objecand the neutral country, which she tion, it might be worthy of a reply ; considers, and which is undoubted- but as he and every man must ly as illegal as the other. Admit, know the distinction between withhowever, that our right to exercise holding part of the duty, paid on this trade is unquestionable, but importation, and a direct duty on that Great Britain denied it, and exportation, it cannot be necessary that one great object of the treaty to answer this piece of humour. was to secure the exercise of this If there was any weight in it, it trade. Is it true that our agree- would follow, that congress could ment to a modification of this not retain any part of the draw. right for ten years is a relinquish- backs, because the constitution ment of the principle? Is it not as has forbidden them to lay any fair to say, that this agreement of duty on exports, and the withGreat Britain is a virtual conces- holding the drawbacks, accordsion of our right, and that at the ing to the supposed reasoning, expiration of the treaty it would would amount to the levy on exrevert to us in an unqualified state ? portation. Could we not urge with great force, But this writer, whose general that while we claimed the absolute notions on the subject of politicks and uncontrouled right to this com- are undoubtedly correct, aware of merce, and Great Britain denied it the delicate and interesting ground in toto, at a time when she had on which Great-Britain stands, of the power and the disposition to the importance to her of checking cut it off altogether, that her agree. the trade of her enemy, and of the ment to the exercise of it with an frauds to which the colonial trade unimportant qualification, was an naturally gives facility,proposes an admission of the justice of our expedient, for which our merchants claims?
will not thank him, and indicates That it is an unimportant qualifi- a course to Great-Britain, which, cation every merchant well knows, we venture to say, would in the because in consequence of the con- end prove more vexatious to our stant decisions of her courts, we commere and more subversive of have, during the last five .years, our rights ; at the same time that brought this colonial produce to it would create and excite the spiour own ports, and reshipped it, rit of hostility and resentment apaying a small duty to our govern- gainst Great-Britain, which, as an
enlightened statesman, he justly with us to the same provision, we deplores.
shall not be obliged to restore proThat we may not be supposed perty captured by them beyond the to misrepresent him, we quote his limits prescribed by the law of pawords, “That we may be well un- tions ; while, on the other hand, it derstood, we acknowledge, that may be beneficial to us, by precludwhile the European powers main-. ing the British cruisers from captain their colonial system, and re- tures or searches within five miles lax from it occasionally under the of our coast, instead of a marine pressure of necessity, or from the league, to which their rights were prospect of advantage, there is a heretofore restricted. presumption that trade, carried on We doubt also, whether the by neutrals between a belligerent stricture on the third article be a and her colonies, is merely a cloak correct one, and whether, if anoand cover injurious to the other bel- ther nation should grant to us any ligerent. He therefore can right- peculiar privileges in compensafully exact strong evidence that the tion for a grant of favours in our property is neutral ; and since me- ports, Great Britain could claim it lancholy experience proves that on gratuitously. If A was to stipusuch occasions perjury appears at Iste with B, that he would grant the call of interest, it ought not to him all the advantages of any barbe wondered at, that he should so gains, which he might make with far extend the force of presumption any other person, we should exas to receive it in contradiction to ceedingly doubt, whether B could testimony. Thus justifying, in claim any such advantages, for another and more odious form, if which A had been obliged to make not the very principle for which a pecuniary compensation., withGreat Britain contends, yet one, atout paying the same pecuniary the least, as offensive to neutrals. compensation. For,in ordinary cases of capture on Having thus noticed our differsuspicion, the belligerent has a ences of opinion with this author, right to require perfect evidence of as to the several articles of the property in the neutral, and yet treaty made by Messrs. Munroe this writer admits, that in the case and Pinckney, (which, on the of the colonial trade he has a right whole, it is possible, may be an to expect something stronger than exceedingly good one) we shall perfect. A pretty fair concession, conclude by observing, that we enthat the trade is such as no power. tertain the highest opinion of the ful nation can safely admit.
talents of this writer, and perfectly The objection, which this writer coincide with many of the sentiurges to the twelfth article, we are ments, which he has displayed. not prepared to discuss, because We agree with him in the genhe has not given us the words of eral outlines of the characters of that article, and because we think the members of the administration. it trifling and unimportant. As Indeed, we think there is a felicity we understand it, however, from in these portraits, which few, if any the imperfect sketch given to us men in our country, would be able by this writer, it does not involve to imitate. We agree with him us in the difficulty he presumes, also, that however men may differ for, until other nations shall agree as to the question of the Chesa
peake, the language used by Adams & Rhoades. pp. 86. Svo. some persons on that occasion was 1807. deficient in self-respect; that foul SWIFT somewhere remarks, for and abusive terms come with pro. he remarks upon almost every priety only from the mouths of thing, that, “ without encourage prostitutes and cowards ; that lan- ment of agriculture and thereby guage addressed to fear, and not increasing the number of its peoto justice implies, that we have to ple, any country, however blest by deal with scoundrels and cowards ; nature, must continue poor,” Bethat Great Britain cannot be bul- lieving, as we do, the truth of this lied into submission ; that those, observation, we have witnessed who believe that a war with Great with pleasure the exertions of the Britain would be feeble and harm- Agricultural Society to promote less deceive themselves : it would an improvement of their art among be severe and bloody,'
the farmers of Massachusetts. We take the opportunity to The “ answers," composing the close our remarks on this able pro- larger half of this tenth and last duction, by observing, that it con- number of their papers, to “quetains the best refutation of Mr. ries” some years since publickly Madison's pamphlet on the right proposed, show, that the labours of Great Britain to take out her of the Society have not been fruitown seamen from the merchant less. In our opinion, the perusal ships of neutral pations, which we of these queries and the annexhave seen from any quarter. It ed summary of replies, received establishes in the clearest manner from various parts of the country, this right, as founded on the law will amply reward the cultivator of nations, and the right of self- for his trouble. The “ extracts," preservation. And at a moment, which fill the remaining pages of when we are threatened with war the pamphlet, though written on for the maintainance of Mr. Jef- important subjects, and written ferson's unfounded claims on this well, yet, not being written in this subject, we earnestly recommend country, and containing terms forthis part of this pamphlet to the eign to our ears, and alluding to serious attention of our fellow-cit- modes of husbandry foreign to our izens.
practice, are not equally interesting to the American farmer. We cordially recommend to this res
pectable Society perseverance in ART, 61,
their toils, and hope, that, by mul
tiplying, in future publications, oriPapers ; consisting of communica- ginal papers, they will lay the tions made to the Massachusetts community under still higher Society
for promoting agriculture, obligations to their zeal in advaneand extracts. Published by the ing the most innocent, useful, and Frustees of the Society. Boston, honourable of arts.
CATALOGUE OF NEW PUBLICATIONS, FOR OCTOBER,
Sunt bona, sunt quædam mediocria, sunt mala plura.-MART.
male Asylum,on their seventh anniverAdmiralty Decisions, in the District sary. By Jedidiah Morse, D. D. minCourt of the United States for the ister of the congregational church in Pennsylvania district ; by the honour. Charlestown. 8vo. Boston, Russell able Richard Peters : containing also & Cutler. some decisions in the same court by Serious and candid Letters to the the late F. Hopkinson, Esq. To which Rev. Thomas Baldwin, D.D. on his are added, cases determined in other book entitled, “The Baptism of Beliedistricts of the United States : with vers only, and the particular Communan appendix containing the laws of ion of the Baptist Churches explained Oleron, the laws of Wisbny, the laws and vindicated.” By Samuel Worces. of the Hanse towns, the marine ordi. ter, A.M. Salem, Cushing & Appleton. Tances of Lewis 14, a treatise on the An Address pronounced at the visirights and duties of owners, freighters, tation of Mason's Hall, Boston, on the and masters of ships, and mariners. evening of August 11, A. L. 5807, in and the laws of the United States re- the presence of a numerous assembly lative to mariners. Collected and ar- of ladies and gentlemen, and a special ranged by Richard Peters, jun. Esq. convention of Mount Lebanon Lodge. In two vols. Price 10 dolls. in boards, By Bro. Benjamin Gleason, P. G. L. and 11 bound. Philadelphia, W.P. Boston, printed by Oliver & Munroe. Farrand.
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Europe, and upon his return to Amer Peace without dishonour-War with. ica. "Philadelphia, Thomas Dobson. out hope. Being a calm and dispassi- The 2d vol. of Rollin's Antient His onate enquiry into the question of the tory-and 3d of Doddridge's Family Chesapeake, and the necessity and ex. Expositor. 8vo.
Boston, Etheridge pediency of War. By a Yankee Far. & Bliss. mer. Boston, printed by Greenough The Beauties of Sterne ; including & Stebbins. 1807.
many of his letters and sermons, all his The British Treaty. 8vo.
pathetick tales, humourous descripA Sermon, preached in Brattle-street tions, and most distinguished observa Church, Boston, September 25, 1807, tions on life. Boston, Andrews & before the managers of the Boston Fe- Cummings. 18mo. pp. 128.
-Letters of the late Lord Lyttleton, new type. It will be delivered to subonly son of the venerable George, scribers, neatly finished in boards, at 2 Lord Lyttleton, and chief justice in dollars and 25 cents—or bound hand. Eyre, &c. &c. The first American edi. somely, at 2 dollars and 50 cents. tion, complete in one volume, 8vo. Messrs. John West, Oliver C. GreenTo which is now first added a memoir leaf, and Edward Cotton, of this town, concerning the author, including an ac propose to publish by subscription, The count of some extraordinary circum. Works of Dr. Samuel Johnson, with an cumstances attending his death. Troy, Essay by Arthur. Murphy, Esq. The N. Y. Wright, Goodenow, & Co. work will be printed on a fine wore
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decount of the Society for the establish. ters, and from the following circum. ment of a Literary Fund.
stance : THIS Institution, which may rank In 1788, an event took place, which with the most useful and important in tarnished the character of English hu. Great-Britain, had its origin in a Socie. manity, and afflicted the friends of lit, ty consisting principally of men of let. erature.