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or distribution of language ; con- the English edition) are generally siderations of Mr. Locke's essay to be ascribed to the present editor u on the nature, use, and significa. (Wm. Duane) whose nationality tion of language”; the division of probably is such, that he will not speech, according to the author's take offence at the suggestion. theory, into words necessary for the communication of thought ; viz. the noun and verb, and abbreviations employed for conciseness

ART. 64. and dispatch ; remarks on the noun, on the article, and interjec. An Essay on the human character tion ; observations on the word of Jesus Christ. By Willium that, which is not allowed to be Austin. Boston, printed for W. word so mutable in signification as Pelham. 12mo. pp. 120. it is made by grammarians ; etymology of the English conjunc- MR. Austin informs the publick, tions, of prepositions, of adverbs. in the advertisement prefixed to

The second part, (mark how ap- the volume, that he has endeavpropriate !) is introduced by ob- oured to explore a new, but indi. servations on the rights of man. rect, source of argument, in favour It treats of abstraction, or, as the of the divinity of Jesus Christ.' author would prefer to term it, sub- We have, in vain, attempted to disaudition, by which the substantive cover this argument ; nor can we is derived from a participle, or an determine from a perusal of the adjective : as, fact* ( aliquid) fact. book, whether the design of the um ; debt (aliquid) debit-um. writer bei wicked or charitable.' Thence he proceeds to adjectives In either case, however, we may and participles; and leaves the safely pronounce, that it will do verb, which has been the subject no harm, and little good. of more dispute and wrangling, The following description of the than every other description of great founder of Christianity is not words in our language, to the mer- inelegantly written. cy of contending

grammarians. This work will be pleasing to

• At about the age of thirty Jesus apthe etymologist, sometimes even

peared again in publick. He was then

in all the ripeness of manhood, at a pe. where it is not satisfactory ; and it riod equally distant from the levity of will often be diverting to those, youth, and the cares of age. He is rewho are slow in discovering re- ported to have been in his person exsemblances, from its apparent fan- ceedingly beautiful if you examined but cifulness. We are happy to see

one feature at a time ; but his entire

countenance raised in the beholder an it accompanied by an index to the interest which immediately affected subjects and words, that are exam- the heart. Sympathy, awe, reverence, ined in the work. It would be but most reverence, was the prevailing pleasing to us also to recommend sentiment he inspired. These were this edition for its correctness.

the features of his character in the mo

ment of repose. His stature was raBut the errors, which we have no- ther above the common size, as was his ticed, especially in many Saxon person, but finely proportioned. His words, are such, as to justify us in hair was auburn,gracefully flowing over withholding this praise. These

bis shoulders ; his steps slow, firm,bemistakes we presume, (for we have speaking a man of purpose. The most not thoroughly compared this with his cheeks, which, in conjunction with

brilliant temperature of health adorned

his flowing beard, the fashion of those from whom he will gain more so. times, and a piercing, hazel, yet unas- lid instruction,and more authentick suming eye, would have rendered him information, than from the superaltogether attracting,had not a high and gently retreating forehead of the most ficial and meagre treatises of perfect symmetry, restrained familiaris French sciolists. ty and impressed the beholder with an The following quotation is ex. emotion of respect. It was impossible actly in the French manner, which to behold him, though he appeared under every disadvantage, alm ist suspi erile and false rhetorick.

we unequivocally condemn as pucious, without being perplexed and dubious of the man.'

P. 24.

• Yet this temperate Nazarene preWere this description grounded of the vintage. Yet this humble Naz.

fered the brook or the rivulet to the joy on authentick history, it would be arene travelled Judea on foot, and ney. extremely interesting ; but at pre- er rode but once; and then in a malsent must be considered as the ner that seemed to court the contempt mure creature of Mr. Austin's im- of the populace. Yet this self-denying

Nazarene frequented the tables of a agination. What is still worse, it Wapping and St Giles. Yet this cold is in direct contradiction to the blooded Nazarene was as exemplary ia word of revealed truth. Isaiah his affections, as though he had been says, chap. liii. 2, · He hath no form dipped, every morning in the river Crd.

nus.' por comeliness; and when we shall

P.57. see him, there is no brauty, that We are sorry that Mr. Austin we should desire him.' The pub- has introduced his own political lick must determine between the sentiments into a work of this na. prophet and Mr. Austin.

ture. He tells us tható the virtuWe should be glad to know, ous Gilbert Wakefield was sacri. whence Mr. Austin derives his in- ficed in the prime of life, and the formation, when he asserts that much-enduring Priestley hardly • Socrates was a retired philoso- found respite on the frontiers of pher, one who led a quiet, contem- the wilderness.' plative, theoretical life.' So far Now, though we have the profrom it, that he led an active and foundest respect for the talents and laborious life, and such was his virtues of these gentlemen, yet ke military prowess, that he is re- cannot but conclude, that their corded to have saved, in battle, the misfortunes originated in their lives of Xenophon and Alcibiades. own imprudence. Wakefield was He delivered his lectures in pub- fined and imprisoned for attemptlick and spoke boldly on every sub. ing, in a pamphlet, to dissuade his ject, religious as well as civil

, and countrymen, from resisting a attracted crowded audiences in the French invasion, an invasion groves of Academus, at the Lyce- threatened by the most unprincium, or on the banks of the Ilyssus. pled and ferocious ruffians, that er. So far from being a theorist, he er disgraced human nature. He derided the more abstruse enqui- lived, however, some time after ries, and metaphysical researches he was thus sacrificed, as Mr. Ausof his predecessors, was the first tin terms it, and published some who introduced moral philosophy useful and elegant works. With among his countrymen, and drew regard to Priestley, his departure her down from heaven upon earth. from his native country was a vol. We recommend to Mr. Austin the untary act ; and if he did not meet perusal of Xenophon and Plato, here with all the attention and re

spect due to his talents, his warm- however, it is sometimes adviseable est friends must attribute it to his to come at the truth without the own indiscretion. By interfering parade of a figure, and shouid our with our domestick politicks, and readers be hurt at the laconick publishing political pamphlets, he style of our quotation, we have onjustly forfeited, with prudent men ly to urge the plea of expediency, of all parties, that esteem and con- and to rely on their good sense for sideration, which his almost un- an acquittal. No, there is little to equalled attainments would, other. be feared from a coarse phrase, wise, have secured him.

honestly delivered ; and of the two, This little Essay is, on the it is better that the sensibilities of whole, a very harmless production, a prude should be shocked, than though it is not easy to ascertain that an infamous writer should esits precise object. It is composed cape without the chastisement she with considerable elegance and deserves. It is this dressing false terseness of style, though we do sentiment in the graces of rhetonot approve of such words as ac. rick, this painting the devil white credited, test, used as a verb, re- as it were, that he may pass upon pellant, &c.

the unsuspecting; it is this vile He, who writes as well as Mr. cant of the prurient school of RousAustin, may, with due pains, learn seau, that is more to be feared than to write better, to whom we would a blunt speech of the Doctor's. recommend the study of the an

And I can teach thee, cousin, to shame cients, in preference to that of the

the devil French school, of which the taste By telling truth ; tell truth, and shame is generally false, and the style af- the devil, fected.

If thou have power to raise him, bring

him hither, And I'll be sworn I have power to shame him hence.

SHAKS. ART. 65,

The reasons assigned for pre

senting the American Publick Memoirs of Ninon De L'Enclos, with an impression of these Let

with her Letters to the Marquis ters, we consider worse than imDe Sevigné, and Mons. De St. pertinent; and the paraliel which Evremond. Translated from their ingenious Publisher has the French, by Mrs. Griffith. thought proper to institute between Philadelphia : printed by T. S. Ninon and Anacreon Moore, so Manning, for Thomas Palmer. much to the advantage of the for12mo. 1806.

mer, we shall not subscribe to, un

less we are previously informed We would remind the editor and what distinction can be made beapologist of these Letters and of tween a licentious enditer of lascivtheir author, of the reply, which ious prose and a shameless scribJohnson made to a gentleman on a ler of indelicate verses. Indeed, similar occasion :— the woman, we have before expressed an opinsir, is a whore, and there's an end ion with regard to the susceptible on't.' We take no pleasure in the Mr. Little and his amorous effuuse of an indelicate term, and re- sions, and we could not now, congret the necessity we are under of scientiously, pronounce the apothecalling things by their names'; osis of his twin sister in levity, or fall in with the Preface and make Rabelais and Swift sometimes dea saint of a Cyprian. Though it is light to fling about them, rarely difficult to decide, where the de. adhere to an wholesome mind; merits of the parties are so equal. but the sweet mischief that flows ly balanced, we are rather inclin. from the pens of such authors as ed to believe, that, upon an impar. Ninon and Moore, mixes with the tial examination, the heroine of heart's best blood, and distempers our Editor would take rank of her the whole subject. relation. Not that Mr. Little has We can not avoid fancying the been exceeded in fanning the wild influence which a writer, of the defires of love, or that he is second to scription last named, might exerany in his contribunions to the Lib- cise over some ingenuous nympin, ertine's Assistant, but because the of less reflection than feeling. We impurities of the heart show ugli. think that we see such an one seest in a woman.

cretly retiring to her nest, at an

unfashionable hour, with a volume A shameless woman is the worst of men.

YOUNG.

of her favourite concealed in her

bosom, there to regale herself, Some wits, of whom better watch after watch, with love picthings might be expected, not con- tures and sentiment, till the nearly tented with the applause of the expended taper winks in its sock learned and polite, have, occasion- et. But a truce with this common, ally accommodated their vein to the and her insidious epistles, for we taste of the vulgar, and, instead of take no delight in contemplating appearing before their judges in the evils which we cannot counteract; atlick dress of their order, may be besides we are apprehensive that figured as mounted on a barrel in by this notice, we have rather enthe market-place, and holding forth famed curiosity,than excited avermost smuttily after the manner of sion. Scaramouch. These eccentrici. This work is well executed ties of genius, however, are more The more's the pity; that such vile contemptible than mischievous, for matter should be neatly set down! those who are most taken with them, are generally of that class of which the vulgar saying is true - it is impossible to spoil what

ART. 66, never was good ;' and with respect to the more delicate and refined, The Parnassian Pilgrim ; or the who nauseate the unseemly fancies posthumous works of the late Mr. of the Pantagruelists, they are at William Lake. With a shart acliberty to use the precaution not count of his life. Printed at the to travel foul ways. But of those Balance Press, Hudson, 1807. writers who, like our author, pose sess in common with the serpent William Lake was born in the power to charm and destroy, Kingston, (Penn.) on the 20th day against whose poison no antidote is of Sept. 1787, and was the son of provided, we have nothing to say an unfortunate Englishman, who, either encouraging or contemptu• at an early age, left his own coun. ous ; for they are too deadly to be try for this Land of Wonders. Allaughed at, and too insinuating to ter a common school education he disgust. The filth and dirt which was removed from the threshold of science to assist his father in quies, of May-day presents and husbandry. At the age of thirteen trifles, the buttercups and danda: a happy reverse in his father's for- lions, that spring up spontaneously tune enabled him to remove to the mpon the lower slopes of Parnasschool at Bethlehem, where he en- sus ;" all which he vainly imagintered upon the course of studies ed were to immortalize his name, preparatory to his admission at and which really afford another some public seminary. Owing, proof upon what oprodigious great however, to his forming an attach- scale is every thing dure in this ment, which met with his father's country. displeasure, he resolved never to Of this collection we can give see him again,and accordingly flew our readers no better idea than by off in a tangent from Bethlehem recommending to their persal the and his Dulciena and drooped in- immortal productions whicn daily to a store at Philadelphia. It was grace our newspapers ; then begin this situation that he composed ging them to imagine these bound most of his poetical productions. together in one volume duodeciBetween the age of fifteen and under whatever title best eighteen his business led him to suits their taste, “the Parnassian different parts of the Union and Pilgrim," or the Muses Waitingeven to Europe, returning from maid. The character of the auwhich, he paid the debt of nature thor is fully comprised in a coupon the 15th of December 1805 ; let of Pope; having composed no less than sixty-seven pieces of poeiry, consist

A youth foredoom'd bis father's soul

to cross, ing of songs and odes, of elegies

“ Who penu'd a stanza when he should and epitaphs, of visions and solili

engross."

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An interesting discovery was layala differ, however, in this ceremade in the course of last year, by monial from every other existing the Rev. Dr. Buchanan, who trav- Church, and their proper designaelled into Travancore for the pur- tion is, “Syrian Christians,' or che pose of visiting the ancient Syrian “Syrian Church of Malayala.' The Churches. He found fifty-five doctrines of the Syrian Church are churches in the district of Malay- contained in a very few articles, ala or the Christian communion, and are not at variance in essenwhich are built in a style not unlike tials with those of the Church of some of the old parish churches in England. Their bishop and meEngland. When Dr. Buchanan ar- tropolitan, after conferring with his rived at the remote churches in clergy, delivered the following othis district, he was informed by pinion :- That an union with the the inhabitants,that, to their knowl- English Church, or at least such a edge, no European had visited the connection as should appear to both place before. These churches ac- Churches practicable and expediknowledge the patriarch of Anti- ent, would be a happy event, and och, and their Liturgy is derived favourable to the advancement of from that of the early church of religion. It is in contemplation Antioch, called Liturgiæ Jacobi to send to England some of the SyrApostoli. The Christians of Ma- iap youth for education and ordina

Vol. IV, No. 11,

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