Rational Behaviour and Bargaining Equilibrium in Games and Social Situations
CUP Archive, 27. 6. 1986 - Počet stran: 314
This is a paperback edition of a major contribution to the field, first published in hard covers in 1977. The book outlines a general theory of rational behaviour consisting of individual decision theory, ethics, and game theory as its main branches. Decision theory deals with a rational pursuit of individual utility; ethics with a rational pursuit of the common interests of society; and game theory with an interaction of two or more rational individuals, each pursuing his own interests in a rational manner.
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a new approach to game theory
Rationalchoice models of social behavior
Rational behavior under certainty risk and uncertainty
Morality and social welfare
Some basic concepts of game theory
Rationality postulates for game situations
The four basic problems facing the players of a game
the Nash solution
General twoperson cooperative games
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agree agreement alternative assume assumption Axiom best reply boundary H called cardinal utility characteristic function choice choose concession conflict payoffs corresponding decision maker decision theory defined dividends dominance eligible equilibrium points Equation equivalent example expectations final payoff game G game situations game theory game tree game with transferable given player individual joint payoff joint strategy Lemma maximin payoff maximin strategy mixed strategies moral value judgments n-person cooperative game Nash solution Nash's noncooperative game obtain outcome payoff space payoff ui payoff vector player i's positive possible Prisoner's Dilemma Proof pure strategies rational behavior rational players rationality postulates risk limit risky prospects satisfy Shapley value simple bargaining game social situations social-welfare function solution concept strategy n-tuples strategy pair subgame subjective probabilities Suppose sure prospects symmetric game Theorem tion transferable utility two-person ultimatum game upper right boundary utility function Uj utility unit variables yield zero-sum game Zeuthen's Principle