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Factis ignoscite nostris Si scelus ingenio scitis abesse meo.

Overlook our deeds, since you know that crime was absent from our inclination. OVIDFausti. Bk. III. 309.

Between the acting of a dreadful thing And the first motion, all the interim is Like a phantasma, or a hideous dream.

Julius Cæsar. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 63.

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Ars fit ubi a teneris crimen condiscitur annis.

Where crime is taught from early years, it becomes a part of nature. OVIDHeroides. IV. 25.

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Le crime d'une mère est un pesant fardeau.

The crime of a mother is a heavy burden. RACINEPhèdre. III. 3.

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With his hand upon the throttle-valve of crime. LORD SALISBURY—Speech in House of Lords,

1889.

Beyond the infinite and boundless reach
Of mercy, if thou didst this deed of death,
Art thou damn'd, Hubert.

King John. Act IV. Sc. 3. L. 117.
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Tremble, thou wretch,
That has within thee undivulged crimes,
Unwhipp'd of justice.
King Lear. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 51.

There shall be done
A deed of dreadful note.

Macbeth. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 43.

21 Amici vitium ni feras, facis tuum.

If you share the crime of your friend, you make it your own. SYRUS-Maxims.

22 Du repos dans le crime! ah! qui peut s'en flatter.

To be at peace in crime! ah, who can thus flatter himself. VOLTAIRE–Oreste. I. 5.

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La crainte suit le crime, et c'est son châtiment.

Fear follows crime and is its punishment.
VOLTAIRE—Semiramis. V. 1.

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Yet each man kills the thing he loves,

By each let this be heard, Some do it with a bitter look,

Some with a flattering word, The coward does it with a kiss,

The brave man with a sword.

OSCAR WILDE-Ballad of Reading Gaol. CRITICISM (See also AUTHORSHIP, JOURNAL

ISM) When I read rules of criticism, I immediately inquire after the works of the author who has written them, and by that means discover what it is he likes in a composition.

ADDISON— Guardian. No. 115.

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Ad auctores redit Sceleris coacti culpa.

The guilt of enforced crimes lies on those who impose them. SENECATroades. DCCCLXX.

13 Qui non vetat peccare, cum possit, jubet.

He who does not prevent a crime when he can, encourages it. SENECA-Troades. CCXCI.

He was in Logic, a great critic,
Profoundly skill'd in Analytic;
He could distinguish, and divide
A hair 'twixt south and south-west side.

BUTLER—Huibras. Pt. I. Canto I. L. 65.

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La critique est aisée, et l'art est difficile.

Criticism is easy, and art is difficult. DESTOUCHES-Glorieux. II. 5.

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A man must serve his time to every trade
Save censure—critics all are ready made.
Take hackney'd jokes from Miller, got by rote,
With just enough of learning to misquote;
A mind well skill'd to find or forge a fault;
A turn for punning, call it Attic salt;
To Jeffrey go, be silent and discreet,
His pay is just ten sterling pounds per sheet;
Fear not to lie, 'twill seem a lucky hit;
Shrink not from blasphemy, 'twill pass for wit;
Care not for feelingpass your proper jest,
And stand a critic, hated yet caress'd.
BYRON-English Bards and Scotch Reviewers.

L. 63.

The press, the pulpit, and the stage,
Conspire to censure and expose our age.
WENTWORTH DILLON-Essay on Translated

Verse. L. 7. 13

You know who critics are?--the men who have failed in literature and art. BENJ. DISRAELI-Lothair. Ch. XXXV.

(See also COLERIDGE) 14

It is much easier to be critical than to be correct. BENJ. DISRAELI-Speech in the House of Com

mons. Jan 24, 1860. 15

The most noble criticism is that in which the critic is not the antagonist so much as the rival of the author. Isaac D'ISRAELI Curiosities of Literature.

Literary Journals.

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Dijó la sarten á la caldera, quitate allá ojinegra.

Said the pot to the kettle, “Get away, blackface." CERVANTESDon Quixote. II. 67.

Those who do not read criticism will rarely merit to be criticised. ISAAC D'ISRAELI-Literary Character of Men

of Genius. Ch. VI.

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CRITICISM

CRITICISM

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Unmoved though Witlings sneer and Rivals rail; Studious to please, yet not ashamed to fail. SAMUEL JOHNSONPrologue to Tragedy of

Irene.

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Tis not the wholesome sharp morality,
Or modest anger of a satiric spirit,
That hurts or wounds the body of a state,
But the sinister application
Of the malicious, ignorant, and base
Interpreter; who will distort and strain
The general scope and purpose of an author
To his particular and private spleen.

BEN JONSON—Poetaster. Act V. Sc. 1.

The line too labours, and the words move slow.

POPE--Essay on Criticism. Pt. II. L. 171.

14 A perfect Judge will read each work of Wit With the same spirit that its author writ: Survey the Whole, nor seek slight faults to find Where nature moves, and rapture warms the

mind. POPE—Essay on Criticism. Pt. II. L. 235. In every work regard the writer's End, Since none can compass more than they intend; And if the means be just, the conduct true, Applause, in spite of trivial faults, is due.

POPE--Essay on Criticism. Pt. II. L. 255.

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Lynx envers nos pareils, taupes envers nous.

Lynxeyed toward our equals, and moles to ourselves. La FONTAINEFables. I. 7.

Be not the first by whom the new are tried,
Nor yet the last to lay the old aside.

POPE-Essay on Criticism. Pt. II. L. 336.

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Critics are sentinels in the grand army of letters, stationed at the corners of newspapers and reviews, to challenge every new author.

LONGFELLOW-Kavanagh. Ch. XIII. 5

A wise scepticism is the first attribute of a good critic. LOWELL — Among My Books. Shakespeare

Once More.

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Nature fits all her children with something to do, He who would write and can't write, can surely

review; Can set up a small booth as critic and sell us his Petty conceit and his pettier jealousies.

LOWELL-Fable for Critics. 7

In truth it may be laid down as an almost universal rule that good poets are bad critics. MACAULAY_Criticisms on the Principal Italian Writers. Dante.

(See also COLERIDGE)

I lose my patience, and I own it too,
When works are censur'd, not as bad but new;
While if our Elders break all reason's laws,
These fools demand not pardon but Applause.

POPE-Second Book of Horace. Ep. I. L. 115.
For some in ancient books delight,
Others prefer what moderns write;
Now I should be extremely loth
Not to be thought expert in both.

PRIOR-Alma.

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Die Kritik nimmt oft dem Baume
Raupen und Blüthen mit einander.

Criticism often takes from the tree
Caterpillars and blossoms together.

JEAN PAUL RICHTER-—Titan. Zykel 105.
When in the full perfection of decay,
Turn vinegar, and come again in play.
SACKVILLE (Earl of Dorset)--Address to Ned

Howard. Quoted in DRYDEN's Dedication to translation of Ovid.

(See also SHENSTONE) In such a time as this it is not meet That every nice offence should bear his com

ment. Julius Cæsar. Act IV. Sc. 3. L. 7.

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The opinion of the great body of the reading public is very materially influenced even by the unsupported assertions of those who assume a right to criticise. MACAULAY–Mr. Robert Montgomery's Poems.

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Light thickens; and the crow Makes wing to the rooky wood.

Macbeth. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 49.

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The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark
When neither is attended.

Merchant of Venice. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 102.

A poet that fails in writing becomes often a morose critic; the weak and insipid white wine makes at length excellent vinegar. SHENSTONE-On Writing and Books.

(See also SACKVILLE) 2

Of all the cants which are canted in this canting world—though the cant of hypocrites may be the worst-the cant of criticism is the most tormenting. STERNE Life and Opinions of Tristram

Shandy. Orig. ed.). Vol. III. Ch. XII. “The cant of criticism." Borrowed from SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS, Idler, Sept. 29, 1759.

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As the many-winter'd crow that leads the clang

ing rookery home. TENNYSONLocksley Hall. St. 34.

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For, poems read without a name,
We justly praise, or justly blame;
And critics have no partial views,
Except they know whom they abuse.
And since you ne'er provoke their spite,
Depend upon't their judgment's right.

SWIFT- On Poetry. L. 129.

CRUELTY
Man's inhumanity to man
Makes countless thousands mourn!
BURNS-Man Was Made to Mourn.

(See also YOUNG) 15

Contre les rebelles c'est cruauté que d'estre humain, et humanité d'estre cruel.

It is cruelty to be humane to rebels, and humanity is cruelty. Attributed to CHARLES IX. According to M.

FOURNIER, an expression taken from a sermon of CORNEILLE Muis, BISHOP BITOUTE. Used by CATHERINE DE MEDI

OF

For since he would sit on a Prophet's seat,

As a lord of the Human soul, We needs must scan him from head to feet,

Were it but for a wart or a mole. TENNYSONThe Dead Prophet. St. XIV.

CIS.

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Detested sport That owes its pleasures to another's pain.

COWPERThe Task. Bk. III. L. 326.

Critics are like brushers of noblemen's clothes. Attributed to SIR HENRY WOTTON by Bacon.

Apothegms. No. 64.

17 It is not linen you're wearing out, But human creatures' lives.

HOOD—Song of the Shirt.

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CROCUS

Crocus Welcome, wild harbinger of spring!

To this small nook of earth; Feeling and fancy fondly cling

Round thoughts which owe their birth To thee, and to the humble spot Where chance has fixed thy lowly lot.

BERNARD BARTON—To a Crocus.

Even bear-baiting was esteemed heathenish and unchristian: the sport of it, not the inhumanity, gave offence. HUMEHistory of England. Vol. I. Ch. LXII.

(See also MACAULAY)

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CUCKOO

Men so noble, However faulty, yet should find respect For what they have been; 'tis a cruelty To load a falling man.

Henry VIII. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 74.

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See what a rent the envious Casca made.

Julius Cæsar. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 179.

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You are the cruell'st she alive,
If you will lead these graces to the grave
And leave the world no copy.
Twelfth Night. Act I. Sc. 5. L. 259.

If ever henceforth thou
These rural latches to his entrance open,
Or hoop his body more with thy embraces,
I will devise a death as cruel for thee
As thou art tender to't.

Winter's Tale. Act IV. Sc. 4. L. 448.

5 Inhumanity is caught from man, From smiling man. YOUNG—Night Thoughts. Night V. L. 158.

(See also BURNS)

The merry cuckow, messenger of Spring,
His trumpet shrill hath thrice already sounded
SPENSER—Sonnet. 19.

While I deduce,
From the first note the hollow cuckoo sings,
The symphony of spring.

THOMSONThe Seasons. Spring. L. 576. List—'twas the cucko00, with what delight Heard I that voice! and catch it now, though

faint,
Far off and faint, and melting into air,
Yet not to be mistaken. Hark again!
Those louder cries give notice that the bird,
Although invisible as Echo's self,
Is wheeling hitherward.

WORDSWORTHThe Cuckoo at Laverna.

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O blithe New-comer! I have heard,
I hear thee and rejoice;
O Cuckoo! shall I call thee Bird,
Or but a wandering Voice?
WORDSWORTH–To the Cuckoo.

(See also SHELLEY under LARK)

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Sweet bird! thy bower is ever green,

Thy sky is ever clear;
Thou hast no sorrow in thy song,

No winter in thy year.
JOHN LOGANTo the Cuckoo. Attributed also

to MICHAEL BRUCE. Arguments in favor
of Logan in Notes and Queries, April, 1902.
P. 309. In favor of Bruce, June 14, 1902.

P. 469. 10 The cuckoo builds not for himself.

Antony and Cleopatra. Act II. Sc. 6. L. 28.

Rise up, rise up, Xarifa! lay your golden cushion

down; Rise up! come to the window, and gaze with all

the town! John G. LOCKHARTThe Bridal of Andella.

I saw and heard, for we sometimes, Who dwell this wild, constrained by want, come

forth To town or village nigh, nighest is far, Where aught we hear, and curious are to hear, What happens new; fame also finds us out.

MILTONParadise Regained. Bk. I. L. 330.

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And being fed by us you used us so
As that ungentle gull, the cuckoo's bird,
Useth the sparrow.

Henry IV. Pt. I. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 59.

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The cuckoo then on every tree,
Mocks married men; for thus sings he,

Cuckoo!
Cuckoo! Cuckoo! O word of fear,
Unpleasing to a married ear.

Love's Labour's Lost. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 908.

Platon estime qu'il y ait quelque vice d'impiété à trop curieusement s'enquerir de Dieu et du monde.

Plato holds that there is some vice of impiety in enquiring too curiously about God and the world. MONTAIGNEEssays. Bk. II. Ch. XII.

(See also HAMLET)

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