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Sweet is the broome-flowre, but yet sowre enough; And sweet is moly, but his root is ill.

SPENSER-Amoretti. Sonnet XXVI.

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Roses red and violets blew, . And all the sweetest flowres that in the forrest

grew. SPENSERFaerie Queene. Bk. III. Canto VI.

St. 6.
The violets ope their purple heads;
The roses blow, the cowslip springs.

SWIFT—Answer to a Scandalous Poem. L. 150.
Primrose eyes each morning ope
In their cool, deep beds of grass;
Violets make the air that pass
Tell-tales of their fragrant slope.
BAYARD TAYLOR-Home and Travel. Ariel in

the Cloven Pine. L. 57.



These flowers are like the pleasures of the world.

Cymbeline. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 296.


When daisies pied, and violets blue,

And lady-smocks all silver-white,
And cuckoo-buds of yellow hue

Do paint the meadows with delight.
Love's Labour's Lost. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 904.


In emerald tufts, flowers purple, blue, and white; Like sapphire, pearl and rich embroidery.

Merry Wives of Windsor. Act V. Sc. 5. L. 74.

The aquilegia sprinkled on the rocks

A scarlet rain; the yellow violet
Sat in the chariot of its leaves; the phlox

Held spikes of purple flame in meadows wet, And all the streams with vernal-scented reed Were fringed, and streaky bells of miskodeed. BAYARD TAYLOR-Home and Travel. Mon

Da-Min. St. 17.


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The silver birch its buds of purple shows,
And scarlet berries tell where bloomed the sweet

WHITTIERThe Last Walk in Autumn.



But when they had unloosed the linen band, Which swathed the Egyptian's body,-lo! was

found, Closed in the wasted hollow of her hand,

A little seed, which, sown in English ground, Did wondrous snow of starry blossoms bear, And spread rich odours through our springtide air.

OSCAR WILDE-Athanasia. St. 2.

2 The very flowers are sacred to the poor.


FLY We see spiders, flies, or ants entombed and preserved forever in amber, a more than royal tomb. BACON-Historia Vitæ et Mortis.

(Same idea under ANT, BEE) It was prettily devised of Æsop: The fly sat upon the axle-tree of the chariot-wheel, and said, What a dust do I raise! BACON-Of Vain-Glory, attributed to ÆSOP

but found in Fables of LAURENTIUS ABSTEMIUS.

(See also LA FONTAINE) We see how flies, and spiders, and the like, get a sepulchre in amber, more durable than the monument and embalming of the body of any king. BACON-Sylvia Sylvarum. Century I. Experiment 100.

(Same idea under ANT, BEE)



To me the meanest flower that blows can give Thoughts that do often lie too deep for tears.

WORDSWORTH-Intimations of Immortality.




Haceos miel, y paparos han moscas.

Make yourself honey and the flies will devour you.

CERVANTES—Don Quixote. II. 43.

15 The fly that sips treacle is lost in the sweets. Gay-The Beggar's Opera. Act. II. Sc. 2.

L. 35.

And 'tis my faith that every flower
Enjoys the air it breathes.

WORDSWORTH-Lines Written in Early Spring. The flower of sweetest smell is shy and lowly. WORDSWORTH-Sonnet. Not Love, Not War,

Nor, etc. 6 Hope smiled when your nativity was cast, Children of Summer! WORDSWORTH-Staffa Sonnets. Flowers on the

Top of the Pillars at the Entrance of the Cave. 7 The mysteries that cups of flowers infold And!all the gorgeous sights which fairies do be

hold. WORDSWORTH-Stanzas written in Thomson's

Castle of Indolence.


To a boiling pot flies come not.

HERBERT-Jacula Prudentum.

I saw a flie within a beade
Of amber cleanly buried.
HERRICKThe Amber Bead.

(See also BACON)


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The Lord shall hiss for the fly that is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt.

Isaiah. VII. 18.


There bloomed the strawberry of the wilderness; The trembling eyebright showed her sapphire

blue, The thyme her purple, like the blush of Even; And if the breath of some to no caress Invited, forth they peeped so fair to view, All kinds alike seemed favourites of Heaven. WORDSWORTHThe River Druddon. Flowers.



Pansies, lilies, kingcups, daisies,
Let them live upon their praises.

WORDSWORTH-To the Small Celandine.

A fly sat on the chariot wheel
And said "what a dust I raise."
LA FONTAINE-Fables. Bk. VII. 9. PHE-
DRUS. III. 6. Musca et Mula.

(See also BACON)
Busy, curious, thirsty fly,
Drink with me and drink as I!
Freely welcome to my cup,
Could'st thou sip and sip it up;
Make the most of life you may;
Life is short and wears away.


23 Oh! that the memories which survive us here Were half so lovely as these wings of thine! Pure relics of a blameless life, that shine Now thou art gone. CHARLES (TENNYSON) TURNER-On Finding a

Small Fly Crushed in a Book.

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FOLLY The folly of one man is the fortune of another.

Bacon-Of Fortune. Un sot trouve toujours un plus sot qui l'admire.

A fool always finds one still more foolish to admire him. BOILEAU-L'Art Poétique. I. 232.

3 Fool me no fools. BULWER-LYTTONLast Days of Pompeii. Bk.

III. Ch. 6.

The solemn fog; significant and budge;
A fool with judges,

amongst fools a judge.
COWPER-Conversation. L. 299.
(See also QUINTILIAN, also JOHNSON under WIT)
Defend me, therefore, common sense, say
From reveries so airy, from the toil
Of dropping buckets into empty wells,
And growing old in drawing nothing up.
COWPER—Task. Bk. III. L. 187.

(See also SMITH, YOUNG) L'exactitude est le sublime des sots.

Exactness is the sublimity of fools. Attributed to FONTENELLE, who disclaimed it. 19

A fool and a wise man are alike both in the starting-place their birth, and at the posttheir death; only they differ in the race of their lives. FULLERThe Holy and Profane States. Of

Natural Fools. Maxim IV.


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Folly loves the martyrdom of Fame.
BYRON—Monody on the Death of the Right Hon.

R. B. Sheridan. L. 68.
More knave than fool.
CERVANTES—Don Quixote. Pt. I. Bk. IV.

Ch. 2.

A rational reaction against irrational excesses and vagaries of skepticism may

readily degenerate into the rival folly of credulity, GLADSTONE-Time and Place of Homer. Introductory.

He is a fool Who only sees the mischiefs that are past. HOMER-Iliad. Bk. XVII. L. 39. BRYANT'S





Mas acompañados y paniguados debe di tener la locura que la discrecion.

Folly is wont to have more followers and comrades than discretion. CERVANTES-Don Quixote. II. 13. 9

Young men think old men are fools; but old men know young men are fools. GEO. CHAPMAN-AU Fools. Act V. Sc. 1.

L. 292. (See also METCALF)
Les plus courtes folies sont les meilleures.

The shortest follies are the best.
CHARRON—Las Sagesse. Bk. I. Ch. 3.

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Fool beckons fool, and dunce awakens dunce.

CHURCHILL-Apology. L. 42.

Stultorum plena sunt omnia.

All places are filled with fools.
CICERO-Epistles. LX. 22.

Fears of the brave and follies of the wise.

SAMUEL JOHNSON. Vanity of Human Wishes. 26

Un fat celui que les sots croient un homme de mérite.

A fool is one whom simpletons believe to be a man of merit. LA BRUYÈRE—Les Caractères. XII.



Culpa enim illa, bis ad eundem, vulgari reprehensa proverbio est.

To stumble twice against the same stone, is a proverbial disgrace. CICEROEpistles. X. 20. 14

Hain't we got all the fools in town on our side? And ain't that a big enough majority in any town? S. L. CLEMENS (Mark Twain)Huckleberry

Finn. Ch. 26.

Hélas! on voit que de tout temps
Les Petits ont pâti des sottises des grands.

Alas! we see that the small have always suffered for the follies of the great. LA FONTAINE-Fables. II. 4.


Ce livre n'est pas long, on le voit en une heure; La plus courte folie est toujours la meilleure.

This book is not long, one may run over it in an hour; the shortest folly is always the best. LA GIRANDIÈRE-Le Recueil des Voyeux Epi

grammes. (See also CHARRON)


A fool must now and then be right by chance.

COWPER Conversation. L. 96.

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I have play'd the fool, the gross fool, to believe

The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. The bosom of a friend will hold a secret

Psalms. XIV. 1; LIII. 1. Mine own could not contain.

23 MASSINGER--Unnatural Combat. Act V. Sc. Qui stultis videri eruditi volunt, stulti eruditis 2.


Those who wish to appear wise among fools, Young men think old men fools, and old men among the wise seem foolish. know young men to be so.

QUINTILIAN. X. 7. 22. Quoted by CAMDEN as a saying of DR. METCALF.

(See also COWPER)

After a man has sown his wild oats in the years Quantum est in rebus inane!

of his youth, he has still every year to get over a How much folly there is in human affairs.

few weeks and days of folly. PERSIUS-Satires. I. 1.

RICHTERFlower, Fruit, and Thorn Pieces.

Bk. II. Ch. V. An old doting fool, with one foot already in the grave.

Stultus est qui fructus magnarum arborum PLUTARCH-Morals. On the Training of spectat, altitudinem non metitur. Children.

He is a fool who looks at the fruit of lofty

trees, but does not measure their height. The rest on outside merit but presume,

QUINTUS CURTIUS RUFUS—De Rebus Gestis Or serve (like other fools) to fill a room.

Alexandri Magni. VII. 8. POPE-Dunciad. Bk. I. L. 136.

Insipientis est dicere, Non putaram. So by false learning is good sense defac'd;

It is the part of a fool to say, I should not Some are bewilder'd in the maze of schools, have thought. And some made coxcombs Nature meant but SCIPIO AFRICANUS. See Cicero.

De Off. fools.

XXIII. 81. VALERIUS. Bk. VII. 2. 2. POPE-Essay on Criticism. Pt. I. L. 25.

Where lives the man that has not tried, We think our fathers fools, so wise we grow;

How mirth can into folly glide, Our wiser sons, no doubt, will think us so.

And folly into sin! POPE—Essay on Criticism. Pt. II. L. 438. SCOTT-Bridal of Triermain. Canto I. St. 21.

Inter cætera mala hoc quoque habet For fo rush in where angels fear to tread.

Stultitia semper incipit vivere. POPEEssay on Criticism. Pt. III. L. 66.

Among other evils folly has also this, that

it is always beginning to live. The fool is happy that he knows no more.

SENECA-Epistolæ Ad Lucilium. 13. POPE-Essay on Man. Ep. II. L. 264.

Sir, for a quart d'écu he will sell the fee-simple Whether the charmer sinner it, or saint it,

of his salvation, the inheritance of it; and cut If folly grow romantic, I must paint it.

the entail from all remainders. POPE-Moral Essays. Ep. II. L. 15.

Al's Well That Ends Well. Act. IV. Sc. 3.

L. 311.
Die and endow a college or a cat.
POPE-Moral Essays. Ep. III. To Bathurst. A fool, a fool! I met a fool i' the forest,
L. 96.

A motley fool; a miserable world!

As I do live by food, I met a fool; No creature smarts so little as a fool.

Who laid him down and bask'd him in the sun. POPE-Prologue to Satires. L. 84.

As You Like It. Act II. Sc. 7. L. 12.












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O noble fool!
A worthy fool! Motley's the only wear.

As You Like It. Act II. Sc. 7. L. 33.

I had rather have a fool to make me merry than experience to make me sad: and to travel for it too!

As You Like It. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 26. 3

The fool doth think he is wise, but the wise man knows himself to be a fool.

As You Like It. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 34.

4 Fools are not mad folks.

Cymbeline. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 105.

Let the doors be shut upon him, that he may play the fool nowhere but in's own house.

Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 134.

Well, thus we play the fools with the time, and the spirits of the wise sit in the clouds and mock us.

Henry IV. Pt. II. Act II. Sc. 2. L. 154. How ill white hairs become a fool and jester!

Henry IV. Pt. II. Act V. Sc. 5. L. 52.

For take thy ballaunce if thou be so wise,
And weigh the winde that under heaven doth

blow; Or weigh the light that in the east doth rise; Or weigh the thought that from man's mind doth

flow. SPENSERFaerie Queene. Bk. V. Canto II.

St. 43.




He had been eight years upon a project for extracting sunbeams out of cucumbers, which were to be put in phials hermetically sealed, and let out to warm the air in raw, inclement summers. SWIFTGulliver's Travels. Pt. III. Ch. V.

Voyage to Laputa.



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Chi conta i colpi e la dovuta offesa,
Mentr arde la tenzon, misura e pesa?

A fool is he that comes to preach or prate,
When men with swords their right and wrong

debate. Tasso Gerusalemme. V. 57.


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de peu.

The fool hath planted in his memory
An army of good words; and I do know
A many fools, that stand in better place,
Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word
Defy the matter.

Merchant of Venice. Act III. Sc. 5. L. 71.

10 Lord, what fools these mortals be! Midsummer Night's Dream. Act III. Sc. 2.

L. 115. 11 To wisdom he's a fool that will not yield.

Pericles. Act II. Sc. 4. L. 54.

Le sot est comme le peuple, qui se croit riche

The fool is like those people who think themselves rich with little. VAUVENARGUESReflexions. CCLX.


Qui se croit sage, 6 ciel! est un grand fou.

He who thinks himself wise, O heavens! is a


great fool.

VOLTAIRELe Droit du Seigneur. IV. 1.

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