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Donec eris felix, multos numerabis amicos;
Tempora si fuerint nubila solus eris.

As long as you are fortunate you will have many friends, but if the times become cloudy you will be alone. OVID-Tristium. I. 9. 5.

Nihil est periculosius in hominibus mutata subito fortuna.

Nothing is more dangerous to men than a sudden change of fortune. QUINTILIAN-De Institutione Oratoria. CCLX.



Intera fortunam quisque debet manere suam.

Every man should stay within his own fortune. OVIDTristium. III. 4. 26.

3 I wish thy lot, now bad, still worse, my friend, For when at worst, they say, things always mend. OWEN—To a Friend in Distress. COWPER'S


Centre fortune, la diverse un chartier rompit nazardes son fouet.

Against fortune the carter cracks his whip in vain. RABELAIS-Pantagruel. Bk. II, Ch. XI.

16 Chacun est artisan de sa bonne fortune.

Every one is the architect of his own fortune.

Ep. de Rep. Ordin. II. 1. Quoting APPIUS
CLAUDIUS CÆCUS, the Censor. Same idea
in PLAUTUSTrinummus. II. 2. 84. CER-
VANTESDon Quixote. l. 4. SCHILLER-
Wallenstein's Death. XII. 8. 77. METAS-
TASIO—Morte d'Abele. II.

C'est la fortune de France.

It is the fortune of France.

Fortuna humana fingit artatque ut lubet.

Fortune moulds and circumscribes human affairs as she pleases. PLAUTUS—Captivi. II. 2. 54.



Nulli est homini perpetuum bonum.

No man has perpetual good fortune.
PLAUTUS—Curculis. 1. 3. 32.

Sed profecto Fortuna in omni re dominatur; ea res cunctas ex lubidine magis, quam ex vero, celebrat, obscuratque.

But assuredly Fortune rules in all things; she raises to eminence or buries in oblivion everything from caprice rather than from wellregulated principle. SALLUST Catilina. VIII.



Actutum fortunæ solent mutarier; varia vita est.

Man's fortune is usually changed at once; life is changeable. PLAUTUSTruculentus. II. 1. 9. 8

Fortune had so favoured me in this war that I feared, the rather, that some tempest would follow so favourable a gale.

PLUTARCH quoting Paulus ÆMILIUS.


Breves et mutabiles vices rerum sunt, et fortuna nunquam simpliciter indulget.

The fashions of human affairs are brief and changeable, and fortune never remains long indulgent. QUINTUS CURTIUS RUFUSDe Rebus Gestis

Alexandri Magni. IV. 14. 20.
Præcipites regum casus
Fortuna rotat.

Fortune turns on her wheel the fate of kings.

SENECA-Agamemnon. LXXI. Quidquid in altum, fortuna tulit, ruitura levat.

Whatever fortune has raised to a height, she has raised only to cast it down.

SENECA-Agamemnon. C.
Quid non dedit fortuna non eripit.

Fortune cannot take away what she did not give. SENECA-Epistolæ Ad Lucilium. LIX.

The wheel goes round and round,
And some are up and some are on the down,
And still the wheel goes round.


10 Fortune in men has some small diff'rence made, One flaunts in rags, one flutters in brocade; The cobbler apron'd, and the parson gown'd, The friar hooded, and the monarch crown'd.

POPEEssay on Man. Ep. IV. L. 195.





Who thinks that fortune cannot change her mind,
Prepares a dreadful jest for all mankind.
And who stands safest? Tell me, is it he
That spreads and swells in puff'd prosperity,
Or bless'd with little, whose preventing care
In peace provides fit arms against a war?
POPESecond Book of Horace. Satire II.

L. 123.

Felix, quisquis novit famulum
Rogemque pati,
Vultusque potest variare suos!
Rapuit vires pondusque malis,
Casus animo qui tulit æquo.

Happy the man who can endure the highest and the lowest fortune. He, who has endured such vicissitudes with equanimity, has deprived misfortune of its power. SENECAHercules (Etæus. 228.

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Præsente fortuna pejor est futuri metus.

Fear the future is worse than one's present fortune. QUINTILIAN—De Institutione Oratoria. XII.


Aurea rumpunt tecta quietem, Vigilesque trahit purpura noctes. O si pateant pectora ditum, Quantos intus sublimis agit Fortuna metus.













Golden palaces break man's rest, and purple
robes cause watchful nights.

Fortune, that arrant whore,
Oh, if the breasts of the rich could be seen into, Ne'er turns the key to the poor.

what terrors high fortune places within! King Lear. Act II. Sc. 4. L. 52.
SENECA-Hercules Etæus. 646.
Iniqua raro maximis virtutibus

O fortune, fortune! all men call thee fickle.

Romeo and Juliet. Act III. Sc. 5. L. 60. Fortuna parcit. Nemo se tuto diu Periculis offerre tam crebris potest, Quem sæpe transit casus, aliquando invenit. I find my zenith doth depend upon

Adverse fortune seldom spares men of the A most auspicious star; whose influence
noblest virtues. No one can with safety expose If now I court not, but omit, my fortunes
himself often to dangers. The man who has Will ever after droop.
often escaped is at last caught.

Tempest. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 181.
SENECA-Hercules Furens. 325.
O Fortuna, viris invida fortibus,

How some men creep in skittish Fortune's hall,

While others play the idiots in her eyes!
Quam non æque bonis præmia dividis!
O Fortune, that enviest the brave, what un-

Troilus and Cressida. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 134. equal rewards thou bestowest on the righteous!

So is Hope SENECA-Hercules Furens. 524.

Changed for Despair-one laid upon the shelf,

We take the other. Under heaven's high cope Minor in parvis Fortuna furit, Leviusque ferit leviora deus.

Fortune is god-all you endure and do Fortune is gentle to the lowly, and heaven

Depends on circumstance as much as you. strikes the humble with a light hand.

SHELLEYEpigrams. From the Greek. SENECAHippolytus. Act IV. 1,124.

Fortune, my friend, I've often thought, Volat ambiguis

Is weak, if Art assist her not: Mobilis alis hora; nec ulli

So equally all Arts are vain, Præstat velox Fortuna fidem.

If Fortune help them not again. The shifting hour flies with doubtful wings; SHERIDAN-Love Epistles of Aristonetus. Ep. nor does swift Fortune keep faith with anyone. XIII. SENECAHippolytus. Act IV. 1,141.

In losing fortune, many a lucky elf

Fortune knows, Has found himself. We scorn her most, when most she offers blows.

HORACE SMITH-Moral Alchemy. St. 12. Antony and Cleopatra. Act III. Sc. 11. L. 73.

Fortune is like a widow won,

a And rail'd on Lady Fortune in good terms.

And truckles to the bold alone. As You Like It. Act II. Sc. 7. L. 16.


Canto II. Fortune brings in some boats, that are not steer'd.

(See also CLAUDIANUS, also BUTLER under Cymbeline. Act IV. Sc. 3. L. 46.


22 That they are not a pipe for fortune's finger To sound what stop she please.

Fors æqua merentes

Respicit. Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 75.

A just fortune awaits the deserving.

STATIUSThebais. I. 661.
The great man down, you mark his favorite flies,
The poor advanced makes friends of enemies.
Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 214.

Fortuna nimium quem favet, stultum facit.

When fortune favors a man too much, she Will Fortune never come with both hands full,

makes him a fool. But write her fair words still in foulest letters?

SYRUS-Maxims. She either gives a stomach, and no food; Such are the poor, in health: or else a feast, Fortuna vitrea est, tum cum splendet franAnd takes away the stomach; such are the rich, gitur. That have abundance, and enjoy it not.

Fortune is like glass; when she shines, she Henry IV. Pt. II. Act IV. Sc. 4. L. 103. is broken.

SYRUS—Maxims. 283.
Fortune is merry,
And in this mood will give us anything.

Miserrima est fortuna quæ inimico caret.
Julius Cæsar. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 271.

That is a very wretched fortune which has When Fortune means to men most good,

no enemy.

She looks upon them with a threatening eye.
King John. Act III. Sc. 4. L. 119.

Felicitate corrumpimur.
A good man's fortune may grow out at heels. We are corrupted by good fortune.
King Lear. Act II. Sc. 2. L. 164.

Tacitus—Annales. Bk. I. 15.









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Yet, who can help loving the land that has taught Hereditary bondsmen! Know ye not

Who would be free themselves must strike the Six hundred and eighty-five ways to dress eggs? blow? MOORE—Fudge Family. 8.

BYRON—Childe Harold. Canto II. St. 76. (See also REGNIÈRE) Have the French for friends, but not for neigh

Yet, Freedom! yet thy banner, torn, but flying,

Streams like the thunder-storm against the wind. bors. EMPEROR NICEPHORUS (803) while treating

BYRONChilde Harold. Canto IV. St. 98. with ambassadors of CHARLEMAGNE.

For Freedom's battle once begun, On connoit en France 685 manières differentes

Bequeath'd by bleeding sire to son, d'accommoder les @ufs.

Though baffled oft is ever won. One knows in France 685 different ways of

BYRON–Giaour. L. 123. preparing eggs. DE LA REYNIÈRE.

Sound the loud timbrel o'er Egypt's dark sea!

Jehovah hath triumphed his people are free. Ye sons of France, awake to glory!

BYRONSacred Songs. Sound the loud T'imbrel. Hark! Hark! what myriads bid you rise! Your children, wives, and grandsires hoary, Hope for a season bade the world farewell, Behold their tears and hear their cries!

And Freedom shrieked as Kosciusko fell! ROUGET DE LISLE-The Marseilles Hymn. (1792)

O'er Prague's proud arch the fires of ruin glow. Une natione de singes à larynx de parroquets.

CAMPBELL-Pleasures of Hope. L. 381. A nation of monkeys with the throat of parrots.

(See also COLERIDGE) SIÉYES—Note to Mirabeau. (Of France.)

England may as well dam up the waters of FRAUD

the Nile with bulrushes as to fetter the step of

Freedom, more proud and firm in this youthful The first and worst of all frauds is to cheat land than where she treads the sequestered glens one's self.

of Scotland, or couches herself among the magBAILEY-Festus. Sc. Anywhere.

nificent mountains of Switzerland.

LYDIA MARIA CHILD-Supposititious Speech of Perplexed and troubled at his bad success

James Otis. The Rebels. Ch. IV. The Tempter stood, nor had what to reply, Discovered in his fraud, thrown from his hope. Nulla enim minantis auctoritas apud liberos MILTON-Paradise Regained. Bk. IV. L. 1.


To freemen, threats are impotent.
So glistered the dire Snake, and into fraud

CICEROEpistles. XI. 3.
Led Eve, our credulous mother, to the Tree
Of Prohibition, root of all our woe.

O what a loud and fearful shriek was there!
MILTON—Paradise Lost. Bk. IX. L. 643.
Some cursed fraud

Ah me! they view'd beneath an hireling's sword Of enemy hath beguiled thee, yet unknown,

Fallen Kosciusco. And me with thee hath ruined.

COLERIDGESonnet MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. LX. L. 904.

(See also CAMPBELL) His heart as far from fraud as heaven from earth. No, Freedom has a thousand charms to show Two Gentlemen of Verona. Act II. Sc. 7. L.

That slaves, howe'er contented, never know. 78.

COWPER—Table Talk. L. 260.
Freedom all solace to man gives:

He is the freeman whom the truth makes free,

And all are slaves besides.
He lives at ease that freely lives.

CowPERTask. Bk. V. L. 733.
JOHN BARBOURThe Bruce. Bk. I. 225.
Whose service is perfect freedom.

I want free life, and I want fresh air;
Book of Common Prayer. Collect for Peace.

And I sigh for the canter after the cattle,

The crack of the whip like shots in battle, for righteous monarchs, The medley of horns, and hoofs, and heads Justly to judge, with their own eyes should see;

That wars, and wrangles, and scatters and To rule o'er freemen, should themselves be free.

spreads; HENRY BROOKE-Earl of Essex. Act I. The green beneath and the blue above, (See also JOHNSON under Ox for parody of same)

And dash, and danger, and life and love.

F. DESPREZ–Lasca. Here the free spirit of mankind, at length,

Throws its last fetters off; and who shall place I am as free as nature first made man,
A limit to the giant's unchained strength, Ere the base laws of servitude began,

Or curb his swiftness in the forward race? When wild in woods the noble savage ran.

DRYDEN—Conquest of Granada. Act I. Sc. 1.



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11 My angel-his name is Freedom,

All we have of freedom-all we use or know Choose him to be your king;

This our fathers bought for us, long and long ago. He shall cut pathways east and west,

KIPLING-The Old Issue.
And fend you with his wing.
EMERSONBoston Hymn.

12 . . That this nation, under God shall

have a new birth of freedom. We grant no dukedoms to the few,

ABRAHAM LINCOLN-Gettysburg Address. We hold like rights and shall; Equal on Sunday in the pew,

I intend no modification of my oft expressed On Monday in the mall.

wish that all men everywhere could be free. For what avail the plough or sail,

ABRAHAM LINCOLNLetter to Horace Greeley. Or land, or life, if freedom fail?

Aug. 22, 1862. See RAYMOND's History of EMERSON—Boston. St. 5.

Lincoln's Administration. 3

Freedom needs all her poets; it is they
I gave my life for freedom-This I know;
For those who bade me fight had told me so.

Who give her aspirations wings,

And to the wiser law of music sway W. N. EWERFive Souls.

Her wild imaginings.

LOWELL-Memorial Verses. To the Memory Bred in the lap of Republican Freedom.

of Hood. St. 4. GODWINEnquirer. II. XII. 402.

Quicquid multis peccatur, inultum est. Yes! to this thought I hold with firm persistence;

All go free when multitudes offend.

LUCAN-Pharsalia. V. 260. The last result of wisdom stamps it true;

16 He only earns his freedom and existence

Libertas ultima mundi
Who daily conquers them anew.
GOETHE-Faust. Act V. Sc. 6.

Quo steterit ferienda loco.

The remaining liberty of the world was to

be destroyed in the place where it stood. Frei athmen macht das Leben nicht allein.

LUCAN-Pharsalia. VII. 580. Merely to breathe freely does not mean to live. GOETHE-Iphigenia auf Tauris. I. 2. 54. Non bene, crede mihi, servo servitur amico;

Sit liber, dominus qui volet esse meus. Ay, call it holy ground,

Service cannot be expected from a friend in

a The soil where first they trod,

service; let him be a freeman who wishes to be They have left unstained, what there they

my master. found,

MARTIALEpigrams. II. 32. 7.
Freedom to worship God.
FELICIA D. HEMANS-Landing of the Pilgrim

Sufficient to have stood, though free to fall.

MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. III. L. 99. Fathers. 8

They can only set free men free Quisnam igitur liber? Sapiens, sibi qui im

And there is no need of that: periosus;

Free men set themselves free. Quem neque pauperies, neque mors, neque vin- JAMES OPPENHEIMThe Slave. cula terrent

(See also BROOKE) Responsare cupidinibus, contemnere honores Fortis; et in se ipso totus, teres atque rotundus.

An quisquam est alius liber, nisi ducere vitam Who then is free? the wise man who is lord Cui licet, ut voluit? over himself;

Is any man free except the one who can Whom neither poverty nor death, nor chains

pass his life as he pleases?
alarm; strong to withstand his passions

PERSIUS-Satires. V. 83.
and despise honors, and who is completely
finished and rounded off in himself.

Oh! let me live my own, and die so too!
HORACE-Satires. Bk. II. VII. 83.

(To live and die is all I have to do:) (See also HENLEY under Soul)

Maintain a poet's dignity and ease,

And see what friends, and read what books I In the beauty of the lilies Christ was born across please.

POPEPrologue to Satires. L. 261. With a glory in his bosom that transfigures you and me;

Blandishments will not fascinate us, nor will As he died to make men holy, let us die to make

threats of a "halter” intimidate. For, under men free,

God, we are determined that wheresoever, whenWhile God is marching on.

soever, or howsoever we shall be called to make JULIA WARD HOWE-Battle Hymn of the

our exit, we will die free men. Republic.

JOSIAH QUINCY_Observations on the Boston

Port Bill, 1774. One should never put on one's best trousers to go out to fight for freedom.

Free soil, free men, free speech, Fremont. IBSENEnemy of the People.

Republican Rallying Cry, 1856.



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