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God tempers the wind to the shorn lamb.

Malo indisertam prudentiam, quam loquacem STERNE—Sentimental Journey. (Given in Ital- stultitiam. ics as a quotation.)

I prefer silent prudence to loquacious folly. (See also ÉTIENNE)

CICERODe Oratore. III. 35.
And I will trust that He who heeds
The life that hides in mead and wold,

Præstat cautela quam medela.

Precaution is better than cure.
Who hangs yon alder's crimson beads,

And stains these mosses green and gold,
Will still, as He hath done, incline

(See also RALEIGH)
His gracious care to me and mine.
WHITTIER-Last Walk in Autumn. St. 26.

According to her cloth she cut her coat.
DRYDENFables. Cock and the Fox. L. 20.


ECONOMY) Multis terribilis, caveto multos.

* Therefore I am wel pleased to take If thou art terrible to many, then beware of

any coulor to defend your honour and hope you many. AUSONIUS—Septem Sapientum Sententiæ Sep wyl remember that who seaketh two strings to tenis Versibus Explicatæ. IV. 5.

one bowe, he may shute strong but neuer strait.

Edited by JOHN BRUCE.
It is always good
When a man has two irons in the fire.

(See also BUTLER)
Friends. Act I. Sc. 2.

For chance fights ever on the side of the prudent. (See also BUTLER)

EURIPIDESPirithous. (Adapted.) Et vulgariter dicitur, quod primum oportet Yes, I had two strings to my bow; both golden cervum capere, et postea, cum captus fuerit, il- ones, egad! and both cracked. lum excoriare.

FIELDING-Love in Several Masques. Act V. And it is a common saying that it is best Sc. 13. first to catch the stag, and afterwards, when

(See also BUTLER) he has been caught, to skin him. BRACTON-Works. Bk. IV. Tit. I. C. 2. Great Estates may venture more. Little Boats Sec. IV.

must keep near Shore. (See also GLASSE under COOKERY)

BENJ. FRANKLIN-Poor Richard. (1751)

(See also VERGIL) Look before you ere you leap. BUTLER-Hudibras. Pt. II. Canto II. HEY

Wer sich nicht nach der Decke streckt, --Proverbs. Pt. I. Ch. II. TOTTEL Dem bleiben die Füsse unbedeckt. -Miscellany. (1557)

He who does not stretch himself according (See also TRAPP)

to the coverlet finds his feet uncovered.

GOETHE-Sprüche in Reimen. III. "Tis true no lover has that pow'r T' enforce a desperate amour,

Better is to bow than breake. As he that has two strings this bow,

HEYWOOD-Proverbs. Pt. I. Ch. LX. CHRISAnd burns for love and money too.

TYNE-Morale Proverbs. BUTLER-Hudibras. Pt. III. Canto I. L. 1.

(See also LA FONTAINE) CHURCHILLThe Ghost. Bk. IV. (See also BEAUMONT, CHAPMAN, ELIZABETH, It is good to have a hatch before the durre. FIELDING, HEYWOOD, HOOKER, PARKER, HEYWOOD-Proverbs. Pt. I. Ch. XI. TERENCE)

Yee have many strings to your bowe. No arrojemos la soga tras el ca ero.

HEYWOOD-Proverbs. Pt. I. Ch. XI. Let us not throw the rope after the bucket.

(See also BUTLER) CERVANTES— Don Quixote. II. 9.

So that every man lawfully ordained must Archers ever

bring a bow which hath two strings, a title of Have two strings to a bow; and shall great Cupid

present right and another to provide for future (Archer of archers both in men and women),

possibility or chance. Be worse provided than a common archer? RICHARD HOOKER-Laws of Ecclesiastical PolCHAPMAN-Bussy d'Ambois. Act II. Sc. 1.

ity. Bk. V. Ch. LXXX. No. 9. (See also BUTLER)

(See also BUTLER) Prudentia est rerum expectandarum fugien- Fænum habet in cornu, longe fuge. darumque scientia.

He is a dangerous fellow, keep clear of him. Prudence is the knowledge of things to be (That is: he has hay on his horns, showing he sought, and those to be shunned.

is dangerous.) CICERODe Officiis. I. 43.

HORACE—Satires. I. IV. 34.





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Prevention is the daughter of intelligence.
SiR WALTER RALEIGH-Letter to Sir Robert
Cecil. May 10, 1593.

(See also COKE)


Fasten him as a nail in a sure place.

Isaiah. XXII. 23. 2

The first years of man must make provision for the last.


3 Nullum numen habes si sit prudentia.

One has no protecting power save prudence. JUVENAL—Satires. X. 365. Also Satires.

XIV. 315.






Je plie et ne romps pas.

I bend and do not break.
LA FONTAINE---Fables. I. 22.

(See also HEYWOOD)

Be prudent, and if you hear,

some insult or some threat, have the

appearance of not hearing it. GEORGE SAND-Handsome Lawrence. Ch. II.

Love all, trust a few, Do wrong to none: be able for thine enemy Rather in power than use, and keep thy friend Under thy own life's key: be check'd for silence, But never tax'd for speech. Al's Well That Enis Well. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 73.

Think him as a serpent's egg, Which, hatch'd, would, as his kind, grow mis

chievous, And kill him in the shell.

Julius Cæsar. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 32.



Le trop d'expédients peut gâter une affaire.

Too many expedients may spoil an affair. LA FONTAINE/Fables. IX. 14.



Don't cross the bridge till you come to it,
Is a proverb old, and of excellent wit.
LONGFELLOW-Christus. The Golden Legend.

Pt. VI.


In my school days. when I had lost one shaft,
I shot his fellow of the self-same flight
The self-same way with more advised watch,
To find the other forth, and by adventuring both
I oft found both.

Merchant of Venice. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 139.
I won't quarrel with my bread and butter.

SWIFT-Polite Conversation. Dialogue I.

Let your loins be girded about, and your lights burning.

Luke. XII. 35. 8

Entre l'arbre et l'écorce il n'y faut pas mettre le doigt.

Between the tree and the bark it is better not to put your finger. MOLIÈRE-Médecin Malgre Lui. Act I. Sc. 2.


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Il faut reculer pour mieux sauter.

One must draw back in order to leap better. MONTAIGNE-Essays. Bk. I. Ch. XXXVIII.

Deliberandum est diu, quod statuendum semel.

That should be considered long which can be decided but once. SYRUS-Maxims.



Crede mihi; miseros prudentia prima relinquit.

Believe me; it is prudence that first forsakes the wretched. OviD-Epistolæ Ex Ponto. IV. 12. 47.

It is well to moor your bark with two anchors.

SYRUS-Maxims. 119.



In ancient times all things were cheape,
'Tis good to looke before thou leape,
When corne is ripe 'tis time to reape.
MARTYN PARKERThe Roxburghe Ballads.
An Excellent New Medley.

(See also BUTLER)

Plura consilio quam vi perficimus.

We accomplish more by prudence than by force. TACITUS-Annales. II. 26.



Cito rumpes arcum, semper si tensum habueris.

You will soon break the bow if you keep it always stretched. PHÆDRUS,Fab. Bk. III. 14. 10. SYRUS

Maxims. 388.

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Cum grano salis.

With a grain of salt.
PLINY—Natural History. XXIII. 8. 77.

Giving the story of POMPEY, who when he
took the palace of MITHRIDATES, found hid-
den the antidote against poison, “to be

taken fasting, addite salis grano." Ne clochez pas devant les boyteux. (Old French.)

Do not limp before the lame.


Commodius esse opinor duplici spe utier.

I think it better to have two strings to my bow. TERENCE-Phormio. IV. 2. 13.

(See also BUTLER) Try therefor before ye trust; look before ye leap. JOHN TRAPP--Commentary on I Peter. III. 17. Tracing the saying to Sr. BERNARD.

















their real value, most things according to their Litus ama: * altum alii teneant.

prejudices. Keep close to the shore: let others venture CICERO–Oratio Pro Quinto Roscio Conudo. on the deep.

X. 29. VERGILMÆneid. V. 163. (See also FRANKLIN)

Mobile mutatur semper cum principe vulgus.

The fickle populace always change with the PUBLIC (The)

prince. Report uttered by the people is everywhere of

CLAUDIANUSDe Quarto Consulatu Honorii

Augusti Panegyris. CCCII. great power. ÆSCHYLUS-Agamemnon. 938.

Hence ye profane; I hate you all; (See also HESIOD)

Both the great vulgar, and the small. Nec audiendi sunt qui solent dicere vox populi,

COWLEY-Of Greatness. Translation of HORvox dei; cum tumultus vulgi semper insania

ACE, Ode I. Bk. III.

(See also HORACE, JUVENAL) proxima sit. We would not listen to those who were wont

This many-headed monster, Multitude. to say the voice of the people is the voice of

DANIEL-History of the Civil War. Bk. II. God, for the voice of the mob is near akin to

St. 13. madness.

(See also PSEUDO-PHOCYL, Scott, SIDNEY) ALCUINEpistle to Charlemagne. FROBEN'S Ed. Vol. I. P. 191. (Ed. 1771) Also

La clef des champs. credited to EADMER.

The key of the fields (street). (See also REYNOLDS)

Used by DICKENS in Pickwick Papers. Ch.

XLVII. Also by GEORGE AUGUSTUS SALA Vox populi habet aliquid divinum: nam quomo

in Household Words, Sept. 6, 1851. do aliter tot capita in unum conspirare possint?

The voice of the people has about it something divine: for how otherwise can so many heads

The multitude is always in the wrong. agree together as one?

WENTWORTH DILLON-Essay on Translated Bacon-9. Laus, Existimatio.

Verse. L. 184. (See also ALCUIN)

For who can be secure of private right, The great unwashed.

If sovereign sway may be dissolved by might? Attributed to LORD BROUGHAM.

Nor is the people's judgment always true:
The most may err as grossly as the few.

DRYDEN-Absalom and Achitophel. Pt. I. L. The individual is foolish; the multitude, for 779. the moment is foolish, when they act without

18 deliberation; but the species is wise, and, when The man in the street does not know a star time is given to it, as a species it always acts in the sky. right.

EMERSON—Conduct of Life. Worship. BURKE-Speech. Reform of Representation

(See also GREVILLE) in the House of Commons. May 7, 1782.


Bona prudentiæ pars est nosse stultas vulgi The tyranny of a multitude is a multiplied cupiditates, et absurdas opiniones. tyranny.

It is a good part of sagacity to have known BURKE-To Thomas Mercer. Feb. 26, 1790. the foolish desires of the crowd and their un

reasonable notions,

ERASMUSDe Utilitate Colloquiorum. Preface. The public! why, the public's nothing better than a great baby. Thos. CHALMERSLetter. Quoted by RUSKIN

A stiff-necked people. Sesame and Lilies. Sec. I. 40.

Exodus. XXXIII. 3.

21 Le public! le public! combien faut-il de sots Classes and masses. pour faire un public?

Used by GLADSTONE. See MOORE-Fudges in The public! the public! how many fools does England. Letter 4. it require to make the public? CHAMFORT.

Ich wünschte sehr, der Menge zu behagen,

Besonders weil sie lebt und leben lässt. Qui ex errore imperitæ multitudinis pendet, I wish the crowd to feel itself well treated, hic in magnis viris non est habendus.

Especially since it lives and lets me live. He who hangs on the errors of the ignorant GOETHE-Faust Vorspiel auf dem Theater. L.5. multitude, must not be counted among great

Wer dem Publicum dient, ist ein armes Thier; CICERO-De Officiis. I. 19.

Er quält sich ab, niemand bedankt sich dafür.

He who serves the public is a poor animal; Vulgus ex veritate pauca, ex opinione multa he worries himself to death and no one thanks æstimat.

him for it. The rabble estimate few things according to GOETHE-Sprüche in Reimen. !II.













The public is a bad guesser.

DE QUINCEY,Essays. Protestantism.


Knowing as "the man in the street” (as we call him at Newmarket) always does, the greatest secrets of kings, and being the confidant of their most hidden thoughts. GREVILLE-Memoirs. March 22, 1830.

(See also EMERSON) 2

No whispered rumours which the many spread can wholly perish. HESIOD-Works and Days. I. 763.

(See also ÆSCHYLUS)


The leader, mingling with the vulgar host,
Is with the common mass of matter lost!
HOMER— Odyssey. Bk. IV. L. 397. POPE's



Mobilium turba Quiritium.

The crowd of changeable citizens.
HORACE-Odes. Bk. I. 1. 7.

Spernere vulgus.
To scorn the ill-conditioned rabble.
HORACE- Odes. Bk. II. 16, 39.

Vox Populi, vox Dei.

The voice of the people, the voice of God. WALTER REYNOLDS, Archbishop_of Canter

bury. Text of Sermon when EDWARD III ascended the throne, Feb. 1, 1327. (Called also DE REYNEL and REGINALD.) See JOHN TOLAND—Angelia Libera. Attributed also to WALTER MEPHAN. See G. C. LEWIS

-Essay on Influence of Authority. P. 172. See Aphorismi Politici, (Simon given erroneously for Walter.) Collected by LAMBERTUM DANÆUM. Alluded to as an old proverb by WILLIAM OF MALMESBURYDe Gestis Pont. Folio 114. (About 920) HESIODWorks and Days. 763.

(See also ALCUIN) Who o'er the herd would wish to reign, Fantastic, fickle, fierce, and vain? Vain as the leaf upon the stream, And fickle as a changeful dream; Fantastic as a woman's mood, And fierce as Frenzy's fever'd bloodThou many-headed monster thing, Oh, who would wish to be thy king? SCOTTLady of the Lake. Canto V. St. 30.

(See also DANIEL) Faith, there have been many great men that have flattered the people, who ne'er loved them; and there be many that they have loved, they know not wherefore; so that, if they love they know not why, they hate upon no better å ground.

Coriolanus. Act II. Sc. 2. L. 7.




Odi profanum vulgus et arceo.
Favete linguis.

I hate the uncultivated crowd and keep them at a distance. Favour me by your tongues (keep silence). HORACE-Odes. Bk. III. 1. ("Favete linguis” also found in CICERO, OVID.)

(See also COWLEY) Reason stands aghast at the sight of an "unprincipled, immoral, incorrigible” publick; And the word of God abounds in such threats and denunciations, as must strike terror into the heart of every believer.

RICHARD HURD—Works. Vol. IV. Sermon 1.

8 Venale pecus.

The venal herd.
JUVENALSatires. VIII. 62.


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Paucite paucarum diffundere crimen in omnes.

Do not lay on the multitude the blame that is due to a fey. OVID-Ars Amatoria. III. 9.


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Look, as I blow this feather from my face,
And as the air blows it to me again,
Obeying with my wind when I do blow,
And yielding to another when it blows,
Commanded always by the greater gust;
Such is the lightness of you common men.

Henry VI. Pt. III. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 85.



Many-headed multitude.




Trust not the populace; the crowd is manyminded. PSEUDO-PHOCYL. 89.

(See also DANIEL) The proverbial wisdom of the populace in the streets, on the roads, and in the markets, instructs the ear of him who studies man more fully than a thousand rules ostentatiously arranged. Proverbs, or the Manual of Wisdom. On the

Title Page. Printed for Tabart & Co.,
London. (1804)

Laymen say, indeed,
How they take no heed
Their sely sheep to feed,
But pluck away and pull
The fleeces of their wool.
SKELTONColin Clout. Partly from WALTER

MAPES-A pocalypse of Golias.

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The public be damned.
W. H. VANDERBILT's amused retort when

asked whether the public should be con-
sulted about luxury trains. As reported by
CLARENCE DRESSER in Chicago Tribune,
about 1883. See Letter by ASHLEY W.
COLE in N. Y. Times, Aug. 25, 1918.
Also Letter in Herald, Oct. 1, 1918, which
was answered in same, Oct. 28, 1918.

Sævitque animis ignobile vulgus, Jamque faces et saxa volant.

The rude rabble are enraged; now firebrands and stones fly. VERGIL-Æneid. I. 149.

PUMPKIN I don't know how to tell it—but ef such a thing

could be As the angels wantin' boardin', and they'd call

around on me I'd want to 'commodate 'em-all the whole-in

durin' flockWhen the frost is on the punkin and the fod

der's in the shock. JAMES WHITCOMB RILEY-When the Frost is

on the Punkin.


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And the Creole of Cuba laughs out to behold, Through orange leaves shining the broad spheres

of gold. WHITTIERThe Pumpkin.



Scinditur incertum studia in contraria vulgus.

The uncertain multitude is divided by opposite opinions. VERGIL-Æneid. II. 39.


Vox omnibus una.

One cry was common to them all. VERGIL-Æneid. V. 616.

0,-fruit loved of boyhood!—the old days re

calling, When wood-grapes were purpling and brown

nuts were falling! When wild, ugly faces we carved in its skin, Glaring out through the dark with a candle

within! When we laughed round the corn-heap, with

hea all in tune, Our chair a broad pumpkin, our lantern the

moon, Telling tales of the fairy who travelled like steam In a pumpkin-shell coach, with two rats for her

team! WHITTIERThe Pumpkin.

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