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I know Sir John will go, though he was sure it would rain cats and dogs.
SWIFT-Polite Conversation. Dialogue II.
The Clouds consign their treasures to the fields;
THOMSON—The Seasons. Spring. L. 172.
She waits for me, my lady Earth,
Smiles and waits and sighs;
Then take her by surprise.
In a never-ending sheet!
How it soaks the passer's feet!
How it rumples up the lawn!
From darkness until dawn.
ROSSITER JOHNSON-Rhyme of the Rain.
LONGFELLOW-An April Day.
RAINBOW 15 God's glowing covenant.
HOSEA BALLOU-MS. Sermons.
16 And, lo! in the dark east, expanded high, The rainbow brightens to the setting Sun.
BEATTIE—The Minstrel. Bk. I. St. 30.
17 'Tis sweet to listen as the night winds creep From leaf to leaf; 'tis sweet to view on high The rainbow, based on ocean, span the sky.
BYRON-Don Juan. Canto I. St. 122.
Triumphal arch, that fill'st the sky
CAMPBELL-To the Rainbow.
And the hooded clouds, like friars,
Year. St. 4.
The day is cold, and dark, and dreary;
LONGFELLOW-The Rainy Day.
Over her hung a canopy of state,
GILES FLETCHER—The Rainbow. L. 33.
The ceaseless rain is falling fast,
And yonder gilded vane,
Points to the misty main.
O beautiful rainbow;-all woven of light!
MRS. SARAH J. HALE—Poems.
Nor trusts the gorgeous sky.
Quoth the Raven “Nevermore!”
And the Raven, never flitting,
Still is sitting, still is sitting Is the Shepherd's warning;
On the pallid bust of Pallas But a rainbow at night
Just above my chamber door; Is the Shepherd's delight.
And his eyes have all the seeming Old Weather Rhyme.
Of a demon's that is dreaming, 2
And the lamplight o'er him streaming What skilful limner e'er would choose
Throws his shadow on the floor, To paint the rainbow's varying hues,
And my soul from out that shadow, Unless to mortal it were given
That lies floating on the floor, To dip bis brush in dyes of heaven?
Shall be lifted-nevermore.
PoeThe Raven. St. 18.
The croaking raven doth bellow for revenge.
Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 264.
13 The raven himself is hoarse 4
That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan
Under my battlements.
Macbeth. Act I. Sc. 5. L. 40. of Arthur. L. 401. 5 Hung on the shower that fronts the golden West,
O, it comes o'er my memory,
As doth the raven o'er the infected house, The rainbow bursts like magic on mine eyes! In hues of ancient promise there imprest;
Boding to all.
Othello. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 20.
Did ever raven sing so like a lark, 6
That gives sweet tidings of the sun's uprise?
Reading is to the mind, what exercise is to And minds the covenant between all and One. the body. As by the one, health is preserved, VAUGHAN—The Rainbow.
strengthened, and invigorated: by the other, virtue (which is the health of the mind) is kept
alive, cherished, and confirmed. RAVEN 7
ADDISON—The Tatler. No. 147. That Raven on yon left-hand oak (Curse on his ill-betiding croak)
Reading maketh a full man.
Read, mark, learn, and inwardly digest. 8
Book of Common Prayer. Collect for the Second The Raven's house is built with reeds, —
Sunday in Advent.
In science, read, by preference, the newest High on the hollow tree;
works; in literature, the oldest. The classic litAnd the Raven himself, telling his beads erature is always modern. In penance for his past misdeeds,
BULWER-LYTTON—Caxtoniana. Hints on MenUpon the top I see.
tal Culture, Thos. DARCY McGEE—The Penitent Raven.
9 The raven once in snowy plumes was drest,
If time is precious, no book that will not inWhite as the whitest dove's unsullied breast,
prove by repeated readings deserves to be read
at all. Fair as the guardian of the Capitol, Soft as the swan; a large and lovely fowl
CARLYLE—Essays. Goethe's Hclena. His tongue, his prating tongue had changed him quite
We have not read an author till we have seen To sooty blackness from the purest wbite. his object, whatever it may be, as he saw it. Ovm-Metamorphoses. Story of Coronis. Ad
CARLYLE—Essays. Goethe's Helena. DISON's trans. 10
The mind, relaxing into needful sport, Ghastly, grim, and ancient Raven, wandering Should turn to writers of an abler sort, from the Nightly shore,
Whose wit well managed, and whose classic style, Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Night's Give truth a lustre, and make wisdom smile. Plutonian shore!
COWPER—Retirement. L. 715.
That he that readeth it may run over it. But truths on which depends our main concern, Rendering in the Vulgate. That 'tis our shame and misery not to learn,
(See also CowPER, TENNYSON) Shine by the side of every path we tread With such a lustre he that runs may read.
Books have always a secret influence on the COWPER—Tirocinium. L. 77.
understanding; we cannot at pleasure obliterate (See also HABAKKUK)
ideas: he that reads books of science, though
without any desire fixed of improvement, will The delight of opening a new pursuit, or a new grow more knowing; he that entertains himself course of reading, imparts the vivacity and nov- with moral or religious treatises, will impercepelty of youth even to old age.
tibly advance in goodness; the ideas which are İSAAC D'ISRAELI-Literary Character of Men often offered to the mind, will at last find a of Genius. Ch. XXII.
lucky moment when it is disposed to receive
them. I like to be beholden to the great metropolitan SAMUEL JOHNSON—The Adventurer. No. 137. English speech, the sea which receives tributaries from every region under heaven. I should A man ought to read just as inclination leads as soon think of swimming across the Charles him; for what he reads as a task will do him litriver when I wish to go to Boston, as of reading tle good. all my books in originals, when I have them ren- SAMUEL JOHNSON—Boswell's Life of Johnson. dered for me in my mother tongue.
(1763) EMERSON—Essays. Books. 4
What is twice read is commonly better rememIf we encountered a man of rare intellect, we
bered than what is transcribed. should ask him what books he read.
SAMUEL JOHNSON—The Idler. No. 74. EMERSON—Letters and Social Aims. Quotation and Originality.
It may be well to wait a century for a reader,
as God has waited six thousand years for an Our high respect for a well-read man is praise
observer. enough of literature.
JOHN KEPLER-In Martyrs of Science. P. 197. EMERSON—Letters and Social Aims. Quotation and Originality.
I love to lose myself in other men's minds.
When I am not walking, I am reading; My early and invincible love of reading,
I cannot sit and think. Books think for me. * I would not exchange for the treasures
CHARLES LAMB—Last Essays of Elia. Deof India.
tached Thoughts on Books and Reading. GIBBON—Memoirs.
Night after night, 7 The sagacious reader who is capable of read
He sat and bleared his eyes with books.
LONGFELLOW-Christus. The Golden Legend. ing between these lines what does not stand
Pt. I. written in them, but is nevertheless implied, will be able to form some conception. GOETHE-Autobiography. Bk. XVIII. Truth
Many readers judge of the power of a book by and Beauty.
the shock it gives their feelings.
LONGFELLOW—Kavanagh. Ch. XIII.
Seria cum possim, quod delectantia malim
Scribere, tu causa es lector.
Thou art the cause, O reader, of my dwellter, But then, alas! they've read an awful deal.
ing on lighter topics, when I would rather han
dle serious ones. GOETHE-Faust. Vorspiel auf dem Theater. L. 13. BAYARD TAYLOR's trans.
MARTIAL-Epigrams. V. 16. 1.
His classical reading is great: he can quote In a polite age almost every person becomes a reader, and receives inore instruction from the
Horace, Juvenal, Ovid and Martial by rote. Press than the Pulpit.
He has read Metaphysics Spinoza and
And Theology too: I have heard him descant
He is fond of. He knows the old masters by The first time I read an excellent book, it is
heart, to me just as if I had gained a new friend. When I read over a book I have perused before, it re
( sembles the meeting with an old one.
Canto II. Pt. IV. GOLDSMITH-The Citizen of the World. Letter
Who reads LXXXIII.
Incessantly, and to his reading brings not
A spirit and judgment equal or superior, Write the vision, and make it plain upon ta- (And what he brings what need he elsewhere bles, that he may run that readeth it.
seek) Habakkuk. II. 2.
Uncertain and unsettled still remains, Ut percurrat qui legerit eum.
Deep versed in books and shallow in himself,
And his taste is refined, Lord Lytton) — Lucile.
Mais la raison n'est pas ce qui règle l'amour.
But it is not reason that governs love.
He who will not reason, is a bigot; he who cannot is a fool; and he who dares not, is a slave. WILLIAM DRUMMOND-Academical Question. End of preface.
Two angels guide The path of man, both aged and yet young, As angels are, ripening through endless years, On one he leans: some call her Memory, And some Tradition; and her voice is sweet, With deep mysterious accords: the other, Floating above, holds down a lamp which streams A light divine and searching on the earth,
La parfaite raison fuit toute extremité, Et veut que l'on soit sage avec sobriété.
All extremes does perfect reason flee, And wishes to be wise quite soberly. MOLIÈRE—Le Misanthrope. I. 1.
Say first, of God above or man below,
POPE—Essay on Man. Ep. I. L. 17.
Reason, bowever able, cool at best,
Pope-Essay on Man. Ep. III. L. 85.
POPE-Moral Essays. Ep. I. L. 117. Omnia sunt risus, sunt pulvis, et omnia nil sunt: Res hominum cunctæ, nam ratione carent. Al is but a jest, all dust, all not worth two
peason: For why in man's matters is neither rime nor
His reasons are as two grains of wheat hid in two bushels of chaff; you shall seek all day ere you find them; and when you have them, they are not worth the search.
Merchant of Venice. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 16.
15 I have no other but a woman's reason I think him so because I think him so.
Two Gentlemen of Verona. Act I, Sc. 2. L. 23
16 While Reason drew the plan, the Heart inform’d The moral page and Fancy lent it grace.
THOMSON—Liberty. Pt. IV. L. 262.
PUTTENHAM-Arle of English Poesie. P. 125. Attributed by him to DEMOCRITUS.
(See also MORE under POETRY)
Nam et Socrati objiciunt comici, docere eum quomodo pejorem causam meliorem faciat.
For comic writers charge Socrates with making the worse appear the better reason. QUINTILIAN—De Institutione Oratoria. II. 17. 1.
(See also DIOGENES, MILTON) On aime sans raison, et sans raison l'on bait.
We love without reason, and without reason we hate. REGNARD-Les Folies Amoureuses.
Reason progressive, Instinct is complete;
In ages they no more Could know, do, covet or enjoy.
YOUNG—Night Thoughts. Night VII. L. 81.
18 And what is reason? Be she thus defined: Reason is upright stature in the soul. YOUNG-Night Thoughts. Night VII. L. 1,526.
REBELLION (See also REVOLUTION)
The worst of rebels never arm
BUTLER-Miscellaneous Thoughts. L. 181.
Nihil potest esse diuturnum cui non subest ratio.
Nothing can be lasting when reason does not rule. QUINTUS CURTIUS RUFUS—De Rebus Gestis
Alexandri Magni. IV. 14. 19.
Men seldom, or rather never for a length of time and deliberately, rebel against anything that does not deserve rebelling against.
CARLYLE—Essays. Goethe's Works.