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14 His fair large front and eye sublime declared Wenn die Könige bau'n, haben die Kärrier zu Absolute rule; and hyacinthine locks

thun. Round from his parted forelock manly hung

When kings are building, draymen have Clustering, but not beneath his shoulders broad. something to do. MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. IV. L. 300.

SCHILLER-Kant und Seine Ausleger.

'Tis so much to be a king, that he only is so For monarchs seldom sigh in vain.
by being so.

SCOTT-Marmion. Canto V. St. 9.
MONTAIGNE--Essays. Of the Inconveniences of 16

O Richard! O my king!

The universe forsakes thee! 3 A crown! what is it?

MICHEL JEAN SEDAINE-Richard Cæur de It is to bear the miseries of a people!

Lion. Blondel's Song.
To hear their murmurs, feel their discontents,
And sink beneath a load of splendid care!

Alieno in loco

Haud stabile regnum est. An nescis longos regibus esse manus?

The throne of another is not stable for thee. Knowest thou not that kings have long SENECA-Hercules Furens. CCCXLIV. hands?

18 OVID-Heroides. XVII. 166.

Ars prima regni posse te invidiam pati.

The first art to be learned by a ruler is to Est aliquid valida sceptra tenere manu.

endure envy It is something to hold the scepter with a SENECA-Hercules Furens. CCCLIII. firm hand. OVID-Remedia Amoris. 480.

Omnes sub regno graviore regnum est.

Every monarch is subject to a mightier one. The King is dead! Long live the King!

SENECA-Hercules Furens. DCXIV. PARDOE-Life of Louis XIV. Vol. III. P. 457.

His legs bestrid the ocean; his rear'd arm

Crested the world: his voice was propertied But all's to no end, for the times will not mend As all the tuned spheres, and that to friends; Till the King enjoys his own again.

But when he meant to quail and shake the orb, MARTIN PARKER. Upon Defacing of White- He was as rattling thunder. Hall. (1645)

Antony and Cleopatra. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 28. What is a king? a man condemn'd to bear

The gates of monarchs The public burthen of the nation's care.

Are arch'd so high that giants may jet through PRIOR-Solomon. Bk. III. L. 275.

And keep their impious turbans on.

Cymbeline. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 4.
Put not your trust in princes.
Psalms. CXLVI. 3.

There's such divinity doth hedge a king,

That treason can but peep to what it would. 10

Hamlet. Act IV. Sc. 5. L. 123. Savoir dissimuler est le savoir des rois.

To know how to dissemble is the knowledge | Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown. of kings.

Henry IV. Pt. II. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 31. RICHELIEUMiranne. 11

Every subject's duty is the king's; but every A merry monarch, scandalous and poor.

subject's soul is his own. EARL OF ROCHESTER-On the King.

Henry V. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 186.









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And fearless minds climb soonest unto crowns.

Henry VI. Pt. III. Act IV. Sc. 7. L. 63.


Here lies our sovereign lord, the king,

Whose word no man relies on,
Who never said a foolish thing,

And never did a wise one.

true, for my words are my own. My actions
are my minister's.” Answer of CHARLES II,
according to the account in HUME's History

of England. VIII. P. 312. 13 Here lies our mutton-looking king,

Whose word no man relied on,
Who never said a foolish thing,

Nor ever did a wise one.
Another version of ROCHESTER's Epitaph on
CHARLES II, included in works of QUARLES.
(see also OVERBURY Under WISDOM)

0, how wretched
Is that poor man that hangs on princes' favors!
There is, betwixt that smile we would aspire to,
That sweet aspect of princes, and their ruin,
More pangs and fears than wars and women have;
And when he falls, he falls like Lucifer,
Never to hope again.

Henry VIII. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 366.

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A substitute shines brightly as a king
Until a king be by, and then his state
Empties itself, as doth an inland brook
Into the main waters.

Merchant of Venice. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 94.

Titles are abolished; and the American Republic swarms with men claiming and bearing them. THACKERAYRound Head Papers. On Rib



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Le roi règne, il ne gouverne pas.

The king reigns but does not govern.
THIERS. In an early number of the National,

a newspaper under the direction of himself
and his political friends six months before
the dissolution of the monarchy: July 1,
1830. JAN ZAMOYSKI, in the Polish and
Hungarian Diets.

(See also BISMARCK) Le premier qui fut roi, fut un soldat heureux; Qui sert bien son pays, n'a pas besoin d'aïeux.

The first king was a successful soldier;
He who serves well his country has no need of

VOLTAIRE–Mérope. I. 3.



Yet looks he like a king; behold, his eye, As bright as is the eagle's, lightens forth Controlling majesty:

Richard II. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 68.



Hail to the crown by Freedom shaped-to gird
An English sovereign's brow! and to the throne
Whereon he sits! whose deep foundations lie
In veneration and the people's love.
WORDSWORTH-Excursion. Bk. IV.

(See also TENNYSON)
A partial world will listen to my lays,
While Anna reigns, and sets a female name
Unrival'd in the glorious lists of fame.

YOUNG-Force of Religion. Bk. I. L. 6.

I give this heavy weight from off my head,
And this unwieldy sceptre from my hand,
The pride of kingly sway from out my heart;
With mine own tears I wash away my value,
With mine own bands I give away my crown,
With mine own tongue deny my sacred state,
With mine own breath release all duteous oaths.

Richard II. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 204.


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The king's name is a tower of strength, Which they upon the adverse party want.

Richard III. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 12.


Kings are like stars——they rise and set, they have The worship of the world, but no repose.

SHELLEY-Hellas. Mahmud to Hassan. L. 195.


RUIN Should the whole frame of nature round him

break In ruin and confusion hurled, He, unconcerned, would hear the mighty crack,

And stand secure amidst a falling world.
ADDISON-Horace. Ode III. Bk. III.

And when 'midst fallen London they survey
The stone where Alexander's ashes lay,
Shall own with humble pride the lesson just
By Time's slow finger written in the dust.
Mrs. BARBAULD Eighteen Hundred and


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to be taken from Louis S. MERCIER-L'An Deux Mille Quatre Cent-Quaranle. Written 1768, pub. 1770. Disowned in part by his executors.

(See also BARBAULD)


What cities, as great as this, have .. promised themselves immortality! Posterity can hardly trace the situation of some. The sorrowful traveller wanders over the awful ruins of others. . . . Here stood their citadel, but now grown over with weeds; there their senate-house, but now the haunt of every noxious reptile; temples and theatres stood here, now only an undistinguished heap of ruins. GOLDSMITHThe Bee. No. IV. A City NightPiece. (1759)

(See also BARBAULD)•

For such a numerous host Fled not in silence through the frighted deep With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout, Confusion worse confounded.

MILTON—Paradise Lost. Bk. II. L. 993.



Prostrate the beauteous ruin lies; and all
That shared its shelter, perish in its fall.

Wm. PittThe Poetry of the Anti-Jacobin.

The ruins of himself! now worn away
With age, yet still majestic in decay.
HOMER— Odyssey. Bk. XXIV. L. 271. POPE'S



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In the firm expectation that when London shall be a habitation of bitterns, when St. Paul and Westminster Abbey shall stand shapeless and nameless ruins in the midst of an unpeopled marsh, when the piers of Waterloo Bridge shall become the nuclei of islets of reeds and osiers, and cast the jagged shadows of their broken arches on the solitary stream, some Transatlantic commentator will be weighing in the scales of some new and now unimagined system of criticism the respective merits of the Bells and the Fudges and their historians. SHELLEY-Dedication to Peter Bell the Third.

(See also BARBAULD) Red ruin and the breaking-up of all. TENNYSON-Idylls of the King. Guinevere.

Fifth line. 13 Behold this ruin! 'Twas a skull Once of ethereal spirit full! This narrow cell was Life's retreat; This place was Thought's mysterious seat! What beauteous pictures fill'd that spot, What dreams of pleasure, long forgot! Nor Love, nor Joy, nor Hope, nor Fear, Has left one trace, one record here. ANNA JANE VARDILL (Mrs. James Niven.) Ap

peared in European Magazine, Nov., 1816, with signature V. Since said to have been found near a skeleton in the Royal College of Surgeons, Lincoln's Inn, London. Falseiy claimed for J. D. GORDMAN. ROBERT PHILIP claims it in a newspaper pub. 1826.




When I have been indulging this thought I have, in imagination, seen the Britons of some future century, walking by the banks of the Thames, then overgrown with weeds and almost impassable with rubbish. The father points to his son where stood St. Paul's, the Monument, the Bank, the Mansion House, and other places of the first distinction. London Magazine, 1745. Article, Humorous

Thoughts on the Removal of the Seat of Empire and Commerce.

(See also BARBAULD) Gaudensque viam fecisse ruina.

And rejoicing that he has made his way by ruin. LUCANUS-Pharsalia. Bk. I. 150. (Referring

to Julius Cæsar.) She (the Roman Catholic Church) may still exist in undiminished vigour, when some traveller from New Zealand shall, in the midst of a vast solitude, take his stand on a broken arch of London Bridge to sketch the ruins of St. Paul's. MACAULAY-Ranke's History of the Popes.

Same idea in his Review of MITFORD'S Greece. Last Par. (1824) Also in his Review of MILL's Essay on Government. (1829) Same thought also in Poems of a Young Nobleman lately deceased-supposed to be writted by THOMAS, second LORD LYTTLETON, describing particularly the State of England, and the once flourishing City of London. In a letter from an American Traveller, dated from the Ruinous Portico of St. Paul's, in the year 2199, to a friend settled in Boston, the Metropolis of the Western Empire. (1771) The original said

Etiam quæ sibi quisque timebat
Unius in miseri exitium conversa tulere.

What each man feared would happen to himself, did not trouble him when he saw that it would ruin another. VERGIL-Æneid. II. 130. 15

Who knows but that hereafter some traveller like myself will sit down upon the banks of the Seine, the Thames, or the Zuyder Zee, where now, in the tumult of enjoyment, the heart and the eyes are too slow to take in the multitude of sensations? Who knows but he will sit down solitary amid silent ruins, and weep a people inurned and their greatness changed into an empty name? VOLNEY-Ruins. Ch. II.

(See also BARBAULD)




And of so easy and so plain a stop The next Augustan age will dawn on the other That the blunt monster with uncounted heads, side of the Atlantic. There will, perhaps, be a The still-discordant wavering multitude, Thucydides at Boston, a Xenophon at New Can play upon it. York, in time a Vergil at Mexico, and a Newton Henry IV. Pt. II. Act I. Induction. L. 15. at Peru. At last some curious traveller from Lima will visit England, and give a description Rumour doth double, like the voice and echo, of the ruins of St. Paul's, like the editions of The numbers of the fear'd. Balbec and Palmyra.

Henry IV. Pt. II. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 97. HORACE WALPOLE--Letter to HORACE MANN. 13 Nov. 24, 1774.

The rolling fictions grow in strength and size, (See also BARBAULD)

Each author adding to the former lies.

SWIFTTY. of Ovid. Examiner, No. 15.
2 I do love these ancient ruins.
We never tread upon them but we set
Our foot upon some reverend history.

What some invent the rest enlarge.
JOHN WEBSTERThe Duchess of Malfi. Act

SWIFT/Journal of a Modern Lady. V. Sc. 3.

Ad calamitatem quilibet rumor valet. Where now is Britain?

Every rumor is believed against the unfor

tunate. Even as the savage sits upon the stone

SYRUS—Maxims. • That marks where stood her capitols, and hears The bittern booming in the weeds, he shrinks Haud semper erret fama; aliquando et elegit. From the dismaying solitude.

Rumor does not always err; it sometimes HENRY KIRKE WHITE-Time.

even elects a man. (See also BARBAULD)

TACITUS--Agricola. IX. 4 Final Ruin fiercely drives

There is nothing which cannot be perverted Her ploughshare o'er creation.

by being told badly. YOUNGNight Thoughts. Night IX. L. 167.

TERENCE-Phormio. Act IV.
(See also BURNS under


Tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things

which they ought not. Vana quoque ad veros accessit fama timores. I Timothy. V. 13.

Idle rumors were also added to well-founded 19 apprehensions.

Extemplo Libyæ magnas it Fama per urbes: LUCANPharsalia. I. 469.

Fama malum quo non velocius ullum; 6

Mobilitate viget, viresque acquirit eundo; Hi narrata ferunt alio; mensuraque ficti

Parva metu primo; mox sese attollit in auras, Crescit et auditus aliquid novus adjicit auctor.

Ingrediturque solo, et caput inter nubilia condit. Some report elsewhere whatever is told them; the measure of fiction always increases, and Monstrum, horrendum ingens; cui quot sunt coreach fresh narrator adds something to what

pore plumæ he has heard.

Tot vigiles oculi subter, mirabile dictu, OVID-Metamorphoses. XII. 57.

Tot linguæ, totidem ora sonant, tot subrigit Nam inimici famam non ita ut nata est ferunt.

Straightway throughout the Libyan cities Enemies carry a report in form different flies rumor;—the report of evil things than from the original.

which nothing is swifter; it flourishes by its PLAUTUS-Persa. III. 1. 23.

very activity and gains new strength by its 8

movements; small at first through fear, it soon The flying rumours gather'd as they roll'd, raises itself aloft and sweeps onward along the Scarce any tale was sooner heard than told;

earth. Yet its head reaches the clouds. And all who told it added something new.

A huge and horrid monster covered with many And all who heard it made enlargements too, feathers: and for every plume a sharp eye, for POPETemple of Fame. L. 468.

every pinion a biting tongue. Everywhere its 9

voices sound, to everything its ears are open. I cannot tell how the truth may be;

VERGIL-Æneid. IV. 173. I say the tale as 'twas said to me. Scott-Lay of the Last Minstrel. Canto II. Fama volat parvam subito vulgata per urbem. St 22.

The rumor forthwith flies abroad, dispersed 10 I will be gone:

throughout the small town.

VERGIL— Æneid. VIII. 554. That pitiful rumour may report my flight,

2i To consolate thine ear. All's Well That Ends Well. Act III. Sc. 2.

Linguæ centum sunt, oraque centum

Ferrea vox. L. 129.

It (rumour) has a hundred tongues, a hun11 Rumour is a pipe

dred mouths, a voice of iron. Blown by surmises, jealousies, conjectures, VERGIL-Georgics. II. 44. (Adapted.)



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For, bless the gude mon, gin he had his ain way,

He'd pa let a cat on the Sabbath say "mew; Nae birdie maun whistle, nae lambie maun play, An' Phoebus himsel could pa travel that day,

As he'd find a new Joshua in Andie Agnew. MOORE—Sunday Ethics. St. 3.


On Sundays, at the matin-chime,
The Alpine peasants, two and three,

Climb up here to pray;
Burghers and dames, at summer's prime,
Ride out to church from Chamberry,

Dight with mantles gay,
But else it is a lonely time
Round the Church of Brou.
MATTHEW ARNOLDThe Church of Brou. II.

St. 3. 2 Thou art my single day, God lends to leaven What were all earth else, with a feel of heaven.

ROBERT BROWNINGPippa Passes. Sc. 1.

See Christians, Jews, one heavy sabbath keep, And all the western world believe and sleep.

POPE-Dunciad. Bk. III. L. 99.


E'en Sunday shines no Sabbath day to me.
POPE-Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot. Prologue to

the Satires. L. 12.



The sabbaths of Eternity,
One sabbath deep and wide.

TENNYSON–St. Agnes' Eve. St. 3.

Of all the days that's in the week,

I dearly love but one day,
And that's the day that comes betwixt

A Saturday and Monday.
HENRY CAREYSally in Our Alley.



How still the morning of the hallow'd day!
Mute is the voice of rural labour, hush'd
The ploughboy's whistle, and the milkmaid's

JAMES GRAHAMEThe Sabbath. Song.


Gently on tiptoe Sunday creeps,
Cheerfully from the stars he peeps,
Mortals are all asleep below,
None in the village bears him go;
E'en chanticleer keeps very still,
For Sunday whispered, 'twas his will.

JOHN PETER HEBEL-Sunday Morning.

SACRIFICE What millions died—that Cæsar might be great!

CAMPBELL-Pleasures of Hope. Pt. II.

17 Sacrifice to the Graces. DIOGENES LAERTIUS. Bk. IV. 6. LORD CHESTERFIELD_Letter. March 9, 1748.

(See also PLUTARCH, VOLTAIRE) 18 He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter.

Isaiah. LIII. 7.

19 Sacrifice to the Muses.

PLUTARCH-Banquet of the Seven Wise Men. 20

Plato used to say to Xenocrates the philosopher, who was rough and morose, “Good Xenocrates, sacrifice to the Graces."

PLUTARCH-Life of Marius.


Sundaies observe: think when the bells do chime, 'Tis angel's musick; therefore come not late. HERBERT_Temple. The Church Porch. St.




The ancients recommended us to sacrifice to the Graces, but Milton sacrificed to the Devil.

VOLTAIRE. Of Milton's Genius.

The Sundaies of man's life,
Thredded together on time's string,
Make bracelets to adorn the wife
Of the eternal, glorious King.
On Sunday heaven's gates stand ope;
Blessings are plentiful and rife.

More plentiful than hope.
HERBERT— Temple. The Church. Sunday.

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Now, really, this appears the common case Of putting too much Sabbath into SundayBut what is your opinion, Mrs. Grundy?

HOOD--An Open Question. St. 1.


Day of the Lord, as all our days should be! LONGFELLOW-Christus. Pt. III. John Endi

cott. Act I, Sc. 2. 10

The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath.

Mark. II. 27.

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Sorrow so royally in you appears,
That I will deeply put the fashion on.

Henry IV. Pt. IÍ. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 49.

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