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SOUND
A thousand trills and quivering sounds

In airy circles o'er us fly,
Till, wafted by a gentle breeze,
They faint and languish by degrees,

And at a distance die.
ADDISON-An Ode for St. Cecilia's Day. VI.

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A noise like of a hidden brook

In the leafy month of June,
That to the sleeping woods all night

Singeth a quiet tune.
COLERIDGE—Ancient Mariner. Pt. V. St. 18.

SPAIN
Fair land! of chivalry the old domain,
Land of the vine and olive, lovely Spain!
Though not for thee with classic shores to vie
In charms that fix th' enthusiast's pensive eye;
Yet hast thou scenes of beauty richly fraught
With all that wakes the glow of lofty thought.
FELICIA D. HEMANS—Abencerrage. Canto II.
L. 1.

SPARROW
Tell me not of joy: there's none
Now
my

little sparrow's gone; He, just as you,

Would toy and woo,
He would chirp and flatter me,

He would hang the wing awhile,

Till at length he saw me smile, Lord! how sullen he would be!

WM. CARTWRIGHT–Lesbia and the Sparrow.

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By magic numbers and persuasive sound.

CONGREVE-Mourning Bride. Act I. Sc. 1. I hear a sound so fine there's nothing lives 'Twixt it and silence. JAMES SHERIDAN KNOWLES-Virginius. Act

V. Sc. 2. 6 Parent of sweetest sounds, yet mute forever. MACAULAY-Enigma. “Cut off my head, etc.”

Last line. 7 And filled the air with barbarous dissonance.

MILTON-Comus. L. 550.

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Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds,
At which the universal host up sent
A shout that tore hell's concave, and beyond
Frighted the reign of Chaos and old Night.

MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. I. L. 540.

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The sparrows chirped as if they still were proud Their race in Holy Writ should mentioned be. LONGFELLOW-Tales of a Wayside Inn. The

Poet's Tale. The Birds of Killingworth. St. 2. The hedge-sparrow fed the cuckoo so long, That it had it head bit off by it young.

King Lear. Act I, Sc. 4. L. 235.

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Behold, within the leafy shade,
Those bright blue eggs together laid!
On me the chance-discovered sight
Gleamed like a vision of delight.

WORDSWORTH-The Sparrow's Nest.

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Their rising all at once was as the sound
Of thunder heard remote.

MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. II. L. 476.

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To all proportioned terms he must dispense
And make the sound a picture of the sense.
CHRISTOPHER Pitt_Translation of Vida's Art
of Poetry.

(See also POPE)

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The murmur that springs
From the growing of grass.

PoE-Al Aaraaf. Pt. II. L. 124.

12 The sound must seem an echo to the sense. POPE-Essay on Criticism. L. 365.

(See also Pitr)

SPEECH I have but nine-pence in ready money, but I can draw for a thousand pounds. ADDISON, to a lady who complained of his hav

ing talked little in company. See Boswell's

Life of JOHNSON. (1773) 23

And let him be sure to leave other inen their turns to speak. BACON—Essays. Civil and Moral. Of Dis

course. No. 32. 24

Discretion of speech is more than eloquence; and to speak agreeably to him with whom we deal is more than to speak in good words or in good order.

Bacon-Essays. Of Discourse.

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The empty vessel makes the greatest sound.
Henry V. Act IV. Sc. 4. L. 73.

What's the business,
That such a hideous trumpet calls to parley
The sleepers of the house? Speak, speak!

Macbeth. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 86.

15 Hark! from the tombs a doleful sound. Isaac Watts-Hymns and Spiritual Songs.

Bk. II. Hymn 63.

Though I say't that should not say't.
BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER—Wit at Several

Weapons. Act II. Sc. 2.
Speak boldly, and speak truly, shame the devil.
BEAUMONT FLETCHER—Wit Without

Money. Act IV. Sc. 4.

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SPEECH

SPEECH

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Nullum simile quatuor pedibus currit.

It is not easy to make a simile go on all-fours. SIR EDWARD COKE. Institutes.

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Revenons à nos moutons.

To return to the subject. (Lit. "to our mutton.") PIERRE BLANCHET_Pierre Pathelin. III. 2.

Same used by BRUEYS in his L'Avocat Patelin (Maître Patelin) which he says in the preface he took from BLANCHET's play. JACOB's ed. in Recueil de Farces Soties. P. 96 gives text as "Revenons a ces mouton.” PASQUIER-Recherches de la France gives “nos mouton." RABELAIS - Pantagruel. Bk. III. 34. (“Retournous” for “Revenons.")

Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt.

Colossians. IV. 6.

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But though I be rude in speech, yet not in knowledge. II Corinthians. XI. 6.

(See also OTHELLO)

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Tout ce qu'on dit de trop est fade et rebutant.

That which is repeated too often becomes insipid and tedious. BOILEAU—L'Art Poétique. 1. 61.

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Let him now speak, or else hereafter for ever hold his peace. Book of Common Prayer. Solemnization of

Matrimony.

Seeing then that we have such hope, we use great plainness of speech.

II Corinthians. III. 12.

17 Lo tuo ver dir m'incuora Buona umilta e gran tumor m'appiani.

The truth thy speech doth show, within my heart reproves the swelling pride. DANTEPurgatorio. XI. 118.

18 Think all you speak; but speak not all you

think: Thoughts are your own; your words are so no Where Wisdom steers, wind cannot make you

sink: Lips never err, when she does keep the door.

DELAUNE-Epigram.

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For brevity is very good,
Where we are, or are not understood.
BUTLERHudibras. Pt. I. Canto I. L. 669.

(See also PLINY)

more.

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He who does not make his words rather serve to conceal than discover the sense of his heart deserves to have it pulled out like a traitor's and shown publicly to the rabble. BUTLER-The Modern Politician.

(See also VOLTAIRE) His speech was a fine sample, on the whole, Of rhetoric, which the learn'd call "rigmarole.

BYRON- Don Juan. Canto I. St. 174. 7

Le caur sent rarement ce que la bouche expriine.

The heart seldom feels what the mouth expresses. CAMPISTRONPompeia. XI. 5.

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Speech is silvern, silence is golden.
CARLYLE-A Swiss Inscription. Quoted in

Sartor Resartus. Bk. III. Ch. III.

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Speak not at all, in any wise, till you have somewhat to speak; care not for the reward of your speaking, but simply and with undivided mind for the truth of your speaking.

CARLYLEEssays. Biography.

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A series of congratulatory regrets.
BENJ. DISRAELI- July 30, 1878. In reference

to Lord Harrington's resolution on the Berlin

Treaty. The hare-brained chatter of irresponsible frivolity. BENJ. DISRAELI-Speech at Guildhall. London,

November 9, 1878. 26 Miss not the discourse of the elders

Ecclesiasticus. VIII. 9

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Ipse dixit.
He himself has said it.
Quoted by CICERO——De Nat. Deorum. I. 5, 10

as the unreasoning answer given by Pythag

oras.

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Blessed is the man who having nothing to The flowering moments of the mind say, abstains from giving us wordy evidence of Drop half their petals in our speech. the fact.

HOLMES—To My Readers. St. 11.
GEORGE Elior— Impressions of Theophrastus
Such. Ch. IV. P. 97.

His speech flowed from his tongue sweeter

than honey. Speech is but broken light upon the depth

HOMER-Iliad. Bk. I. 124.
Of the unspoken.
GEORGE ELIOTThe Spanish Gypsy. Bk. I.

He spake, and into every heart his words

Carried new strength and courage. O that grave speech would cumber our quick

HOMER-Iliad. Bk. V. L. 586. BRYANT'S souls,

trans. Like bells that waste the moments with their

loudness. GEORGE ELIOTThe Spanish Gypsy. Bk. III. 'He, from whose lips divine persuasion flows.

HOMERIliad. Bk. VII. L. 143. POPE's

trans. Speech is better than silence; silence is better than speech. EMERSONEssay on Nominalist and Realist.

For that man is detested by me as the gates of

hell, whose outward words conceal his inmost When Harel wished to put a joke or witticism

thoughts. into circulation, he was in the habit of connect

HOMER-Iliad. IX. 312. ing it with some celebrated name, on the chance

(See also VOLTAIRE) of reclaiming it if it took. Thus he assigned to Talleyrand, in the "Nain Jaune,” the phrase,

Persuasive speech, and more persuasive sighs, "Speech was given to man to disguise his

Silence that spoke, and eloquence of eyes. thoughts."

HOMER-Iliad. Bk. XIV. L. 251. POPE's FOURNIERL'Esprit dans l'Histoire.

trans. (See also VOLTAIRE)

And endless are the modes of speech, and far Mir wird von alledem so dumm,

Extends from side to side the field of words. Als ging 'mir ein Mühlrad im Kopf herum.

HOMERIliad. Bk. XX. L. 315. BRYANT'S I feel as stupid, from all you've said

trans. As if a mill-wheel whirled in my head. GOETHEFaust. Act I. Schulerszene.

Brevis esse laboro, obscurus fio.

In laboring to be concise, I become obscure. Du sprichst ein grosses Wort gelassen aus.

HORACE-Ars Poetica. XXV. Thou speakest a word of great moment calmly.

I am a man of unclean lips. GOETHE-Iphigenia auf Tauris. I. 3. 88. 1. Isaiah. VI. 5.

The true use of speech is not so much to ex- That fellow would vulgarize the day of judgpress our wants as to conceal them.

ment. GOLDSMITH-The Bee. No. 3.

DOUGLAS JERROLD/A Comic Author. (See also VOLTAIRE) All the heart was full of feeling: love had ripened

Speak gently! 'tis a little thing into speech,

Dropp'd in the heart's deep well: Like the sap that turns to nectar, in the velvet

The good, the joy, that it may bring of the peach.

Eternity shall tell.

G. W. LANGFORD—Speak Gently. WM. WALLACE HARNEY—Adonais. Know when to speake; for many times it brings It is never so difficult to speak as when we Danger to give the best advice to kings.

are ashamed of our silence. ILERRICKHesperides. Caution in Councell.

LA ROCHEFOUCAULDMaxims. No. 178.

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Abstruse questions must have abstruse answers.

Saying in PLUTARCH-Life of Alexander. Speech is like cloth of Arras opened and put abroad, whereby the imagery doth appear in figure; whereas in thoughts they lie but as in packs.

PLUTARCH-Life of Themistocles.

In their declamations and speeches they made use of words to veil and muffle their design. PLUTARCH On Hearing. V. (Of the Sophists.)

(See also VOLTAIRE)

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And empty heads console with empty sound.

POPE-Dunciad. Bk. IV. L. 542.

When Adam first of men, To first of women Eve, thus moving speech, Turn'd him all ear to hear new utterance flow.

MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. IV. L. 408.

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Faire de la prose sans le savoir.

To speak prose without knowing it.
MOLIÈRE-Bourgeois Gentilhomme. II. 6.

7 Quand on se fait entendre, on parle toujours bien, Et tous vos beaux dictons ne servent de rien.

When we are understood, we always speak well, and then all your fine diction serves do purpose. MOLIÈRE-Les Femmes Savantes. II. 6.

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A soft answer turneth away wrath.

Proverbs. XV. 1.

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Deus ille princeps, parens rerum fabricatorque mundi, nullo magis hominem separavit a ceteris, quæ quidem mortalia sunt, animalibus, quam dicendi facultate.

God, that all-powerful Creator of nature and Architect of the world, has impressed man with no character so proper to distinguish him from other animals, as by the faculty of speech. QUINTILIANDe Institutione "Oratoria. II.

17. 2.

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Il ne rend que monosyllables. Je croy qu'il feroit d'une cerise trois morceaux.

He replies nothing but monosyllables. I believe he would make three bites of a cherry. RABELAIS-Pantagruel. Bk. V. Ch. XXVIII.

Man lernt Verschwiegenheit am meisten unter Menschen, die Keine haben—und Plauderhaftigheit unter Verschwiegenen.

One learns taciturnity best among people who have none, and loquacity among the taciturn. JEAN PAUL RICHTERHesperus. XII.

25 Speak after the manner of men.

Romans. VI. 19.

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Verba togæ sequeris.

You follow words of the toga (language of the cultivated class). PERSIUS-Satires. 5. 14.

Was ist der langen Rede kurzer Sinn?

What is the short meaning of this long harangue? SCHILLERPiccolomini. I. 2. 160.

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Rhetoric is the art of ruling the minds of men.

PLATO. See PLUTARCH-Life of Pericles.

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Just at the age 'twixt boy and youth,
When thought is speech, and speech is truth.

SCOTT—Marmion. Canto II. Introduction.

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Odiosa est oratio, cum rem agas, longinquum loqui.

It is a tiresome way of eaking, when you should despatch the business, to beat about the bush. PLAUTUS—Mercator. III. 4. 23.

Talis hominibus est oratio qualis vita.

Men's conversation is like their life. SENECA-Epistolæ Ad Lucilium. 114.

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Sermo animi est imago; qualis vir, talis et oratio est.

Conversation is the image of the mind; as the man, so is his speech. SYRUS--Maxims.

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I had a thing to say,
But I will fit it with some better time.

King John. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 25.
The tongues of mocking wenches are as keen

As is the razor's edge invisible,
Cutting a smaller hair than may be seen

Above the sense of sense; so sensible Seemeth their conference; their conceits have

wings Fleeter than arrows, bullets, wind, thought,

swifter things. Love's Labour's Lost. Act V. Sc. 2. L, 256.

3 A heavy heart bears not a humble tongue.

Love's Labour's Lost. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 747.

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It may be right; but you are i' the wrong
To speak before your time.

Measure for Measure. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 86.

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Here will be an old abusing of God's patience

and the king's English. Merry Wives of Windsor. Act I. Sc. 4. L. 4.

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She speaks poniards, and every word stabs. Much Ado About Nothing. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 255.

Rude am I in my speech, And little blessed with the soft phrase of peace;. For since these arms of mine had seven years'

pith, Till now some nine moons wasted, they have us'd Their dearest action in the tented field, And little of this great world can I speak, More than pertains to feats of broil and battle, And therefore little shall I grace my cause In speaking for myself. Othello. Act I. Sc. 3. L. 81.

(See also CORINTHIANS) Your fair discourse hath been as sugar, Making the hard way sweet and delectable.

Richard II. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 6.

I would be loath to cast away my speech, for besides that it is excellently well penn'd, I have taken great pains to con it.

Twelfth Night. Act I. Sc. 5. L. 183.

Nullum est jam dictum quod non dictum sit prius.

Nothing is said nowadays that has not been said before. TERENCE-Eunuchus. Prologue. XLI.

On the day of the dinner of the Oystermongers' Company, what a noble speech I thought of in the cab! THACKERAYRoundabout Papers. On Two

Papers I intended to write. Oh, but the heavenly grammar did I hold Of that high speech which angels' tongues turn

gold! So should her deathless beauty take no wrong, Praised in her own great kindred's fit and cog

nate tongue. Or if that language yet with us abode Which Adam in the garden talked with God! But our untempered speech descends—poor heirs! Grimy and rough-cast still from Babel's brick

layers: Curse on the brutish jargon we inherit, Strong but to damn, not memorise, a spirit! A cheek, a lip, a limb, a bosom, they Move with light ease in speech of working-day; And women we do use to praise even so.

FRANCIS THOMPSON-Her Portrait.

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