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'Twixt kings and tyrants there's this difference A king ruleth as he ought, a tyrant as he known: lists, a king to the profit of all, a tyrant only Kings seek their subjects' good, tyrants their to please a few. ARISTOTLE.

HERRICK -Kings and Tyrants.

The tyrant now Trusts not to men: nightly within his chamber Men are still men. The despot's wickedness The watchdog guards his couch, the only friend Comes of ill teaching, and of power's excess, He now dare trust.

Comes of the purple he from childhood wears, JOANNA BAILLIE-Ethwald. Pt. II. Act V. Slaves would be tyrants if the chance were theirs. Sc. 3.

VICTOR HUGOThe Vanished City.





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Th' oppressive, sturdy, man-destroying villains,
Who ravag‘d kingdoms, and laid empires waste,
And in a cruel wantonness of power,
Thinn'd states of half their people, and gave up
To want the rest.
BLAIR—The Grave. L. 9.

Absolves all faith; and who invades our rights,
Howe'er his own commence, can never be
But an usurper.
HENRY BROOKE-Gustavus Vasa. Act IV.

Sc. 1.
Think'st thou there is no tyranny but that
Of blood and chains? The despotism of vice
The weakness and the wickedness of luxury-
The negligence the apathy--the evils
Of sensual sloth—produce ten thousand tyrants,
Whose delegated cruelty surpasses
The worst acts of one energetic master,
However harsh and hard in his own bearing.
BYRON-Sardanapalus. Act I. Sc. 2.

Is far the worst of treasons. Dost thou deem
None rebels except subjects? The prince who
Neglects or violates his trust is more
A brigand than the robber-chief.

BYRON--The Two Foscari. Act II. Sc. 1.

N'est-on jamais tyran qu'avec un diadème?

Is there no tyrant but the crowned one?
CHÉNIER-Caius Gracchus.

Tyran, descends du trône et fais place à ton maître.

Tyrant, step from the throne, and give place to thy master. CORNEILLE-Heraclius. I. 2.

Tremblez, tyrans, vous êtes immortels.

Tremble, ye tyrants, for ye can not die.
DELILLE-L'Immortalité de l'Àme.

There is nothing more hostile to a city than a tyrant, under whom in the first and chiefest place, there are not laws in common, but one man, keeping the law himself to himself, has the sway, and this is no longer equal. EURIPIDES-Suppliants. 429. Oxford trans.

(Revised by BUCKLEY.) 11

Il n'appartient, qu'aux tyrans d'être toujours en crainte.

None but tyrants have any business to be afraid. HARDOUIN DE PÉRÉFIXE. Attributed to


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these inappropriate umbrellas, that they go We bear our shades about us; self-deprived

about the streets "with a lie in their right hand?"

Except in a very few cases of Of other screen, the thin umbrella spread,

hypocrisy joined to a powerful intellect, men, And range an Indian waste without a tree. COWPER—Task. Bk. I. L. 259.

not by nature, umbrellarians, have tried again

and again to become so by art, and yet have Of doues I haue a dainty paire

failed —have expended their patrimony in the Which, when you please to take the aier,

purchase of umbrella after umbrella, and yet About your head shall gently houer,

have systematically lost them, and have finally, Your cleere browe from the sunne to couer,

with contrite spirits and shrunken purses, given And with their nimble wings shall fan you

up their vain struggle, and relied on theft and That neither cold nor heate shall tan you,

borrowing for the remainder of their lives. And like umbrellas, with their feathers

STEVENSONPhilosophy of Umbrellas.
Sheeld you in all sorts of weathers.

The tucked-up sempstress walks with hasty


While streams run down her oild umbrella's
Good housewives all the winter's rage despise, sides.
Defended by the riding-hood's disguise;

SWIFT—Description of a City Shower.
Or, underneath the umbrella's oily shade,
Safe through the wet on clinking pattens tread,
Let Persian dames the umbrella's ribs display,

To guard their beauties from the sunny ray; The fearful Unbelief is unbelief in yourself.
Or sweating slaves support the shady load,

CARLYLE-Sartor Resartus. The Everlasting When eastern monarchs show their state abroad; No. Bk. II. Ch. VII. Britain in winter only knows its aid, To guard from chilling showers the walking maid. There is no strength in unbelief. Even the unGAYTrivia. Bk. I. L. 209.

belief of what is false is no source of might. It

is the truth shining from behind that gives the When my water-proof umbrella proved a sieve, strength to disbelieve. sieve, sieve,

GEORGE MACDONALD--The Marquis of Lossie. When my shiny new umbrella proved a sieve. Ch. XLII. ROSSITER JOHNSON--A Rhyme of the Rain.

Unbelief is blind. The inseparable gold umbrella which in that Milton-Comus. L. 519. country (Burma) as much denotes the grandee as the star or garter does in England.

I'm from Missouri; you must show me. J. W. PALMER-Up and Down the Irrawadde. COL. WILLARD D. VANDIVER. See Literary

Digest, Jan. 28, 1922. P. 42, where origi 1 See, here's a shadow found; the human nature is discussed at length.

Is made th' umbrella to the Deity,
To catch the sunbeams of thy just Creator;

Beneath this covert thou may'st safely lie.
QUARLES-Emblems. Bk. IV. 14.

Quis scit, an adjiciant hodiernæ crastina summa

Tempora di superi? It is the habitual carriage of the umbrella that Who knows whether the gods will add tois the stamp of Respectability. The umbrella morrow to the present hour? has become the acknowledged index of social HORACE—Carmina. IV. 7. 17. position.

Crusoe was rather a moralist than a pietist, and his leaf-umbrella is as fine an Omnia sunt hominum tenui pendentia filo: example of the civilized mind striving to express Et subito casu, quæ valuere, ruunt. itself under adverse circumstances as we have Al human things hang on a slender thread: ever met with.

the strongest fall with a sudden crash. STEVENSONPhilosophy of Umbrellas. Writ- OviD-Epistolæ Ex Ponto. IV. 3. 35. ten in collaboration with J. W. FERRIER.

Nothing is but what is not. It is not for nothing, either, that the umbrella Macbeth. Act I. Sc. 3. L. 141. has become the very foremost badge of modern civilization—the Urim and Thummim of respect

This ability.

So strongly do we feel on this I ever held worse than all certitude, point, indeed, that we are almost inclined to To know not what the worst ahead might be. consider all who possess really well-conditioned SWINBURNE—Marino Faliero. Act V. umbrellas as worthy of the Franchise. STEVENSONPhilosophy oj Umbrellas.

Dum in dubio est animus, paulo momento huc

illuc impellitur. Umbrellas, like faces, acquire a certain sym- When the mind is in a state of uncertainty pathy with the individual who carries them. the smallest impulse directs it to either side.

May it not be said of the bearers of TERENCE-Andria. I. 5. 32.


















Ye undertakers, tell us, 'Midst all the gorgeous figures you exhibit, Why is the principal conceald, for which You make this mighty stir?

BLAIRThe Grave. L. 170.




There was a man bespake a thing,
Which when the owner home did bring,
He that made it did refuse it:
And he that brought it would not use it,
And he that hath it doth not know
Whether he hath it yea or no.

SIR JOHN DAVIESRiddle upon a Coffin.

3 Why is the hearse with scutcheons blazon'd

round, And with the nodding plume of ostrich crown'd? No; the dead know it not, nor profit gain; It only serves to prove the living vain.

GAY-Trivia. Bk. III. L. 231.

Like two single gentlemen rolled into one.
Geo. COLMAN (the Younger)—Broad Grins.

Lodgings for Single Gentlemen.

(See also SHERIDAN under GENTLEMAN) Then join in hand, brave Americans all! By uniting we stand, by dividing we fall.

John DICKINSONThe Liberty Song of 1768. When our two lives grew like two buds that kiss At lightest thrill from the bee's swinging chime, Because the one so near the other is. GEORGE ELIOT-Brother and Sister. Pt. I.

St. 1. 14

We must all hang together or assuredly we shall all hang separately. BENJ. FRANKLIN. TO JOHN HANCOCK. At

Signing of the Declaration of Independence.

July 4, 1776.
Entzwei’ und gebiete! Tüchtig Wort,
Verein' und leite! Bess'rer Hort.

Divide and command, a wise maxim;
Unite and guide, a better.

GOETHE-Sprüche in Reimen. L. 516.
Was uns alle bändigt, das Gemeine.

The universal subjugator, the commonplace. GOETHE-Taschenbuch für Damen auf das Jahr





Diaulus, lately a doctor, is now an undertaker; what he does as an undertaker, he used to do also as a doctor.

MARTIALEpigrams. Bk. I. Ep. 47. There's a grim one-horse hearse in a jolly round

trot; To the churchyard a pauper is going I wot; The road it is rough, and the hearse has no

springs, And hark to the dirge that the sad driver sings

Rattle his bones over the stones,

He's only a pauper whom nobody owns. THOMAS NOEL-The Pauper's Drive. The houses that he makes last till doomsday.

Hamlet. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 66.


Our Union is river, lake, ocean, and sky:
Man breaks not the medal, when God cuts the

die! Though darkened with sulphur, though cloven

with steel, The blue arch will brighten, the waters will heal! HOLMES—Brother Jonathan's Lament for Sister

Caroline. St. 7.




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UNITY (See also GOVERNMENT) When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall, one by one, an unpitied sacrifice in a contemptible struggle. BURKE-Thoughts on the Cause of the Present

Discontent. 8

I never use the word “nation" in speaking of the United States. I always use the word “Union” or “Confederacy. We are not a nation but a union, a confederacy of equal and sovereign States.

J.C. CALHOUN—To Oliver Dyer. Jan. 1, 1849.

The Constitution in all its provisions looks to an indestructible union composed of indestructible States. SALMON P. CHASE—Decision in Texas vs.

White. See WERDEN's Private Life and Pub

lic Services of Salmon P. Chase. "P. 664. Neque est ullum certius amicitiæ vinculum, quam consensus et societas consiliorum et voluntatum.

There is no more sure tie between friends than when they are united in their objects and wishes. CICERO Oratio Pro Cnco Plancio. II.

Then none was for a party;

Then all were for the state;
Then the great man helped the poor,

And the poor man loved the great:
Then lands were fairly portioned;

Then spoils were fairly sold:
The Romans were like brothers

In the brave days of old.
MACAULAYLays of Ancient Rome. Horatius.

St. 32.



Oh, shame to men! devil with devil damn'd
Firm concord holds, men only disagree
Of creatures rational.

MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. II. L. 496.



The union of lakes—the union of lands

The union of States none can sever-
The union of hearts—the union of hands-

And the flag of our Union for ever!
GEORGE P. MORRIS——The Flag of Our Union.

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All calendars with Love's whose date alway Thy bright eyes govern better than the Sun, For with thy favour was my life begun,

And still I reckon on from smiles to smiles, And not by summers, for I thrive on none

But those thy cheerful countenance compiles; Oh! if it be to choose and call thee mine, Love, thou art every day my Valentine!

Hood Sonnet. For the 14th of February. Oh, cruel heart! ere these posthumous papers

Have met thine eyes, I shall be out of breath; Those cruel eyes, like two funereal tapers,

Have only lighted me the way to death. Perchance thou wilt extinguish them in vapours,

When I am gone, and green grass covereth
Thy lover, lost; but it will be in vain-
It will not bring the vital spark again.

HOOD-A Valentine.


In vain doth valour bleed, While Avarice and Rapine share the land. MILTON-Sonnet. To the Lord General Fairfax.

When valour preys on reason, It eats the sword it fights with.

Antony and Cleopatra. Act III. Sc. 3. L. 199. What valour were it, when a cur doth grin, For one to thrust his hand between his teeth, When he might spurn him with his foot, away?

Henry VI. Pt. III. Act I. Sc. 4. L. 56.
You are the hare of whom the proverb goes,
Whose valor plucks dead lions by the beard.
King John. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 137.

'Tis much he dares;
And, to that dauntless temper of his mind,
He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valour
To act in safety.

Macbeth. Act III. Sc. 1. L. 51.








Hail to thy returning festival, old Bishop Valentine! Great is thy name in the rubric, Thou venerable arch flamen of Hymen.

* Like unto thee, assuredly, there is no other mitred father in the calendar.

LAMB-Essays. Valentine's Day. Apollo has peeped through the shutter,

And awaken'd the witty and fair; The boarding school belle's in a flutter,

The twopenny post's in despair;
The breath of the morning is flinging

A magic on blossom and spray,
And cockneys and sparrows are singing

In chorus on Valentine's day.

PRAED—Song for 14th of February. To-morrow is Saint Valentine's day,

All in the morning betime,
And I a maid at your window,
To be your

Hamlet. Act IV. Sc. 5. L. 48.

Saint Valentine is past;
Begin these wood-birds but to couple now?
Midsummer Night's Dream. Act IV. Sc. 1.

L. 144.

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VALUE (See also WORTH) 19

That ye might learn in us not to think of men above that which is written. I Corinthians. IV. 6. Quoted, “not to be wise

above that which is written,” by Prof. Scholefield Hints for an Improved Translation of the New Testament.




But where life is more terrible than death, it is then the truest valour to dare to live. SiR THOMAS BROWNE-Religio Medici. Pt.


We ought not to treat living creatures like shoes or household belongings, which when worn with use we throw away.

PLUTARCH-Life of Cato the Censor,



There is always safety in valor.

EMERSON–English Traits. The Times.

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A cynic, a man who knows the price of everything and the value of nothing. OSCAR WILDELady Windermere's Fan. Act III.

VANITY It beareth the name of Vanity Fair, because the town where it is kept is "lighter than vanity.”

BUNYANPilgrim's Progress. Pt. I.
Oh, wad some power the giftie gie us
To see oursel's as ithers see us!
It wad frae monie a blunder free us,

And foolish notion.
BURNSTo a Louse.


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