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Too late in moving here, too late in arriving Pourquoi cette trombe enflammée there, too late in coming to this decision, too late Qui vient foudroyer l'univers? in starting with enterprises, too late in preparing. Cet embrasement de l'enfer? In this war the footsteps of the allied forces have Ce tourbillonnement d'armées been dogged by the mocking specter of Too Late! Par mille milliers de milliers? and unless we quicken our movements, damna- C'est pour un chiffon de papier. tion will fall on the sacred cause for which so For what this whirlwind all aflame? much gallant blood has flowed.

This thunderstroke of hellish ire, LLOYD GEORGE-Speech, in the House of Setting the universe afire? Commons. Dec. 20, 1915.

While millions upon millions came

Into a very storm of war? The last £100,000,000 will win.

For a scrap of paper. LLOYD GEORGE, when Chancellor of the Ex- PÈRE HYACINTHE LOYson—Pour un Chiffon

chequer, at the beginning of the war. 1914. de Papier. Trans. by EDWARD BRABROOK. See Everybody's Magazine. Jan., 1918. P. 8. In Notes and Queries, Jan. 6, 1917. P. 5.

(See also BETHMANN-HOLLWEG)
Is it, О man, with such discordant noises,
With such accursed instruments as these,

Alta sedent civilis vulnera dextræ.
Thou drownest Nature's sweet and kindly voices, The wounds of civil war are deeply felt.
And jarrest the celestial harmonies?

LUCAN-Pharsalia. I. 32.
LONGFELLOW-Arsenal at Springfield. St. 8.

Omnibus hostes Ultima ratio regum.

Reddite nos populis civile avertite bellum. Last argument of kings. (Cannon.]

Make us enemies of every people on earth, Louis XIV ordered this engraved on cannon.

but prevent a civil war. Removed by the National Assembly, Aug.

LUCAN-Pharsalia. II. 52. 19, 1790. Found on cannon in Mantua. (1613) On Prussian guns of today. Motto

Non tam portas intrare patentes for pieces of ordnance in use as early as Quam fregisse juvat; nec tam patiente colono 1613. BUCHMANN-Geflügelte Wörte. Ulti- Arva premi, quam si ferro populetur et igni; ma razon de reges. (War.) The ultimate Concessa pudet ire via. reason of kings. CALDERON. Don't forget The conqueror is not so much pleased by your great guns, which are the most respect

entering into open gates, as by forcing his able arguments of the rights of kings. FRED- way. He desires not the fields to be cultiERICK THE GREAT to his brother HENRY. vated by the patient husbandman; he would April 21, 1759.

have them laid waste by fire and sword. It

would be his shame to go by a way already Ez fer war, I call it murder,

opened. Ther you hev it plain and flat;

LUCANPharsalia. II. 443.
I don't want to go no furder
Than my Testyment fer that.

'Aig (F.-M. Sir Douglas Haig] 'e don't say LOWELLThe Biglow Papers. No. 1.

much; 'e don't, so to say, say nothin'; but what

'e don't say don't mean nothin', not arf. But It don't seem hardly right, John,

when 'e do say something-my Gawd! When both my hands was full,

E. V. Lucas-Boswell of Baghdad.
To stump me to a fight, John,
Your cousin, too, John Bull!

Here I stand. I can do no other. God help
Ole Uncle S. sez he, “I guess

me. Amen. We know it now," sez he,

MARTIN LUTHER. End of his speech at the “The lion's paw is all the law,

Diet of Worms. April 18, 1521. Inscribed

on his monument at Worms.
According to J. B.,
That's fit for you an' me.”

(See also HORACE, Wilson) LOWELLThe Biglow Papers. Jonathan to

be John, St. 1.

I beg that the small steamers

spared if possible, or else sunk without a trace We kind o' thought Christ went agin war an'

being left. (Spurlos versenkt.) pillage.

COUNT KARL VON LUXBURG, Chargé d'AfLOWELLThe Biglow Papers. No. 3.

faires at Buenos Ayres. Telegram to the

Berlin Foreign Office, May 19, 1917. Also Not but wut abstract war is horrid,

same July 9, 1917, referring to Argentine

ships. Cablegrams disclosed by Sec. LansI sign to thet with all my heart,

ing as sent from the German Legation in But civilysation doos git forrid

Buenos Ayres by way of the Swedish LegaSometimes, upon a powder-cart.

tion to Berlin. LOWELL-Biglow Papers. No. 7.

If neutrals were destroyed so that they

disappeared without leaving any trace, terThe Campbells are comin'.

ror would soon keep seamen and travelers ROBERT T. S. LOWELL-The Relief of Luck- away from the danger zones.

Poem on same story written by PROF. OSWALD FLAMM in the Berlin Woche. HENRY MORFORD, Alex. MACLAGAN.

Cited in N. Y. Times, May 15, 1917.

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HANOTAUX, in Contemporary France, says that MacMahon denied this. MARQUIS DE CASTELLANE claimed the phrase in the Revue Hebdomodaire, May, 1908. Contradicted by L'Éclair, which quoted a letter by GEN. BIDDULPH to GERMAIN BAPsr, in which GEN. BIDDULPH tells that MACMAHON said to himn "Que j'y suis, et que j'y reste.”

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Oh! wherefore come ye forth in triumph from

the North, With your hands and your feet, and your rai

ment all red? And wherefore doth your rout send forth a joy

ous shout? And whence be the grapes of the 'wine-press

which ye tread? MACAULAYThe Battle of Naseby. 2

The essence of war is violence. Moderation in war is imbecility. Attributed to LORD FISHER during the great

War. Taken from MACAULAY'S Essay on

Lord Nugent's Memorials of Hampden.
Take up our quarrel with the foe!
To you from failing hands we throw

The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow

In Flanders' fields.
JOHN MCRAE — In Flanders' Fields. (We

shall not Sleep.) (See also GALBREATH, and McCRAE under Pop

PIES)

And, though the warrior's sun has set,
Its light shall linger round us yet,
Bright, radiant, blest.
DON JORGE MANRIQUE-Coplas De Manrique.

Last lines. Trans. by LONGFELLOW.

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Marlbrough s'en va-t-en guerre,
Mironton, mironton, mirontaine,
Marlbrough s'en va-t-en guerre,
Ne sait quand reviendra.
Marbrough (or Marlebrouck) S'en va-ten

Guerre. Old French Song. Attributed to
Mme. de Sévigné. Found in Rondes avec
Jeux et Petites Chansons traditionnelles, Pub.
by AUGENER. Said to refer to Charles,
Third Duke of Marlborough's unsuccessful
expedition against Cherbourg or Malpla-
quet, probably the latter. (1709) See
KING's Classical Quotations. Air probably
sung by the Crusaders of Godfrey de Bouil-
lon, known in America “We won't go home
until morning.” Sung today in the East,
tradition giving it that the ancestors of the
Arabs learned it at the battle of Mansurah,
April 5, 1250. The same appears in a
Basque Pastorale; also in Chansons de Geste.
Air known to the Egyptians.

Di qui nacque che tutti li profeti armati vinsero, e li disarmati rovinarono.

Hence it happened that all the armed prophets conquered, all the unarmed perished. MACHIAVELLI-11 Principe. C. 6.

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War in men's eyes shall be
A monster of iniquity

In the good time coming.
Nations shall not quarrel then,

To prove which is the stronger;
Nor slaughter men for glory's sake;-

Wait a little longer.
CHARLES MACKAY--The Good Time Coming.

And silence broods like spirit on the brae,

A glimmering moon begins, the moonlight runs Over the grasses of the ancient way

Rutted this morning by the passing guns. MASEFIELD-August 14. In Philip the King.

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For a flying foe
Discreet and provident conquerors build up
A bridge of gold.
MASSINGERThe Guardian. Act I. Sc. 1.

(See also RABELAIS)
Some undone widow sits upon mine arm,
And takes away the use of it; and my sword,
Glued to my scabbard with wronged orphan's

tears, Will not be drawn. MASSINGER—New Way to Pay Old Debts. Act

V. Sc. 1. 15 Wars and rumours of wars.

Matthew. XXIV. 6.

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The warpipes are pealing, “The Campbells are

coming.' They are charging and cheering. O dinna ye

hear it? ALEXANDER MACLAGAN Jennie's Dream.

(See also LOWELL) There's some say that we wan, some say that

they wan, Some say that nane wan at a', man, But one thing I'm sure that at Sheriff-Muir,

A battle there was which I saw, man. And we ran and they ran, and they ran and we

ran, And we ran, and they ran awa', man. MURDOCH McLENNAN--Sheriff-Muir. (An

indecisive battle, Nov. 13, 1715.) J'y suis, et j'y reste. Here I am and here I stay. MacMahon, before Malakoff. GABRIEL

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Now deeper roll the maddening drums,

And the mingling host like ocean heaves: While from the midst a horrid wailing comes, And high above the fight the lonely bugle

grieves. GRANVILLE MELLEN The Lonely Bugle

Grieves. Ode on the Celebration of Battle of
Bunker Hill. June 17, 1825. (Mellen is
called the "Singer of one Song" from this
Ode.)

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A man that runs away may fight again.

In the wars of the European powers in matters MENANDER, after the battle of Chæronea. 338 relating to themselves we have never taken any

B.C. In DIDOTBib. Græca. P. 91. Frag- part, nor does it comport with our policy so to ment appended to Aristophanes.

do. It is only when our rights are invaded or (See also BUTLER)

seriously menaced that we resent injuries or

make preparation for our defence. There is war in the skies!

JAMES MONROE—Annual Message. Dec. 2, OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)-Lucile. Pt. 1823. I. Canto IV. St. 12.

When after many battles past, No war or battle sound

Both tir'd with blows, make peace at last, Was heard the world around.

What is it, after all, the people get? MILTONHymn of Christ's Nativity. L. 31. Why! taxes, widows, wooden legs, and debt.

FRANCIS MOORE — Almanac. Monthly Ob4 What though the field be lost?

servations for 1829. P. 23. All is not lost; the unconquerable will, And study of revenge, immortal hate

Thrilled ye ever with the story And courage never to submit or yield,

How on stricken fields of glory And what is else not to be overcome.

Men have stood beneath the murderous iron hail! MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. I. L. 105.

HENRY MORFORD—Coming of the Bagpipes to

Lucknow. Poem on same story written by Heard so oft

R. T. S. LOWELL and ALEX. MACLAGAN. In worst extremes, and on the perilous edge Of battle. MILTON—Paradise Lost. Bk. 1. L. 275.

We had nae heed for the parish bell,

But still—when the bugle cried, Th' imperial ensign, which, full high advanc'd,

We went for you to Neuve Chapelle, Shone like a meteor, streaming to the wind.

We went for you to the yetts o' Hell, With gems and golden lustre rich emblazed,

And there for you we died! Seraphic arms and trophies.

NEIL MUNRO Roving Lads. (1915) MILTON—Paradise Lost. Bk. I. L. 536. (See also COWLEY under Hair, WEBSTER under 'Tis a principle of war that when you can use Flag)

the lightning, 'tis better than cannon.

NAPOLEON I.
My sentence is for open war.
MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. II. L. 51.

Providence is always on the side of the last
Others more mild,

Attributed to NAPOLEON I.
Retreated in a silent valley, sing
With notes angelical to many a harp

(See also VOLTAIRE)
Their own heroic deeds and hapless fall
By doom of battle.

Baptism of fire. MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. II. L. 546.

NAPOLEON III in a letter to the EMPRESS

EUGENIE after Saarbruecken. Referring to Black it stood as night,

the experience of the Prince Imperial. Fierce as ten furies, terrible as hell, And shook a dreadful dart.

England expects every officer and man to do MILTON—-Paradise Lost. Bk. II. L. 670. his duty this day.

NELSON—Signal, Oct. 21, 1805, to the fleet So frown'd the mighty combatants, that hell

before the battle of Trafalgar. As reported Grew darker at their frown.

in the London Times, Dec. 26, 1805. England MILTON-Paradise Lost. Bk. II. L. 719.

expects that every man will do his duty.

As reported by WILLIAM PRYCE CUNBY, Arms on armour clashing bray'd

First Lieut. of the Bellerophon. The claim Horrible discord, and the madding wheels

is that Nelson gave the order “Nelson conOf brazen chariots ray’d; dire was the noise

fides," which was changed to "England exOf conflict.

pects.” See Notes and Queries, Series VI, MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. VI. L. 209.

İX, 261.283; also Nov. 4, 1905. P. 370.

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Each heart is Freedom's shield,
And heaven is shining o'er us.

Infantry, Artillery, Aviation-all that we have B. E. O'MEARA—March to the Battle-Field.

-are yours to dispose of as you will. . . . I have

come to say to you that the American people “Go, with a song of peace,” said Fingal; “go, would be proud to be engaged in the greatest Ullin, to the king of swords. Tell him that we battle in history. are mighty in war; that the ghosts of our foes GEN. JOHN JOSEPH PERSHING to GEN. Foch, are many.

Letter written from Office of the CommanderOSSIAN-Carthon. L. 269.

in-Chief, American Expeditionary Forces,

in France. See “Literary Digest History of Adjuvat in bello pacata ramus olivæ.

World War,” Vol. V. P. 43. March 28, În war the olive branch of peace is of use.

1918. OVID-Epistolæ Ex Ponio. I. 1. 31.

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Ils ne passeront pas. There is a hill in Flanders,

They shall

not pass. Heaped with a thousand slain,

GENERAL PÉTAIN. At the end of Feb., 1916, Where the shells fly night and noontide

General de Castelnau was sent by General And the ghosts that died in vain,

Joffre to decide whether Verdun should be A little hill, a hard hill

abandoned or defended.' He consulted with To the souls that died in pain.

GENERAL PÉTAIN, saying: “They (the EVERARD OWEN--Three Hills. (1915)

Germans) must not pass.'

General Pétain

said: “They shall not pass.” In France It is the object only of war that makes it hon- the people credit it to General Joffre. See orable. And if there was ever a just war since

N. Y. Times, May 6, 1917. (See also Diaz) the world began, it is this in which America is now engaged.

From the Rio Grande's waters to the icy lakes We fight not to enslave, but to set a country

of Maine, free, and to make room upon the earth for hon- Let all exult, for we have met the enemy again. est men to live in.

Beneath their stern old mountains we have met THOMAS PAINE—The Crisis.

them in their pride; (See also WILSON)

And rolled from Buena Vista back the battle's

bloody tide, These are the times that try men's souls. Where the enemy came surging swift like the The Summer soldier and the sunshine patriot Mississippi's flood, will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of And the Reaper, Death, with strong arms swung their country, but he that stands it now deserves his sickle red with blood. the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyr- Santa Anna boasted loudly that before two anny, like Hell, is not easily conquered; yet we

hours were past have this consolation with us, that the harder His Lancers through Saltillo should pursue us the conflict the more glorious the triumph. What

fierce and fast. we obtain too cheaply we esteem too lightly; it On comes his solid infantry, line marching after is dearness only that gives everything its value.

line. Heaven knows how to put a proper price upon

Lo! their great standards in the sun like sheets its goods; and it would be strange indeed if so of silver shine. celestial an article as freedom should not be GEN. ALBERT PIKE-Battle of Buena Vista. highly rated THOMAS PAINEThe Crisis.

If I were an American, as I am an English

man, while a foreign troop was landed in my War even to the knife.

country I never would lay down my arms,-Palafox, the governor of Saragossa, when never! never! never!

summoned to surrender by the French, who WILLIAM Pirt the Elder. Nov. 18, 1777. besieged that city in 1808.

Generally quoted “At the point of the knife.”

He who first called money the sinews of the 7

state seems to have said this with special referIt cannot be made, it shall not be made, it will

ence to war. not be made; but if it were made there would be a war between France and England for the pos

PLUTARCH-Life of Cleomenes. 27. session of Egypt.

(See also CICERO) LORD PALMERSTON—Speech, 1851, referring

to the Suez Canal (an example of an indis Sylla proceeded by persuasion, not by arms. creet and unfulfilled prophecy).

PLUTARCH-Lysander and Sylla Compared. Hell, Heaven or Hoboken by Christmas.

It is the province of kings to bring wars about; Attributed to GENERAL JOHN JOSEPH PER- it is the province of God to end them. SHING. (1918)

CARDINAL POLE-To Henry VIII.

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Lafayette, we are here.

She saw her sons with purple death expire,
GEN. JOHN JOSEPH PERSHING. At the Her sacred domes involved in rolling fire,

tomb of Lafayette. (1918) On the author- A dreadful series of intestine wars,
ity of a letter from the General's military Inglorious triumphs and dishonest scars.
secretary to George Morgan, Jan. 4, 1919. POPE-Windsor Forest. L. 323.

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A man is known by the Company he joins.
Bad communication trenches corrupt good man-

ners.

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Twelve mailed men sat drinking late,

The wine was red as blood. Cried one, "How long then must we wait Ere we shall thunder at the gate,

And crush the cursed brood?
Twelve men of iron, drinking late,
Strike hands, and pledge a cup of hate:

“The Day!”
C. A. RICHMOND-The Day.

(See also LISSAUER) The morning came, there stood the foe;

Stark eyed them as they stood;
Few words he spoke 'twas not a time

For moralizing mood:
“See there the enemy, my boys!

Now, strong in valor's might,
Beat them or Betty Stark will sleep

In widowhood to-night."
J. P. RODMENBattle of Bennington.

Never look a gift gun in the mouth.
A drop of oil in time saves time.
One swallow doesn't make a rum issue.
Where there's a war there's a way.
Proverbial sayings, popular in the Great War.

Origin about 1917.
If this bill passes

as it will be the right of all, so it will be the duty of some, to prepare definitely for a separation, amicably if they can, violently if they must. JOSIAH QUINCY-Speech. In Congress. Jan. 14, 1811, against the admission of Louisiana to the Union. Quoted by Henry Clay in Congress (1813), “Peaceably if we can,

cibly if we must."

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Cordes videtur significare sanguinem et ferrum.

(Slaughter) means blood and iron. QUINTILIAN-Declamationes.

(See also BISMARCK)

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To you men who, in your turn, have come to gether to spend and be spent in the endless crusade against wrong; to you who face the future resolute and confident; to you who strive in a spirit of brotherhood for the betterment of our nation; to you who gird yourselves for this great new fight in the never ending warfare for the good of mankind, I say in closing what I said in that speech in closing: “We stand at Armageddon and we battle for the Lord.” ROOSEVELT—Speech, at Chicago, Progressive

Convention, Aug. 5, 1912, quoting from
his speech in June.
(See also REVELATION)

Righteous Heaven,
In thy great day of vengeance! Blast the traitor
And his pernicious counsels, who, for wealth,
For pow'r, the pride of greatness, or revenge,
Would plunge his native land in civil wars.
NICHOLAS Rowe-Jane Shore. Act III. Sc.

1. L. 198.

Ouvrez toujours à vos ennemis toutes les portes et chemin, et plutot leur faites un pont d'argent, afin de les renvoyer.

Always open all gates and roads to your enemies, and rather make for them a bridge of silver, to get rid of them. RABELAISGargantua. Bk. I. Ch. XLIII.

COUNT DE PITILLAN, according to GILLES
CORROZET-Les Divers Propos Memorables

(1571) uses the same phrase with "golden" bridge for "silver.” The same suggestion was made by Aristides, referring to the proposal to destroy XERXES' bridge of ships over the Hellespont. (“A bridge for a retreating army.") See PLUTARCH-Life of Demosthenes. Louis II, BRANTOME—Memairs. Vol. 1. II. P. 83. Also French trans. of THOMASI-Life of Cæsar Borgia. P. 64.

(See also MASSINGER, SCIPIO, AFRICANUS) He that fights and runs away, May turn and fight another day; But he that is in battle slain, Will never rise to fight again. RAY-History of the Rebellion. P. 48. (1752)

(See also BUTLER)

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War, the needy bankrupt's last resort.

ROWE-Pharsalia. Bk. I. 343. 15

He never would believe that Providence had sent a few men into the world, ready booted and spurred to ride, and millions ready saddled and bridled to be ridden. RICHARD RUMBOLD. At his execution. (1685)

See MACAULAY,History of England. Ch. V.

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And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon. Revelation. XVI. 16. Armageddon. Correct

reading is Har-Magedon, signifying Mountain of Megiddo. Authorized version, City of Megiddo. Mount Megiddo possibly

(The Russians) dashed on towards that thin red line tipped with steel. W. H. RUSSELLThe British Expedition to

the Crimea. (Revised edition.) P. 187. Also in his Letters to the London Times,

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