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Sure if they cannot cut, it may be said
His saws are toothless, and his hatchets lead.
POPE-Epilogue to Satires. Dialogue II: L.

151.

It has been the providence of nature to give this creature nine lives instead of one.

PILPAY-Fable III.

CATTLE (see ANIMALS)

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He talks of wood: it is some carpenter.

Henry VI. Pt. I. Act V. Sc. 3. L. 90. Speak, what trade art thou? Why, sir, a carpenter.

Where is thy leather apron and thy rule? What dost thou with thy best apparel on?

Julius Cæsar. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 5. A carpenter's known by his chips.

SWIFTPolite Conversation. Dialogue II.

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The carpenter dresses his plank—the tongue of his fore-plane whistles its wild ascending lisp. WALT WHITMAN—Leaves of Grass. Pt. Xỹ.

St. 77. 6 The house-builder at work in cities or anywhere, The preparatory jointing, squaring, sawing, mor

tising, The hoist-up of beams, the push of them in their

places, laying them regular, Setting the studs by their tenons in the mor

tises, according as they were prepared, The blows of the mallets and hammers. WALT WHITMAN-Song of the Broad-Axe. Pt. III. St. 4.

CASSIA

Cassia
While cassias blossom in the zone of calms.

JEAN INGELOW-Sand Martins.

CAUSE

To all facts there are laws, The effect has its cause, and I mount to the

cause. OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)-Lucile. Pt.

II. Canto III. St. 8. 16 Causa latet: vis est notissima.

The cause is hidden, but the result is known. OVID-Metamorphoses. IV. 287.

17 Ask you what provocation I have had? The strong antipathy of good to bad.

POPE-Epilogue to Satires. Dialogue 2. L. 205.

18 Your cause doth strike my heart.

Cymbeline. Act I. Sc. 6. L. 118.
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Find out the cause of this effect,
Or rather say, the cause of this defect,
For this effect defective comes by cause.

Hamlet. Act II. Sc. 2. L. 101.

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God befriend us, as our cause is just!

Henry IV. Pt. I. Act V. Sc. 1. L. 120.

21 Mine's not an idle cause.

Othello. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 95.

22 Felix qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas.

Happy the man who has been able to learn the causes of things. VERGIL-Georgics. . II. 490.

CAT A cat may look at a king.

Title of a Pamphlet. (Published 1652)

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Lauk! what a monstrous tail our cat has got! HENRY CAREYThe Dragon of Wantley. Act

II. Sc. 1.

CEDAR

Cedrus O’er yon bare knoll the pointed cedar shadows Drowse on the crisp, gray moss.

LOWELL-An Indian-Summer Reverie. Thus yields the cedar to the axe's edge, Whose arms gave shelter to the princely eagle.

Henry VI. Pt. III. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 11.

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Mrs. Crupp had indignantly assured him that there wasn't room to swing a cat there; but as Mr. Dick justly observed to me, sitting down on the foot of the bed, nursing his leg, “You know, Trotwood, I don't want to swing a cat. I never do swing a cat. Therefore what does that signify to me!"

DICKENS-David Copperfield. Vol. II. Ch. VI.

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Confound the cats! All cats—alway-
Cats of all colours, black, white, grey;
By night a nuisance and by day-

Confound the cats! ORLANDO Thos. DOBBIN-A Dithyramb on

Cats.

High on a hill a goodly Cedar grewe, Of wond'rous length and streight proportion, That farre abroad her daintie odours threwe; 'Mongst all the daughters of proud Libanon, Her match in beautie was not anie one. SPENSER—Visions of the World's Vanitie. St. . 7.

CELANDINE

Chelidonium
Eyes of some men travel far
For the finding of a star;
Up and down the heavens they go,

Men that keep a mighty rout!
I'm as great as they, I trow,

Since the day I found thee out, Little Flower!—I'll make a stir, Like a sage astronomer.

WORDSWORTH-To the Small Celandine.

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The Cat in Gloves catches no Mice.

BENJ. FRANKLIN—Poor Richard's Almanac.

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The cat would eat fish, and would not wet her

feet.
HEYWOOD-Proverbs. Pt. I. Ch. XI.

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Le hasard c'est peut-être le pseudonyme de Dieu, quand il ne veut pas signer.

Chance is perhaps the pseudonym of God when He did not want to sign. ANATOLE FRANCE-Le Jardin d'Epicure.

P. 132. Quoted “Le hasard, en defin

itive, c'est Dieu." 18 I shot an arrow into the air It fell to earth I knew not where; For so swiftly it flew, the sight Could not follow it in its flight.

LONGFELLOWThe Arrow and the Song.

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When love begins to sicken and decay,
It useth an enforced ceremony,
There are no tricks in plain and simple faith.
Julius Cæsar. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 20.

To feed were best at home;
From thence the sauce to meat is ceremony;
Meeting were bare without it.
Macbeth. Act III. Sc. 4. L. 36.

Ceremony was but devised at first
To set a gloss on faint deeds, hollow welcomes,
Recanting goodness, sorry ere 'tis shown;
But where there is true friendship, there needs

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Which erring men call chance.

MILTON-Comus. L. 587.

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Chance is blind and is the sole author of creation.

J. X. B. SAINTINE-Picciola. Ch. III.

none.

Timon of Athens. Act I. Sc. 2. L. 15.

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CHALLENGE (See also DUELLING)

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Ours is no sapling, chance-sown by the fountain,

Blooming at Beltane, in winter to fade.
SCOTT-Hail to the Chief. Lady of the Lake.

Canto II. Quoted by SENATOR VEST in

nominating BLAND in Chicago. Chance will not do the work-Chance sends the

breeze; But if the pilot slumber at the helm, The very wind that wafts us towards the port May dash us on the shelves.—The steersman's

part is vigilance, Blow it or rough or smooth.

SCOTT—Fortunes of Nigel. Ch. XXII.

If not, resolve, before we go,
That you and I must pull a crow.
Y' 'ad best (quoth Ralpho), as the Ancients
Say wisely, have a care o' the main chance.
BUTLER-Hudibras. Pt. II. Canto II. L.
499.

I never in my life
Did hear a challenge urg'd more modestly,
Unless a brother should a brother dare
To gentle exercise and proof of arms.
Henry IV. Pt. I. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 52.

There I throw my gage,
To prove it on thee to the extremest point
Of mortal breathing.

Richard II. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 46.

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I shall show the cinders of my spirits
Through the ashes of my chance.

Antony and Cleopatra. Act V. Sc. 2. L. 173.

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A change came o'er the spirit of my dream.

BYRONDream. St. 3.

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Er spricht Unsinn; für den Vernünftigen Menschen giebt es gar keinen Zufall.

He talks nonsense; to a sensible man there is no such thing as chance. LUDWIG TIECK-Fortunat. 6

Chance is a word void of sense; nothing can exist without a cause. VOLTAIRE-A Philosophical Dictionary.

CHANGE (See also CONSISTENCY) J'avais vu les grands, mais je n'avais pas vu les petits.

I had seen the great, but I had not seen the small. ALFIERIReason for Changing his Democratic

Opinions.
Nè spegner pud per star nell'acqua il foco;
Nè può stato mutar per mutar loco.

Such fire was not by water to be drown'd,
Nor he his nature changed by changing ground.
ARIOSTO—Orlando Furioso. XXVIII. 89.

To-day is not yesterday: we ourselves change; how can our Works and Thoughts, if they are always to be the fittest, continue always the same? Change, indeed, is painful; yet ever needful; and if Memory have its force and worth, so also has Hope.

CARLYLE-Essays. Characteristics.

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Joy comes and goes, hope ebbs and flows

Like the wave;
Change doth unknit the tranquil strength of men.

Love lends life a little grace,
A few sad smiles; and then,
Both are laid in one cold place,

In the grave.
MATTHEW ARNOLD--A Question. St. 1.

Tempora mutantur, nos et mutamur in illis. Astra regunt homines, sed regit astra Deus.

Times change and we change with them. The stars rule men but God rules the stars. CELLARIUSHarmonia Macrocosmica. (1661)

The phrase "Tempora mutantur"
"Omnia mutantur" attributed by BOR-
BONIUS to EMPEROR LOTHARIUS I, in
Delitic Poetarum Germanorum. CICERO —
De Officiis. Bk. I. Ch. 10. OVIDMeta-
mor. Bk. III. 397. LACTANTIUS. Bk. III.
Fable V. HOLINSHED-Description of Great

Britain. (1571) Sancho Panza by name is my own self, if I was not changed in my cradle.

CERVANTES-Don Quixote. Pt. IJ. Ch. XXX.

An id exploratum cuiquam potest esse, quomodo sese habitarum sit corpus, non dico ad annum sed ad vesperam?

Can any one find out in what condition his body will be, I do not say a year hence, but this evening? CICERODe Finibus Bonorum et Malorum. II.

228.

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Il n'y a rien de changé en France; il n'y a qu'un Français de plus.

Nothing has changed in France, there is only a Frenchman the more. Proclamation pub. in the Moniteur, April,

1814, as the words of COMTE D'ARTOIS (afterwards CHARLES X), on his entrance into Paris. Originated with COUNT BEUGNOT. Instigated by TALLEYRAND. See M. DE VAULABELLE—Hist. des Deux Restaurations. 3d Edit. II. Pp. 30, 31.

Also Contemporary Review, Feb., 1854. Earth changes, but thy soul and God stand sure. ROBERT BROWNING- Rabbi Ben Ezra. St. 27.

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Non tam commutandarum, quam evertendarum rerum cupidi.

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To-morrow to fresh woods, and pastures new.

MILTONLycidas. L. 193.

Coups de fourches ni d'étrivières,
Ne lui font changer de manières.

Neither blows from pitchfork, nor from the lash, can make him change his ways. LA FONTAINE-Fables. II. 18.

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In dim eclipse, disastrous twilight sheds
On half the nations, and with fear of change
Perplexes monarchs.

MILTONParadise Lost. Bk. I. L. 597.

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Nous avons changé tout cela.

We have changed all that.
MOLIÈRE-Le Médecin Malgré lui. II. 6.

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Saturninus said, “Comrades, you have lost a good captain to make him an ill general.”

MONTAIGNE—Of Vanity. Bk. III. Ch. IX.

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All that's bright must fade,

The brightest still the fleetest;
All that's sweet was made

But to be lost when sweetest.
MOORE-National Airs. AU That's Bright

Must Fade.

Time fleeth on,
Youth soon is gone,

Naught earthly may abide;
Life seemeth fast,
But may not last-

It runs as runs the tide.
LELANDMany in One. Pt. II. St. 21.
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I do not allow myself to suppose that either the convention or the League, have concluded to decide that I am either the greatest or the best man in America, but rather they have concluded it is not best to swap horses while crossing the river, and have further concluded that I am not so poor a horse that they might not make a botch of it in trying to swap. LINCOLN, to a delegation of the National

Union League who congratulated him on his nomination as the Republican candidate for President, June 9, 1864. As given by J. F. RHODES Hist. of the U. S. from the Compromise of 1850. Vol. IV. P. 370. Same in NICOLAY AND HAY Lincoln's Complete Works. Vol. II. P. 532. Different version in Appleton's Cyclopedia. RAYMOND -Life and Public Services of Abraham Lincoln. Ch. XVIII. P. 500. (Ed. 1865) says Lincoln quotes an old Dutch farmer, “It was best not to swap horses when crossing a stream."

All things must change To something new, to something strange.

LONGFELLOW-Kéramos. L. 32.

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But the nearer the dawn the darker the night,
And by going wrong all things come right;
Things have been mended that were worse,
And the worse, the nearer they are to mend.
LONGFELLOWTales of a Wayside Inn. The

Baron of St. Castine. L. 265.

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Omnia mortali mutantur lege creata,
Nec se cognoscunt terræ vertentibus annis,
Et mutant variam faciem per sæcula gentes.

Everything that is created is changed by the laws of man; the earth does not know itself in the revolution of years; even the races of man assume various forms in the course of ages. MANILIUS-Astronomica. 515.

7 Do not think that years leave us and find us the same! OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)-Lucile. Pt.

II. Canto II. St. 3.

See dying vegetables life sustain,
See life dissolving vegetate again;
All forms that perish other forms supply;
(By turns we catch the vital breath and die.)

POPE-Essay on Man. Ep. III. L. 15.
Alas! in truth, the man but chang'd his mind,
Perhaps was sick, in love, or had not dined.

POPE—Moral Essays. Ep. I. Pt. II. Manners with Fortunes, Humours turn with

Climes, Tenets with Books, and Principles with Times.

POPE—Moral Essays. Ep. I. Pt. II.

20 Tournoit les truies au foin. Turned the pigs into the grass. (Clover.)

RABELAIS-Gargantua. (Phrase meaning to change the subject.)

Corporis et fortunæ bonorum ut initium finis est. Omnia orta occidunt, et orta senescunt.

As the blessings of health and fortune have a beginning, so they must also find an end. Everything rises but to fall, and increases but to decay.

SALLUST-Jugurtha. II.
With every change his features play'd,
As aspens show the light and shade.

SCOTT-Rokeby. Canto III. St. 5.

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Weary the cloud falleth out of the sky,

Dreary the leaf lieth low. All things must come to the earth by and by, Out of which all things grow. OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)-The Wan

derer. Earth's Havings. Bk. III.

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