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Voting and attendance record, Representative John W. Byrnes, 8th District, Wisconsin (83d Cong., 2d sess.)—Continued




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H. R. 7839, aiding in the provision and improvement of housing, the elimination and prevention of slums, and the conservation and develop-
ment of urban communities:

On motion to recommit with instructions to provide 35,000 public housing units each year for 4 years. (Rejected, 176 to 211.)
On passage. (Passed, 352 to 46.).

Quoruni call..


H. R. 8649, authorizing the admission into evidence in certain criminal proceedings of wiretap information secured in national security investi-

On amendment requiring a court order in order to make wiretap evidence admissible. (Passed, 221 to 166.).
On passage. (Passed, 379 to 10.).

Quorum call.


H. R. 303, transferring the administration of health services for Indians and the operation of Indian hospitals to the United States Public
Health Service, now under the Department of Interior and Bureau of Indian Affairs:

On passage. (Passed, voice vote)..

Quorum call.

H. R. 7397, amending the Public Health Grant-in-Aid Act by consolidating and simplifying the several public health grant-in-aid programs
for assisting States and local communities in providing necessary public health services:
On passage. (Passed, voice vote).

Quorum call.

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Quorum call.

S. 2150, providing for creation of the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation to construct part of the St. Lawrence seaway in the
United States territory:

Quorum call..


Measure, question, and result

(Rejected, 157 to 242.). (Passed, 241 to 158.).

H. R. 2556, amending United States Code relative to extradition of certain fugitives from United States to countries occupied by United States
jointly with 1 or more powers:

On motion that enacting clause be stricken out (that the bill be killed). (Adopted, 228 to 68.).
Quorum call.

H. Res. 533, citing Bernhard Deutch for contempt of House of Representatives by refusal to answer questions before the Committee on Un-
American Activities:

On adoption. (Adopted, 346 to 0).

H. R. 9040, authorizing cooperative research in education:

On passage. (Passed, 296 to 55).

H. Res. 532, providing for consideration of H. R. 7434, establishing a National Advisory Committee on Education:
On resolution. (Adopted, 194 to 140).

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Quorum call

H. R. 9212, authorizing certain construction at military and naval installations and for the Alaska communications system:
On passage. (Passed, 346 to 0.).

H. Res. 568, providing for the consideration of H. R. 9366, amending the Social Security Act and Internal Revenue Code:
On adoption. (Adopted, 270 to 76) -

H. R. 9365, amending the Social Security Act and the Internal Revenue Code so as to extend coverage under the old-age and survivors in-
surance program, increasing the benefits payable thereunder, preserving the insurance rights of disabled individuals, and increasing the
amount of earnings permitted without loss of benefits:

On passage. (Passed, 355 to 8).

H. J. Res. 243, amending the pledge of allegiance to the flag of the United States of America by adding the words "under God" after the
words "one nation":

On passage. (Passed, voice vote).

H. R 2828, providing for per capita payments to members of the Menominee Tribe of Indians from the trust funds credited to the tribe and
for freeing the tribe from Federal supervision over a period of years:

On adoption of conference report. (Adopted, voice vote.).

Quorum caft.

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H. Res. 580, providing for the consideration of H. R. 7494, extending the Trade Agreements Act for 1 year:
On adoption.. (Adopted, 273 to 63.).

H. R. 7494, extending the authority of the President to enter into trade agreements under sec. 350 of the Tarif Act of 1930, as amended, for
1 year:

H. R. 9517, appropriating funds for the government of the District of Columbia for fiscal 1955:

On amendment fixing the Federal payment to the District of Columbia at $20 million instead of $16 million. (Passed, 186 to 168.).
Quorum call....

H. R. 8729, extending for 2 years the present authority of the Federal Reserve banks to purchase securities directly from the Treasury in
amounts not to exceed $5 billion outstanding at any one time.

On motion to recommit with instructions to limit bond purchasing authority to periods when no cash is available. (Rejected, 80 to 250.).
Quorum call..

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H. Res. 583, providing for disagreement to a Senate amendment to the Housing bill providing for public housing and agreeing to conference
requested by Senate:

S. Con. Res. 91, expressing the sense of Congress that the United States support the Organization of American States in taking appropriate
action to prevent interference in Western Hemisphere affairs by the international Communist movement:
On passage. (Passed, 372 to 0.).

Quorum call.

H. R. 9678, promoting the security and foreign policy of the United States by furnishing assistance to friendly nations (mutual security bill):
On amendment stating it to be the sense of Congress that no funds should be used for governments which are committed by treaty to
maintain Communist rule over any defined territory of Asia. (Passed, 389 to 0.)
On passage. (Passed, 260 to 126.)

Quorum call.


On adoption of conference report. (Adopted, voice vote).

H. R. 9640, amending the Vocational Rehabilitation Act so as to promote and assist in the extension and improvement of vocational reha-
bilitation services, provide for a more effective use of available Federal funds and otherwise improve the provisions of that act:
On passage. (Passed, 347 to 0.).


Li present, would have voted "yea."


H. R. 9680, providing for continued price support for agricultural products, augmenting the marketing and disposal of such products, and
providing for greater stability in the products of agriculture:

On amendment to provide flexibility in price supports from 821% to 90 percent of parity for the 1955 crops of basic commodities. (Passed,
288 to 170).

On passage. (Passed, voice vote).

H. R. 6342, amending the Publie Buildings Act of 1949 relative to acquisition of real property and the construction of public buildings for
housing Federal agencies, including post offices, by executing purchase contracts:


















Yea. Present. Yea.




Yea. Present















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141 Aug. 16


136 Aug. 9 Quorum call.

H. R. 9245, establishing a joint committee of Congress to study postal field service reclassification and providing a 7-percent pay increase for

postal employees:

On motion to discharge the Committee on Rules from further consideration of H. Res. 590, the rule providing for consideration of H. R.

9245. (Passed, 348 to 29.)

On passage. (Passed, 352 to 29.)..

H. Res. 687, providing for consideration of S. 2033, relating to the labeling of foreign-produced trout sold in the United States:
On passage. (Passed, 209 to 159.).

H. R. 9678, promoting the security and foreign policy of the United States by furnishing assistance to friendly nations:

On motion to recommit. (Rejected, 97 to 266.)

On passage. (Passed, 202 to 55.)..

Quorum call.

S. 3706, outlawing the Communist Party, prohibiting members of Communist organizations from serving in certain respresentative capac-

ities, and for other purposes:

On passage. (Passed, 305 to 2).

8. 2308, authorizing and directing the investigation by the Attorney General of certain offenses by Government officers and employees with

other Governmental agencies:

On passage. (Passed, voice vote)......









Voting and attendance record, Representative John W. Byrnes, 8th District, Wisconsin (83d Cong., 2d sess.)— Continued

Roll call No.


Measure, question, and result



1964 Aug. 16

H. Res 705, providing for House agreement to Senate amendment to H. R. 6672, providing for a temporary increase in statutory debt limits

ur June 1955:
On passage. (Passed, 193 to 31.).

H. R. '9680, providing for continued price support for agricultural products, augmenting the marketing and disposal of such products,

and providing for greater stability in the products of agriculture: Aug. 17 On recommittal ol conference report. (Rejected, voice vote.).

Yes. ...do.... On adoption of conference report. (Adopted, 208 to 47.).

H. R. 10203, providing rewards for information concerning illegal manufacture or acquisition of special nuclear material and atomic weapons: do. On passage. (Passed, voice vote.)....

Yea. 143 .do..... Quorum call.

Present. 8. 3706, outlawing the Communist Party, prohibiting members of Communist organizations from serving in certain representative capacities,

and for other purposes: 144 On motion to instruct conferees to accept Senate amendments. (Adopted, 208 to 100).

Nay. H. R. 10051, making appropriations for Mutual Security for fiscal year 1955: 145 Ang. 19 On adoption of conference report. (Adopted, 189 to 77)....

Nay. 146...do.... On motion ordering previous question on amendment providing $55 million and providing 80 percent of the foreign currency generated Nay.

shall be used to strengthen and improve the civilian economy of Spain. (Adopted, 186 to 76.)
S. 3706, outlawing the Communist Party, probibiting membership of Communist organizations from serving in certain representative capaci-

ties, and for other purposes:
147...do..... On adoption of conference report. (Adopted, 265 to 2.)...

Yea H. R. 2236, providing for regulation of certain public transportation in the Washington metronolitan area: 148 Aug. 20 On recommittal of conference report with instructions to eliminate establishment of Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Regulatory Nay.

Commission. (Rejected, 95 to 164.).





within the jurisdiction of Congress. any Member, supported by one-fifth of Of necessity the report contains par- Many emergency laws carry the provi- a quorum, can ask for a rollcall. This liamentary and legislative terms with sion that they may be terminated by privilege is guaranteed by the Constituwhich the reader may not be familiar. concurrent resolution, thus eliminating tion. An explanation of some of these terms the possibility of a Presidential veto. Fourth. Rollcalls place each Member may, therefore, be helpful:

Fourth. H. Res. (S. Res.) designates a on record on the particular measure inA. A quorum call consists of a calling simple resolution of either body. It does volved. Each Member's name is called of the roll of Members to determine not require approval by the other body and his vote recorded. Rollcalls constiwhether or not a quorum-a majority of nor the signature of the President. It is tute the official voting record of the Members—is present. No business may used to deal with matters that concern House. be conducted when it is found that a one House only, such as changing rules, The outcome of various votes are indi. quorum is not present.

creating special committees, and so cated in parentheses in the record above. B. Recommittal: Generally, on all im- forth.

In the case of rollcall votes, the actual portant bills, a motion to recommit the D. Rule: Important bills, after ap- vote is shown—the yeas first and the bill to a committee, with or without in- proval of the committee concerned, go to nays last. structions, is voted upon by the House the House Committee on Rules where a before it votes upon passage of the bill. rule, in the form of a House resolution If such a motion is adopted, it means (H. Res.), is granted covering the time

What My Home Means to Me that the bill will be changed, delayed, allowed for debate, consideration of or even killed. However, when a motion amendments, and other parliamentary to recommit is accompanied by instruc- questions.

EXTENSION OF REMARKS tions, the vote generally indicates E. Conference: Representatives from whether the Member is in favor of or both Houses of Congress meet in confer

HON. JAMES C. DAVIS opposed to the change in the legislation ence to work out differences existing in proposed by the instructions and does the legislation as passed by the two not necessarily indicate his position on bodies. Upon conclusion of their con

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES the bill as a whole. A motion to recom- ference, a report is submitted to each

Friday, August 20, 1954 mit with instructions, if adopted, does House setting forth the agreements

Mr. DAVIS of Georgia. Mr. Speaker, not kill the bill.

reached. Each House then must act by under unanimous consent, I insert in the C. The type of bill can be determined

way of adopting or rejecting the report Appendix of the RECORD a copy of a let-' by the letters which precede its number. in whole or in part.

ter by Mrs. Sylvia B. Zsuffa, of 886 CherAll bills that originate in the House are

F. Ordering the previous question: A ry Street NW., Atlanta, Ga., which was designated by an H; those that originate

motion to order the previous question, if chosen for the first award in a contest on in the Senate by an S. There are four

adopted, shuts off further debate on the What My Home Means to Me, sponsored main types:

question before the House and prevents by Home Modernizing magazine and its First. H. R. (S) designates a bill

further amendments to such proposition. publisher, W. Wadsworth Wood, of Chiwhich when passed by both Houses in

G. A bill may pass, or be defeated, by cago, Ill.: identical form and signed by the Presione of the following kind of votes:

ATLANTA, GA. dent, becomes law.

First. Voice vote: The Speaker first Mr. W. WaDSWORTH WOOD, Second. H. J. Res. (S. J. Res.) desig- asks all in favor to say “aye" then those

Small Homes Guide, Inc.,

Chicago, III. nates a joint resolution which must opposed to say “nay.” If there is no

DEAR MR. WOOD: We have just bought a pass both Houses and be signed by the question as to the result, this is sufficient. dream. To the passer-by, it is just another President before becoming law. It is Second. Division: If the result of the old house set high on a hill. Nothing smart generally used for continuing the life voice vote is in doubt, the Speaker asks

about it. But to us, it is our dream come of an existing law, or in submitting to those in favor to stand, then those op

true. the States a constitutional amendment, posed to stand. He counts in each in

The past few years have not been easy. It in which case it does not require the stance and announces the result. If he family to go into the Army for a second time,

is not easy when you're 40, with a growing signature of the President but must be is in doubt, or if demand is made by one

when your country calls; to pull up roots; to passed by a two-thirds majority of both fifth of a quorum, then

face long separation, then the difficult adHouses.

Third. Tellers are ordered. A Mem. justment to an alien environment. Third. H. Con. Res. (S. Con. Res.) ber on each side of the question is ap- It mean to us: First of all, it means "to

Now we have a home. Home? What does designates a concurrent resolution. To pointed as teller, and they take their become effective it must be passed by places at each side of the center aisle. busy at homework in the evening.

getherness"-my husband near; the children both the House and Senate but does not Those in favor walk through and are Second, means permanence. A strange require the President's signature. It is counted. Those opposed do likewise. word in these impermanent times. But we used to take joint action which is purely The result settles most questions, but can't name anything that would give us a greater sense of permanence than our own- viding substantial benefits in other deduc. It ended the fighting in Korea, secured ing a few feet of land in this, our country, for tions and allowances for individuals and the exchange of prisoners, and began the which my husband fought. enterprise.

peaceful reconstruction of that war-torn And last, our home means adventure. The We acted to end the shameful waste of country. By strengthening Korean troops, cooperative excitement of building a new farm surpluses, and to provide farmers with the administration was able to bring home kitchen; of learning how to use a sander; a long-range program for an independent, several American divisions. wield a paintbrush. In short, of making our self-reliant agriculture, with Government It kept America out of a hot war in Indohome a livable dream, which, like all dreams, providing a shield against destructive forces china while giving France aid and support is measured by the amount of personal strug. beyond farmer control.

until a negotiated truce was signed. gle put into them.

We continued, strengthened, and enlarged It played an effective part in ending the Sincerely,

programs to

meet human needs, to Communist regime which had seized power Sylvia B. Zsuffa

strengthen civil rights, to aid our veterans in Guatamala.
Mrs. SYLVIA B. ZSUFFA. to become established in civilian life, and It took the initiative against communism

to provide adequate care for the disabled, to in all parts of the world
expand social security, and to assist the By exposing Communist hypocrisy, de-

aged, the blind, and dependent widows and signs, and tactics at Berlin and Geneva
The Republican Record

conferences. We arrested the trend toward destructive By a congressional resolution supporting

socialistic tendencies in Government by the a united Germany. EXTENSION OF REMARKS

encouragement of private competitive en- By a Senate resolution condemning the OF

terprise, thrift, and the self-reliance of our Soviet mistreatment of minorities and its people.

callous disregard of human rights. HON. WILLIAM F. KNOWLAND

We encouraged the States to meet their By reaffirming official policy denying Red OF CALIFORNIA

proper responsibilities; urged labor and pri- China's admission to the United Nations. IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

vate enterprise to solve their own problems By leading American states at Caracas in

without Government interference; and the adoption of a resolution declaring comFriday, August 20, 1954

worked to make all our people more self- munism to be a threat to freedom and peace

reliant. We restored to the States the rights in the Americas and pledging full consulMr. KNOWLAND. Mr. President, I of the States to develop submerged lands,

tation in the event of any aggression. ask unanimous consent to have printed

and other resources within their boundaries. By negotiating arms pacts to strengthen in the Appendix of the RECORD, The Re- In these and all other respects a Repub- central American countries against Compublican Record of the 83d Congress. It lican administration and Congress fostered

munist subversion. is understood, pursuant to the prior or- the forward progress of a free nation under By taking appropriate steps to oust Amerider, that additions and corrections may a government without favoritism, without cans in the United Nations who serve the

Communist cause and by Instituting an be made at a later publication date; but corruption, without waste or extravagance, I desire to have the material printed in but efficient, economical, trustworthy, and

FBI check on the fitness of Americans for fair to all.

loyal service. the Appendix of today's RECORD.

By undertaking to share information on OUTSTANDING PROGRAM ENACTED DESPITE Mr. JOHNSON of Texas. Mr. Presi

atomic weapons with allies in the common

SLENDER MARGIN dent, reserving the right to object, and

defense against Communist aggression. I shall not object, is this confined to the

In two busy, exacting sessions, the 83d

And by proposing an international pool of Republican record of the 83d Congress, or

Congress carried through to enactment an atomic energy for peace.

outstanding program of constructive legis- At the is it the record of the 83d Congress?

same time the administration lation. It did this even though Republican Mr. KNOWLAND. It is the record of

acted resolutely to reinforce the defenses of control rested on slender voting margins. the free world. It pressed France and Italy the 83d Congress; but I believe it is cus- The Senate began and ended with a bare

for action on the European Defense Comtomary for both the majority leader and Republican majority of one. For almost &

munity by indicating that American aid may the minority leader to have it printed. year after the death of Senator Taft, Re

not be forthcoming unless EDC or a satisThere being no objection, the mate, publicans were actually in the minority. In

factory alternative is carried through. It rial was ordered to be printed in the RECthe House the Republican margin in the first

continued to train and build up the NATO session started at 7 but fell to 4 at the close ORD, as follows:

forces and to equip them with planes, of the second session through deaths and guided missiles atomic weapons, and other THE REPUBLICAN RECORD resignations.

materiel. New air bases were acquired in The Eisenhower administration and the The achievements of the Congress were Spain and the bases elsewhere improved. 83d Congress worked together and our joint made possible by close coordination between European recovery and security are now so efforts resulted in the following notable House and Senate and harmonious relations well advanced that American aid may be achievements:

with the President and the executive de- steadily and safely reduced. Military aid We ended the fighting and sacrifices of partments and agencies. Congress' heaviest was given to Pakistan and aid to Nationalist American lives in Korea; kept the United workload—the regular annual appropriation China continued. States out of the war in Indochina; liqui- bills—was efficiently handled and fully com

Security pacts dated the Communist foothold in Guate- pleted in the 1954 session before the start of mala; strengthened the free nations; and the new fiscal year July 1. This removed

In addition to our network of security confronted Russian imperialism and Com- confusion and uncertainty from Government

pacts with 39 nations, & treaty was conmunist aggression with the firm determina

cluded with Korea, & mutual assistance administrative in the executive branchtion to safeguard freedom and attain genu- an achievement which Democratic-controlled agreement was signed with Japan, and neine peace. Congresses utterly falled to accomplish in

gotiations were begun on a security pact for We reorganized and strengthened the na- recent years.

southeast Asia. The Senate ratified three tional defense by policies and programs

treaties providing for the legal status of

Party support of the Republican leadership capable of providing security over the long

United States forces in Europe, and four and of the President ran exceptionally high. pull at substantial savings and without un

treaties to settle claims and improve reCongress was neither a rubber-stamp nor due strain on the national economy.

lations with Germany. The Senate apan unruly critic of the President's program.

proved authority for the President to take We acted decisively to safeguard the Na- Beginning with White House conferences tion from enemies within its borders and to

appropriate steps consistent with constitu. with Republican leaders in both Houses rid government, labor, education, and all

tional processes to restore German soverincluding standing committee chairmen,

eignty. other phases of American life from Com- and continuing with weekly conferences munist infiltration and subversion.

Working strongly for world economic throughout the session, Congress and tho We successfully bridge the difficult transi. President cooperated for the good of the

progress, the Congress and administration

simplified customs procedures, made new tion from war to peace and maintained prosNation. Detailed and continuous bipartisan

studies of the trade agreements program perity at the highest level in the Nation's consultations, not only on foreign policy

and extended the act for another year, and history. Price, wage, and rent controls were but on domestic legislation as well, were

continued the International Wheat Agreeended, freeing American enterprise from un- carried on by the President and the Republi

ment. It concluded treaties of commerce due Government interference. The national can leadership with Democratic Party leaders

and friendship with several nations, agreeeconomy was stabilized and the value of the in both Houses of Congress. dollar strengthened, ending the cheating of The major accomplishments in detail are:

ments on sugar production and marketing,

and treaties concerning German debt settleour people by inflation and avoiding the dis- REPUBLICANS END KOREAN WAR AND PRESS FOR

ments, Mexican migratory labor and dutytress of deflation, while employment, pro


free trade with the Philippines. It climaxed duction, wages, and earnings remained high.

By placing American interests foremost years of hope and effort by arranging for We cut taxes by nearly $742 billion, re- and with firm, realistic policies, the Repub- American participation in the St. Lawrence ducing individual income-tax payments, ex- lican administration accomplished the fol- seaway, openi the heart of the Nation to cise taxes on goods consumers buy, and pro- lowing in its conduct of foreign relations: ocean shipping.



Humanitarian deeds

Compared with previous years, the Ad- to June 30, 1955, the President's authority to Continuing its great humanitarian tradi- ministration has achieved greater actual de- allocate scarce and strategic materials in tion the United States sent food to East

fense power at lower costs and with substan. emergency and under the V-loan program, Germany, wheat to Pakistan, and entered tial savings to taxpayers.

whereby the Government guarantees qualiupon a comprehensive program for distribut.

The new program includes greater atten- fying types of defense contract loans. ing farm-surplus commodities for famine

tion to continental defense by extension of In line with Republican campaign pledges and distress relief, and in exchange for stra

the radar system to the Far North in coop- to remove the Government from competition tegic raw materials. A program was enacted

eration with Canada, by a new continental with private business, the Congress acted to offering refuge for 214,000 Iron Curtain refu

aid defense command with improved fighter dispose of some 28 federally owned synthetic gees, including many orphaned children.

interceptor forces and antiaircraft weapons, rubber plants and restored to States their

by coordinating communications systems rights to develop oil, minerals, and other By many changes and improvements, the

throughout the country, by increasing the natural resources. administration has achieved better manage

role of the National Guard in home defense, ment in handling foreign affairs. The State

Construction activities encouraged-small and by building cooperation in civil defense Department was reorganized. The Foreign

business aided between local, State, and Federal units. Operations Administration and United States

Congress enacted a great number of laws to Information Service were set up as inde

NATO forces improved

help maintain a healthy, growing economy. pendent agencies. The Voice of America was Our striking and defensive force in global In the construction field alone, this Congress greatly improved. Regulations on security operations has been strengthened by the ac- compiled a notable record. It voted funds risks have been tightened and at the same quisition of bases in Spain and by improve and encouraged the building of such things time the rights of individuals have been pro- ments in other foreign installations provided as houses, ships, hospitals, health clinics, tected. By a complete overhaul, national- for in military public works appropriations. highways, airports, and rivers, harbors, and defense policies and programs were brought NATO forces in Europe have been improved flood-control projects. into more realistic relationship with foreign

in organization, by provisions for the ex- Small business already is benefiting from policies and commitments. And in this field change of information on atomic technology, the Small Business Administration, created of heavy executive responsibility for the con. by new equipment for conventional weapons, by the Republican 83d Congress to make duct of foreign affairs, the President worked guided missiles, and atomic cannon, and by loans, sublet prime contracts, and otherwise in close cooperation with Congress and with enlarged training programs for handling strengthen the backbone of America. bipartisan representaitves in both Houses. these newer weapons.

All business will be stimulated and more REPUBLICANS INCREASE NATION'S DEFENSE AT

By extended research and development, Jobs created as a result of the tax laws en

advances in technology and new production acted by the 83d Congress. LESS COST

arrangements, all the armed services are im- Congress increased Federal research funds By departmental reorganization, better

proving the effectiveness of equipment and so that new ideas and technological promanagement, and a thorough overhaul of

material. Congress provided $5 million for cesses can be made available for commercial the entire national-defense program, the Re. special air research and facilities at selected uses, in turn meaning more jobs and better publican administration has built a highly

airbase laboratories. The President ap- products. flexible, mobile Army, Navy, and Air Force

proved an expanded stockpiling program for In a variety of ways the Republican Concapable of handling anything short of a the purchase of some 35 to 40 strategic metals gress and administration moved to aid those major international war requiring all-out and minerals from domestic producers where relatively few areas of chronic and temporary mobilization. Should an all-out war occur, ever possible. The Army concentrated its unemployment. At least a dozen projects this program would and could be rapidly medium-tank production for greater effi- worth more than $20 million are being built enlarged. ciency at less cost.

in distressed communities through the taxMost significant are the actions (1) to Many changes have been instituted to im- benefit program of the Office of Defense Momaintain & large, well-rounded, highly

service morale. Legislation

bilization, Congress extended unemploytrained and equipped military force for the passed to provide control of promotions and ment compensation coverage to some 4 milIndefinite future; (2) to incorporate atomic better proportion between grades of officers. lion workers. It also strengthened the unand other new weapons into the regular The program for handling security risks has employment compensation system by setmilitary arsenal for strategic and tactical been firmed up. Commissions will be denied ting up a reserve of $200 million from which use; (3) to establish an Air Force Academy to doctors and dentists if they turn out to be States may borrow when necessary, and in comparable to West Point (Army) and An- security risks. Segregation in the services addition it provided for the refund of exnapolis (Navy); and (4) to gear our military has been ended.

cess tax collections to States, enabling them program to our foreign policies and commit


to increase benefits to unemployed workers, ments.

as 25 States have already done.

President Eisenhower and the Republican These are history-making decisions. They

whole Congress have given the Nation its greatest arsenal of economic weapons which Repub

In addition, the Government has result from a fresh appraisal of our defense

period of prosperity in history—and have program by a new team of military and civil

licans have pledged to use, if it should bedone so despite the adjustments required in ian officials following the end of fighting in

come necessary, to maintain a high standard changing from a war to a peacetime economy. Korea. Their main object is to bring our

of living for our people.

The depression predicted by calamity defense program abreast of latest develop

Under Republican leadership, the Nation's howlers and partisan critics did not matements in policy, technology, strategy, and

economic barometers read "fair weather rialize.

ahead." tactics. Recognizing the long-term threat

Prosperity was not accident, however. and varied tactics of Communist aggression,

REPUBLICANS MAKE RECORD-BREAKING TAX The Republican Congress and Administrathe new program replaces crisis planning for

REDUCTIONS tion took positive steps to instill public conpeak danger years with continuous combat fidence, to smooth out the bumps that ap

Republicans kept their pledge to reduce readiness for any contingency. Research, peared here and there, and to spur peace

taxes—by a whopping $7.4 billion in 1954, the production, procurement, and expenditures time activity to supplant declining war-de

largest tax cut the American people ever enare better coordinated to fit the large mill- mands. Yet the Government did not re

joyed in a single year. tary program into the framework of a sound

sort to any of the deadly socialistic drugs Individual income taxes were reduced by civilian economy which the Nation can afford prescribed by left-wing economic medicine about 11 percent beginning January 1, 1954, to sustain indefinitely if necessary. men.

the first tax cut since the Republican 80th Many billions available for defense

Cost of living stabilized

Congress. Only because the Republican Defense Department appropriations for The cost of living was stabilized. In con

Congress and administration slashed Gov1955 alone total $28.8 billion of which $7.6 trast to the 6 percent average annual in

ernment spending by billions of dollars was billion is for the Army, $9.7 billion for the crease in living costs under the Truman ad

the $3 billion income-tax reduction possible. Navy, $10.9 billion for the Air Force, with the ministration, the cost of living has been held By contrast, under Democrats taxes remainder for other departmental expenses. down to only slightly more than 1 percent reached an all-time high in 1952. In fact, Supplemented by $55 billion in carry-over since Republicans took charge. Likewise Democratic Congresses voted 14 out of 15 funds, the total available for expenditure the rapid decline in purchasing power of the income-tax increases since the first income will be $83.8 billion. In addition, $1.3 bil- dollar occurring under the Democrats has tax law was passed in 1913 by Democrats. lion has been authorized for military public been stayed. The value of the dollar has Excise tax cuts voted by the 83d Congress works and large sums for atomic energy, mer- varied only one-half cent in the past 18 means savings for everybody-in all, some chant marine, and other programs related to months.

8999 million—and will stimulate business the regular defense establishment. For 1955

Republicans moved quickly to wipe out activity and employment. Excise taxes were it is planned to have an Air Force of 120 restrictive controls. Less than a month after reduced on such things as stoves, refrigerawings with 970,000 men and women as part inauguration the President voluntarily ended tors, clothes driers, handbags, cosmetics, adof a planned buildup to 137 wings by 1957;

wage controls. Price controls were removed mission tickets, sporting goods, telephone an Army of 17 divisions with 1,173,000 men by March 17, 1953. Federal consumer and calls, and telegrams. To offset this loss to and women; and a Navy and Marine Corps real estate credit controls were abolished. the United States Treasury, existing excise of 689,000 personnel operating 1,080 ships and Many other emergency powers over various rates were continued on such items as liquor, 13,200 aircraft. Plans for improving the aspects of the Nation's economy were re- beer igarette gasol automobiles, and Reserve force are in the making.

pealed by law, although Congress continued cabaret admissions.

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