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Great crises involve corresponding duties and Secretary, in which he says, that when the obligations. This is the text of my brief open. public and private life of Lord Palmerston ing address this morning. We have not been shall be written, it will be manifest that that called upon to shed our blood our American nobleman was ever the firm, constant and unbrethren have given that without stint, and of wavering friend of the oppressed negro (cheers) that conntry it may be said to-day “there is May the blessing of him who was ready to not a house where there is not one dead." perish come upon him. Mr. Scott in conclu. We, in the observance of a national neutral. sion, mentioned a mode of help in providing ity, have been spared any direct pecuniary clothing which he had found very efficacious. sacrifices. Emancipation, under God, has The Rev. T. Binney of Weigh-house Chapel, been purchased by the blood and treasure of London, moved the first resolution, which was our American friends, some of whom we are as follows :—"That this meeting desires to gratified to see present to-day. We, however, express its gratitude to Almighty God for the cannot allow them to bear all the burthen. emancipation of the four millions of bondnien We feel that our honour, our Christianity is in the United States of America, and also its concerned in our bearing a part of it-how. cordial sympathy with the Freed-men's Aid ever humble. We feel that practical sympa Society, London, and with kindred institutions thy is due. You know that of old when God formed throughout Great Britain, to mitigate brought out. His oppressed people from Egypt the present keen sufferings of Freed-men, as it was well with those who befriended them, well as to aid in the establishment of schools and how it went ill with those who stood aloof for the education of these poor people, so that in unsympathising neutrality or who mani. they may become fitted for the responsibilities fested overt hostility; let us be careful that and enjoyments of freedom.” He said he came we be on the right side on this occasion. there merely to listen, and to show by his preWhether our sympathies have been with the sence his sympathy with the object of the North or the South in the past struggle I stop meeting; he remembered the old slavery not to enquire. That is past, however, and question agitation, and a great deal was then cannot be recalled. I thank God that for said about the compensation that should be myself personally my sympathy was loyally given to the slaveowners on the liberation of on the side of the free—the North, and my their slaves; but there were many of them prayer was ever for the oppressed and for who thought that if compensation were to be the defeat of the oppressor. (Applause.) given at all, it was most needed by the slaves It is of great importance, however, that we themselves (Applause.) It had been argued now lend a helping hand to the necessitous that as the American nation had deliberately beings who took no part in the struggle, but and with set purpose declared that these people who depended on the interposition of God; should be no longer slaves, they themselves for of them, I doubt not, as of the oppressed should take the consequences and the issue of of old, it will be decreed "blessed is he that their determination; that if they did the thing blesseth thee, and cursed be he that curseth they should do it thoroughly, and that they thee." Dr. Sterrs and the Rev. Sella Martin, should take all the responsibilty of caring for both from America, will inform you of the these people, meeting their wants, making urgent necessity which exists for the supply, preparation for their education, and do every at once, of money, clothing, bedding, school thing else that fairly, properly, and religi. books, and implements of trade and of agricul. ously required doing towards the blacks. He ture. I shall leave that part of the subject in (Mr. Binney) could conceive of a person their hands. At this very hour a mourning taking that ground, and he was not going to nation is conveying to the tomb with every argue the matter ; but there was a verse in mark of respect, the mortal remains of a ven. Scripture which he believed answered the oberable statesman. It may interest this meet- jection, and it said "Remember them that are ing to be informed that I very recently saw a in bonds as bound with them, and them that letter from Mr. Layard, the assistant Foreign 'suffer affliction as being ourselves also in the body." (Applause.) He thought therefore and their labours in this direction he believed that their duty was perfectly clear-that they had made them happier. (Hear, hear.) He were called upon to be grateful to God for the believed the work would go on and increase, emancipation of these poor people, and to feel and he would assure the meeting that nothing a sympathy with them. (Applause.) If they should be wanting on his part to bring such felt this sympathy, it would take a practical about. (Applause) Mr. Thomas, in conclusion, shape, (hear, hear,) and he hoped that Bristol explained the absence of a number ofclergymen sympathy would display itself in subscriptions who deeply sympathised with the object of the and donations. (Applause.)
meeting, and said he could on their behalf The Rev. D. Thomas, B.A. of Bristol, and assure the meeting that they deeply loved their President of the Congregational Union of Eng. American brethren, and that their prayers land and Wales, seconded the resolution, and were for them and for the eminent success of said, he came there to-day in order to show the American Mission. (Applanse.) and to assure the meeting that there existed The resolution was cordially adopted. a great sympathy among the congregational The Rev. Dr. Storrs, of America, addressed body in England and Wales in this great the meeting at some length. He eloquently movement. He need not tell many present pointed out the present condition of the eman. that of all the exciting meetings that had been cipated negroes, which large mass of humanity held during the present week, none of them had been received by the American people had excited their sympathies and entered into not unwillingly, not constrained in their cha. their hearts so much as that at which the cau- rities by selfishness but contented, generously ses of American missions to the freed-men and with determination to soften the severities were brought up (applause); he thought they of the transition period, and to bring them into gave the most practical proof of their sympa- the truest state of Christian manhood and thy, as a body, with the movement, in the freedom. (Applause.) It had been said, but resolution recommending that collections in he would ask whether it was right to say, aid of the Freed-Men's Aid Society be made that it belonged to the American nation to do in all the Congregational churches in England the work—that it should be shown no co-opand Wales on the second Sunday in January. erative sympathy because it refused to under. (Continued applause.) He had no doubt that take this great christian duty itself. There was these collections would be very largely made, always a distinction justly to be made between and that the example would stimulate the the mere political parties which always infest great Wesleyan body in its various depart. a nation and the christian public of that nation; ments, and also the Baptist body, which had (Hear, hear) this distinction was to be observed always been amongst the foremost in expres- in America. The christian public was engaged sing its abhorrence of slavery, and its sym. in the work mainly; but the government had pathy with the free. He could not sit down rendered, and was still rendering, most impor. without remarking, in answer to his friend tant aid. (Hear, hear.) It had organized a Mr. Binney's hope that Bristol would practi- Freed-man's Bureau, at the head of which had cally show its sympathy with the cause, that been placed a gentleman who had been called Bristol had done a good deal in their matter the Havelock of the American army, General already. (Hear, hear.) He was in a position Howard (Applause); and this bureau was to know that there been large gatherings of providing so far as it could for the necessities various sections of the christian church: for of the freed-man. But their efforts required the purpose of working, and stimulating one to be supplemented, and voluntary christian another to work in this cause. (Applause). charity was arising in all quarters, and was Perhaps, there was no city that had done supplementing the works of government by more he did not know! and what it had done, providing supplies of food and clothing, and by it had done heartily. (Hear, hear.) Especially employing teachers in industrial arts, in ne. had a great deal of sympathy been shown by cessary education, in religious principles, the ladies of Clifton, Cotham, and Kingsdown, social order, family government and relation, &c. In all the various organizations at present the opinion that the help all nations united there were now something like 1,200 laborers in giving the negro would encourage him in employed, each of which tanght sixty pupils, idleness rather than stimulate him to self-refor which they received £60, being at the rate liance; and in answer to the remark that a of £l each. The negroes, old and young, little wholesome neglect would do them good, were very eager to learn in every part of the stated that they were worthy of help. He country, and they evidently recognised in the denied that the correspondents who wrote in result of these efforts their being lifted to the the newspapers about the laziness of negroes proper place and power of freed-men. Had told the truth, and he gave several instances the friends of the negro reason to expect suc- where they had amassed large fortanes for cess in this world ? The negroes of America themselves. The fact was they did not work wero at present degraded; and what else could because they had, many of them, no work to be expected after seven generations of bondage, do, the former owners of land having gone to what more could be expected as the results of Cuba or Brazil with all the gold they could a system that continuously for more than two get together, and Northern capitalists not hundred years had been engaged in the effort liking to invest money in property the tenure to make this man simply a knowing brute, of which was of a questionable character. He that he might accomplish labour successfully spoke of the reconstruction policy of President for the selfish purposes of his owner? (Ap- Johnson as making it all the more apparent plause.) But their friends were convinced that the negroes must get help from some. that when the labour of the negroes had its where, because they were thrown back into proper reward they would be found to justify the hands of the slave-owners; and then stathe opinions entertained of them. Dr. Storrs ted the circumstances under which help was then proceeded to contradict the assertion demanded for them. that the negroes were a lazy race; he said The second resolution was moved by the they had not yet become sufficiently awake to Rev. Dr. Waddington of London : - "That the new state of the country, and had not this meeting has listened with the deepest learnt to throw off that inertia which a state attention to the statements of the Rev. H. of thraldom had induced. In places, while M. Storrs, D.D., and the Rev. Sella Martin ; the war was raging, where colonies of negroes and upon the eve of departure of these honoured had gathered, secure from guerilla incursions, and beloved brethren to the United States, they had become owners of the soil, and had desires to express its obligations to them, as proved themselves well qualified to undertake well as to the other accredited delegates from its management. He then pointed out that America, for the valuable services rendered by the great question of taking this negro popu. these gentlemen to the Freed-Men's Aid So. lation and raising it into a noble condition ciety, London ; and it would further express affected not only the Americans but socially its cordial sympathy with the devoted men and morally affected us in England in a thou- and women in America who, at the present sand points which wonld make themselves time, are putting forth such strenuous efforts manifest in due time ;and concluded by praying for the rescue of these freed people from the for those present and the churches there re- sufferings incident to their new condition; and presented, and the philanthropic publio of also its earnest prayer that peace and prosthis nation, whose heart-throbs he had been perity may be enjoyed by our brethren across permitted to feel, the choicest blessings of God the Atlantic, and that the United States of for the present and for all time to come in America and our own beloved country may be this world and the next; and be committed in united in bonds of constant friendship, and solemn trust this great matter to their de- unite in promoting the moral and religious in. cision. (applause.)
terests of mankind at large.” Dr. WaddingThe Rev. Sella Martin, a coloured mission. ton spoke to the following effect : No duty, ary, followed, but we have space for only the Sir, could be more pleasant to my own mind briefest outline of his address. He combatted than to express to these beloved American brethren onr sentiments of grateful esteem very the future of the negro seemed to be and warm sympathy with the object that bounded by his life in the field of unrequited brought them to this country. In the absence toil. Now the hand of God has opened to them of our friend Dr. Storrs, who is compelled to the door of opportunity and it cannot be closed. leave the meeting, I may take the opportunity President Johnson has set a worthy example to express to Mr. Martin the sentiments we in recognizing the people of Africa in Amer. entertain toward the millions of his race who ica as his fellow-countrymen—and in stimulain the glorious hour of freedom are suffering ting them to enter on a career of improvement. physical want, and not a few of them we fear We may pledge the philanthropists of England are at the margin of the dark valley. With that they take their full part in the work of our feelings of sincere pity we blend the most amelioration. The people of Bedford have just sincere respect (hear). We are under special raised the requisite funds to erect a Bunyan obligation to them for their almost supernatu. memorial school in one of the Southern States ral fortitude and forbearance in the midst of the (cheers )The passion of the negroes for the most trying and perilous crisis we have known acquisition of useful learning is well known. in modern times (hear, hear). For two years I will mention an incident that may interest they stood on the tantalizing edge of freedom the young people of Bristol. They have reason without losing self-control. They waited in to cherish the memory of Hannah More and the the midst of bitter provocation and cruel in. associations of Barley Wood and Cowslip Green. dignities for the appointed hour to strike for When Mr. Knowlton visited one of the stations their deliverance-when some of them after a of the Freed-men a young coloured woman transient taste of the sweets of liberty were told him that in her desire to learn to read remanded back to heavier bondage-they still she asked the visitors at her master's house to endured with heroic calmness—where space read the labels on their trunks. She procured vas cleared for a belt of emancipation extend. a primer which she concealed in her bonnet, ing fifteen hundred miles they maintained un. and by degrees mastered the art. One day broken order—at one time a procession eight her master suspecting that she had been so miles long, including the halt, the aged, the far instructed, rang the bell violently and said young, the sick and the blind, harassed in their to her in a peremptory tone “Malinda fetch me march by an opposing army, kept their onward out of the library the first volume of Hannah course and reached the camps of safety with. More;" put off her guard and fearing to disout the loss of a single straggler. With the obey her master, Milanda brought the book. same noble patience they received President “I thought, Milanda," said the angry slave. Lincoln's proclamation and when their humble master, "that you had begun to read and now I shanties were pillaged and their hospital was know it." He whipped her with his own hand destroyed in New York they still continued and almost whipped her to death (shame) steadfast and immovable (hear, hear). Who "Oh, Mr. Knowlton," she said, in telling the can imagine the horror that might have ensued story,“ how can I be thankful enough, how if they had acted a different part? We know can I be thankful enough that my daughter what military service they rendered, but it is can be taught to read the Bible and not be their unexampled moral courage and self-con- whipped to death." Dr. Waddington adverted trol that fills us with the greatest admiration to the remarkable coincidences in Providence (cheers). Now, Sir, what is due to three mil. tending to advance the cause of negro eman. lions in the crisis of their fate? That they cipation, and related some thrilling instances. should be kept from perishing ? Undoubtedly. The path of the Freed-man, he continued, But we must go further. The time is come is still beset with perils and dificulties. for reparation. We ask it in no vindictive Some in their impatience and selfishness are spirit but in the name of justice and humanity. begining to say, “Send them away." But The all-enduring negro race will have a career the voice of Heaven repeats the word of au. of improvment and usefulness if Christian men thority and of compassion given the diciples. are faithful to their trust. In the days of sla. “They need not depart, Give them to eat."
The distribution is begun and the supply will The Rov. Mr. Bacon, son of the late Dr.
Ba. be multiplied. You are aware, Mr. Chamber- con of New York, and the Rev. Dr. J. C. Hol. lain, that it is hinted by those who have not brook, who has succeeded the Rev. Sella Marbeen on our side of the American question that tin as representative of the American Mission. we are an-English and that we have tried to ary Society in this country, also addressed the produce un-friendly feeling. I hope, Sir, it is meeting, and a vote of thanks having been quite English to do right (hear), and with passed to the chairman on motion of the Rev. respect to the influence we have tried to exert, S. Hebditch (Bristol), Local Secretary of the it is enough to know in our heart of hearts that Congregational Union of England and Wales, we have had throughout a simple aim to secure the following words were sung:harmony on the basis of justice to all and of
When from each temple of the free, mutual esteem. The two nations will go hand-in-hand in this work, they will renew Most Holy Father! unto Thee
A nation's song ascends to heaven, their youth in the service of freedom and hu.
May not our humble prayer be given P manity and become a lasting blessing to the world (applanse). Dr. Waddington in clos. For those to whom Thy living word ing referred to the eminent service rendered Of light and love is never given by Dr. Storrs and Mr. Leigh, and to the toils For those whose ears have never heard and sacrifices of Professor Mitchell, Vincent The promise and the hope of heaven! Colyer, and Horace James.
For broken heart and clouded mind, The Rev. Dr. King of Dublin, seconded the
Whereon no human mercies fallresolution, and it was carried unanimously.
Oh, be Thy gracious love inclined, Dr. Fred. Tomkins, the Acting Hon. Secre.
Who, as a father, pitiest all! tary to the Society, stated that he had received an additional contribution of £10 from the And grant, O Father! that the time Chamberlain of London, (the Vice-President),
Of earth's deliverance may be near, and that the Rev. Algernon Warren, of Bristol, When every land, and tongue, and climo, wished to give £5 through the Bristol Branch
The message of Thy love shall hear-
The captive's chain shall sink in dust,
The benediction was pronounced, and the the 27th of Febrnary with the President, who requested Dr. Tomkins to use in whatever way
meeting separated. ho pleased, a military pass,on which his Excel. lency wrote:-"I heartily commend the object
IMPORTANT LETTER FROM J. B. for which Dr. Tomkins has visited this country,
BRAITHWAITE, ESQ. and wish him God speed in it. ABRAHAM LIN. Richmond, Indiana, 27th 9th mo., 1865. COLN, February 27, 1865.” Such, said the Amidst the close engagements connected speaker, was the sentiment of that great and with a visit to “Friends” in these parts, I good man, the martyr-President. If, from have as yet been unable to make any actual his sainted elevation, he could behold their personal observation as to the state of the Meeting, and was conscious of the object for Freed-men in the South. But there are a which they were assembled--and who dare few items of information which may prove not say that he was not that noble man would, altogether without interest to our friends in if possible, urge them on in their philanthropic England. At each of our “ Yearly Meetings," work. He would repeat, if vocal utterance in Iowa, at Plainfield in Western Indiana, and were possible to the disembodied spirit, “I here at Richmond, large meetings have been heartily commend the object for which you held specially devoted to the interests of the are assembled, and bid you God speed in it.” Freed-men. Our friends everywhere appear (Loud applause.)
alive to the importance both of the subject