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superiority to our emancipation policy held at the Westminster Palace Hotel, of thirty years ago by deciding to make on May 17th last, under the presidency freedom immediate, and not gradual, of His Grace the Duke of Argyll. wherever the Federal power extends. This Appeal is most timely and imporIn this, as in other matters, they have tant. The National Committee has given proof of their ability to profit been formed not in any way to superby the lessons of history. “General sede or to interfere with the full and Howard,” says the telegram, " has in- free exercise of existing societies; but structed his subordinates throughout in order to register and report the the South that no apprenticeship system operations of the Freed-men's Aid or other substitute for slavery will be Societies formed or hereafter to be tolerated.” Thus, the manumitted formed in Great Britain. This, indeed, bondsmen of the South escape one grave is its principal function. In addition danger. They are free-men in a real to this, it hopes to be able so to comand genuine sense.
Their enfranchise- bine the sympathies of our countrymen ment is not a mere sentiment; it is a in general with the views and feelings fact. It now remains for the friends of of those already interested in the cause this newly exalted race, in both the old of the Freed-man, as to impart a world and the new, to assist them by national character to the entire work. every means in their power during their Its other objects, though very importprogress through a transitional state. ant, are subsidiary to these. It is not If the sentiment which Terence puts in the intention of its founders to form a the mouth of one of his characters—“I new society, nor to divert the funds of am a man and cannot help feeling any existing societies into a new treasury. sorrow that afflicts mankind”- could Its first idea was not to receive contriexcite the universal enthusiasm of a butions at all ; but, following the model Roman audience, how much more is it of a somewhat similar organization in incumbent upon a Christian people to the United States of America, to influrespond to the appeal which comes to ence and advise, and nothing more. them from four millions of the lowliest It is obvious, however, that for the and most suffering of God's children most inexpensive oaganization some who have only just emerged from the funds must be required. The National house of bondage ? The memory of Committee will, without doubt, have the First of August, 1834, inspires us such needed funds placed in the hands with the hope that now, as then, Eng- of its treasurers. Should a surplus land will be foremost in the work of exist, most certainly that surplus will duty, and the last to desert the cause be wisely appropriated. Lest, howshe has once loyally espoused. ever, the friends of the cause should
suppose that a new society has been NATIONAL COMMITTEE. formed, we have deemed it necessary We invite attention to an Appeal to inform them that such is not the about to be issued by the National case. There appears at present to be Committee inaugurated at a meeting no tendency for the various societies to unite. The Freed-men's Aid Society, The degrading influence of two centuries of the oldest society in Great Britain— Slavery; the suddenness of the present tran. proposed such a union with the Friends' sition ; the violent process by which the fetters
were snapped ; the impoverishment of former Central Committee,-a unification of
employers; the passions incident to defeat; officers, of committee, and operations. and the interests that are still adverse to Sir T. F. Buxton, the President of the emancipation, place that people, as a whole Freed-men's Aid Society, was quite in in a position of absolute helplessness, beset favour of such a union; but, after with immense perils ;—their very freedom a
powerful temptation to idleness, disaffection, careful conference, the proposal was
and violence. Children without recognised declined. That committee felt that it parents ; mothers and fathers without the ties had a circle in which it could work, at of marriage; the diseased, the maimed, and least for the present, best alone. The the aged, unlettered, untrained to habits of Freed-men's Aid Society, which has self-support;—what a field for philanthropy!
-what a demand upon the prompt and effi. formed nearly twenty auxiliaries in
cient help of all that acknowledge their duty various parts of the country—the “ to do to others as they would have others Friends' Central Committee—and the do to them!” Food, clothing, shelter, meMidland Freed-men's Aid Society, dicine, education, implements of industry, and with its head quarters at Birming- patient training in the useful arts, are the ham—will thus continue to labour in obvious want of a people so circumstanced,
and such help, for a time, must come, and their several spheres for the great and
come abundantly, from external sources. urgent work in which all are at present And on whom rests the obligation to supply heartily engaged.
this indispensable temporary aid ? It is freely The following is the address of the admitted that the Government and people of National Committee, to which we invite America are bound to do what they can to special attention.
meet this great and sudden necessity. And
let it not be forgotten that the American GoAn Appeal to the people of England, from the vernment by the supply of rations; and the
National Committee of the British Freed- people, by the formation of several very effi. · Men's Relief Associations.
cient Freed-Men's Aid Associations, and indi. Respected Fellow-Countrymen--The freedom vidual sacrifices of the highest order, all freely of the coloured race in the Southern States is and efficiently rendered amidst the pressure no longer the doubtful issue of a sanguinary of a gigantic war, and the anxieties of its sud. conflict; but a fact accomplished by the peace, den collapse, have clearly acknowledged their sanctioned by law, strictly maintained in the full share of obligation in this work of hu. measures of restoration now in progress, and manity. guaranteed by the honour and interest of the But does this duty rest upon America alone ? nation. The yoke of Slavery in North Ame. It may not be deemed expedient for the Bririca is broken, and will not be reimposed. tish Government to intermeddle. But we, the
But it is one thing to deliver a vast commu- people of England, are bound to aid this enternity from bondage, and another to fit them for prise by our duty to the negro, to ourselves, to the duties and privileges of freedom. The America, and to the world at large. first step does not necessarily involve the Whoever may be to blame for the recent second, which is the great problem re- war, and its disastrous effects, the negro is maining to be solved. Self-adjustment to the innocent. He neither originated the strife duties and privileges of their new position; nor took advantage of the opportunity it gave independently of friendly guidance and special him of inflicting revenge for past wrongs ; help from without, is an absolute impossibility. and by his patience under injury, and readiness to respond to calls of justly requited our land, and have unitedly contributed, in labour, has won for himself a fair title to the cash and goods, at least £40,000. sympathy, respect and assistance of the civi. But what is this gift among so many ? and lized world.
what proportion does it bear to the power, By our own past conduct to the negro race, ability, obligations, and philanthropy of Old we have placed ourselves under special obli. England ? gation to come forward and help them freely Impressed with the conviction that this in their present exigency. Whether the first work should be conducted on a different scale, cargo of slaves was conveyed to North Ame- and become a fair expression of the national rica by the English or the Dutch, it is undeni. character on such a question; it has been able that we at a very early stage participated agreed, after a special Conference of Delegates in this nefarious traffic; and we, as a nation, of different District Associations, at a Public have largely shared in the profits of this cruel Meeting under the presidency of His Grace and unrighteous toil. Our entreaties, reproofs, the Duke of Argyll, to form a Central Board, deputations, and example, helped to stimulate bearing the name of the “ National Committee the Anti-Slavery action of the Free States; of the British Freed-Men's Aid Associations.” and we, by our past sacrifices, and persister While this “National Committee" leaves to Anti-Slavery policy, have earned the repu- each Association to raise and remit contributation, and incurred the responsibility of the tions as may be deemed in each case most apspecial friends of the African race.
propriate; it will endeavour to gather up and Nor can it be denied that we have a debt to report, from time to time, the progress of this discharge to the American people. To say work at home and abroad; to advise local nothing of our common origin, and the many Committees on questions that may arise; to ties of kinship that bind us together, no true assist in forming additional Auxiliaries; to Englishmen can ever forget their generous direct the visits of Deputations; to receive action towards us in the Irish Famine of 1847. and appropriate contributions entrusted to it; and in the more recent distress of Lancashire. to give the necessary testimonials and introThe aggregate assistance thus spontaneously duction to any duly authorised advocates from rendered by America to England in the time abroad; to obtain and publish reports of conof our need is estimated at not less than tributions obtained by such visitors; and to £250,000.
take such further action as may be deemed Then let us not overlook the bearing of this advisable, so as to make this effort truly good work, on the general interests of the national, and really worthy of the British name. world. Let the African race in America be Such then, fellow-countrymen, is the im. well cared for, and duly raised to the full portant work to which, in the providence of dignity of citizenship, and many of them, of God, we, as a people, are clearly called, — their own accord, will prove the best pioneers such the reasons for our action,-such the in the future civilization of the Continent outline of the scheme by which it is proposed from which, in the days of the Slave-trade, to carry it into effect. they were so cruelly torn. And by our generous aid to America, in the present circum.
FREED-MEN'S AID SOCIETY. stances, we may help to lay the foundations of a friendship which no future mistakes will
President-Sir T. FOWELL BUXTON, Bart., M.P. be able to shake; and cement an alliance
SPECIAL APPEAL. which will be of the greatest advantage, not AMERICA in 1846 assisted us when only to the two nations themselves, but to the famine desolated Ireland, again in 1862freedom, peace, and prosperity of mankind.
63, when the Slave-owners War caused Happily for our credit as a nation, we have not to appeal for the first English contribution a famine of cotton in Lancashire. In to the proposed object. Already several the first instance she sent to the value Freed-Men's Aid Associations are at work in of £200,000, and in the latter £70,000
The British people have now an oppor
Bremen, July 18th, 1865. tunity for making some return to her, Rev. Crammond Kennedy, as she is bravely struggling under ad_ 11, Queen Sq., London, W.C.
Sir, verse circumstances, with the heaviest
We had the pleasure to receive your esteemed load of uneducated helpless pauperism favour of the 15th instant, and we beg to exthat any country in the history of the press to you that we heartily sympathise with world, has ever been called upon sud- the work your Association is engaged in. If denly to bear! Co-operate with the
we did not offer you a free passage in the
“America," 16th proximo, on receipt of your philanthropists of America now; and letter to Captain Wenke, it was owing to the when this apparent disaster is turned circumstance of nearly all berths having alinto a blessing you will have some right ready been bespoken, and we were acting under to expect that a portion of the “ blessing the impression of not being able to answer to of them that are ready to perish" will
our shareholders, under the circumstancesthen be yours! Although thousands in reconsidering the matter, we feel most happy
the granting of free passages. However, after money and bales of clothing by the to enclose, as a token of our sympathy, a ticket hundred, have been sent to the United for a first-class passage for you in the “ AmeStates, the need is so great that all we rica,” and desiring all success to your Associacan do will be required, and fall far tion, short of the necessities of the case.
Sir, Money contributions continue to be
Your obedient servants, received by Samuel Gurney, Esq., M.P.,
THE MANAGERS OF THE NORTH, Treasurer, 65, Lombard Street, London,
London Office of the Hill, London, N.; by Dr. Fred. Tom- National Freed-Men's Relief Association kins, Secretary, 3, Tanfield Court, Inner
11, Queen Square, W.C., Temple, London, E.C.; and by Messrs.
July 21st, 1865.
To the Managers of Barclay, Bevan & Co., Bankers, 54,
the North German Lloyd. Lombard Street, London, E.C. Con
Gentlemen, tributions of goods are kindly received
Accept my hearty thanks on behalf of this and forwarded free of duty and charge Association, and the millions whom it aims to by Mhssrs. Johnson, Johnson & Co., emancipate from the effects of the most Tea Merchants, 17, Blomfield Street, debasing servitude, for your generous grant
of a free passage, and especially for your Finsbury, E.C.
expressions of sympathy in our most Christian enterprise.
Having been a Chaplain during two of the HELP FROM GERMANY. severest campaigns of the recent tremendous
war, I have witnessed many striking proofs of Tue Norddeutscher Lloyd's has given the exalted devotion of the German citizens of the Rev. C. Kennedy a free passage on the Republic to her laws, her life, and her his return to the United States. The redemption from the sin, the shame, and the Hon. C. C. Leigh is about to proceed ably gratifying to me to find in the father
curse of slavery. It is, therefore, unspeak. to Germany to urge the cause of the land of these heroes, many of whom have Freed-man.
died for the perpetuation of popular govern
ment, and the extension of freedom, a desire
Norfolk, Va., March 18, 1865. to lend the country of their adoption a My dear Miss helping hand in her noble and arduous work Perhaps you are accustomed to receive of relieving and elevating the enfranchised letters from persons you have never seen, and
will not be atterly astonished when you find & A revolution in the vital conditions and strange locality mentioned in this letter, and prospects of such a multitude -a social revo
a strange name also. I trust the enclosed lution, begun in an unparalleled conflict, and letter of your father's, with a few additions in progressing in the midst of consequent dis- regard to my own personal history, will satisfy ruptions, civil and industrial, must have time, your very natural curiosity, and be the means and should be aided to the utmost by the of establishing an agreeable acquaintance organized philanthropy of Christendom. Sci- between an English and an American girl. ence is rapidly overcoming the physical diffi. Surely we should be friends if not relations; culties of international communication (be- for is not your noble country the mother of hold your own steamships); but it is the my own? With this common tie between us, heavenly mission of UNION in such an enter and the fact of a delightful acquaintance with prise as ours, to foster in the leading nations your good father, I hope you will receive this the respect and good-will in which the peace friendly letter as gladly as I write it. Your of the world, and the progress of civilization, father and I have met under strange circum. are so vitally involved. England and France stances. He, in his love and benevolence are already astir. Germany, I hope, will soon towards a poor down-trodden race, came to be animated by the same generous enthu. this country to lend an Englishman's hearty siasm.
aid to them in their great need; and Norfolk, With sentiments of the highest obligation Virginia, being one centre of the Freed-men's and esteem,
interests, he came here, making on his way Gentlemen,
the acquaintance of a dear brother of minə Yours, most respectfully, engaged in this same work as an officer of the CRAMMOND KENNEDY. army. Coming here after seeing him he took
notice of me, and this, added to the rather
strange coincidence of my looking like you, @orrespondence.
awoke a natural interest. You will not dislike
to hear that I was very much delighted with The following letter was not intended for him, and shall not forget his pleasant face publication, but will, it is believed, well repay and intelligent conversation. He did a great perusal. It accurately describes the kind of deal of good by talking to these ignorant work now being carried on, not only at Nor- people, whom I am here to help upwards in folk, but at Alexandria, Richmond, and other my humble way. In their own language, places in Virginia. In the Teachers' “ Home" they heard “right earnest talk." Having in in Norfolk, formerly the residence of the noto. my school two interesting little girls, twins, rious Capt. Semmes, of the Alabama, twelve and once slaves, and intending to have their young ladies from the Northern States find a pictures taken, it occurred to me to send one dwelling-place whilst pursuing their laudable to you in case of success. My asking your avocation of teaching the freed Negroes. Miss father for your address was the cause of this A., the daughter of a clergyman, is a teacher letter. Various hindrances have prevented in connexion with the National Freed-men's my getting them as soon as expected; and Relief Association, represented in this country not liking to keep the enclosed letter longer, by the Hon.C.C. Leigh. Col. A., her brother, I shall take pleasure in forwarding the little a noble and gallant officer, was in command picture another time. of a Negro regiment in the army of the James A few of the promised words about myself: at the time the letter was written. Happily, I am the daughter of a missionary, the Rev. we believe, he survives the war.
Dr. A.........., who went to the Sandwich