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whose advent millions of our countrymen Correspondence.
have just celebrated. What then is our
plain duty ? Not certainly to restrict

Department of Stato, Washington,

October 16, 1865. our exertions to any clime, or to any Fred. Tomkins, Esq., M.A., D.C.L., one section of this people who at the

Sec. Freed-men's Aid Society, London. present time appeal so strongly to our My dear Sir, countrymen; but to see to it that our I take pleasure in acknowledging the re. philanthropic organizations are broad ceipt of your letter of the 23rd ult. I regret

to inform you however that a copy of the enough to render the right kind of help

Speech of His Grace the Duke of Argyll, when and wherever it

be needed.

therein referred to, was not received.

The humane interest in the condition of the AMERICAN FREED-MEN'S AID

Freed-men, and in the welfare of the United COMMISSION.

States, manifested by the distinguished body DR. FRED. TOMKINS, the Secretary on behalf of whom you write, is gratefully of the Freed-men's Aid Society, has re- appreciated by this Government. ceived the following communication :

I am, my Dear Sir,

Yours very truly, « To FOREIGN FRIENDS.

W. HUNTER, Acting Secretary. “ Resolved— That it is the grateful duty of this Commission to acknowledge

War Department, with sincere thanks the brotherly sym- Bureau of Refugees, Freed-men and Abandoned pathy in our work, manifested by the Lands, Washington, several foreign Aid Societies in Great

October 13, 1865. Britian and on the Continent of Europe,


I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt as well as the efficient and timely aid of your communication of the 27th September, rendered by them, to the cause of the transmitting for the information of Major. Freed-men and humanity, by their libe- General Howard, U.S.A. Commissioner of the ral contributions in money and material. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned

“We thank them for the assistance Lands, a copy of an address delivered by His heretofore extended to the various local

Grace the Duke of Argyll, at a meeting held

at the Westminster Palace Hotel, May 17th, and State Societies, now forming inte-1865. General Howard is now absent from gral parts of this Commission, and assure the War Department on an inspection tour, them that our present comprehensive through the southern States, with the view of organization will enable us to render informing himself more thoroughly touching

the relations existing between the Freed-men any future contribution from them, still

and their late masters. On his return I will more effective for the education and ele- submit the document you so kindly transmit, vation of the Freed people throughout and beg leave in his behalf to present the the whole of our country.'

thanks of the Burean, for the friendly interest " Jacos R. SIPHERD, Scc."

expressed in your note, for its operations among

the Freed-men of America. Rev. H. W. BEECHER has had an interview I am, Sir, very respectfully, with President Johnson, who frankly declared

Your obedient servant, that no State lately in rebellion ought to be

MAXWELL WOODHOUSE. permitted to resume its former status and

Assistant Adjutant General position in the Union until it has adopted the Constitutional amendment, and promised to Frederick Tomkins, Esq., extend protection to all freedom.

Sec. Freed-Men's Aid Society, London,

Headquarters Asssistant Commissioner, Bu. To the Editor of the Freed-Man,"

reau Refugees, Freed-men and Abandoned Sir, Lands, South Carolina and Georgia, Charles- The recent decision of the committee of the ton, S. c.

London Freed-Men's Aid Society to compreNov. 3rd, 1865.

hend within the range of its practical sympaMy Dear Sir,

thies the emancipated negroes in all lands I thank you sincerely for your kind letter of who may need help in their suffering condition Sept. 22nd in which you did me the honor to is sound and just. forward to me a copy of the speech of his

The unconscious pride of philanthropy may Grace the Duke of Argyll, delivered at the lead some to keep exclusively to the American Westminster Palace Hotel. I greatly regret field in order to swell the aggregate amount that, through the failure I presume of the mails, of contribution, but it will be found ultimately the speech has not yet reached me. I shall that the Freed-men in the Southern States take measures to procure a copy ofitif possible. will sustain no loss by this equitable enlarge. It is a great source of gratification to me to ment of our basis of operations. know that one in the high position, and with The truth is that Jamaica has long been a the influence of His Grace of Argyll should feel great stumbling-block to the cause of eman. and act with us " Abolitionists” of the United cipation in America. The friends of freedom States in å cause whose success we regard as across the Atlantic are extremely anxious that vital to the best interests of humanity in our it should be removed. They are setting us own country, and throughout the world, and an example that we shall do well to imitate. essential to our own existence as a nation. I The President the Congress Christian can say for myself, and in behalf of thousands Churches-voluntary benevolent associations of my countrymen, that we shall ever feel and the different Boards of Trade-are putting grateful for the sympathy which our“Father. forth combined effort to relievo the physical land” has given us in the mighty struggle wants of the Freed-men-to find them immu. through which we are passing. We believe diate occupation, and to raise their moral that whenever we have spoken out for freedom, condition, not only for the improvement of the England has been with us always. Her negroes but for the permanent advantage of honoured sons whom I could name, who have the country, and in that for the benefit of the spoken brave words of encouragement to us in world. our darkest hours, and by the teachings of the We are sadly in the rear, but there is no past and prophecies for the future bid us be of necessity that we should always lag behind. good cheer, need only to come to America to The startling events in Jamaica have reknow how they are understood and appreciated. vealed a state of destitution, ignorance, and That our country's future may not disappoint crime, that is a scandal to our Christian civi. the hopes of those who love liberty and believe lization. It is clear that casual and spasmodic in justice to all men, is my carnest prayer. efforts will not meet the exigencies that have I remain my dear Sir,

arisen. We must put forth our united strength With great respect and esteem, with systematic persistency until the work is

Yours sincerely, fairly accomplished.

R. SAXTON. Party complications or sectarian contention

Brevet. Maj. Gen. afford no valid excuse for continued neglect F. Tomkins, Esq., M.A., D.C.L., London, Eng. The claim of humanity is simple, and in great

extremities it is paramount. It need not [The above important correspondence will surprise us to learn that from the outrages be read with the deepest interest by the friends committed in Jamaica negrophobia in this of America and the Freed-men in this country country has assumed a more aggravated type, The interchange of philanthropic sentiment and that the crimes of a part of the neglected between the United States and Great Britain population has rendered some willing that the cannot fail to be productive of lasting good.] entire race should perish. More than this, it

is possible to find persons who will say if you THE AMERICAN FREED-MEN PERISHING furnish relief to the houseless, naked and To the Editor of the Freed-Man.” wounded black people of Jamaica, you shall Sir,-Will you permit me to lay a few facts have no help for the millions of the same before your readers going to show the present colour in America. But our homage to pre- distressed situation of many of the freed ne. judice of this kind should not be excessive. We groes of the United States, and the pressing must plant ourselves firmly on a right principle necessity that exists of sending them aid ? I and trust in Him who has all hearts in His fear that their real condition is not generally hand and who can turn them as rivers of appreciated. No comments, it seems to me, water.

are needed on the following extracts, to enforce It is not intended that contributions given for the claims of suffering humanity upon the be. the Freed-men of America should be diverted nevolent. from the object to which they were devoted- In the monthly report of the National Freed. but for the future we should stand in readiness men's Relief Association of New York, recently to watch for opportunities to convey help from issued, it is said: “The concurrent testi. those who are inclined to afford it to Freed. mony of our correspondents from all points is men in our own colonies or in any part of the to the same sad effect. With a nominal free. world.

dom but without money or land, surrounded To multiply organizations needlessly is a

by a population ignorant, prejudiced, hostile, waste of time and means that every honest

and a local government suspicious and un.

friendly, they have no reliance save in help man should deprecate. I express only my

from abroad. personal conviction when I say that n order

" From Louisiana we hear, there are seve. to secure the continuance of generous confidence we must guard against the manufacturing to see their necessities and hear their sad cries

ral thousands in my charge, and it is pitiful of societies in the name of benevolence, and for help. The women and children are worse perambulating committees in which there is of

off than the men. A large proportiou are crip. necessity in some form an amount of expense pled and infirm, most of them bruised and incurred which is worse than useless. If it

mangled by cruel task-masters.' should be found that other associations cannot

“ Mr. Kevine writes from Florida: Since adopt a simple and economical basis this should not prevent the London Society from abiding from the plantations because former masters

the suspension of hostilities many are coming by its more expansive policy-assuredly it

refuse to remunerate them for services in rais. would not long stand alone.

ing the crops, either by wages or shares. The existence of your Journal (the "Freed. Others are driven off by violence and threats, Man”) is a great advantage to the cause of stripped of everything and compelled to wan. philanthropy at this juncture. No sectarian der without food for days except as gathered or political party can deal with the Jamaica in the woods or begged. Their condition de. question in all its bearings. Nothing is really fies description.' settled until it is settled right. We shall want « From North Carolina comes the same sad before the work is over the aid of the finest story. 'Old men and women who have worked minds in the country, and it is well that an all their lives long are driven away without organ is provided for the communication of

one mouthful of food, or clothing enough to facts and for able and free discussion. I feel cover their nakedness. Hardly a day pass es assured that you will be sustained against all but my sympathies are strongly appealed to antagonistic influence, come from whatever by some case of entire destitution.' quarter it may

" From these reports,” says the secretary, I am Sir,

some idea may be gathered of the prospects Yours faithfully, for the winter. The accounts, painful as they JOHN WADDINGTON. are, fall short of the reality and would drive

us to dspair but for our reliance on providence.'' In an appeal of the Union Commission of Bureau was established, call again for the beNew York in October signed by Rev. Dr. nevolence of the North. Unless clothing of Thompson and others, we have this statement: all kinds is furnished there must be great " Half the continent has been desolated by war. suffering and loss of life during the inclement In many portions of the South, especially in season now approaching. the track of Sherman's army, the distress is “ The means at the disposal of the Freedgreat and constantly increasing; official re. men's Bureau are entirely inadequate to meet ports received at our office tell us of women the demands of destitate humanity. and children (whites) who walk from ten to Blankets, woolen shirts, pantaloons, wo. forty miles for bread, and then only obtain a men and children’s underclothing and dresses, morsel, frequently nothing; of naked human shoes and stockings of all sizes, are needed. beings curling down by the side of their once “ Great portions of these two States have prosperous and happy homes, now reduced to been desolated and laid waste by the late war. nothing save the roots of an old brick chim. Industry has been interrupted, and even large ney; of tiers of counties in Northern Georgia districts entirely suspended, and thousands of in which there is not as much food growing people are utterly destitute. for man and beast as can be found on a re- * 35,000 blankets are needed in South Caro. spectable northern farm. In the distress the lina and on the Sea Islands alone. Every innocent suffer with the guilty-children with necessary article of wearing apparel which their parents; freed-men with their former you can send will be the means of saving some masters."

one from suffering. Now if such be the condition of whites, what « Great care will be used in the distribution must be that of the blacks? The Union Com. of the clothing and supplies sent, as an officer mission, organized for the relief of the suffer- will be specially appointed to acknowledge ing whites, have been compelled to give assis, the receipt of the above articles, and attend tance, they tell us, “ to not less than twenty to their distribution. thousand suffering poor in Middle Tennessee “I a am, with great respect, your obedient and to an incalculable number in Eastern servant, R. Saxron, Brevet Maj. Gen. and Tennessee, and have given food and clothing Asst. Com.” to fifteen thousand in Richmond and over 3,000 dollars in supplies in the valley of the I shall be happy to give further information Shenandoah (Virginia), and less amounts to to any who desire it, as to the mode of forvarious points from Little Rock in Arkansas warding supplies, free from customs duties (west of the Mississippi) to Fernandenia in and without expense of freight, or to address Florida (on the Atlantic coast).”

public meetings, when desired, in reference to And finally, the following, dated only a few the condition and prospects of the colored weeks ago, comes from the highest official people in the United States. source, General Saxton, second in position to

JOHN C. HOLBROOK, General Howard, the head of the Freed-man's

Representative of the American · Bureau, under the government.

Missionary Association, New York.

Address, 11, Queen Square, • Head-quarters, Assistant Commissioner, Bu. London, W.C.

rean Refugees, Freed-men and Abandoned Lands, South Carolina, Georgia, Charleston, The Committee of the Freed-men's Aid S. C., October 12, 1865.

Society meet on the first and third Wednes. “ Joel Cadbury, jun., Friends' Freed-man's day in each month, at two o'clock, at the

Relief Association, Philadelphia, Pennsyl. Anti-Slavery Society's Rooms, 27, New Broad vania.

Street, City, E.C. "My dear Sir, I deom it my duty, to call ALL packages of goods intended for the your attention to the fact that great numbers Freed-men should be forwarded to Messrs. of destitute persons, for whose protection this Johnson, Johnson & Co., Blomfield-street, E.C.


necessary to mention the word Jamaica to ASSOCIATION,

show them that there was a universal feeling The third quarterly meeting of this society amongst those who had been connected with was held in Manchester on Wednesday Dec. this society that the term “Freed-men's aid” 13th. A large number of ladies and gentlemen must now be understood in a more compre. breakfasted at the Trevelyan Hotel, Corpora. hensive sense than when it was first adopted. tion-street, after which, speeches were made, (Applause.) The Freed-men of to-day in the Mr. Jacob Bright in the chair. Deputations United States demanded our aid and sym. were present from America, but the Rev. W. pathy, and had obtained it to a large extent; Channing, who had been announced to attend, but the Freed-men of thirty years ago, who was unable to come.

were our own fellow.subjects, who were a The Chairman said that the first meeting of part with ourselves of the British empirethe association was held in Birmingham about these were just now also appealing to us for six months ago, and the second in Bristol, and assistance, and if he did not over-estimate the both were eminently successful in advancing character of Englishmen that population in the objects the society had in view, namely, the West Indies would speedily receive the the obtaining of moral and material support assistance they required. (Cheers.) There for the Freed-men in the United States of was a committee in London being formed America. The total amount already subscribed called the Jamaica Central Committee, and for that purpose was £62,000, and to show every person who could, should, by name, the sort of zeal which was exhibited in some influence, or money, assist that committee. He places, it might be stated that, during the for one had never any great confidence that a week succeeding the first meeting, £1,000 government would do the right thing, unless was subscribed in Birmingham alone. (Ap- the rod was held over it. (Hear, hear, and plause.) Considering the wealth and popula- laughter.) It seemed to him to be in the very tion of Manchester, it could hardly, perhaps, nature of governments never to show any ex. be said that the society bad been similarly traordinary energy, except when they were supported here-where, however, it should defending their own existence, or perhaps be remembered, business had been interrupted sometimes when they were shielding their for a long time in a most extraordinary man. nominees or protecting their tools. (Renewed ner, and could only be carried on with great laughter.) In the present instance he should risk and anxiety. He was not sure, too, that have more confidence that justice would be in this wealthy portion of England the sym- done, if it were vigorously demanded by the pathisers with the Confederacy were not more people. We could not help the Freed-men of numerous than in some other parts. (Hear, America in any way so well as by helping hear.) And, by a process of reasoning, the them through the Freed-men of the West Indies. logic of which he could never understand, it If it were shown that justice was done there was found, in endeavouring to raise subscrip between white and black, an example would tions for the Freed-men, that the opposition be set which would extend to all future times. which was given to the North in the late con. (Applause.) He could not believe there would test was now transferred to those who were be uninterrupted peace and harmony in the endeavouring to assist the Southern popula. Southern states for some time. Nothing was tion. It would have been very extraordinary more likely than that in a little time there if we had not done something in the emer. wonld be collisions between the white and gency which had now arisen, for there was no black populations, resulting perhaps in bar. country in the world more benevolent than barous deeds similar to those we now deplored

A great deal of the money raised in in our own possessions. It would be a great England had been expended in clothing, which thing if in such a case we were in a position had been forwarded to America : and remem- to point to our own example in the West In. bering the hard American winters, the funds dies, and prove that the blacks there had as could not be better employed. It was only much protection as the whites. We were told


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