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not to judge the governor and his associates a cotton spinner, the country lost £20,000,000 upon snspicion. The very thing asked for by the cotton famine, occasioned by the Amewas that those officials should be rightly rican war. At the time of the Irish famine the judged. Inquiry, not punishment, was asked Americans sent over £170,000 in four months, for. When it was remembered that the men and there could not be a better time than the who were charging people with attacking Go- present to repay the debt by assisting those vernor Eyre and company without evdience who had been described as “a stripped and Lad nothing at all to say when thousands of perishing multitude, torn to pieces between men and women were slaughtered upon mere the giant monsters of slavery and war.” (Ap. suspicion, it ill became them to talk about the plause.)—The resolution, having been se. haste with which an inquiry was demanded. conded by Mr. Kingsley, of Manchester, was He confessed he did not regret that the bar. carried unanimously. barities in Jamaica were followed up by that The Rev. J. S. Jones, of Liverpool, moved profound piece of stupidity,—the local govern. the second resolution, asking for practical ment's attack upon the Dissenting chapels aid. He said when we fed our own slaves we and schools. There was a time when Dissent. thonght our work was done, and thereupon ing chapels were attacked in England, but the framed, and glazed, and hung up over the chapels won the battle at last. (Cheers.) national mantelpiece a picture of that memo. The questions affecting the Freed-men of rable £20,000,000, and every time we looked America and Jamaica could not be seperated, at it, we thought it was a permanent testimoand he did not believe we should be found nial to ourselves. (Laughter.) Recent events deserting our friends in the former country had called into existence once more the true because we were attending to our own people anti-slavery ring; this was the case even in in the latter. If in after years a parallel Liverpool. (Loud laughter.)—The resolution should be drawn between America and Eng. was seconded by Mr. Morgan, of Birmingham, land in this matter of reconstruction and deal. and carried unanimously. ing with the black populations, he hoped the The Rev. D. Holbrook, accredited represen. parallel would not be to the disadvantage of tative of the American Missionary Association, the British people. (Loud cheers.)
the Rev. A. L. Post, president of the American Mr. A. Albright, of Birmingham, moved a Baptist Free Missions, and the Rev. H. Weller, resolution expressing sympathy with the formerly chaplain in Sherman's army, in very Freed-men of America, and welcoming to brief speeches (limited to five minutes each), Manchester the gentlemen who had attended severally acknowledged the welcome they had as a deputation from the United States. In received. explaining the causes of non-attendance on A cordial vote of thanks was proposed to the part of gentlemen who had been invited, the Chairman. It was stated by Mr. Joseph he referred to the Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, Simpson that there was only £100 in hand at who, as member for South Lancashire, had the present time, but that it was hoped to raise been asked to attend. Some of his (Mr. £500 during the day to send off by the next Albright's) friends had had an extremely satis- mail to America. One gentleman had offered factory interview with the Chancellor of the £100 towards that sum. A gentleman in the Exchequer. Mr. Thomas Hughes, M. P., in body of the meeting suggested that a general describing that interview said," Mr. Glad. Sunday-school subscription should be set on stone expressed a deep interest in the cause foot. of the Freed-men and in the endeavours we Mr. Jacob Bright having acknowledged the are making to aid them;" adding, towards vote of thanks, the meeting terminated. the close of his letter, “Tis warm goodwill you are permitted to announce." (Applause.) A public meeting was held in the evening, in In appealing for funds for the association, the Friends' Meeting House, Cross-street. Mr. Mr. Albright said that according to a careful R. Charlton, of Bristol, was voted to the chair, estimate, corroborated on the previous day by and he opened the proceedings by describing the history, success, and position of the move. master's children. (Laughter.) What would ment to aid the freed negroes, incidentally be the condition of the aristocracy of England, mentioning that the Americans themselves if all our mechanics and labourers were taken had raised in various ways a sum equal to away? How many of that aristocracy would £1,250,000 sterling. He also announced, be starved before next spring? (Hear, hear, amidst considerable cheering, that the £500 and laughter.) The American " chivalry" mentioned at the morning meeting had been boasted their descent from the English arisraised during the day.— The Rev. Mr. Brown, tocracy, and the correspondent of a London of Birmingham, moved the first resolution, paper, writing from Charleston but a week or urging the claims of the society.—The Rev. two ago, said that the sympathies of the Mr. Jones, of Liverpool, seconded the motion; slave-holders were with the aristocracy of the Rev. Mr. Brittain supported it, and the England, and that therefore England ought to meeting carried it unanimously.—The Rev. have come to their defence, and recognised Dr. Holbrook, from America, in addressing them as an independent power.
(Loud the meeting, stated there were four millions laughter.) In helping the slave it must not of emancipated slaves in America needing be forgotten that we should be also helping aid; one-third of them were aged, 800,000 the white man.-Dr. Tomkins, of London, were children under twelve years of age, and said he had had ample opportunity of proving a large proportion, either from cruel treatment, that there was no truth in the allegation that neglect, or disease, were incapacitated from the negroes would not work. He had seen sickness. Hundreds and thousands of them camps of negroes which were so superior to were in danger of perishing from want of clo- those of the whites that they attracted general thing and the barest necessities of life. Much attention, and he gave a number of instances suffering was apprehended during the coming showing the dexterity, perseverance, and pro. winter, not only for the blacks but also whites. vidence of the coloured population. Officers He indignantly repudiated the calumny that who had commanded black troops preferred the negroes would not work. The hostility in them, and General Grant himself said to him the South towards the blacks had increased, | (Dr. Tomkins), “If I wanted men for watch. because the residents looked upon the negroes fulness, for diligence in the trenches, and for as the cause of their troubles. He believed dash, I would choose black troops. In the that, after the reconstruction, if the Govern- field, where coolness might be required, I ment did not interfere, the blacks would be should put white troops with them.” (Apshut out from all privileges in the future as in plause.)—A vote of thanks was moved to the the past. Only a day or two ago, he saw the chairman by the Rev. Dr. Massie, seconded draft of a bill, contemplated in South Carolina, by Mr. Clegg, and carried amid applause.-aiming at the virtual restoration of slavery The mecting then closed. when the power got back in the hands of the white masters. The Southerners were deter- A LADY writes to us that "she and her mined to cling to the last rag of slavery, friends have been taking in 14 copies of the either in the form of serfdom or by oppressive Freed-Man,' since its commencement, and laws. If they could not get the form, they she handed another name to the booksellers seemed determined to get the fact. The a few days since. One and all of the above great thing then to do was to educate and much value the publication, and extra copies elevate the negroes, to disqualify them for can be readily disposed of to advantage. One slavery, and to qualify them for freedom of these was forwarded the other day to a while they were still under the protection of gentleman at Kentucky.” This lady and her the Northern government. (Applause.)— The friends have lately sent about £60 worth of Rev. Mr. Post, from America, said the slave goods to the American Freedmen. Another was perfectly able to take care of himself, for lot is to be forwarded shortly. Many poor he had, during the last 200 years, supported shivering women and children will feel the not only himself, but his master and his effects of this benevolence during the winter. FACTS VERSUS FICTION.-WILL THE the people he had ever employed in tropical NIGGER WORK ?
climates, none were equal to the African. BY WILSON ARMISTEAD ESQ.
Henry Robin, the first young African placed Many times recently when saying a word under his own care in this city, immediately on behalf of the emancipated slaves of Ame- learned to clean cotton, acquired a knowledge rica, have I been accosted with this remark, of other processes, then went into a turning or something to the same effect, “ But what shop, and orked as a mechanic; next learned is to become of them in the end, for the niggers carpentering and building, all the time worked are by nature lazy and indolent, and will never as a Sunday school teacher (the best in the work unless compelled to it?" The origin of school according to the clergyman's account), this belief is to be traced very much to state- returned to Lagos, and was employed by the ments found in the Times and other papers, West African Company at £400 a year. But which appear to be received as gospel by those for the training he received he would probably who read them. That such an idea is, how. have been labouring at from 5d. to 1s. per ever, the very opposite of the truth, and that day. The same might be said of another man the fears arising from it are much exaggerated, named Faulkner, who was engaged at £120 a we have abundant testimony from credible year. The Africans whom he knew had shown witnesses not a few.
such force of character, such rapidity in In a recent letter from Philadelphia from a learning, such ability in execution, that he gentleman who has the most reliable informa- had arrived at the conclusion that Africans tion, occurs this striking passage, embodying simply required education to compete with us in itself a direct contradiction of the serious in any undertaking." charge brought against the freed negro;- This rather reminds one of the statement There is great room for help of all kinds, but made by a gentleman on his return from Ame. the most gratifying feature is the ability and rica, who said that “when he was at the slave will of the [freed] people themselves to do a marts of the South he remembered auctioneers large part of their own work.
would describe a slave as being “a good By last mail, I have also a letter from one wheelwright" or " a good carpenter," would who has been for many months in immediate say “he understands the management of a contact with the refugee camps in the South. steam-engine," " he works well," "he bears Dating from Nashville, Tennessee, he says, a good character,” and he wanted to know “ There are some noble men among them. what more could be said of a white man who As a striking comment upon their inability could neither read nor write." to take care of themselves, is the fact that out A Paris paper, the Opinione Nationale, con. of about 1,500 in Huntsville, only forty re- siders as exaggerated the fears entertained by ceive rations from the Government superin- many persons as to the unfavourable result tendent." The letter goes on to say, “The to arise from the emancipation of four millions stories of hardship and cruelty which these of slaves, which it has been alleged must be men tell are pititul indeed, but the patience attended with great difficulty, if not danger. and perseverance they have displayed in learn. This paper comments as follows: ing to read is wonderful. What dost thou “ The blacks are said to be lazy; for them think of a man's chalking one by one the let. liberty will be simply liberty to do nothing, ters from a signboard on his black arm, and they will become a national trouble and and then asking some white boy its name ? a burden without compensation. We cannot One man, the most intelligent of all, had to share in so sweeping an opinion. The blacks work evenings to eke out a support for his are capable, under a regime of liberty, of perfamily, and yet by passing sleepless nights forming regular and profitable work; they taught himself to read. I found he knew have other wants besides those of the far niente something on every subject which I mentioned. order; and these other wants, spontaneously
At a recent meeting of the Society of Arts and of necessity developed by contact with in London, Leonard Wray stated that “ of all the active life of men of other races, will, as
we cannot doubt, stimulate the black, to ro- cation to fit him to use it aright—and he asks markable exertion of productive force. We for no more. If you will refer to the reports are not uttering any random opinion; we can of the teachers and inspectors at the various point to the living proofs of what we advance. camps and schools, you will see how universal There exists, as every one knows, and even in is this evidence of an independent feeling on the vicinity of the United States, a country in the part of the blacks themselves. " We can which the blacks, entirely their own masters, work—are willing to do so—but we don't like have formed during two-thirds of a century to live upon charity.” The women are taught an independent State. If there is a country to sew; material is provided for them, and they on the earth where they are permitted to are paid for their work just as our women were wholly give themselves up to their natural in. in the sewing schools in Lancashire. Many, stincts, it is beyond contradiction the Island if not most, of the able-bodied men were in. of Hayti. But what has actually happened in duced or compelled to enlist; others remain this negro Republic ? Let figures answer the at home, and where practicable work for wages question. The Haytian negroes exported in in the fields. The children are taken into the 1821, 21 millions of pounds of coffee, six mil. schools, and show a really wonderful quick. lions and a half of pounds of logwood, and ness in the acquisition of knowledge. The 130,000 feet of mahogany. But in 1863 they idea, by the way, of the intellect of the black furnished to foreign merchants 71 millions of man being inferior in its nature to that of the pounds of coffee, 116 millions of pounds of white is entirely scouted by those who have logwood, and two million of feet of mahogany. taught both. Give them equal chances, and These facts are unanswerable, and we might the teachers say the black is certainly not beadd a host of others drawn from the history of hind his competitor." the black race in the United States themselves. Let none then be deceived by the false alarm The demonstration will become much more that “ the nigger will not work, and that he complete yet, if we reflect that the Haytian cannot take care of himself.” Rather let us blacks are not stimulated, like those in the patiently wait, and having “proved all things, United States, by the sight of the most active hold fast that which is good.” Now that his civilisation in the world, that they lack means freedom has become an established fact by the of communication and carriage, and that their defeat of the South, a little time and patience markets and outlets are comparatively very will manifest that the negro is not wanting in limited.”
anything that can constitute him a human be. These are stubborn facts; and they are by ing, by no means perfect, but subject to all no means isolated ones. We have the testi. those infirmities incident to our fallen nature. mony of our own friends who have gone out Already it has been pretty well proved that to see how things really are. And what is he is much more stimulated to active exertion their testimony? They all give the same re. by the payment of cash rather than by the port. Take that of Joseph Simpson, of Man. infliction of the lash, which, thank God, can chester, who is now visiting the various Freed. never more be applied to human back in the men’s colonies in America. Writing from United States of America, now truly “the Philadelphia, last month, he says:
home of the brave and the land of the free." “ It is the unanimous testimony of all with whom I have spoken, and of all who have In a recent case tried before Judge Storer, mixed with the Southern negroe during the at Cincinnati, when a coloured man was last few years, that he neither asks nor desires ejected from a Street Railroad Car, and in continued charity. Just give him a hand out which he sought an indemnity for what he of the misery in which his race has been steeped claims to have been an injury to his person and for generations-give him facilities for acquir. his rights, the jury, after a brief deliberation ing that knowledge which has not only not returned a verdict for the plaintiff (the man of been given to him, but positively forbidden color,) and assessed his damages at eight hun. him-give him freedom and just enough edu- dred dollars.
FREED-MEN'S AID SOCIETY, LONDON.
RECEIPTS FOR NOV. AND PART OF DEC., 1865.
Per Miss Sarah P. Remond,
Mrs. Reid ... ...
£ 8. d. Brought forward €70 00 Collection at Unity School Room, £ s. d. Islington
2 1 4 17 0 0 Anonymous Stamps
0 2 0 2 0 0 Mrs. P. A. Taylor
1 1 0 3 0 0 Mrs. Cunliffe
3 0 0 5 0 0 James Stansfeld, Esq., M.P. ... 2 0 0 5 0 0 Mrs. William Ashurst
0 10 0 0 10 0 John Scott, Esq.
0 10 0 1 0 0 Little Maurice Hill ...
0 0 9 1 0 0 Little Margaret Hill
0 0 5 0 5 0 Collection at Rosslyn School room, 06 0 Hampstead
13 4 4 0 10 0 Herman Bicknell, Esq.
0 10 0 1 0 0 John Ridley, Esq.
5 0 0 1 0 0 Miss Nora Hill ...
0 7 6 0 5 0 Frederick Baines, Esq.
0 10 0 0 2 0 A Friend ...
1 0 0 0 2 6 Mrs Wood ...
2 0 0 1 0 0 Mrs Hemming
0 10 0 100 Mrs Hill
0 10 0 0 5 0 Mrs Slack ...
0 10 0 5 5 0 Mrs H. D. Brown
0 10 0 0 5 0 Mrs H. Brown
0 10 0 1 0 0 Mrs Conway
0 5 0 0 10 0 Mrs Squire
0 2 6 0 2 6 Mrs Semes
0 2 6 1 1 0 Mrs Stedman
0 10 0 5 0 0 L. L. E. S., per Mrs P. A. Taylor 1 0 0 Hon. Sec.
6 2 8 0 10 0
8 8 0 1 0 0
10 2 0 1 0 0
7 00 1 10 0
5 17 0 0 5 0
1 10 0 1 0 0
4 0 0 5 0 0
5 12 0 0 10 0
2 12 0 0 10 0
5 0 0 1 1 0
3 10 0 0 5 0
5 00 2 0 0
3 5 0 1 0 0
3 10 0
176 16 0