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Mrs. P. Taylor, honorary Secretary to the London Negro Aid Society, writes in the name
of the committee of thar Society to intimate To the Editors of the “ Freed-Man.” Dear Sirs,
that they deem it best to dissolve the society
as such, and to recommend their subscribers I regret that men so well versed as you are in American history should have admitted into to co-operate with the British and Foreign
Freed-men's Aid Society. The Subscriptions the FREED-Man the passage in Mr. Sella Martin’s speech reported in your last issue p. 196, reported in the last number of the FREED-MAN which repeats the old fable about the Puritans in the name of Mrs. P. Taylor ought to have “founding a church” and “launching a
been announced as from the London Negro state” in America. You know well enough hesion of the subscribers, and it will give us
Aid Society. We cordially welcome the ad. that they did neither the one nor the other, and well it is for America that they did not.
much pleasure to communicate with them. If it had been necessary to insert the speech
At the close of a committee meeting held a intact, then a foot note should have been month or two ago, wearied by discussions, we added. If those who know better act thus trust never to be renewed, Dr. Burlingham incautiously, the fable that the Pilgrim briefly stated the claims of the coloured orphan Fathers were Puritans, will with other false. asylum at Washington, the design of which is hoods “float about the world for ever.
to train the poor disowned fugitive children I think, as your publication circulates in to be of service to their own race. A grant
of £100 was voted. America, that you should notice this oversight;
The following note of
acknowledgement has been received from Mrs. in your next number. Believe me, Dear Sirs, yours truly,
Crandell, the Treasurer. London March 1, 1866. BENJAMIN SCOTT.
“ New York, Feb. 26, 1866. [We accept the rebuke of our excellent “Messrs........ Vice-President with the most respectful defer- “It is with very great pleasure I acknow.
The Editorship of the Freed-Man ledge the receipt of your communication and its responsibility remains single and un- of Jan. 20, through Mr. A. L. Nicholson, former divided—but the present writer avails him- secretary of the National Coloured Orphan self freely of its pages for the grand object of Asylum of the district of Columbia. Our grati. the society. Mr. Scott is perfectly correct in tude for the amount so generously voted for his allusions to the Pilgrim Fathers and the benefit of the orphans in charge can best having just published the most accurate and be expressed by a brief statement of our finan. exhaustive lecture on the subject, given by cial condition at the commencement of the himself at the Institute of the Society of present year. Our best endeavours found us Friends, convincing all present, he is fairly with sixty-nine children, an empty treasury entitled to call us to account. The truth is and some four hundred dollars in debt. This we were so intent upon bringing the good might seem very discouraging to those having ship The British and Foreign Freed-men's Aid no experience of dark hours and days in which Society out of harbour, that we over-looked there seemed few rays of light--a lack of helpwhat Mr. Sella Martin said about the May. ing hands and sympathizing hearts. But our flower. We had to land with all care and path has been unwavering—we have rested on courtesy, a few distinguished passengers, who him who giveth liberally, and in the justness felt rather unequal to our intended voyage, of our cause. We could work and trust and in and other matters pre-occupied our attention. our direst need came help. We are now fairly afloat, with a favouring “With yours came other donations; we can breeze, and shall be freighted with blessings now clear every debt, have present support we trust to millions "ready to perish.” We for the children (now numbering seventy) and shall exercise more care.]
have something we hope to assist in erecting a school-house, which is very much needed.
"To the Rev. A. G. Burlingham, D.D., our publicly avows them. The war in this land warmest thanks are due. His reward is with is closed, but the friends of humanity have Him he serveth.
before them a long and arduous task to secure “In behalf of the ladies of our association, to the four millions of people, who have been with their thanks for the cordial assistance emancipated in its progress, their rights, to tendered, and with their best wishes for the sustain them against that prejudice which future success of your society, we hope that embarrasses and discourages them on every the acquaintance thus formed may become hand. In our efforts in their behalf, we will more intimate and confidential, and result in be often encouraged by the voice that thus benefitting all interested.
comes to us from the true and the good far “With the highest esteem, I remain, yours across the ocean. I read the FREED-MAN truly, YERMOND CRANDELL, Treasurer. with a similar pleasure. The very existence “To Fredk. Tomkins, Esq.,
of this journal is a cheering fact. To England "London, England.”
it is the advocate of the Freed-men's cause
but to America it is a token of England's Mr. Shaw writes : “New York National Freed- interest in, and sympathy for our nation's
man's Relief Association, No. 76, John "poorest poor.” As it is day by day being Street, New York, 27 Feb., 1866.
developed that the work of benevolence in be« Fred. Tomkins, Esq., London.
half of the Freed-men must continue longer “Dear Sir--I have the pleasure to inform than those most familiar with this work had you that the blankets have been received and anticipated—as we come to realize that we forwarded to Alexandria, Richmond, and are only on the threshold of the grandest Savannah. They were much needed and very charity of the age—the willing spirit of Eng. welcome, the appearance of small pox in lishmen to assist us—the spirit that speaks several of the Freed-men's camps having re- through the columns of the FREED-MAN is quired the destruction of much bedding, while recognized with gratitude. the supply from the army hospitals was long The close of the war has given us access to since distributed."
nearly all of the South-hence the number
of the destitute to whom relief can be adAmerican Freed-men's Aid Commission, Wes- ministered is far greater than at any previous
tern Department, Corresponding Secretary's period, and a greater number of children and Office, No. 25 Lombard Block, Chicago, Ill., youths are brought under the agencies of a Feb. 10, 1866.
moral and intellectual education. It is found Dr. Fred. Tomkins, London, England. to be entirely beyond the ability of all the
My Dear Sir–After a delay which under Societies in the country to respond to all the ordinary circumstances were inexcusable, I appeals for relief and all the entreaties for beg acknowledge my obligation to you for teachers and books. I estimate that one. the
copy of the very excellent speech of the fourth of all the schools among the Freed-men Duke of Argyll you did me the favor to send during the past year, have been supported by me, and also for two numbers of the FreeD. contributions from England. Man which you publish to promote the cause I take pleasure in mailing to you proof sheets of the emancipated of this country. I read of the Annual Report I recently prepared the speech of the noble Duke with very great for the Western Freed
men's Aid Commission, pleasure. It is in my heart to thank him for at Cincinnati, Ohio, which I think will givo the strong words in behalf of the right and of you a general idea of our work as it now humanity, which he uttered. It is very grati. exists, as well as furnish you with the facts fying to an American to know that one who relating to the Society named. I have taken stands so high among the honoured and public some care to collate an exhibit of all the cash men of Great Britain, has such clear, compre contributions received from Great Britain, hensive and truthful views of the events of and I also prepared an acknowledgement of the past four years, and that he frankly and the stores received by the general agent, Friend Levi Coffin-he furnishing me with the data. them yet from the North. We are too far off It is very desirable that the American people to make it much worth while to send us boxes should know what our friends in England are of clothing, &c. But I need the means of prodoing for the cause of humanity in our midst viding an occasional article of clothing, a should know how persons on two continents drug, a splint for a broken limb, or perhaps join hands in this great work of benevolence. (as recently) a piece of bedding for a good old I am, yours truly,
soul, who, she said, had “raired (reared) J. M. WALDEN. eight children for Missus as if they were my.
own, and nussed Master so well, the doctor Extracts of Letters from Freed-men's School said I saved his life, and now I'm old, I's
Teachers in the Southern States, addressed turned out to die like a dog." There are a to members of the Freed-Men's Aid Society, number of coloured people in the place who Leicester, Mass.
are very well off, and they cheerfully bear From Miss S. E. Chase, Worcester, Mass. to their share of the burden of the new dispenfriends in Leicester.
sation ; but in a population of about eight Columbus, Georgia, Feb. 5th, 1866. thousand they can do little. We are about When I last wrote we had just opened a organising mutual relief societies in the two school in Savannah. There were already (coloured) churches, Baptist and Methodist. several schools opened there (i.e. for children Large numbers are working for their food of Freed-men), and Col. Sickles was adminis- alone; and white people tell them they are tering the affairs of the Freed-Men’s Bureau not free yet. We hear of many cases of vioin an admirable manner. So it did not seem lence upon the negroes, and even murder, right to tarry in that charming city; though simply because they claim to be free! In all we could have found important work enough the neighbouring counties, Union white fami. to fill every moment. Wishing to work where lies are suffering great persecution, and the there was the most need, (there being so many people openly say those who favour the North places where nothing has been done for the shall not live among them. For myself my Freed-men, and where they are sorely perse work suffices for me. I give no thought to cuted,) we came here, where a school-house, the hatred of the whites, knowing how useful built by soldiers, had just been destroyed by it is my good fortune to be to the blacks, and the citizens, and the feeling is intensely bitter how truly they love me. against anything Northern. The people chafe at the presence of the Bureau, and of the few
From Miss E. E. Plummer, “prim and enthusiastic school ma’ams."
Murfreesborough, Tennessee. “Both must be cleared out of the place,” says You have told me to apply to you in case of the daily press. We (two sisters) have never pecuniary need. I do it now, believing that seen any discourtesy in any of the citizens; when I explain for what the money is wanted, but we know many plans are proposed for you will cheerfully supply me with a small "getting rid of us." We have glorious schools sum. I think I have told you of my normal in full operation; and I am so well satisfied class, (a number of coloured girls endeavour. with the work here, that I have not the slight- ing to fit themselves to be school teachers). est wish to leave, or to be doing anything I have only about a dozen pupils this term, else. In my day school, and evening school, and so I can easily make myself acqnainted I have one hundred and forty pupils, who with the circumstances of each one. Some have made truly wonderful progress in the are making very great efforts to earn their five weeks I have been teaching them. A own living and to go to school. I wish to be more earnest, fine looking set of scholars could able to aid such, and could spend a dollar or not be found, than I can show. I find the two, here and there, and thus encourage faintfreed-people here more tidy and thrifty than ing hearts, and stimulate them to still more in any other place I have seen; though many exertion. If your Aid Society, or your neighare utterly poor, and nothing has reached bours, would contribute to this, it would keep
up their own interest in the work. I don't can be relied on?” The answer to that ques. dare to leave any means untried to make tion was plainly this—"Because the labourers successful this, the most important part of the have not been properly paid.” (Much apwork in the South. It is very discouraging to plause.) Why did masters only wish to pay have a promising pupil leave school, when the freed negroes sixpence per day? When only half prepared to teach, just for want of "apprentices" were let out for labour in the a little money to procure a few necessaries. plantations, masters paid ls. 6d. per day for I shall keep this fund strictly private, so that each man ; but when they became free the none will come to feel dependent on it. In planters said to them, “Well, what wages the opposition manifested all about us to our shall we give you? We shall give you sixpence work, we more than ever need assurance of per day.” "No," said the free black, “if I sympathy and interest from our friends of the was worth ls. 6d. to you when I was in North. No further demonstrations have been bondage, I am worth the same
now for made against us since the breaking of our my free labour.” (Great applause.) He (the windows, (of which, with other acts of assault, chairman) could tell them that when an Engmention was made in a previous letter)." lish proprietor went over to Jamaica to see his
estate, he was astonished to find the labourers On Thursday the 15th of March a Meeting clamouring round him for their wages. He was held at Chelmsford to consider the condi. turned round to his attorney, to whom he had tion and prospects of the Freed-men. Rev. G. given instructions for the payment of the neWilkinson in the chair. The attendance was groes, and found they had not been paid anylarge and influential. Dr. Holbrook gave a thing for three months. On inquiring the lengthened and powerful address. Isaac Perry, reason of this, the attorney replied that the Esq., and other gentlemen, took part in the money had been applied to other purposes. It Meeting. The remarks of Mr. Wilkinson, was a fact that planters had left Jamaica owing formerly resident in Jamaica, are worthy of large sums of money for wages, and such cir. special attention.—"He rose,” he said, “ to cumstances as these were sufficient to give bear his testimony to the truth of the lecturer's rise to discontent amongst labourers. As for statement that the coloured race was not a the honesty and peaceable disposition of the lazy and indolent people, but, on the contrary, freed negroes, he (the chairman) could say worked hard and with cheerfulness when pro- that he had travelled over the island in the perly and fairly paid for their labour. He depth of night, and had never been molested. could give facts in proof of this. He was in Indeed, he could say that he would rather Jamaica when the railway was opened at travel alone over the island of Jamaica in the Kingston, and a gentleman connected with the night time, than over England ; and so far works told him that 500 free negroes had been from property being injured, he knew that it employed in the construction of the line, yet he was a common practice to have such confi. never found any of them deficient in their ca. dence in the honesty of the population that pacities as workmen, or lazy and indolent. The Europeang retired to rest without bolting their game gentleman also gave his testimony that doors. (Hear, hear.) He was, therefore, these 500 free negroes had done the work of much ashamed at the statements made by 1,500 slaves. (Applause.) Another thing he some of his own countrymen, and would say maid and his words were a remarkable cor- that the recent disturbance in Jamaica was roboration of what they had heard to-night- due to unfair treatment by the European plan. if the freed negroes were treated fairly and ters— by English rulers there — by British honourably, there was no body of men to be officers there who exercised undue authorityfound more peaceful in their disposition, or all of whom ought to be held up to universal more industrious in their labour. But, perhaps, shame. (Applause.) As long as he lived, after these statements, it would be asked by and God gave him strength and grace, he would some-" Then how do you account for the speak words of burning indignation against rain of the sugar plantations if the negroes the unfair treatment and unfair brutality such
persons had long manifested to the Jamaica RECEIPTS FOR FEB. & MARCH. negroes. A more kind and loving people he had never met than the freed negroes of Ja- The Hon. Lynlph Stanley
£ 8. d.
5 0 0 maica ; and, he would repeat, so long as God Miss E. Tebb
0 4 0 gave him strength he would stand up and Mrs. R. Watts
0 2 6
1 1 speak for them.” (Loud applause.) A collec. J. Hodgkin, Esq
0 £64 159. for the American Missionary Rev. J. Williams, New Haven, tion
A. Albright, Esq
1 1 0 Society was made at the doors. [We rejoice
Sussex, Congregational Chapel.. 2 0 3 to hear the voice of Mr. Wilkinson. It is quite Rev. E. Price, collection, Covertime that some who are competent to speak
dale chapel, Limehouse
5 0 0 should stand up for the Freed-men of Jamaica. Proceeds of Box at Mrs. Childs',
Martin Morant Munro, Esq
5 0 0 The destitute might be immediately employed Winchmore Hill
0 1 2 in works of improvement. The following William Tuck, Esq., Bath
0 10 0 extract from the report of the Sanitary Com. Per "Morning Star,” Mr. Walter
Ludbrook's collection, made by mittee of the Royal Society of Arts, “on the
working people at Milton Hall, condition of Kingston," shews that the labourer Camden Town
1 14 0 is certainly wanted: “The suburbs and roads Rev. J. S. Nightingale, Iburndale, leading out of the city, in different directions, near Whitby..
0 10 0
Dr. are overgrown with bush and jungle, and that Collection at Exeter Hall, per
Epps, per F. W. Chesson, Esq 0 5 0 many of the thoroughfares are much out of
T. A. Burr, Esq.
15 00 repair, and some of them positively dangerous Mr. T. B. Bell, Barrow Isle, Barrow to passengers at night. That in many instances in Furness, Lancashire
0 5 0 they are made the depositaries for stable ma- Ino. Alsop, Esq., collections made
R. Peek, Esq., Hazlewood
1 0 nure. That the gullies or watercourses which
at Salem Congregational Chapel, carry off the flow of water from above and (Rev. W. Currie, Pastor)
3 15 6 around the city are often, from the same Sale of “Freed-man” per Mr.
4 13 7 cause, partially blocked up, thus on the
Rev S. Garratt, M.A.
1 1 0 occasion of heavy rains endangering the Mr. Jno. F. Linden, Alfred Place, bridge, and often overflowing the banks." Bedford Square
0 2 6 An influential meeting was held at Mas. G. Joseland, Esq., Worcester.. 0 10 0
Rev. E. W. Shalders, B.A., Rochester 12 00 borough, Yorkshire on March 1st, under the
Benjamin Scott, Esq., Chamberlain patronage of the local magistracy, the clergy,
of London (for Jamaica.) .. 10 0 0 and the ministers of the neighbourhood. Rev. W. Cooke, D.D.
0 10 0 Addresses were delivered by the Chairman, Congregational Church, Weybridge 2 2 0 Dr. Fred. Tomkins, and Dr. Holbrook, who Joseph R. Lower, Esq., Tonbridge 7 io o
Edward Smith, Esq.
0 10 0 attended as a deputation from the British and Handel Cossham, Bristol
3 3 0 Foreign Freed-Men's Aid Society, and by the J. P. Bacon, Esq
5 0 0 Rev. Fred. Falding, D.D. An influential Dr. Epps, per F. W. Chesson, Esq.. 0 5 0 Committee was formed to act as an auxiliary Mrs. P. Taylor, Hon Sec. of the
Wm. Shaen, Esq., M.A.
2 0 0 to the above Society. The Rev. Dr. Falding
“London Negro Aid Society" per has kindly consented to act as Secretary. Miss Remond, to be forwarded to
A MEETING was held on March 12th, at Mr. S. May, Junr., Boston, U.S. 22 0 0 Wellington Road, Baptist Chapel, Shackle.
1 0 0
G. Thomas, Tredegar
Per Clogher Anti slavery Association: addressed by the Chairman, also by the Rev. Anketell Moutray, Esq
2 0 0 W. Miall, Dr. Fred. Tomkins, Dr. Holbrook, Mrs. Thomas Moutray
1 0 0
1 0 the Rev. J. S. Stanson, Rev. Dr. Waddington Mrs. R. Waring Maxwell
J. J. O'F. Carmichael Ferrall, Esq. 0 10 and other speakers. A Committee was for
Miss Hornidge ..
5 0 med to act in furtherance of the objects of the Whitney Moutray, Esq
50 British and Foreign Freed- Men's Aid Society. Mrs. Ellison Macartney
0 5 0