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three millions of British Sunday scholars, in the confidence and favour of all persons addition to the thousands of the children of abroad, who are interested in the welfare of our households and congregations that are not these freed-people, whose present wants are Sunday scholars-are capable in the aggre- pressing, but whose future is so promising. gate of rendering no inconsiderable help to They are a nation to be elevated by christian our various christian benevolencies. The fact influence, and are most enthusiastic in wel. itself, of the exercise of their early philan- coming the means of such elevation. thropy, is admirably calculated to inspire

The American Missionary Association is the them with a spirit of christian liberality which, oldest of the organizations now engaged for under the blessing of God, shall give shape the Freed-men, is a national society, evange. and character to their efforts and influence in lized yet unsectarian in its character, and after-life in relation to the religious enterprises enjoys most fully the confidence of this of the day.

“I am, yours truly, Bureau.
" E. Ridley.

(Signed) Respectfully, “Burswell House, April 11th, 1866.”

0. 0. Howard,

Major General, Commissioner.
American Missionary Association,
No. 61, John St., New York,

Washington, D.C.,
March 5th, 1866.
The Executive Committee of the American

April 5th, 1866. Missionary Association hereby commissions

The undersigned members of the Senate Rev. W. Patton, D.D., as a delegate to the and House of Representatives of the United anniversary meetings to be held in London States of America, learning that Rev. Wm. in May; to the meetings of the General W. Patton, D.D., of Chicago, Ill., is about to Assemblies in Scotland; and to all benevolent visit Europe to secure aid for the physical, societies on the continent of Europe ; for the intellectual and moral improvement of the purpose of presenting to them the great work Freed-men of this country, take pleasure in of the Association among the Freed-men of commending him and his cause to the friends

Dr. Patton has America, and to offer to philanthropic and of humanity and religion. christian people, wherever he may go, the been widely and favourably known in this opportunity of reaching with clothing, educa- country as an early and devoted friend of the tion and the gospel of Christ, this long slave, an Officer of the Sanitary Commission neglected and much abused, but now free during the war, and a Pastor for many years

in one of our principal cities. The Committee takes pleasure in commend.


Trumbull. Schuyler Colfax. ing him to the full cor.fidence and fraternal Charles Sumner. W. P. Fessenden, regards of all who love our Lord Jesus Christ L. F. S. Foster. Lee Moulton. and the cause of his suffering poor.

John Wentworth. J. B. Grinnell. (Signed) Edward N. Kirk, President. Richard Yates. James A. Garfield. George Whipple,

J. F. Farnsworth. Henry Wilson, M. E. Strieby, Secretaries.

Our readers will notice among these names War Department,

the President of the U.S. Senate, and Acting Bureau of Refugees, Freed-men and Abandoned Vice-President of the U.S. (Mr. Foster,) the Lands, Washington,

Speaker of the House of Representatives (Mr.

April 13th, 1866. Colfax,) the Chairman of the Judiciary Com. The Rev. W. W. Patton, D.D., of Chicago, mittee of the Senate, and framer of the “Civil U.S.A., visits Great Britain and the Continent, Rights Bill” (Mr. Trumbull,) the late Secre. as the representative of the American Mission. tary of the Treasury (Mr. Fessenden) the world ary Association in its work among the Freed. known statesman, orator and philanthropist

I take ploasure in commending Dr. Mr. Summer, and his honoured colleague in Patton and the Association he represents, to the Senate from Massachusetts, Mr. Wilson.



NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. and submitted to President Johnson for

his assent, when, to the surprise of WE must refer Mrs. Craft to the FREED-MAN for April, page 223.

the world, it received his veto. The C. R. H. asks—"Has it not occurred to you friends of the coloured free people felt

that the thousand houses which have been aggrieved and indignant at the refusal wantonly destroyed should be replaced by of the President to place his imprimatur the government ?" The people of Jamaica

on this act of the legislature, inasmuch will find the expenses of the rebellion and commission heavier than they can bear. as a draft of the bill had been submitted They have neither the power nor the dis- to the President before its introduction, position to care for their outcasts. The to which at the time he took' no excepGovernment at home are not likely to in. tion. That the President had a legal terpose for their relief-in the mean time right to veto the bill, no person denies, the people lapse into barbarism, being but he could not do so after he had driven into the woods for shelter. Some forty shillings probably would be sufficient given, as was supposed,' his general to stimulate a hopseless family to erect the approvalto its introduction without being sort of habitation that for the present they charged with double-dealing. If Mr. require. The British and Foreign Freed. Johnson had given the explanation Men's Aid Society have already sent relief which he has given since the bill bas to fifty widows. The pro-slavery plánters rather reserve their contributions for a been passed a second time in the Senate testimonial to Governor Eyre.

by a vote of 33 to lő, and in the House All orders and enquiries concerning Adver- of Representatives by one of 122 to 12,

tisements, or other business connected with that he wished so important a statute this Magazine, are to be addressed to simply to receive a second and more Árliss Andrews, 7, Duke St., Bloomsbury careful revision by the legislature, the

very grave suspicion that was raised

against his integrity, might have been is th: " JUNE, 1866. Lust so: favoided. » Such any explanation, how

ever, from his lips; "after his boisterous “I have, observed with satisfaction that the menace against Mr. Summer and others United States, after terminating successfully well-known patriots and friends of the severe struggle in which they were so long engaged, areiwisely repairing the ravages of

freedom comes too late, i and only civil war." The abolition of slavery is an serves to change our condemnation of event calling forth the cordial sympathies and his conduct into unmitigated contempt. congratulations of this country, which has The real issue between Congress and always been foremost in showing its abhorence Mr. Johnson is very simple.

The of an institution repugnant to every feeling of

President believes that the Government justice and humanity.-QUEEN VICTORIA.

of the United States is a Government THE CIVIL RIGHTS BILL,

of white men, and exists for white men As many persons are in uncertainty alone. Congress believes that it is a as to the exact intent and nature of Government of citizens/ without referthis bill, a short explanation may be fence to the colour of its citizens. Mr. useful. The Civil Rights Bill was Sumner has all along asserted that the passed by Congress in the usual way law. needed no alteration - that the


constitution embraced all citizens in the United States, and not subject to any that the decision in the Dred Scot foreign power, excluding Indians not taxed, case, which decided that a black man

are hereby declared to be citizens of the

United States; and such citizens of every though free had no rights which a white

race and colour, without regard to any preman was bound to respect was an in- 'vious condition of slavery 'or involuntary famous violation of the constitution of service, except as a punishment for crime the United States. The Civil Rights whereof the party shall have been duly conBill then gives no new Article to the victed, shall have the same right in every

State and Territory to make and enforce con. constitution, but like our own Great

tracts, to sue, to be sued, be parties and give Charta, and the twenty-ninth chapter evidence, to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, of it in particular, declares in relation hold and convey real and personal property ; to the freedom of the citizen and the and to full and equal benefit of all laws and protection of that freedom, only the fun- proceedings for the security of person and damental law of the State. It authori- property as is enjoyed by white citizens ;'and

shall be subject to like punishments, pains, tatively strikes out colour as an integer and penalties, and to none other, any law, in the great political sum. It is an statute, ordinance, regulation, or eustom to assertion of the triumph of freedom the contrary notwithstanding." against the cruel ravening demon of

And this is the method the Sumners, slavery, · It reserves the essential the Wilsons, the Stevens of the United principles of citizenship from that de- States have resolved to employ to construction to which Mr. Johnson seemed solidate their nation and to conserve to be willing to surrender them. It liberty-a method which at once tells tells in unmistakeable terms that the

that these

men at least are wellwar having terminated in the defeat of read in the laws of their ancestors, and the Southera oligarchs, an era of justice that to have determined to crown the justice før all-equality before the triumph of the arms of the nation in tribunals alike for white and black, is the field by the greater triumph of law to dawn upon those fair and promising and justice in the forum. Southern lands. ??..

A writer of an article full of confuAnd what is this terrible declaratory sion and falsehood in Blackwood's enactment, whieh some of our country- Magazine " -- falsehood rendered the men who have never seen it or read

more odious because the writer proit suppose to be intended as a means fesses to know—a profession 'we very to fling those who were formerly slaves much doubt-from personal experience offensively before the faces of their something of the negro about whom he

quondam masters.? We will give, not ventures to write---proposes in cold in our language but in the words of the blood as a remedy for the negro diffistatute, the first section, and then it culty one of two things. First—let will be manifest what it is, and what not our readers be startled_EXTERMIan outrage Mr. Johnson endeavoured NATION, or, secondly, to reduce them to to perpetrate upon freedom by his constrained labour, or in plain English presidential veto.

the reintroduction of SLAVERY. Is the Be it enacted, fc., That all persons born writer serious, or does he pen his fool


ish sentences to please a clique that DORCHESTER.-On May 10th a meeting in has aimed to involve us with our own aid of the British and Foreign Freed- Men's kin, across the western wave. We have

Aid Society was held in the beautiful Town

Hall in the above place. The Rev. Mr. Merno word for these ribald scribes. The

riman presided, and the meeting was adworld moves on, and it will neither tole- dressed by the Rev. W. H. Jones, a coloured rate Extermination nor endure Slavery. minister from Canada, and by Dr. Fred. Tom. Twenty years with black people in and kins, who attended as a deputation from the out of slavery enable us to affirm what Society. A large number of volunteers this writer does not know—that the negro fested. On the following Sabbath the Rev.

attended, and considerable interest was mani. is faithful, industrious and religious. W. H. Jones preached three times in the God knows this is more than we can Wesleyan Chapel to large congregations, and say for the whites, whether the mean- lectured on the following day. The Society whites or the would-be oligarchs of the is under obligations to the Rev. Joseph Fox, South. We repeat for the hundredth B.A., Rev. Mr. Merriman, Mr. Devenish, and

other ministers and friends. time, that it is not the "irrepressible

WIMBORNE.-On Friday, May the 11th, a nigger” that makes the difficulty in the large meeting assembled in the New Hall, South, but the impracticable, ignorant Wimborne, to listen to addresses delivered by and oppressive white man. To those Dr. Fred Tomkins, Barrister-at-law, and the who aim at a solution of the negro Rev. W. H. Jones, a deputation from the question we say: in your calculations British and Foreign Freed-men's Aid Society.

Rev. Carr Glyn, Rector of Wichhampton, assume that the negro is not idle, and

presided, and after prayer by the Rev. John that he is influenced by the same mo- Keynes, delivered an earnest and able speech. tives that avail with ourselves.

Dr. Tomkins advocated at length the claims of

the Freed coloured people, and was followed At a Committee Meeting of the British and by Mr Jones, who was warmly received. The Foreign Freed- Men's Aid Society held April 29, meeting was large, and expressed the deepest 1866, it was moved by J. H. Estcourt, Esq., interest in the Society. The thanks of the seconded by J. M. Ludlow, Esq., and resolved Committee are presented to the excellent cler. unanimously : That the character of the gyman who presided, and also to the Rev. J. Society and the unity of the cause which it Keynes, who kindly acted as local secretary. represents being now so well understood that

THE Rev. Dr. HOLBROOK writes us from it is no longer necessary to adhere to the restriction requiring the specific appropria- Edinburgh that the United Presbyterian tions of donations, it will be understood that

Churches assembled in Synod, have deter. unless specially designated for particular mined to make congregational collections for objects they will be regarded as given to the the Freed-men. This is good. The Congre. general purposes of the Society.

gationalists, some time since, came to the same FRIENDS of the freed-coloured people re

resolution at Bristol, and already more than siding in any locality, who may desire, or be

Three Thousand pounds have been sent from willing, to receive deputations for Public Meet. this source to aid the new-born sons and ings or Lectures, or Clergy of the Establish. daughters of freedom in the West. ment, or Ministers of Dissenting Churches, THE Rev. SELLA MARTIN and the Rev. Dr. who may be willing to receive delegates to Patton, of Chicago, have arrived in this coun. advocate on behalf of the British and Foreign try. Their object is to present the claims of Freed-Men's Aid Society, will kindly address the freed people of America especially to the the Rey, John Waddington, D.D., 102, Fleet Continent of Europe. We wish them the best Street, London, E.C.

possible success.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN FREED-MEN'S all people and nations of one blood, and has AID SOCIETY.

redeemed them with one and the same precious MEETING AT WEYMOUTH. blood of His dear Son. We should rejoice in A public meeting in behalf of this Society was the emancipation and elevation of this branch held at the Royal Hotel Assembly-room, on of the human family, inasmuch as we know Wednesday evening, May 2nd. The Chair that, in the great distress of this country was taken by Rev. T. A. Greaves, the Rector. during the cotton famine, the United States of The attendance was highly respectable. The America did manifest much sympathy, and proceedings commenced with a hymn and did send much substantial help to England, so prayer, offered by the Rev. J. Beveridge, of that now in return we have an opportunity of Portland.

which we ought to avail ourselves, by mani. Tue CHAIRMAN then said :-My knowledge festing the same Christian sympathy, and of the work of the Freed-Men's Aid Society, sending the same liberal and substantial aid. and also of the field of its labour, is so exceed. I therefore feel we may in this work, not only ingly small, that it would be improper in me supply the wants of large numbers of our to'occapy the time of this meeting with any fellow creatures, who are, for the present at remarks upon that subject:" We can all un- least, exposed to much poverty, privation, and derstand and foel, however, that there must difficulty—that we may not only, in fact, perbe a great need for the work of such a society form the duties of Christian philanthropy, as this. A large portion of the American but we may also be the means of drawing more territory we are aware at this time is in a state closely those bonds of sympathy and real love of transition. From the experiences we have which ought to unite together the branches of had of emancipation in our own West Indian the great Anglo-Saxon family, upon the unity, colonies, we can judge that, even in circum- sympathy, concord, and affection of which the stances of peace, transition from a state of happiness, civilization, and Christianity of the bondage to one of liberty cannot take place whole world so much depend (Applause) without much confusion and present suffering ; Dr. TOMKINS, the society's deputation, next but that confusion and present suffering must spoke, and prefaced his address with a history of course be infinitely increased, when such a of the origin of the society. It was estabchange takes place, as has taken place in lished, he said, in 1863, and its object was in America, in the midst of a tremendous conflict; no sense political; it was of a philanthropic when that emancipation of slaves over which character; it was religious, but not denomin. I am sure we are all rejoicing, is the result of ational. Since the society commenced there one of the most fearful baptisms of blood had been raised about £80,000, but that was through which any nation has ever been called small compared with the unsolicited help on to pass. So far as I am aware, this society which the Americans raised for this country does not at all, I believe, enter into political in its time of national distress. It seemed to questions. We know that the political aspect him that those people who sent England at of this matter is at the present moment one of least a quarter of a million for our Lancaextreme difficulty. On the one hand there is shire distress, and our Irish famine, and who the extreme Radical party in America, who had furnished such a philanthropist as Mr. would wish not only the emancipation of the Peabody, had certainly, at least, a moral claim slave, but would desire to raise him to more upon us. The Americans themselves were by than equality, and to thrust the old servant no means slow tó acknowledge the help al. in the face of his old master, not only as his ready sent by England. By the last report equal, but as his superior. On the other hand of one society it appeared that about 200,000 there are others who would reduce emancipa- coloured men and women had been taught to tion within the very narrowest possible limits ; read and write, and had been instructed in but we in this country have nothing to do with various elementary processes. Out of that this question of policy. Our business is to 200,000, about 50,000 had been educated by realise, as I trust we all do, that God has made money sent from this country. He had

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