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"All which we humbly submit to your Majesty's gracious consideration." Mr. Secretary Cardwell states that“Her Majesty's Government do not feel that they should discharge their duty by advising the Crown to replace Mr. Eyre in his former government.” Mr. Cardwell says: “On my own part, I have to request that you will cause careful investigation to be made in those cases of civilians which appear to require it, with a view to such further proceedings as may be requisite and just.” “Great offences ought to be punished.”
With the result of this protracted and searching enquiry now before us, we submit for deep and serious consideration the following queries :
1. What has been done to elevate the moral condition of the coloured people in
the disturbed districts of Jamaica since the time of emancipation ? For more than thirty years there has been a fair opportunity to give them sound and thorough instruction. We have a most humiliating demonstration of their neglected state in the almost unintelligible jargon in which the witnesses gave their evidence. “As regards the negroes, "the Royal Commissioners tell us they are “ for the most part uneducated peasants, speaking in accents strange to the ear, often in a phraseology of their own, with vague conceptions of number and time, unaccustomed to definiteness or accuracy of speech.” Their ideas are as confused as their language is broken. They neither understand their rights nor can they fulfil with intelligence their social duties. Mr. Mowat, in a letter dated Windsor Forest, St. David, Jamaica, April 24th, 1866: says “the masses are degraded because they are ignorant, and they are demoralized and superstitious because they are degraded ; and ignorant and degraded because they are exposed to all those vices, irreligion and superstition that are so painfully manifest among them, and which have done so much to retard their progress.” People in such a condition must become a serious element of danger in the strongest community : much more so in a country like Jamaica. Without a change, society there must tend to disintegration.
2. What sort of leaders have these ignorant and unhappy people ? The best teachers in some respects are required for those who are least instructed--for this reason, that so much_misapprehension has to be removed and they have all to learn.
Mr. Eberhart, Superintendent of the freed schools in Georgia, writing to the Freed-men, April 23rd, 1866, says: “ The next school year begins the first of October, 1866; and it is my earnest desire to open, at that time, as many schools as possible, and all in charge of the very best teachers.
“Some of you very erroneously think any kind of a teacher will do for your children. You can never hold an opinion which, if carried into action, is fraught with greater evil to all the fondest hopes and dearest interests of yourselves and your children.
“You are, now, only beginning to live as men ; before you were only propertyslaves—and your future happiness and prosperity depends very largely upon
beginning right-and to begin right, you must have earnest, conscientious and competent teachers : for they are to mould the character of your children, and to instil into their minds the principles which shall guide them, and form the habits which shall govern them during all their years of manhood.”
This is the course pursued in America in relation to the Freed-men. Ample evidence has been given in our pages that they have indeed had some of the best teachers. We fear that in many districts of Jamaica, some of the most unsuitable teachers have been sent and that character has been moulded under influences positively the worst. We reap what has been sown. The report of Mr. Mowat given from the vicinity of the recently disturbed districts, should be thoughtfully considered. “ There was a time ” he tells us, “ in the time of trouble and persecution when the missions in this island were proverbial for prudence, piety and diligence.” He intimates that there has been a change in this respect; the evangelist from family connexions has become half planter, and as such more exacting than his neighbours, who say of him, “How he hates the blacks!”
The present juncture is one of grave responsibility. The people of England are now on their trial It is of unspeakable moment, for the honour, safety and well-being of the nation, that we should do justly in our colonial dependencies, and that our example before the world should be worthy of imitation.
The service rendered in the cause of the Freed-men in America has already secured for us great advantage in the frontier line of Canada. It is well for us that instead of uninstructed, uneasy and oppressed coloured people in that colony, we have on the border 100,000 loyal contented and attached British subjects of the African race. The American government is making an ample return for the aid given to the freed-men in the South, in vigorously checking the Fenian raid.
Why should not we gain to the side of Great Britain and to the cause of freedom and humanity, the half million of coloured people in Jamaica? No time should be lost. We have repeated for several months the statement now endorsed by the government that the burning of 1000 houses was wanton and cruel. More than this, it was in itself an example and an incentive crime of the most perilous kind, the folly and madness of which could not be exceeded. Will this great country remain content with the repetition of the statement without building up those rustic dwellings?
We must go beyond this. Industrial schools on the best system and with the most devoted and judicious teachers should be planted in the centre of the most neglected districts. The times may be unfavourable-routine and superficial philanthropy may start objections—but we have yet faith in the conscience and heart of our nation to do all that the case requires.-W.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. were given to him as slaves. It is his wish to
have these boys educated for schoolmasters We acknowledge with thanks five shillings in
and missionaries. The little fellows have postage stamps from C. W., Ipswich.
been at school for three years through the We regret that Mr. Bourne's letter, which is kindness of
Dr. Hodgkin, and in type, must stand over till next month.
the late Mrs. Reid, but as death has taken Our Subscriptions are also crowded out this away two of these noble friends of the negro, month.
these three little boys are left without friends. All orders and enquiries concerning Adver. The brightest and most intelligent of these tisements, or other business connected with three boys was presented to *
and this Magazine, are to be addressed to the child was christened
You ARLISS ANDREWS, 7, Duke St., Bloomsbury. will see by the enclosed note that owing to
the great panic, our dear good friend
father's hands, and he is most anxious to have JULY, 1866.
them kept at school. The sum is very small
for the board and education of the little boys, “I have observed with satisfaction that the being £12 each per annum ; my father clothes United States, after terminating successfully them himself. Mother sincerely hopes that the severe struggle in which they were so long you will not be offended with her for begging engaged, are wisely repairing the ravages of you to help these poor little boys-once heacivil war. The abolition of slavery is an thens; she feels so very deeply for them, and event calling forth the cordial sympathies and hopes that the kind christians of this country congratulations of this country, which has will not allow them to go back to the barba. always been foremost in showing its abhorence rous King of Dahomey. of an institution repugnant to every feeling of
I am, Sir, justice and humanity.-QUEEN VICTORIA.
Your very obedient servant,
CHARLES CRAFT, AN APPEAL FROM AFRICA.
For E. Craft. The present monetary crisis is affec- We need not add a word to this. ting, more or less, all the philanthropic The following donations are promisedinstitutions of the country. As the case British and Foreign Freed-Men's Aid of Jamaica is so ably presented in other Society, £10; Lord Alfred Spencer parts of the present number, we may Churchill, £3 3s. Aid may be sent to devote these few lines to a plea on be- Dr. Fred. Tomkins, 102, Fleet Street, half of three little boys, cast upon Mr. E.C. W. Craft, now in Dahomey, for protection and instruction. Mr. Craft's son, On Wednesday evening, June 21st, a meet. an intelligent well-behaved boy, in the ing in aid of the British and Foreign Freed.
Men's Aid Society, was held in Deverell absence of his father, writes as fol
Street Congregational Chapel, Old Kent Road. lows:
The Rev. N. T. Langridge, of St. Mary's 12, Cambridge Road, Hammersmith, Cray, the former minister of the Church, preJune 23rd, 1866.
sided, and spirited addresses were delivered Dear Sir,
by the Rev. G. Denniston, the Rev. W. H. My mother wished me to ask you if you Jones, the Rev. W. Morton Mather, and the do not think that your Society could help Secretaries of the Society. A collection was father educate three little African boys that made amounting to several pounds.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN FREED-MEN'S To the Secretary of the British and Foreign
MEETING AT TUNBRIDGE WELLS.
June 8th, 1866. A meeting in aid of the British and Foreign Gentlemen,
Freed-Men's Aid Society, was held on ThursThe day before yesterday I received a letter day evening, June the 21st, at the Sussex from our respected friend Levi Coffin, of Cin. Hotel Assembly Rooms. The Rev. G. Jones cinnati, with the enclosed. Levi Coffin has occupied the chair, and there was a very fair met with a very serious accident, which for a attendance. E. T. Smith, Esq., barrister-at. time threatened to conclude his labours upon law, and local Secretary of the Society, first this earth—but I am glad to say that he has gave a brief account of its rise, and the resuts so far wonderfully recovered.
accomplished by it. It was first originated I am, respectfully, with a view to helping the negroes of the WILLIAM ALLEN. Southern States who were by the late war
suddenly released from slavery in a condition Treasurer's Office, Western Freed-Men's Aid unfavourable to an appreciation of the bless. Conimission,
ings of liberty. Money had been sent over No. 25, West Third Street, Cincinnati,
for their relief, agricultural implements to
April 9th, 1866. stimulate their industry, teachers to impart Mr. Wm. Allen, London, England.
education, and ministers to preach the Gospel. Dear Sir,
By these means great good had been accom. Your favor, authorizing the Treasurer of plished, and yet greater good was sure to the Western Freed-men's Aid Commission to follow. The recent events in Jamaica had draw for £100 sterling, by the hands of Levi induced the Society to alter its name, extend Coffin, for the benefit of the Freed-men, is re.
its operations, and engage in so large a work ceived. On their behalf please accept the as called for increased support at the hands of thanks of the Commission.
all bodies of Christians. Fred. Tomkins, Esq., Yours respectfully,
M.A., D.C.L., who attended as a deputation, Jos. F. Larkin, Treasurer. gave a very interesting account of his experi.
ences in America, and the condition in which Treasurer's Office, Western Freed-men's Aid he found the emancipated negroes. Contrary Commission,
to the generally received opinion he declared No. 25, West Third Street, Cincinnati,
them honest, industrious, eager for know
May 15th, 1866. ledge, and possessed of a thoroughly devotional Mr. William Allen, London, England.
spirit. He made a powerful appeal on their
behalf Dear Sir,
pointed out that these coloured Your favour of the 19th of April, is re
races had a prominent part to play in the hię. ceived with stated enclosures, £20 sterling, tory of the world and of religion, and called for the benefit of the Freed.men. On their upon all to reciprocate the friendly feeling of behalf please accept the thanks of the Com
America towards England by assisting the mission.
United States to deal with their greatest diffi. Yours respectfully,
culty, the manumitted slaves. He was fol. Jos. F. LARKIN, Treasurer.
lowed by the Rev. W. H. Jones, a coloured minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
who delivered a very animated and forcible THE Freed-Men's Saving and Trust Co. address in favour of the claims of the Society, Bank was established here six or seven months The meeting was rendered more interesting ago, and has had one hundred and three by the presence of Mrs. Craft, who many thousand dollars deposited in it by those who years ago escaped from slavery, and created a a year or so ago were the property of some profound sensation by the publication of a body else.-Cincinnati Colored Citizen. narrative of her sufferings. The object of her visit was to form in Tunbridge Wells a ladies' that human nature was much the same all the auxiliary, for which purpose it was arranged world over, and it was a libel on our common that she should meet ladies at the Countess of humanity to say that the black man did not Huntingdon's school-room next morning. Af- possess those same foelings which white men ter a few words from the chairman, the pro. sought to monopolise to themselves. He ceedings terminated, and a collection was contended that after being educated and remade at the doors.
ligiously instructed they would become most MEETING AT POOLE, DORSET. useful citizens in the United States and in the On Monday, May 28th, a public meeting in British West Indian islands. As a proof of aid of this society, was held at the Town Hall, this he mentioned instances of the vast amount Poole. The Rev. A. Wilkinson, incumbent of of good that was being done in Dahomey and St. James's, occupied the chair, and there other parts of Africa, by coloured ministers were also present the Rev. G. Morgan, the (especially by Bishop Crowther and Mr. Rev. J. H. Osborne, the Rev. R. T. Verrall, Wiliam Craft) in the conversion and improve. B.A., F. Tomkins, Esq., 'M.A., D.C.L., and ment of their sable brethren. Whilst he did the Rev. W. H. Jones, a coloured gentleman, not wish to say that all slaveholders were a freed-men's missionary from America. bad and unscrupulous, he adduced ample
The CHAIRMAN having briefly opened the reasons in favour of universal freedom, and he meeting,
proceeded to show, by examples, that the negro Dr. Tomkins said that the members of this race possessed not only the ordinary feelings Bociety were not sectarian. They felt it their of humanity, but also the faculties for receiv. duty to clothe the naked, to relieve, as far as ing instruction, and for becoming adepts in possible, their necessities, and to educate the mathematics, and in prose and poetical com4,000,000 of freed blacks in the Southern positions—and here, as examples of negro States. For these purposes there had been culture and taste, the speaker read a piece obtained from various sources during the of poetry written by a black man, and a last eighteen or twenty months, from £80,000 prose composition by a black woman, both to £90,000. He then proceeded to say that the of which exhibited marks of intellectual freed negroes were doing all they could to culture, of considerable imaginative power, help themselves, and mentioned instances and of equal command of language. Dr. of the efficient operation of the Civil Rights Tomkins pointed out that many gentlemen of Act in Louisiana and Indiana, in giving influence in the South, now very cheerfully to the freed blacks liberty of religious worship, assisted the efforts of the society. He then and a title to all civil rights. The society spoke of the interviews he had enjoyed with was making great progress, 200,000 black President Lincoln and General Grant, both people in the Southern States having learned of whom gave him every welcome and most to read and write during the past year, 50,000 ample facilities in his philanthropic work of whom had received instruction froni teach. among the blacks in the South during the war. ers supported by funds derived from this He spoke of the attachment of the Americans country. The American people were a noble to this country, their ancestors baving lived people in their philanthropy and felt grateful to here, all he had spoken to saying, God forbid us for this help, but we should also bear in mind that they should ever wish to overthrow the that we were indebted to the United States sacred altars or disturb the sepulchres of the during the Lancashire distress, and for the old land. After again urging the claims of the splendid gift of Mr Peabody. Dr. Tomkins society upon the consideration of the audience, then read extracts from an American paper, The Rev. W. H. Jones addressed the meetshowing how actively and willingly the freed ing. He said there was not a drop of any but negroes themselves assisted in the work of coloured blood in his veins, and he would not education and gave proof of the general im- be of any other colour for a thousand pounds. provement among their class. As to the He was about 40 years of age, had embraced alleged incapacity of the negroes, he remarked Christianity, and for more than half of his life