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from the negro's hands, that they wish to help lected for this purpose was to be disbursed in him to forge ploughshares and pruning hooks America. But besides money, which he had out of the fetters which fixed him, but will no doubt would be given liberally, other things fix him henceforth no more; and they say to might be given to relieve these poor negroes, us “Will England let bygones be bygones, and the resolution he had to propose referred and assist in this work ?” (Applause.) He to that matter. It was as follows;—"That it was sure they would rejoice with every friend be earnestly recommended to the congregaof freedom throughout the world that America tions in Dundee to organise Ladies' Associahad with her own hands wiped away the foul tions, with the view of providing clothing for blot that so long tarnished her glorious es- the destitute coloured population of the Southcutcheon; they would rejoice that she had ern States." emerged from the fire of affliction purified and The Rev. Peter Grant seconded the motion, regenerated for a new and nobler career. and, in the course of a few remarks, said that (Loud applause.)
whatever contributions might be given towards The resolution was put to the meeting, and the assistance of the liberated slaves would unanimously agreed to.
not be subject to any deduction on the score The Chairman said he had been requested of expenses of management, seeing that the to intimate that no collection had been made distribution of the charity was conducted quite at that meeting because it was understood gratuitously by persons of high standing in that a general canvass was to be made for America, who took an interest in this and every subscriptions throughout the town in aid of other benevolent movement. (Applause.) the Freedmen's Aid Society. (Applause.) Dr. This motion was unanimously agreed to. Storrs had mentioned to him that he omitted The Chairman intimated that any subscripto state that this movement had been received tions towards the object of the meeting would most heartily by all classes in England, by all be received by Mr. P. Watson, to whom they religious denominations, and by politicians of were greatly indebted for the great trouble he every shade of opinion. He (the Chairman) had taken in connexion with the matter. had been struck to-night by the fact that (Applause.) neither Dr. Storrs nor Mr. Martin stated how On the motion of the Rev. W. Wilson, a nobly the people of the United States had re- vote of thanks was passed to the Chairman, sponded to the appeal made on behalf of the and the benediction having been pronounced, negroes. This was perhaps modest on their the meeting separated. part, but he thought it ought to be known that their brethren in the States had in this matter EDUCATION IN THE SOUTH.-The blacks seem set them a noble example. (Applause.) Such to be far more thoroughly alive to the value confidence had he in the power, in the wealth, of mental culture than the poor class of Southin the philanthropy, and in the Christianity ern whites. They are showing a most admir. of the United States, that he believed they able and praiseworthy interest in the schools might have done this great work without as- provided for them, and are likely to profit by sistance from this country; but as fellow them very thoroughly. General Forster has Protestants, as those who enjoyed the same just issuse an order in North Carolina, dereligious and civil privileges, he claimed that claring that free schools will be provided for they should share in this great and glorious the poor whites of the State as rapidly as poswork. (Loud applause.) He hoped the people sible, and that a beginning is already made of Scotland, and especially the people of Dun- at Newbern. This is an excellent movement, dee, would show that they fully appreciated and deserves encouragement.
In the new the magnitude of the crisis in America, and order of things in the South the great mass of were prepared to do their part. (Applause.) the people, white and black, will exert a far
The Rev. Mr. Spence, in proposing the next greater influence than ever before, and the resolution, expressed his entire faith in the education of both classes becomes a matter of reliability of those by whom any money col. public importance.-N. Y. Times.
petent persons could be found in the South, but it is a fact that if such were found, few
of them would become a “Nigger Teacher,” LETTER FROM
as the noble men and women are sneeringly THE REV. J. M. WALDEN, M. A.
called by those who have both by social usage Cincinnati, July 26, 1865. and civil law prohibited the teaching of the Rev. H. M. Storrs, D.D., London, England. coloured race in their midst. It requires My Dear Brother,
heroic spirit to bear the reproaches and submit Levi Coffin and I reached Nashville at six to the social isolation that is the common lot o'clock p. m., Saturday, July 15th. When I of those who labour in this good cause. Going state that for several months we have had but from the North, these worthy ones imperil one teacher at this very important place, you health and life by change in climate, diet, will expect me to explain the reason. When
labour, &c. Before reaching Nashville we the opportunity of labouring for the Freed. learned that there was sickness among the men there first presented itself, we promptly teachers--that some had already gone home in dispatched an agent thither, and through him feeble condition. One of our teachers at Hen. established a depot for supplies, from which, dersonville went over with us to Nashville to for several months, clothing and other means lend a helping hand if needed, for there is a of relief were distributed to the needy coloured true christian spirit among those who are la. people in the city and the camps accessible bouring in the field—they remember they have from there. We also sent teachers, who la- a common work but forget that they are un. boured very efficiently, and until a few months der the auspices of different societies. When past we had four persons in schools there. we reached the Home of the Presbyterian Perhaps a year ago, the Pennsylvania Freed. Teachers we found it the scene of sickness and men's Relief Association sought a Western death. Miss Johnson, who had been Matron field in which to labour, and selected Nashville, of the Orphan Asylum in the Freed-men's The United Presbyterian Board of Missions Camp, at Nashville, had died the evening be. had also opened schools as a part of their mis- fore, and one of the teachers was not expected sionary operations among the coloured people, to live. of whom, as a denomination, they have ever
The next morning we attended the funeral been the steadfast friends. With these socie- services of Miss Johnson. Eight persons were ties anxious to occupy this point, we thought present. She had come from Massachusetts; it wise to turn our efforts to points not sup. after giving two years to the service of her plied by other associations. It is probable that country in ministering to sick and wounded we should not now have a teacher in Nashville, soldiers in Hospitals, she had entered tho had not the Superintendent of the U. P. Freed-men's work last spring-coming westSchools requested us to place a teacher in their ward from Washington city. Fifty fatherless schools, and thereby supply a deficiency be- and motherless children had been given into yond their ability to provide for. Of course her charge, and she entered upon her duties we were ready to support an efficient teacher with all the zeal of a philanthropic woman en. in schools that are among the best in the gaged in the work of her choice. It is no south, believing that no better application unusual thing for those who are labouring conld be made of funds entrusted to us, and among the Freed-men to become so interested hence, after having relinquished Nashville to in their work as to neglect that care for them. these societies, I can still report one teacher selves necessary to preserve their health. It there. The schools, however, are now all was so in this instance in three months she closed for the summer vacation.
had superinduced sickness that proved fatal. A FALLEN HEROINE,
As I wrote, above eight persons were in the Teachers of the Freed-men must come from room to participate in her funeral services the North for more than one obvious reason. whilst in the adjoining was the other sick It would not be generous to say that few com- teacher, attended by his wife. It is sad to
think that during her sickness the deceased
ASAMBO IN A TIGHT BOX." was a thousand miles from her home, with no Such was the caption of a number of news. relative, only the friends of a few weeks paper articles that went the rounds of the standing to minister to her wants—and only press of this country some five years ago, and those to pay the last tribute of respect to her attracted much attention even in Great Bri. memory who knew nothing of her save that tain. I will recall the circumstances that she was an earnest, devoted, self-sacrificing gave rise to them--an episode that had its labourerin behalf of the lowly and the suffering. conclusion only on last Tuesday. On a Sab. It is noble to contribute means for the support bath morning in April, 1860, Levi Coffin reof benevolent effort among the Freed people. ceived a letter from Nashville notifying him of It is heroic to turn away from home and the consignment of a box to be sent by Exfriends and lay wealth, life, all upon the altar press which would reach Cincinnati—the place of Humanity.
of his home, that same morning. He went to VISIT TO A COLOURED CHURCI. the Express office io inquire for the box, but In the afternoon we attended divine service in lieu of it was handed a telegram that in. in a coloured M. E. Church. At the close of formed him that at Seymour, Ind., in changthe service opportunity was given me to intro. ing the box from one train to another the lid duce friend Coffin. There are few considera- had come off and a “darkey" had rolled out. ble places in this part of the South where his An enterprising coloured man resolved on name has not been long familiar to the seeking for freedom, had resorted to this expe. coloured people as well as to Slave-holders, dient to accomplish his purpose. Immediately but until the present war vested the American upon his exposure he was captured without a flag with the power to protect American cit- legal process, hurried back on the next train izens in all parts of the country alike, heto Louisville, and from there sent to his mascould not have stood up, publicly announced, ter. This event created an intense excitement. iu any southern city, although he never enticed Friend Coffin had never learned the name of a slave to run away from his owner during all the man that had been thus consigned to him ; the years of his connection with that celebra. did not know what was coming in the box ted institution—the Under-ground Rail-road. when he went to inquire after it, (though he True he has assisted more than 3000—fed the may have had a remote idea). hungry-clothed the naked-who were seek. Now that he was in Nashville you will not ing for freedom, but never did he even en wonder that he desired to see this man if to be courage any person in an effort to entice the found. We learned that he was still there. slave from his master-yet until recently he His name was Alexander McClure—a tinner could not have spoken to an assembly in by trade, who continued to work for his masNashville with any great degree of personal ter until the Proclamation, but is now carrysafety.
ing on a shop for himself in one part of the After some general remarks as to the in town while his master still has his shop in terest he had ever felt in the coloured race, he another street. We found where his shop was gave them an account of his visit to England, located and on Tuesday morning called there. informed them not only of the interest that is It was a strange meeting, that between those felt for them in that country and of the gifts two men! It is no wonder that they clasped that have been made for their benefit, but also each others hands in silence and looked upon of the christian sympathy that exists there- each other with an expression of pleasure and assuring them that among numbers of different surprise. denominations of christians he had often heard FREED-MEN'S WORK IN NASHVILLE. earnest, fervent prayers offered up in their be. It is estimated that there are about 10,000 half, in public assemblies, in social meetings coloured people in Nashville and the vicinity. and around the family altar. It came to them of these less than five hundred are in the as a new revelation- a matter of wonder and Freed-men's camp. One of the strangest delight.
sights to be witnessed in this now historic city is the multitude of cabins built by the Freed it was with the operatives of Lancashirepeople who sought a place where they might brought into the saddest condition that can be protected and find some employment by befall labouring classes out of work." Un. which to secure a livelihood. I have every- less the demand for labour has almost a where, in every town in the valley, seen an miraculous expansion, it is very evident that evidence of a measure, both of industry and the coming winter will be a hard one indeed self-respect among them in their desire to for the Freed people there--and for such an keep out of the camps if possible. The pro- expansion there is no ground to hope. portion of the number in the camp at Nash. From the time the grand problem before us ville to the number in the city and vicinity, was first presented in the course of the provi. illustrates the results of this spirit. I could dential developments of the war, I have had have counted hundreds of cabins within the an abiding faith in its successful solution ; the city limits that these people have erected more I travel among this people—the more I during the past two years, on vacant lots for visit them in their lowly homes-talk with which I presume no rent has as yet been ex. them and learn their temper and spirit-the acted. They are the abodes of the families of less do I have to walk by faith in regard to men who are in the army as soldiers and la- their future; nevertheless the darkest period bourers, and of others who find employment of their transition from Slavery to Freedom is with citizens in various forms of industry. not wasted. Unless I greatly misapprehend This is the fair side of the picture-there is the signs of the present, there will be scenes another
of suffering among them as fearful in character At the outbreak of the Rebellion Nashville and greater in extent than anything witnessed? had a population of 17,000. Latterly there during the past four years. has been a heavy tide of emigration thither. In cities such as Nashville, where their ward, but even this could hardly have swelled numbers must almost inevitably depreciate the population to more than 25,000. A re. wages, their condition will be more favourable currence of the estimated number of Freed than elsewhere in the south-and yet what in people will at once suggest the probable dis- all probability must it be in these cities ? The proportion between the ordinary demand for most thrifty may support themselves during and supply of labour. As the army dissolves the winter months; another class may provide the extraordinary demand for labour which it themselves and their children with food, but has occasioned ceases. Hundreds of persons, must depend upon charity for clothing; a large proportion of whom are coloured, have another class, comprising many who have been dismissed from the Quartermaster's De- made a living by washing, &c., must be partment alone, and the number will continue clothed and fed or perish. The necessity for to be augmented every week from the several hospitals, matrons and nurses, and all kinds branches of military service. When the white of hospital stores, must increase in the same soldier or labourer returns to his home in the ratio with the destitution, if not greater. North, he finds in an unimpaired and pros- Go beyond these cities and we find there is perous condition of community a demand for not a fourth of a crop of produce in all the his labour, but it is far different with those south. We find that as the military is with. coloured men dismissed from the public ser-drawn, a disposition is manifested by those vice who go home to their families in their who have been masters, to drive from their humble abodes in Nashville and other southern plantations the young and feeble, the old and cities, where, from necessity they have been infirm; instances are also daily multiplying located. Again, many women have supported where Freed-men employed by their former themselves and their children in some humble masters with a promise of wages, are driven way at least, by washing for officers and other off when the crop is so advanced as not to resalaried attachees of the army, whose occu- quire their further labour. Of these general pation will soon be gone. It will be with all statements there are many well authenticated these coloured men and women very much as illustrations.
I can but shudder when I think of all the of the Superintendent of the Pennsylvania So. facts that we must take into consideration in ciety, they had one school in Nashville, with forming an estimate of what is before the two teachers and 227 scholars, and one school Freed-men in their civil and social exodus. I in the adjacent Camp, with two teachers and wonder if God will not strangely and power. 150 scholars; in the United Presbyterian fully move the hearts of all the humane and schools, there were eight teachers besides the philanthropic to efforts in behalf of this people, one we employed, and 650 scholars in all—50 that will more than provide against the im. that in an estimated population of 10,000 only pending suffering. I trust He will. I can be about 1,000 pupils have been enrolled in lieve that much of the unprecedented benevo school. In regard to the work of temporal re lence of our people that for years has poured lief, it may be said that the U. P. Mission its ample fruits through the Sanitary and Board, as may perhaps be expected, gives al. Christian Commissions to the comfort and most exclusive attention to Education ; tho blessing of our soldiers will now direct itself Pennsylvania Association cannot transport toward this remaining and almost measureless geods except at a heavy cost; the Friends, 1 field. I can believe that our co-workers in doubt not, have done what they could. I Great Britain, through their consolidated and make this plain statement that the reasons perfected Association, will repeat many times may be obvious why the Assistant Commisover what they have already done. How sioner thinks there is a demand for our society grand the thought-the Christian public of to take hold again with the others at this Great Britain and that of America jointly en- point. gaged in a work of humanity that in its mag. Less than a score of teachers have been em. nitude transcends anything that God in His ployed_about 1,000 pupils have been in the providence has ever before laid upon the be- schools. Said Gen. Fisk, “there is work here nevolence of christendom!
for sixty teachers !”—and I doubt not that In our interview with Gen. Fisk, Assistant 4,000 persons young and old could be brought Commissioner of the Freed-men's Burean, for into the schools—who would gladly come into Kentucky and Tennessee, he said with em. them were there room and teachers for them. phasis, “I shall be compelled to make frequent I have not visited a point in the Mississippi val. and heavy drafts on your Association." He ley but I have found some absent from school moreover indicated the necessity of our Com. because the throng was so great as to discour. mission at once resuming their work again in age them from going. Nashville. He did not mention any reasons
From what has been stated above in regard for this but they are obvious--or I shonld say to the disproportion between the number of the reason is obvious-viz: the field is not labourers and the work to be done, in regard to nearly occupied. For the past year most of the army work, &c., who shall estimate the the benevolent work there has been done by number of families—the number of women three societies, the Pennsylvania Freedmen's and children-who must have more or less Relief Association, the United Presbyterian assistance to prevent them from greatly suf. Board of Freedmen's Missions, and the Execu- fering by hunger, cold and disease, superin. tive Committee of the Friends' Yearly Meet. duced by privations and exposure. ing. Onr Society furnished seeds and farm It is one day's travel from Cincinnati to and garden tools-also forwarded some goods Nashville. Our work is to relieve as well for distribution, but as above stated had given as educate. In justice to these multitudes more attention to other important fields. who must pass the winter at Nashville, our These societies have done much for the Freed. Society must at once turn its attention to that men-have had very worthy labourers engaged point, and be ready to meet the demand that there-have, no doubt, done all they could will come. Hence we must send teachers under the circumstances. It is now some there—a score in a body-to give part of the months since the Friends withdrew their day to teaching and a part to visiting among Teachers; according to the published Report the humble houses of the Freed people, that