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when Dr. McLeol at Balmoral had a promising opportunity to enlist the sy.npathies of the Court in favour of the Freed-men, but the matter was checked by some cool observation from Sir Charles Phipps that our Society was of a political caste. So far as the representatives of the Society are concerned an objection of this kind might be left without comment, but in the interest of millions whose welfare and progress we seek, we deeply regret that it should have become a barrier to the help and influence that might be so beneficial. We trust it is not yet too late for our noble friends in high places to make those representations that will secure a recognition of an object worthy of the most influential sanction that can be given. To illustrate our meaning as to the political relations of the Society, we have to say that our politics in reference to the Freed:nen, are those of Clarkson, Macaulay, Stephens, Wilberforce and Buxton; they are identical with those of Mrs. Fry, and of Mrs. Moseley, who is well worthy to be named, for gentleness, wisdom, zeal and devotedness, with any who in former days have been workers in the same cause.
THE SOUTHERN STATES.
MR. PEABODY'S GIFT.
sonal and special friends, the sum of one A MILLION OF DOLLARS FOR EDUCATION IN million of dollars, to be by you and your
successors held in trust, and the income (In the seventh of February Mr. Peabody thereof used and applied in your discretion addressed a letter to fifteen American gentle for the promotion and encouragement of men of eminence representing all partics, in intellectual, moral, or industrial education which he says: “With my advancing years among the young of the moro destitute portions my attachment to my native land has but of the South Western States of our Union, become more devoted. My hope and faith in my purpose being that the benefits intendeu its successful and glorious future have grown shall be distributed among the entire popula. brighter and stronger.
But to make her tion without other distinction than their needs prosperity more than superficial, her moral and the opportunities of usefulness to them. and mental development should keep pace Besides the income thus devised, I give you with her material growth: and in those permission to use from the principal sum portions of our country which have suffered within the next two years an amount not from the disastrous consequences of civil exceeding forty per cent." war, the argent and physical needs of an
n! We may well keep on in arging the claims almost impoverished people must for some of the “needy.” None can tell how soon the years preclude them from making by unaided springs of benevolenco may be touched by the effyrt such advances in education, and such divine hand, when the wants of thy perishing progress in the diffusion of knowledge among are clearly exhibited. The turn of the col. all, classes, that every lover of his country oured people in Canada, in Jamaica and in must earnestly desire. I feel most deeply, Africa will yet come. We feel deeply humili. therefore, that it is the duty and privilege of ated by the fact that the desolation in Jamaica the more favoured and wealthy portions of after all the struggles of the great political our nation to assist those who are far less parties remains untouched. : Mr. Teall in go. furtunate, and with the wish to discharge, so ing out to preach in one district can find far I may be ablu, my own responsibility in only a tree for shelter ; bat the hour will this matter, as well as to gratify my desire to come when some poble-minded friends who aid those to whom I am bound by so many love their country and their race, will say, ties of attachment and regard, I give to you this case shall be provided for ; I will take my gentlemen, most of whom have beep my per. part and do it now.
THE JAMAICA PROSECUTIONS. authority to pat persons to death, that is just Proceedings have been instituted for the one of those mistakes which the law does not prosecution of General Nelson and Lieutenant permit any man to make: therefore he does it Brand at the Bow Street Court. Application at his peril. was made to Sir Thomas Henry to grant a They were acting at their peril in this mat. warrant for the apprehension of these persons ter. If they acted in that way in ignorance on the charge of wilful murder in putting to or in good faith it would be no excuse. It death Mr. Gordon. Mr. Fitzjames Stephens may be said especially with regard to Lieuconducted the case with remarkable discretion tenant Brand, that he acted under the and ability. It is due to all parties concerned command of his superior, General Nelson. that we should put on record a dispassionate But an illegal order dues not justify the person report of the case.
who oarries it out. If the King command an Mr. Stephens at the outset introduced the unlawful act to be done, the offence is not legal proposition, affirmed by every authority therefore the less an offence of the law of England -and contained in The whole matter was utterly illegal from “Russell on Crimes," – that if any person beginning to end. This was not a Court wilfully and illegally puts another person to Martial in any degree. There are three death that act is prima facie murder, unless Court Martials which this might have been. it can be reduced either to manslaughter or It might have been a Court Martial held excusable homicide, the proof of which lies under the Military Act of Jamaica; that is upon the party who must show some cause It might have been a Court Martial held for it. "If it was an illegal act,” said Mr. under the Mutiny Act of Jamnica; that is Stephens, “clearly it was deliberate, clearly two. It might have been lastly, a Court it was intentional, and in that sense wilful Martial under the Naval Discipline Act; that and malicious; for malice meanis nothing is three. It was not any one of these. At all else than unlawful, illegal, a state of mind events it was not a Court Martial. It was which the law condemns and forbids. There. merely three officers meeting together to ad. fore it was done wilfully, and also illegally; minister what they call martial law. it was murder. So that that proposition The common law of England, and that which I shall have to lay before you is really alone, must be resorted to in order to under. this—that there are several grave reasons for stand the words “Martial law," in the Ja. considering, prima facie, until a sufficient maica Acts—so that the Jamaica Acts do not answer can be given, that the act was alto. , in fact extend the power of the governor gether illegal and unjustifiable."
beyond the power which he possesses by the hen who were the parties concerned ? common law. General Nelson must unquestionably have Mr. Stephens gave a history of legislation conimanded in the most express terms that on the subject in Jamaica from 33rd Charles this man should be hanged, because there it II:—“The gist of the thing is,” he continued, is in his own letters. He says, “He is to be “that the introduction of martial law in Jahanged on Monday morning.” In the same maica, in its origin, is nothing less than a way Lieutenant Brand as the organ of this power to call out the adult male population body calling itself a Court Martial, also of the island and make them soldiers for the orders that he shall be hanged, because he time being, and when they were soldiers for says, “the prisoner is sentenced to be hanged the time being they were liable to the disby the neck."
cipline of soldiers and to be called upon as It may be said timt this act was done in such. That is all you can gather from the good faith, and that they believed they had acts themselves ; but you gather this also legal authority for what they did : but that that the martial law in question was not to be is no excuse at all. If a man without legal repugnant to the law of England. authority, supposing himself to be a judge in “Whatever the law of England includes, it a question of life and death, and to have does not include the power of trying a man
for an offence and putting him to death with Lientenant Brand have since been placed in out the ordinary form of law, except in cases the dock for the further examination of the of absolute nocessity, of which necessity a They were offered a seat in another jury to be the judges afterwards.
part of the court but declined to change their “ The question is this: Is the law of England position. Lieutenant Brand and General supreme, or is there, known to the law of Nelson are committed for trial. England, some other power which in its own discretion can set aside the law aud be
THE CHARLESTON MERCURY acknowledges supreme over it ?
that the practice of allowing negroes to testify • When Mr. Gordon was put to death, was in court has proved entirely satisfactory. he put to death by authority of any prerogative
OPPRESSION IN MARYLAND.-A coloured right in the Crown to suspend or overcome minister in one of the lower counties of Mary. the law, aud to protect afterwards from all land, some time since, addressed the following injury those who act upon it, or was he put to letter to Judge Bond, of Baltimore, com. death by men whɔ may have acted perfectly plaining of the persecution his people suffered legally? That, and nothing less than that, in the apprenticeship of their children, the is the question involved in this prosecution, burning of the schoolhouses, and the beating an: one more worthy of the very highest of the teachers of the the coloured schools. judical authority itself could not be found We conceal the name and residence of the in any country, or could possibly be sub. writer, since, if they were disclosed he would mitted for the consideration of any person. inevitably fall a prey to rebel vengeance :I do not come here to say let those men be put
· My dear Judge, – We poor coloured to death. I do not come here to press for people are being shot down while we are on conviction. We do not come here in a spirit our way to church, and our children are taken of vindictiveness; but we come hear to say, away from us (by the apprenticeship law) and You have put to death one of the Queen's there is no help. Come down, if you can, subjects with the strong hand: now show and see what cau be done before we are all the proper authority ti at that which lost. And if you can't come, write to Judge you did was necessary to be done.' That, Goldsborough, or some good man that will Sir, is the object for which we come here: have a feeling for us, to get our children.” and I am sure if it could be shown to an Souru CAROLINA. - While two or three English jury that it was necessary to take third-rate politicians have come from the this man and put him to death-if it could be Palmetto State to see what terms they can shown that nothing else wjuld preserve the make, the Legislature is anything bui loyal. lives of the inhabitants of the country, that Last week, a committee reported a bill, nothing short of that would have preserved placing five thousand dollars at the disposition peace and restored the lawful authority of the of the Governor to enable him to test the Queen, I know very little of English juries if constitutionality of those acts of Congress by they would not be right glad to receive such which the sea-islands were confiscated, and evidence that it was necessary on the part of sold to the Freed-men in small farms. Many those in lawful anthority to adopt such steps of these coloured men fought for the Union, for the preservation of the empire. But, Sir, and afterward purchased snug homesteads I fear the facts tend all the other way. Be under what they supposed was a guaranty that as it may, that is nothing to the question of title by the United States. But their before us now. The question for you is occupation of the estates opce owned by whether by granting this warrant yon will put rebels is not acceptable to the chivalry, the matter in the course of investigation and and the state is endeavouring to dispossess call upon them for a justification of the act them. If these sable occupants of the they have done. The facts of the case were sea-islands only had votes, they would be proved by several witnesses. The magistrate entreated to remain, and to vote the Demo. granted the warrants. · General Nelson and cratio ticket.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. gratitude, affection, and fidelity, as it
is of intelligence, when treated with J. R. Lower, Esq. will see that the mistakes consideration, justice, and straightforin the daily journals are corrected.
The wardness. The European is loved stall is for Tonbridge, and not Tonbridge quite to veneration when he extensis to Wells. We hope the ladies at the Wells will
the poor uncivilized African what surely follow the good example of the town.
is as much the command, not to be abrogated or lost sight of in his intercourse with him, more than with his
enlightened fellow white man, in this MARCH, 1867.
our favoured land of civilization and
privileges, viz., to do justice, love It was well said at the meeting in mercy, and be kind and honest in all Exeter Hall that Mrs. Moseley is an his dealings with him. example for the women of England and
“ Never to my latest hour can I forof the world in the work of christian get the affectionate respect exhibited philanthropy. Nothing could be more hy them towards the name and memory timely than the light of this example of my beloved husband, who was indeed We have sometimes feared that the a true and real freind to the benighted spirit of humane and generous regarıl negroes in the highest sense of the for the condition of the suffering and word. Whenever they speak of him in down-trolden, which has made Great conversation, or at a palaver' (a kind Britain the admiration of the thought of meetiny,) when the chiefs and others ful in all lands, was on the decline, and assemble to discuss different questions that the love of gain and the lust of and matters of business, they always power would eat out the noble senti- rise from their seats and sit down again, ments of our countrymen. The weari- which is the highest mark of respect an some objections and excuses made by African can show to a European," many when called to raise the condition Twenty-five chiefs came to bid Mrs. of the millions of the Freed-men made Moseley farewell on embarking for us fear the consequences sure to follow England. " I asked them,” she says, selfishness and pride. But we begin to “ to accept a copy of the New Testafeel the reviving of hope. We see in ment as a parting gift. It was touching Mrs. Moseley how every feeling of aver- to behold their humility and gentleness sion and contempt for a neglected and of manner in receiving them; and as injured race may be overcome and each chief took his book from my hand exchanged for confidence and an interest he pressed his lips wpon it, uttering a that itself adds strength and refinement word of thankfulness in his own simple, to christian character.
eloquent way.” Nothing is required in order to attain The testimony of Mr. Conway at the this but the patient and persevering meeting was very striking, and not less discharge of duty. Mrs. Moseley says, so that of the Hon. W. Young, Chief "the negro character is as capable of Justice of Nova Scotia.
But the most conclusive and interest- Much has been said there for Jamaica ; ing proof of negro capability was that what shall be done. Where is Bristol ? presented in the person of the Rev. W. But we stop in this challenge. There Jones, the representative of one hun- are a hundred towns in England that dred thousand Freed-men in Canua. ought to respond, and we believe that We speak advisedly when we say that those who are already earnestly at Great Britain is luid under incalculable work, will not rest until they have obligations at this time to these sober, brought them to the course of action industrious and loyal people who occupy which will do more for the cause of the frontier, bounded by the Niagara justice, freedom, and humanity, than kiver. It might have cost us millions all that can be said in Parliament, at of money and myriads of lives if in the the bar, or through the press, if these Fenian raids their conduct had been claimants on our attention and practidifferent.
cal sympathy were still left as they now The case of Jamaica was impres-are-coldly in the distance. sively put by Mr. Jones. We say to America the claims of the Alabama
SPECIAL MEETING. shall be considered for she is a strong
An interesting and important special Meet. nation. Shall we say to the pillaged ing was held in the lower Hall
, Exeter Hall,
on the loth February, in order to present to and desolate people in Jamaica, your the friends of the Freed-men, a general view claims shall not be considered, for you of the operations of our Society, and more are weak and defenceless.
especially to afford encouragement to Mrs. The ladies present at the Meeting in Moseley in her sulf.denying and long-conExeter Hall followed Mrs Moseley with tinued efforts for the promotion of Female
education at Cape Coast Castle. In the affectionate sympathy into the committee
unavoidable absence of our esteemed Presiroom, and saiil, “ Give us time. You dent, Lord Alfred Spencer Churchill-the shall not be unsupported in this noble Rev. Dr. Schwartz, kindly consen! ed to task. We will work for the Bazaar, and preside. The Ch virman after imploring the it will be a success.
Tonbridge has set divine blessing on the proceedings of the a fine example. Where is Liverpool ? meeting, said that he felt the most profound
? of In one year 170 slave ships sailed from remarkable undertaking of Mrs. Moseley. the port of Liverpool on their cruel and Unhappily she could not speak herself for the unrighteous errand. Are there no object she had at hear:, and yet she bad in christian women there of kindred spirit the most interesting way made known her with Mrs. Moseley, or Mrs. Ellen plans in the little books she had written, and
in the FREED-Man. He felt satisfied that no Craft (who will sail shortly for the
Christian lady could become acquainted with African ('oast under the King of Daho- her course, and leave her without the comey). Where is Manchester? There operation required; they dare not do this. are surely amongst the generous friends Dr. Tomkins, at the invitation of the Chairwho sustained Robert Moffat, those who man
the more direct business of the can rise above the commercial and the meeting was to interest the ladies of London
in behalf of the forthcoming Bazaar, and to political, to do good apart from the give Mrs. Moseley, that benevolent benefac. cotton question. Where is Birmingham ? stress of the African race, all the encourage