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MR. PLUMMER AND MR. MOFFAT. cause of the freed-men. We have come to the
MR. PLUMMER, in a letter dated Berlin, conclusion that none will enter on the work Malvern Road, Jamaica, 21st Jan., 1867, with energy and perseverance who are not says: “I have never been able to visit Morant influenced by the highest motive and conBay and its neighbourhood as I promised, but strained by the undying spirit of christian I will (D.V.) start for that locality early next compassion. We would therefore commend year. I corresponded with friends there who the cause to the attention of those who are state that the poor people are still suffering; asking themselves how they can best consome have built temporary residences, but secrate their property and their energies in all are in a state of utter destitution. I shall the work of their own time. Let them weigh go to see for myself.” This simple statement calmly and when alone the claims of these confirms our worst fears. The friends of millions. There can be no doubt that at this Jamaica have been so absorbed in other juncture good might be effected the influence questions, that the suffering and neglected of which might be felt to the remotest generpeople after all have been left in their perish- ation. Neglect will close the door. For ing condition. Justice costs us so much that ourselves, apart from all personal considerawe have nothing to spare for mercy, and yet tions, we propose to occupy, the post discouragnot to shew some kind of compassion for these ing as it may have seemed until the decisive miserable people, on the part of those who so help shall come up. That we are not in well know their condition, can scarcely be error as to the decline of interest in the said to be just; at least it is not consistent. African race we have abundant proof from Mr. Plummer himself is deeply interested in a letter addressed by the venerable Moffat the work of raising the condition of the freed to his cousin in Edinburgh, in which he men. He says: “I am anxious to establish says: “The public duties of the mission are an industrial school on my estate under my quite enough for all the energies of a strong own supervision. Would the Freed-men's man. Besides these, I am engaged in a work Aid Society help me to carry out my plan by which taxes body as well as mind severely, as either sending out a teacher fitted for such a it leaves me scarcely a moment's leisure. This work, or make an annual grant for the pur- wo k is carrying a revised edition of the New pose. I will supply all the other necessaries, Testament, in the native language, through such as buildings, land, &c. Schools of this the press. Probably, you will have a tolerable kind are absolutely necessary.” This is one guess that this is no easy work, especially as of many openings presented here and there I have to be constantly engaged in the printing in the vast and promising field of philanthropic department, in which other elementary works labour. Trustworthy, benevolent, and dis- are preparing at the same time. But there interested people are ready to co-operate is some consolation-ay, a great deal—in the with the Society in creating centres of useful. conviction that one is not labouring for one's
The darkness is tinged with the dawn self, but for others, and for generations yet of hope. The work is great and the need unborn. The first edition of 4,000 copies is pressing, and we trust there are earnest and now done, and it will require a much larger generous people in the mother country ready edition of the revision as well as of the Old to co-operate. Certainly the juncture is very Testament to supply the increasing demand. critical. We do not affect to conceal from Readers are increasing in all directions, our friends that the Society has had up-hill which is a very cheering sign, for what are work and that the relation of some to it is only people, or what can we make of people who nominal. We believe however that the con. have not a written language ? and whatever viction is growing in the minds of many that may be the amount of oral instruction among the African race ought not to be neglected. a people, permanent results cannot be exThere is a spring in the movement for the pected in the absence of books. I have seen Bazaar. We hear from time to time of friends a great deal accomplished when the barbarous who are beginning to feel deep interest in the and degraded character of this country is
April 1, 1867
taken into consideration, but I expected to quested Mr. Teall to select particularly the have seen much more. The position of the widows and orphans who have been deprived missionary in this country is not what it once of their husbands and parents, and whose
We were suspicious characters, dan- circumstances are the most desperate, and I gerons to the community, runaways from our have notthe slightest doubt that Mr. Teall will own country, objects of mockery and oppres. carefully carry out the benevolent intentions sion. Now, a missionary is known, his object of the donors. understood, and respected, too, beyond the I should have liked to have written you a Zambese. Any chief and every chief would long letter to day, but have not time for the like to have a missionary.
present mail. “I presume you would like to hear some. The new Government has not as yet done thing about our own dear selves. Well, when anything to alleviate the distress in the island. you are reminded that I have been fifty years We are waiting patiently to see what will be in the mission field, and my wife for a not done. They have all the power and control. much shorter period, you will think we must | It will be necessary for the friends of the nebe looking old and feeling old, too. Our
groes to watch the tendency of legislation. A directors have so much reason to be delighted Bill is now about to be presented whereby trial and taken up with other fields, where prospe by jury is to be abolished, preliminary investirity is crowning their efforts, that it is feared gation preparatory to trials and all the safethat their zeal for Africa is beginning to cool." guards provided by the British constitution,
The missionary spirit, we learn on every are in future to be abolished, and sole power side is declining.
there not a cause ? in civil and criminal cases is to be vested in There never was an opportunity so direct and a single judge who is to allow an appeal only so promising as that which is so wonderfully in his discretion. This is going too far, and I given in the case of the millions of the freed- hope will not become law. There will be no men; if it be disregarded, can we wonder security whatever to the subject if trials are to that the springs of christian sensibility should be of such an arbitrary nature. I shall write be dried up. Happy will it be for our churches to you if the Bill is passed. It is said here it when they will again sing, as once they did will pass, as the judges (Scotch advocates) with thrilling emotion
have already been appointed. Let the Indian, let the negro,
In haste, with kindest regards,
Believe me to be,
Yours very truly,
JOSEPH E. Davis, brother of Jefferson, having Kingston, Jamaica, 9th February, 1867, received from the President his old possesMy Dear Sir,
sions on the Mississippi, has just let the I received your favour of the 20th Decem- “Hurricane” and “Briarfield” plantations, ber, intimating the shipment of a bale of goods in Warren county, to B. T. Montgomery, for by the “Fontabelle,” kindly sent by Mrs. a term of years. Mr. Montgomery, who is a Richardson and friends of Newcastle-upon- colored man, and “one of the business manaTyne, for distribution among the unfortunate gers” of the aforesaid Joseph, has projected sufferers during the suppression of the recent a community of his own people, whom he disturbances here. The “Fontabelle" has expects, “by the pursuits of agriculture, just arrived here, but I have not yet been able horticulture, and manufacturing and mechanto get the case, but have directed it to be ical arts, as well as the rising of stock, to shipped to Morant Bay, to the Rev. Mr. Teall, attain as much prosperity and happiness as for distribution. I have at the same time re- is consistent with human nature."-Nation.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. least ashamed openly to utter these
sentiments. They are however not MR. PLUMMER.—The charity schools are not
The friends of the poor forgotten. We wait only for the best
negro must therefore rally more closely opportunity for action. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. – Received with best around the despised, and resolve that
thanks, a parcel of books from Rev. he should be protected from those who Cooke, D.D., for the Bazaar, also a case of hate him, and who, when they have the beantiful articles, from the Misses Parmitter chance, do not hesitate to oppress him. and Miss Orme, Froe Cottage, St. Anthony's, Not till public sentiment comes up to per Mrs. Waddington.
the christian standard and determines to protect the weak, will philanthropy have done her work. Not till the negro
in every land is safe from the motley host APRIL, 1867.
of his oppressors, will the British and
Foreign Freed-Men's Aid Society, it is PREJUDICE AND PROTECTION. hoped, relax its efforts.
There are One of the most painful features in more than seven thousand to be found in human character is that which reveals “Old England” who have not yet bent an unreasonable aversion to individuals the knee to this Baal worship of race. and races.
The prejudice against the We are told there were always slaves." Irish is uncharitable and groundless. We know it. There were also always The depreciation and aversion to the thefts, adulteries and murders,” but French and against foreigners gene- shall we defend these enormities? rally has fostered pride and led to Shall we“sin as with a cart rope ?" No. serious difficulties. The feeling which We appeal then at the present for help crops up in the oft heard expression, for the Bazaar, for donations and for “I do not like the Yankees,” is un- new annual subscribers. A small sum natural and disgraceful. But perhaps suffices to keep the Society in existence. the meanest and the basest aversion of Direct help can only be afforded as all is that of hatred to the poor negro. friends furnish us with larger means. Let us suppose that God has not given The “Freed-man” alone is a power him all the bewitching charms of the which the oppressor we trust may yet dominant white man ; is that any reason learn to respect. that he should be treated with less re
LIBERALITY OF FREED-MEN.–At Natchez, gard than a favourite dog or horse.
Mississippi, where the freed-men are quite We certainly have affection for these
numerous, they have purchased a church procreatures, and are rewarded a thousand-perty “for 9,000 dols., pay 6.000 dols. down, fold by the mute response, if one may and are to pay the other 3,000 dols. at the exuse the solecism, that their sagacity ex- piration of ten months.” Many of them give
a dollar a month. Here are zeal and liberality presses. And yet we hear men saying
worthy of imitation. Th are poor, but every day when we appeal to them for willing and cheerful, and such the Lord help, “I hate the nigger, he should be loveth. They deserve to be helped, for they a slave."
Time was when men were at help themselves.
arduous pursuits. They are too burIt is characteristic of the English dened with care, and carried along by people to move slowly and cautiously public excitement to look with calmness in a new work—sometimes to halt as if into this work of christian philanthropy, in doubt, or for reflection—but, when yet it is closely connected with the once convinced, to go forward with in- stability and progress of our country vincible resolution, and to do far more and the welfare of the human race. than they seemed to promise. We Many are asking with eagerness shall find this to be the case in the “ Are we too late for the Bazaar ?" Bazaar movement. So long as earnest The Ladies' Committee have so arand thoughtful christian workers pause ranged, that no willing worker shall be to ask if the object is really worthy, or too late; they have determined to if anything will be done, all we can say extend the time of receiving articles to seems to be lost. The spring is want- the close of April. Considerate and ing, and their is no vital power. But generous friends, and especially the we have passed the stage of uncertainty. Annual Subscribers of the Society will Many real sisters of charity are giving see that prompt remittances in money their best energies to the work. They just now will be exceedingly helpful will not only take their own part, but and encouraging. stir up all their friends. Every day and every waking hour before the First MEETING AT BRIGHTON. of May, they will turn to the best account, A Public Meeting in behalf of the British by thought, work, correspondence, com- and Foreign Freed-Men's Aid Society was bined with fervent prayer. Doubts and
held in the Pavilion, Brighton, on the 11th
of March at three o'clock. LIEUTENANT objections are at an end; what they COLONEL Stevens occupied the chair. After now do they will do with might, and to singing, the Rev. Henry Bromley offered the latest moment. The difference be- prayer. The Rev. Canon Babington, Rev. E. tween a listless and questioning in- Paxton Hood, M. Curnock, R. Vaughan Price, difference, and this simple and untiring M.A., and R. Hamilton, though unable to at
tend the meeting expressed their, warm devotedness is incalculable. It is im
interest in its objects. possible to over-estimate the blessing
COLONEL STevens in his opening address that
may arise at this juncture, from a stated that the object of the meeting was not thoroughly successful movement. Our political. A mistaken impression of this kind country owes a duty to our own Freed- had prevented some persons from co-operation men which has been too long neglected. with the Society. Personally he was deeply
convinced of the necessity of such an instituLet the work be taken up in earnest tion, for all might be assured of this, that and it will go forward, and the effect heathen people could not be ruled by the will be felt through many generations. mild laws of christianity. He had abundant
To whom can we look with so much proof of this in the mutiny of India, when certainty as to the mothers and daugh- he had to sleep with a six pounder on either
side of his bed. Some persons spoke in ignoters of Great Britain. Statesmen,
rance of the noble nature of the savage but politicians, merchants, manufacturers, he knew the malignity and ferocity of that tradesmen, are all absorbed in their nature. General Napier was a great warrior
but he had a heart tender as that of a woman. He (Dr. Tomkins) had spent an evening with He would have gladly ruled by law but he the great African traveller just before he left soon found it impossible. Slavery existed in England, as it appeared, for the last time. Scinde, and for the smallest cause of offence, Hours passed quickly as they talked together the masters would cut off the nose or head of the destinies of the sable race. Dr. Livingof the slave; if a woman was found reading she stone said, the vitality of the negro is so great was hung just with the sameindifference that a that for good or for evil he must become one cook in the kitchen would cut off the head of of the great factors of humanity; and mark, a chicken. People in this country had no he added, he is open to kindness. He who at a idea of the difficulties of military men in the single stroke could have smitten down all His enforcement of discipline. They had to do foes, came with wondrous words of truth and with some of the worst and most desperate grace. His love and kindness toward man characters. He (Colonel Stevens) knew appeared in all he did. what English soldiers were when let loose, He (Dr. T.) did not wish to under-estimate and be supposed that human nature was the the difficulties of men who had to govern same in African troops-nothing but the cat millions of untutored tribes. No doubt the and the triangle would keep them under. task was onerous. Before us was a work of The natives of India dreaded the lash more still greater responsibility. We have to appeal than hanging. He should like to see religion on behalf of four millions in America, a hun. introduced amongst his own men if he knew dred thousand in Canada, nearly half a million how it could be done. They must have the in Jamaica, and untold millions in other parts gospel and education amongst the negroes, of the globe. Emancipation was to be traced or the terror of the sword. Multitudes of to the hand of God. Governor Wise, of Virpeople in this country he was certain would ginia said truly that neither the North nor the help to educate the Freed-men, who would south would have liberated the slaves but for do nothing at the same time to undermine the Higher Power. Much had been done for social order. The gallant Colonel illustrated the freed-men and much more remained to be his remarks by extracts from the life of Gene. done. He, (Dr. Tomkins,) had witnessed the ral Napier.
opening of the bales of clothing provided by DR. TOMKINS said he concurred with the British kindness, amidst the almost naked sentiment expressed so forcibly from the chair, fugitives from slavery in the Southern States, that human nature was the same all the He knew therefore the value of the boon. It world over, more or less affected at the same was a relief to his mind after pleading this time by surrounding circumstances.
cause now for four years, to come to the conIn this instance large masses were thrown clusion that for the present at least much on our care in a condition of all others re- might be safely left to the zeal and care of quiring guidance and aid. We have a mo- our American brethren. The gift of one mentous practical problem to solve. What can million of dollars in cash by Mr. Peabody and we do with the negro? He (Dr. T.) discussed the further munificent donation of a second this great matter with one whose name he million in bonds must surely, in addition to could not pronounce but with the deepest other sources of help, greatly relieve the presemotion. Sprung from the sons of toil, early sure in relation to the freed-men in the trained to read the “big Ha' Bible," endowed Southern States. with the genius of discovery, and possessing He now turned to those who lay nearer and the unflinching courage and indomitable per. yet unhappily had been treated as almost out severance needful for his work, Dr. Living of the pale of practical kindness altogether. STONE had left an example that in itself would The claim of Canada was one of the strongest be a treasure to the land of his birth. If it was that could be presented. The settlements noble for a man to die for his country, surely there had been formed by the fugitives who it was still more noble to die in the wider came by the underground railway, of which service of humanity and for the cause of God. Levi Coffin (Simeon of Uncle Tom's Cabin)