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was chairman, they were landed penniless— for the safety of the vessel ; a huge rock aphalf naked, and shorn of everything that they peared right ahead, and though the captain needed in a strange place and colder climate, seemed to be unmoved, the missionary landsbut they had cleared their own land, built man was so agitated that he said to the modest cottages, provided school houses, helmsman “Do you not see that 'rock ?" trained teachers and preachers, and a “Yes,” replied the man at the wheel, “I see it, more loyal industrious people did not exist we are going to sail through it.” As the ship under the British sceptre. But to meet the neared the rock, the fissure was more disemergency caused by accession to their nam- tinctly seen, and the light of day broke upon bers by emancipation in the South, they the placid waters as they glided safely through. needed and most surely they deserved help. So he trusted it would be with this good ship, It will be very hard if they should ask for the British and Foreign Freed- Men's Aid this in vain. The opinions respecting Jamaica Society. were diversified, but nothing could be plainer The Rev. J. WILKINS offered a few words of than the duty of christian philanthropists in sympathy in support of the series of resolutions that Island. Mr. Plummer says, “send me a adopted unanimously by the meeting. teacher, and I will give land and build a Dr. Waddington tendered to Mr. Figgis school.” Mr. Holt says the same. Mr. Craft his warmest thanks for the words of encouragehas a similar appeal to make, and Mrs. Moseley ment and support he had su kindly expressed. presents a case so touching and so urgent, that It so happened that just in the track of this it should meet with an instant and fall Society there appeared at this time an response. The work would so extend if fairly immense rock of immobility and settled in. entered upon, and its influence would be as difference on the part of some from whom leaven in the three measures of meal. Dr. they might have expected the most energetic Tomkins showed the practical action of the support. There was no breeze of opposition, Society, and closed with an earnest appeal. but some at the very moment when the true

The Rev. J. B. Figgis, M.A., expressed his nature of the work began to unfold itself most cordial sympathy with the objects of the began to say, what need is there for effort ? Society. Our duty to the negro race was He (Dr. Waddington) in answering briefly manifest. Government was one thing_Phil. that question would refer to two classes before anthropy another. However firmly the rein their attention. He would begin with that of government might be held, the heart of of what might be deemed the nnworthy, or philanthropy should glow with generous and rather the worthless. In Jamaica there were warm compassion. He sincerely and ear- large patches of semi-barbarism practically nestly hoped that christian people in this uncared for by any description of Christian country would rise to the great opportunity. workers. There were bordes of people of How wonld the heart of Wilberforce and his heathen origin, with all the traditions of an co-workers have been gladdened with the idle and bewildering superstition, left to emancipation of these dusky millions. Our their natural passions and propensities, with hearts bounded with joy when their fetters were evil examples continually before them, and broken; but we had too much lost sight of the to influences of the most debasing character. duty their new condition imposed. We have Why should we wonder that the dark places succeeded to the rich and ripe inheritance for of the earth are full of the habitations of which they toiled, wept and long waited; let cruelty ? Could any other result be anticipaus not be unfaithful to our trust. Never was ted ? What if in the family of the most a heavier load laid on the heart of the true refined, intelligent, honourable person in that philanthropist than in this work of raising the assembly, a youth should be led astray by freed-men ; it will not crush that heart, with vicious companions, leave home, and become the help of God. Sailing in the dark through the companion of the vilest persons; would not the Straits of Babel Mandel (the Strait of his character be degraded ? Might not those Tears) a christian Missionary felt alarmed who had felt for him the strongest affection,


shrink from association with him and be chairman, could only lead to extermination, ashamed even of his name? Now the neg. but in this course they would gain a victory lect of some parts of Jamaica was almost of truth, righteousness, peace, and charity, without a parallel. Hence, in those districts the blessed effect of which would remain for the freed-men had sunk far lower than the slaves in the Southern States of America. The Rev. W. H. JONES greatly interested But what then? Is this a reason that when the audience in his account of the origin of light has been poured on these wretched the Canadian settlements. The freed-men people they are to be abandoned to further he said were intensely loyal. In the Southern degradation ? In times past, we had faith States he had led a procession with the and christian patience to seek the restoration British flag to commemorate the First of of cannibals, and the deeper their misery, August. When children were presented to the more intent we were in our efforts to raise him for baptism, in answer to the question, them. The grand source of danger was in an " what is the name of the child?” It was indolent passivity that prevented a real un- common for mothers to reply with enthusiasm, derstanding of the case. Some said, “ leave “Queen Victoria." When there was a rumour them to the government.” But no govern that America might enter into war with Great ment on earth could touch them, without the Britain, the blacks troops said they would agency of a voluntary disinterested agent instantly lay down their arms. They hoped to such as christian compassion alone could call provide in Canada teachers for Jamaica. forth. Others said, “let them wait until the Mr. Jones gave a lecture at the Pavilion in natural resources of the Island are developed.” the evening, which was well attended. But the truth was, that the greater the com- A considerable number of ladies met Mrs. mercial prosperity of planters and traders, Tomkins, Mrs. Moseley, and Mrs. Craft, in the wider would be the gulf between them the Committee Room, to enter into arrangeand the neglected class. He (Dr. Waddington) ments to promote the Bazaar. should have retired from the work but for the growing conviction that it would be dishonor.

CHIEF JUSTICE CHASE ON VOLUNTARY able and perilous to leave matters as they

CO-OPERATION WITH GOVERNMENT. now stood. Providence had raised up at a time when the missionary spirit was said to The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of be on the decline, agents just suited to this the United States has been recently elected pioneer service; they had an earnest and President of the American Freed-Men's Union proof in this, that with patience and fidelity, Commission. In answer to the application a more important work would open before made to him, the Chief Justice said: them. The FREED-MAN was beginning to be

“I certainly should not accept this post, welcomed in America, Canada, Jamaica, and which adds serious duties and responsibilities other places as a guide, a protector, and to those with which I am charged, did I not friend. The freed

men began to see that it feel a profound conviction of the importance might become an independent organ of public of promoting in every right and practicable opinion in their common cause. Just at this

way the moral, religious, and educational point, if men of christian spirit should be improvement of our emancipated countryraised up to look fairly into the case, and to men ; and this, not by officious and intrusive act with promptitude and vigour, a great interference with matters which belong more work would be accomplished.

immediately to themselves and to the people Mrs. Moseley and her christian sisters were among whom they live, but by cordial and the leaders not of a forlorn hope, but of a active co-operation with patriotic and chrissacred army, whose weapons would prove tiar men and women of the Southern States. far more effective than those of the rifle or the

I accept it because I understand the Com. sword. British force without instruction and mission to have undertaken just such a work religion, according to the clear logic of the in just such a way as I have described, and because I am sure that no work can more the South will be made twice the man he was efficiently promote the permanent welfare of before. Is there any harm in that? Is there those States and of the whole country. The not a great good in it? Is not the educated peace and prosperity of all can in no way be labourer, the skilled labourer, twice, thrice, so certainly and so thoroughly secured as by and even ten times as valuable to the comcomplete recognition of rights and cordialmunity as the uneducated and unskilled ? If interchange of benefits. It is the part of education can be diffused throughout those patriotism, South and North, to remove, as masses--and with education go the purer and speedily as possible, every cause and every holier lights of religion-is it not certain that sentiment of distrust and alienation.” peace and prosperity, with all their blessings,


At a meeting held in Baltimore the Chief will come upon that land? Then let us go Justice uttered the following noble sentiments: on with this work."

“It has always seemed to me the part of Here, as it seems to us, is an example true statesmanship to connect, as far as prac- worthy of the peerage of Great Britain. When ticable, the work of the government with the we have suggested from time to time the voluntary action of the people, and one of the practical course of action for Jamaica, we most interesting features of this work is the have been met with the common fact that that idea is realized in it. The for inaction,—"the Government must do it,' people throughout the country act voluntarily “the Government must send out a commission in their associations. You have come here to report on the distress of the people at to-night as men and women inspired in a Morant Bay,” “ the Government must com. great public work, and you act in co-operation pensate the people who are innocent,” “the with the government in acting in its sphere Government must bring in a bill for the better with energy, efficiency, and I trust with the education of the people.” best results. There is, then, a high propriety, We greatly prefer the true statesmanship as it seems to me, that those of us who have indicated by Chief Justice Chase. Governtaken part in this work in the beginning, ment is comparatively powerless without the should continue to take part in it, and I see hearty co-operation of the earnest friends of nothing inconsistent in any relation which humanity. any person can hold to the government with The hands of the Governor of Jamaica taking an active part in this work; and I wish would be amazingly strengthened if a “few to say here, and now, once and for all, that noble” would devote themselves to the work all who wish to comment and censure, may of reclaiming some of the more neglected comment and censure; that when I find my. districts, taking up one position after another. self in any position incompatible with labour We have in the aristocracy many whose kind. for the poor, the needy, and the oppressed, ness is as unbounded as their wealth. They that position shall not hold me. What are only need to see the work required in the we doing? We are endeavouring to carry true light. It would be a pleasure to more forward a work begun by the government, than one that we could name to say, “I acand which is mainly under the charge of the cept this challenge from Mr. Plummer in government. We are endeavouring to carry Jamaica. Here is my cheque for the best the blessings of education to every person in teacher you can find ; let him go out at once." the South who desires to receive them. Our The example would be followed, and the real labours are particularly directed to the edu- work might fairly begin. But how is this to cation of our emancipated countrymen—they be done? Circulars, appeals, come as thickly who need it the most. What will be the re- as the leaves of autumn by every post. They sult if this work goes on upheld by the strong cannot all be examined and fairly weighed. arm and cheered by the warm aspirations of We respectfully submit that our noble friends a generous people? Education will be dif- who have given their sanction to the cause fused through all the South, and every man might with great advantage write personally who has a part to perform in the labour of to the distinguished families of the land, submitting for their careful consideration this the condition of the slaves in the Southern new idea of statesmanship, enunciated by the States. We believe that after a recent report head of the Supreme Court at Washington; made by an American visitor of the misery we trust we shall be excused if we add the sug- existing in Morant Bay, that the friends of the gestion that the sooner action is taken the freed-men in the United States are of opinion better.

that the worst thing for the entire cause

would be to leave those districts to their chronic THE CLAIM OF OUR OWN PEOPLE.

deterioration. They would rather subscribe In the work of aiding the freed-men we do themselves to help the freed-men in Jamaica, not wish to forget any part of the field, nor yet than receive our contributions at the expense to under-rate the claims of any who require of those who have a more direct claim on our help or co-operation. But we feel that the own attention. They expect us in this work case now clearly presented as one of the most to be consistent, and to exercise common hopeful interest, is that which should have sense. They point to Jamaica as a stumbling special, though by no means exclusive atten- block in the course of freedom, and the shame tion. We believe in this view we shall have of Great Britain, especially after the disthe concurrence of the t:uest friends to the closures made by the Royal Commission. object. For four years we have pleaded the America is sending teachers to the wretched cause of the freed-men of America earnestly, parts of the Island, which should have our and as we have abundant proof not without first care, whilst we hesitate. cheering measure of success. The vastness of

To ignore Canada at this juncture would be the field and the seriousness of the crisis for still more anomalous. See how the case stands. the time naturally threw other sections of Thousands of destitute freed-men fled in helpfreedom into the shade. This was unavoid less destitution to their kindred across the able. Neglect of the millions suddenly frontier, and families long sundered became liberated might have produced despair which united by arrivals of these fragmental parties. would have led to social convulsion. It was But because they trod British soil they passed our duty therefore to forget everything but beyond the pale of British sympathy. The the momentous pressure, and try to meet it. help sent for their relief would have been It was the privilege of our Society to open the available in the United States, but it was way for Dr. Storrs and Levi Coffin in many not to be given if they crossed the Niagara quarters and especially to bring the case before river. The freed-men of Canada say we will the committee of the Congregational Union, 'care for these long-lost outcasts, find them and then before the Annual Assembly, so as clothing, food, employment, and shelter; but to secure a simultaneous collection throughout a little pecuniary help just now in funds for the country. Mr. Curwen, one of our com- education would be invaluable, and the return mittee, prepared and circulated a special in a few years would be a hundredfold. There appeal to supply to the ministers the facts' is no need to argue the case, or to offer words which they brought before their several con- imploring sympathy; all that is necessary is gregations. We do not overlook the active to look at the matter in the light of christian service of our American brethren, but they equity, and of national honour. If we want know well that the apparently insuperable a barrier stronger than ships and forts against obstacles to their progress we were permitted the wild and desperate Fenians, let us act a to remove.

fraternal, manly, and generous part toward We now feel that we are more at liberty to these loyal freed

men on the British Frontier. look to the freed-men in our own colonies. Now this is our aim, we shall pursue it steadily ; The more thoughtful and considerate of our we can trust the justice and the benevolence American friends not only justify our course of our countrymen, to meet the claim. We in this respect, but they tell us plainly that have only to remind them that promptitude the state of the negroes in many parts of will enhance the value of their help in an inJamaica since emancipation, is worse than was calculable degree. We may say the same with respect to the British Protectorate on About Nashville as a centre, schools have the Cape Coast. A present contribution in been established at Gallatin, Shelbyville, money for the Bazaar fund we can ask freely, Florence, Tullahoma, Franklin and Clarksyet respectfully, for we are sure that when ville. rightly understood this is a case in which At Memphis, in January, the Lincoln Cha“England expects every man to do his duty." pel, a large new school house, built by the

American Missionary Association, capable of THE WORK IN AMERICA.

accommodating four hundred pupils, was Our American friends are really doing a opened; so that with the Phænis school, great work, and they proceed with system, built by General Fisk immediately after the rigour and perseverance truly admirable. It is riot, our accommodations were ample for eight their aim evidently to plant schools firmly in hundred pupils. Yet so great has been the every district in the South and to sustain rush of new scholars since the re-organization them thoroughly. They are not content with of the schools under the management of Joseph a mere passing excitement, the hasty run ofa H. Barnum, the present Superintendent, that a philanthropic commission, temporary help, hall has been rented for our use by the Freed. and finally abandonment, but they take hold men's Bureau. Still there are one thousand of the work with “both hands earnestly.” | children in Memphis that are unprovided for. The results correspond with the course pur- Sommerville is our only outpost from Mem. sued. The first desire for education on the phis, but others ought to be established. part of the freedmen has been met and fostered.

The Howard school, at Chattanooga, is in Take a few items from the report of the West- excellent condition, under the management of ern Freed-nen's Aid Commission.

Rev. E. 0. Tade, assisted by four female KENTUCKY.

teachers. A teacher has just been sent to Last year there were bnt six teachers under Jonesboro, East Tennessee, and preparations commission in the State of Kentucky. We are being made for a school' at Greenville. now have in the State twenty-one teachers,

The total number bearing our commissions located as follows; One at Covington; nine in Tennessee is fifty-four. at Lexington; one at Richmond; two at

The Rev. D. Burt, Superintendent of EducaDanville; one at Winchester and seven at tion, of the staff of Gen. Wm. Carlin, is unLouisville. Two are to be sent this month to tiring in his efforts to advance the educational Columbus, and one to Greensburg.

interests of the Freed-men; and could we fill Chaplain F. K. Noble, Superintendent of all his orders for teachers, a school would soon Education for the State, of the staff of General be established in every village in Tennessee. Davis, earnestly appeals to us to commission and assist in supporting teachers for other Major-General Swain, Assistant Commisimportant places, where suitable buildings sioner for Alabama, says, in regard to schools, can be secured, and large schools gathered. “ Too much cannot be said of the desire to

The number of teachers in Kentucky ought learn among the people. Everywhere a reto be doubled at once.

ciprocity of interest dictates facilities for TENNESSEE.

education, and private and plantation schools The Fisk School at Nashville, under the are supplementing, and perhaps exceed, the superintendence of Professor John Ogden, an more conspicuous efforts. From time to time, educator of rare ability and large experience, and where they could be useful, coloured men has been thoroughly graded, and a regular have been employed, usually as assistants, course of study has been adopted for each with a view of raising up teachers from their department. A standard of deportment and own race to perpetuate the work among the recitation has been attained; which is sur. freed-men." prising, when we consider that most of the eight hundred children enrolled have so re- Printed by Arliss Andrews, of No. 7, Duke cently been brought under school instruction.

Street, Bloomsbury, W.C.

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