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first and second of May be nobly kept. This will give gladness and strength to the friends of the Society, and send a reviving ray of hope to millions for the days to come.
Mr. Craft is arrived from Dahomey—he will help us—and we hope to see the grand-daughters of Bishop Crowther with us at the Bazaar: once more then we say, be in earnest, and the satisfaction of all will be complete.
The following note has been received by their own prayers for liberty, while none the the Rev. W. Tyler, in acknowledgment of the less earnest are the desires of their hearts, that work provided by the sewing circle for which their old masters may see the error of their the British and Foreign Freed-men's Aid ways, and be forgiven by their Lord; as they Society furnished the needful grant.—Office have forgiven them already for their cruelties of Friends Freed-men's Association, Philadel to themselves. With minds so clothed, very phia, 2nd Month, 15th, 1867.—To W. Tyler, rapid is the progress made by them on their Respected Friend, I have delayed writing to Heavenly journey, eagerly longing to be able thank the ladies of the Mile End New Town to read the Bible, and then be possessed of a Congregational Church, for the Cask of copy. I trust the ladies may be satisfied with clothing sent for the Freed-men, through the the disposition made of their gift, for which Birmingham and Midland Association, until let me also add my thanks, and believe me to it should have been forwarded to the point remain their friend in the cause, Joel Cad. where its contents would be distributed, of BURY, JUN., Chairman of Clothing Committee which I am now glad to be able to advise of F. F. A. them. It was not received by the above Association until the early part of the summer,
TAMSEY JORDAN.—A Freed-woman offers a and, with many other similar packages was reward of twenty-five dollars to anyboly who carefully stored away for use when the present will assist her in getting back her son, Bryant winter should bring the cold winds and the Jordan, a coloured boy, who went off with the sharp trosts, common in this country. It so Fifteenth Army Corps when they came through remained till within the past week, when a
Georgia. He is about sixteen years old; is of request for the character of supplies such as
a ginger-cake colour; carries his head thrown this cask contained, was received from George back when he walks, and has some deficiency Dixon, the superintendent of Schools under in the movements of his eyes. Tamsey may this Associa:ion, for the State of North be addressed at Davisborough, Ga., Central Carolina, and to his care it was sent at once, Railroad, and she requests all bumane papers to have the contents distributed by teachers
to copy her advertisement. in one or more of the school districts in his sections. The gratitude of these poor people for the supplies that have been sent them from A Fact FOR NEGRO HATERS.-It is a sin. time to time is represented as being sincere gular fact, and will be memorable hereafter, and heartfelt, mingled with thanks to the that one of the first political acts of the colGod of their former trust, that He has con loured citizens of South Carolina was to retinued to watch over them, and not permit commend a repeal of the law disfranchising them to be utterly cast down. The simple their rebel masters.--Boston Commonwealth. faith of these people is instructive, and very touching is it to be present at their meetings, when in quaint, untutored language, they Mrs. COBB, the pardon broker, still lives and pour out their petitions to the Throne of flourishes; and she secured a pardon for a Grace for a blessing on those who have done rebel on President Johnson's own order, on so much for them, and for the granting of the seventh of last month.
The Freed -Ilan.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. at the present time to sustain us in our
important work. As friends and adOur pages are open to communications bearing visers of the coloured people, our
on the present condition and claims of the influence is extending all over the Freed-men.
world. The “ FREED-Man" now circulates
among the coloured people themselves by hundreds where formerly we
only circulated tens. This alone is very MAY, 1867.
cheering. We have been also enabled
to present to her Majesty's Government THE NEED AND CLAIMS OF OUR for consideration important matters SOCIETY.
connected with the interests of the In the transition state of the freed Freed-men. We are grateful to be able coloured population of our world, it to say, that our representations have must be manifest upon a little reflec- been received with courtesy and attention, that such a body as the “British tion. What the Society needs is an and Foreign Freed-Men's Aid Society” increase of annual subscribers, and is much needed. The Freed-men need some large donations from the more relief, advice and protection. Through wealthy friends of the negro. At the the various agencies in this country present time we urge this matter esaid, which has proved a priceless boon, pecially as one of the utmost importance has been sent to the Freed-men of the to the efficient and successful action of United States of America. We wish the Society. this relief had been much larger than Our friends may also do much by it has been, and we regret that up to affording the Ladies' Committee their the present period but comparatively patronage and help. The Bazaar is now few of our countrymen have responded fixed for April 30th and May 1st and 2nd, to the appeals made for help. It is, at Hanover Square Rooms. We plead however, counsel and advice that the for the lady friends of the Society, who Freed-men now especially need in every have exerted themselves with a most part of the world. To be influential laudable industry for this interesting and beneficial, it must come from those effort to aid the funds of the Society. who feel interested in their welfare. The appeal for Mrs. Moseley's schools The power exerted for good by the is most urgent and pressing.
That friends of the negro in the United States, lady, the widow of the late Chief Justice from Chief Justice Chase and General at the West Coast, is anxious to return Howard down to the teacher of the to the Cape Coast Castle as soon as humblest school, has been immense. possible. If all our friends will help Why has this been? Because the negro us now our sanguine expectations will knows well that the help and the advice be more than realized. We do thereextended to them have been, not by foes, fore most urgently appeal to the friends but by kind, firm and zealous friends. of the Society for the utmost assistance We appeal to philanthropists in England in their power at the present season.
DIFFERENT CLASSES OF NEGROES.
REPORT ON JAMAICA.
influences, receiving aid from the Baptist, BY GARDINER GREENE HUBBARD, ESQ., CAM. Wesleyan, and Moravian missionaries, many BRIDGE, MASS.
of whom have laboured with great fidelity The last number of the New Englander and devotion for the welfare of the people. contains an article on the Insurrection in The first class, we have said, live upon the Jamaica, by Mr. Hubbard, worthy of atten- sugar estates, these estates are managed by tion. The following extracts will indicate its attorneys or overseers for absentee proprietors ; general character.,
the labourers are overworked and ill paid ;
the wages are often witheld, or paid but in 1st Those working regularly on the estates, part, large deductions being made for alleged living and depending on them for support. unfaithfulness. It was on these estates that
2nd Those having no regular employment. the insurrection commenced and spread.
3rd Those who own and live upon their The coloured population steadily increased small farms.
even while the blacks and whites were di. The first-class is found only in those portions minishing. Many of the offices of government of the islands where sugar estates are still and of the judiciary are filled by them, they worked, they live to a great extent in barracks, are heard in the pulpit, and at the bar, are men and women herding together, they are consulted as physicians and surgeons. Among extremely ignorant and degraded, retaining the most celebrated and talented men of the vices of slavery without gaining the Jamaica are the Hon. Richard Hill; Hon. P. virtues of freedom.
Moncrief, Judge of the highest court; Hon. E. The second-class have thrown off their de- Jordan, C. B., Governors' Secretary and Mayor pendence on the estates, but' are more lazy of Kingston; Hon. A. Hyslop, Attorney than either of the other classes, not being General and Member of the Executive Council ; obliged to work with the first, nor stimulated and Dr. Scott, of the Royal College of Surto labour with the third; owning no land, geons, Edinburgh; all of whom are coloured they are shiftless and improvident, and pay gentlemen. ing their rent irregularly or not at all, they
“Poor Jamaica" Her island princes are are forced to wander from place to place, ruined, her “great houses” are deserted, her working occasionally and stealing when too immense estates are broken up, her exports lazy to work. They are a curse to the land, are greatly diminished, her warehouses are and dangerous alike to white and black. Un vacant, the descendants of those who rode less this system of petty thieving can be through her streets, their horses shod with checked the industrious will be discouraged, silver, walk through the land in poverty. and idleness and profligacy must increase. Many of her largest "sugar works” are
The third class are the most numerous abandoned and the busy slave is superseded by nearly three-quaaters of the whole black pop- the idle vagabond! ulation. Their small farms are scattered all But there is another side to the picture. over the island, excepting among the large The immense estates are broken up, but little sugar estates.
They raise a little sugar, farms are cultivated by freemen; the great coffee and pimento, and own many small houses are abandoned, but the slave barracks, sugar mills. Their cabins are more comfort- where men and women herded together, have able, the marriage relation is more respected, given place to thatched cottages, which husthefts and petty vices are less frequent, they band and wife and children call home. The wish to educate their children, and have some exports of sugar and coffee, grown by rich desire to improve their condition in life. They planters are diminished, but many a little mill are the small farmers, and upon their eleva- worked by hand turns out its hogshead of tion the island must depend for its future sugar, and many barrel of coffee, with wealth and prosperity. They have elevated baskets of oranges and bananas, and bags of themselves in spite of unfovourable laws and cocoa, gathered by wife and children, find
their way to market. The imports for home the situation and make the best of it-for consumption too are increased.
themselves. For we now see strong indications We do not deny the laziness and profligacy of an attempt to control the negro vote in the of the negro, but we believe that other in. interest of those who were active in the rebel. fluences may stimulate him to industry and lion. The Southerners, at least the more virtue besides the lash and branding iron. intelligent portion, argue that they can and We do not deny his propensity to lie and steal, will show to the black man that they are his but consider these rather as faults common to true friends, and that their interest will be our fallen humanity, unchecked by religious best promoted by using their newly acquired teaching, and encouraged by fear and cruelty. rights of citizenship according to their dictaSlavery and not emancipation is responsible tion. A meeting of the citizens of Columbia, for the present degraded condition of the S. C., irrespective of color, held a few days negro, while to the negro himself, and the since, has great significance in its bearings faithful efforts of the missionary, belong the on the progress of opinions at the South. The credit of his improvement and his efforts for rebel Gen. Wade Hampton and other promi. further advancement.
pent Southerners were present and made The ruin of Jamaica has been caused not by addresses, and there was good feeling, and the freeing of the slave, but by the efforts on what a little time ago would have been conthe part of the planter to retain the freed-men sidered a strange fraternization of races; and in ignorance and servitude, and the neglect this was so marked that it may well cause us on the part of the government to protect and to awake to the fact that the ex-rebels may support the Freed-men in their rights. secure no mean proportion of negro vots at
For these views Mr. Hubbard is responsible coming elections. The Richmond Times We place them before our readers as indica- remarks in the course of a long editorial: ting the necessity of combining all classes in “We have very unwisely, not to say foolishly, the work of gradual improvement, there should assumed that the emancipated and now en. be no jealousy between white, black or franchised blacks would, under the malign coloured, nor strife between planters or la- influence of that very class of white men whom bourers. What is right in the end will lead the negro, as a slave, held in undisguised to the advantage of all. The people Mr. contempt, array themselves against those Hubbard calls the “second class” in Jamaica, whom it is to their interest to propitiate. are ready and anxious in every way to co- Forgetting all which centuries of slavery operate with intelligent and right minded should have taught us of the nature, tempera. friends of Jamaica in this country, and they ment and prejudices of the blacks, we have are extremely solicitous that the British and for two years left the negro at the mercy of Foreign Freed-Men's Aid Society should be those who have impressed upon his plastic and well sustained.
unthinking mind the belief that there were
good grounds for violent antagonism between NEW FRIENDS FOR THE NEGRO. capital and labour, and that while white gen. Fighting the inevitable has always proved tlemen were his enemies, white rascals and unprofitable business. The South has found vagabonds were his only friends and defenders. it so in opposing the political and sociable ele. When emancipation ruptured the old ties of vation of the negro; the leading men clung master and slave, we should have taken imto and fought for caste and colour to the mediate steps to convince the Freed-men that bitter end, and then only to ascertain that all their old masters were still their best and was in vain. The decree of the nation went only friends.” And the same paper reaches forth and the negro was made a man. There the sage conclusion that “it is not yet too late was, and there still is grumbling, and some, to deliver them (the freed.men) from those whose foolishness has not wholly left them, false and malignant influences to which we would fain show a little resistance, but we have so often alluded.” Thus it is that our think that the manifest tendency is to accept rebel friends are determined that
“The curse a blessing shall be found." of clothing and other goods; mostly new and Negro snffrage was the terrible evil that hung of excellent quality. They have also con. over them, and now that it has come to be a tributed largely to our funds. This I feel reality, they are endeavouring to use it to their should be a stimulant to renewed exertion on advantage. Very natural, to be sure, but we our part. We have received, and distributed have little fear that the negro will forget who to the Freed-men the following list of goods are his true friends. Friendship by compul- since our last year's report : sion has few elements of strength.—Boston Womens' and Childrens' Garments......11,751 Congregationalist.
Mens' and Boys' Garments
3,693 Prs. Hose...
2,521 REPORT OF LEVI COFFIN. Prs. Boots and Shoes.....
1,447 The labours of this Commission have been Ladies' Hats and Bonnets.
289 steady and onward the past year, though the Mens' Hats and Caps........
511 amount expended is not equal to last year. Prs. Blankets.......
1,146 We are happy to say that the demand for Yds. New Goods...
2,426 physical relief is much lessened, except at Doz. Knives and Forks
606 certain points were crops were short, and Doz. Spoons.........
101 where the Freed-men were not paid for their Lbs. Hospital Supplies
2,946 labour; leaving them without the means of Lbs. Garden Seed
168 şelf-support. The camps or Freed-mens' homes Farming Implements
3,016 have all been broken up by order of gov. School Books
5,460 ernment. Homes have been provided for a Bottles of Ink
384 large number of the orphan children, yet Gross of Pens
12 there are many cases of extreme destitution Pencils .......
1,870 among the Freed-men that require our con- Gross Paper
42 tinued exertions to relieve. But education Papers of Needles
1,684 is the great work before us. Notwithstand. Thimbles.
1,184 ing our expenditures have not been equal to Doz. Buttons
1,187 last year, our schools have not diminished, Prs. Shears........
2,478 but increased in number. We have more Spools of Thread
1,924 teachers in the field than we had last year. Lbs. Thread......
18 The schools have been supported in part by Doz. Slates
89 the Freed-men themselves. Our receipts Balmoral Skirts
134 have been less, both of goods and money Quilts and Coverlets
10 the past year, in consequence of denomina- Shawls ........
18 tional action. The Methodists, Old School Pocket Handkerchiefs
30 Presbyterians, United Presbyterians, Friends, And a lot of Toys for school children. and some other denominations have established schools in connection with their Mis. Estimated value
.$38,840,51 sionary labours among the Freed-men. Hence Of the above, the following were received our collecting field is divided and our re- from Great Britain and Ireland : ceipts lessened. Although many of the Womens' and Childrens' Garments...... 5,890 members of these religious denominations Men and Boys Garments
1,342 believing as we do, that undenominational Prs. Hose........
398 labour is the most effectual among the Freed. Prs. Boots and Shoes.......
476 men, as far as educational and physical relief Ladies' Bonnets and Hats...
98 is concerned, still sustain us and contribute Men's Hats and Caps
214 to both.
896 Our friends in England and Ireland have Yds. New Goods
2,063 kindly remembered us again the past year, Doz. Knives and Forks
606 and have contributed largely to our supplies Slates