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His defect seemed to me impulsiveness, which, in the ardour and generosity of his nature, was apt to lead him to engage or undertake what it might be very embarrassing or difficult for him to fulfil. IIe was the natural enemy of injustice and immorality in every form, and in every quarter, and publicly and privately denounced both unsparingly, wherever obtruded in act or principle. In such a community it was inevitable that he should have many enemies. But I never knew a man more candid to opponents, or less disposed to take offence at opposition or more free of malevolence towards his bitterest foes; he harboured no personal ill-will, and on reading or referring to the vituperation of any of them, would say, Poor man, he is to be pitied, I forgive him.' The christian spirit dwelt in him, and I had often been struck to observe with what readiness, seriousness, and zest, after the conversation had been engrossed with political or secular topics, he would turn to the spiritual, and evince that in the truths and promises of the Gospel he found his rest and refreshment. On parting with Mr. and Mrs. Gordon, I felt, as I have felt on every remembrance of that visit, that had I been their brother I could not have been treated with greater kindness and confidence by either, and of both I had a high estimate, intellectually, morally, and spiritually.”
We reserve the examination of the charges made against Mr. Gordon to our next.
PROGRESS OF THE BAZAAR. The contributions sent for the Bazaar more than realized in quantity, richness and variety the expectations of the Ladies' Committee. The room in Hanover Square was well filled with stalls laden with articles worthy of attention from their intrinsic value and the skill and taste employed in their production. We have not an account of the different contributions, but if this can be furnished without omissions that might cause the appearance of partiality we shall be glad to give at the close of the effort a full report.
The zeal, unanimity and perseverance of the friends who undertook the superintendence of the bazaar entitle them to our warmest thanks. It was worth the trouble to call forth such a demonstration of the kind and enlightened interest taken in the cause of the Freed-men. Whatever may be the want of sympathy on the part of some, it has been shown in a way not to be mistaken that there are many who understand the nature and the necessity of the work to be done, and who are willing to put forth the most strenuous effort in support of the British and Foreign Freed-Men's Aid Society. This is no small gain, and the recollection of the devotedness manifested in the Hanover Rooms cheers us in no small degree. In the unavoidable absence of Lord A. Churchill, Mr. Estcourt inaugurated the Bazaar in a few pertinent and encouraging observations, and set an example of kindness and noble liberality. He will read these lines probably in Jamaica, and we trust it will strengthen him in the important work he has undertaken to know that he is remembered with sentiments of the most affec-. tionate esteem, and that his friends fervently pray for his continual preservation, growing success and safe return.
Mr. Craft, who has recently returned from the kingdom of Dahomey, greatly interested the audience collected at the Bazaar by his comprehensive statement.
The Archbishop of Armagh, who presided at a public meeting held in the same building, commended our object, and in anwer to many enquiries, we had an opportunity to give information respecting the British and Foreign Freed-men's Aid Society, which we are sure will not be lost.
From various temporary causes the attendance of purchasers at the Bazaar was not so large as might have been anticipated. The expenses of accommo. dation and of advertising in London is exceedingly heavy. We did not therefore feel justified in continuing the Bazaar longer in London, though many were of opinion that much would have been gained by a few additional days. Our Ladies' Committee were unanimously of opinion that the wiser and more beneficial course would be to adjourn the Bazaar to Brighton The collection of articles is so superior, the materials good, and the work so creditable, that all believe it will be freely purchased by persons of benevolent feeling and good taste.
We are resolved that the kindness of our contributors shall not be thrown away. Nothing has been disposed of at random, or below its value. We shall act in good faith towards all, and we are still open to fresh contributions.
WHAT HAVE WE TO DO WITH THE the history of civilization. We want our
FREED-MEN IN CANADA ? friends to furnish the incidents that would Is not Canada rich in resources of every place the settlements of the Freed-men in that kind, and able to give security for a loan of country in the true light. In the meanwhile three millions of money? Do not the blacks we must be content to furnish a few particu. earn four shillings for a day's work, whilst they lars. The fugitives from slavery in the first are able to live at the rate of a shilling a day? instance gained little material advantage from Are there pot Government schools for all who reaching British soil. They sought it how. will avail themselves of them? Why spend ever amid a thousand difficulties and at the a penny, or waste a thought on the blacks in hourly peril of their lives. As they came from Canada ? We are not sorry that these ques- slavery at a time when it was a crime to read, tions are put, except it may be for the -of necessity they were uninstructed and unconscious animus they betray. The ma- shiftless—they had to encounter the most interial sources of Canada we believe are great, veterate prejudice of colour. Their early but unless there has been a miraculous change friends and patrons were not a little dissince we visited the province they remain to couraged and disappointed in their first efforts. be developed in their full extent. All religious Perhaps they assumed too much in the way societies have had to look to the mother of management and control. But in the course country for aid in the extension of missions ; of time there was a change of the most marked the proximity of wealth is not always an ad. and cheering kind. It began in a very simple vantage to the poor. Within a mile of the manner with the judicious and disinterested Bank of England, without the care of the efforts of the Rev. W. King, a Presbyterian benevolent, many might perish in hopeless minister who bought land and located upon it destitution. We must not however lose our a party of liberated slaves. He gave the best selves in general observations. An impartial attention in his power to their educational account of the black and coloured people in social and religious improvement and reaped Canada if it could be written in full would in the end a rich reward. He was seconded form one of the most interesting chapters in in his noble work by Mr. Archibald McKellar. When the anti-negro party remonstrated with subject." Think of that! a black man talking him for caring for the fugitives as men and of the necessity of education to enable him not as mere chattels, Mr. McKellar said, “I to exercise the rights, and to fulfil the duties stand in this matter on the British Constitu- of a British subject. He has to say, “I am a tion; the law recognizes no distinction between citizen of no mean city,” and I must be trained persons of different colour, and until that law to act a part worthy of the immunities I have is repealed apart from any higher duty of hu- received.” “If not," a few are beginning to manity, I shall make no distinction." When say, we must return to America. There we Mr. Jones, the representative of his coloured shall have the suffrage and the aid of Mr. brethren crosses the border he will find that Peabody's grant.” All this no doubt will as Scotland to her honour stood by his race greatly shock the feelings of those who have at that time she will befriend his people now, no idea of the destiny of the black man and none the less because of the contemptuous higher than that of “living at the cost of a cavils of some who have a lingering notion shilling a day.” But if we had to invest any. that slavery somehow was a blessing, though thing in the loan of three millions, we should some of the ministers in the Southern States think the security far greater if the means of used to speak of "working out the curse of improvement were generonsly afforded to the Ham in a considerate way.” If they flogged 100,000 Freed-men on the frontier of Canada, the negro they did it in a christian spirit. who are sober, industrious, and deeply in.
There are government schools in Canada, terested in the welfare of the destituto but not available as they might be to the thousands, who since emancipation have Freed.men. The coloured people occupy come to the homes of their kindred from which tracts of country that are thinly populated before they were sundered by the most cruel because their land is cheap. The government bondage. Timely help and encouragement will schools are not placed in situations therefore prove the means of cheap defence to Canada. suited to their convenience. When the child. Whatever the bird's-eye view of statesmen ren of the freed-men first applied for admission may lead them to suppose to the contrary, let they were refused. They tried the question the example of the “first families in Virginia" in the courts of law and gained their rights, be a warning. Their "people” that used but prejudice still overrides the statutes. It to cultivate their fields are making rapid was ordered that black and white children strides on their way to Texas. A Canadian should be taught under the same roof-this member of parliament said years ago, that direction was followed but in evasion of the the negroes were fit for nothing but to be law a partition was placed between the dif. shipped off to some distant islands belonging ferent classes of children, and a distinction was to China. Heattered this proud sentiment when made in the character of the education given. the black people were poor weak and downtrod. “ Very right too,” many we fear will say. den. By their own efforts they saved money to
The intelligent Freed-men are of a different buy small freeholds, and became qualified as opinion; they are influenced by no mean and such to vote as the majority of his constituents. selfish ambition. They elect white men to The Canadian Freed-men cherish no resent. represent them in Parliament, and their ments but they have long memories. In loyalty is indisputable. But they say and due time they asked their Parliamentary as we think with credit to themselves, we candidate if he recollected his disparaging desire to contribute to the strength and speech. His party hissed the troublesome prosperity of the country in which we first voter, who put the unwelcome question. breathed the air of freedom. To adopt their “No," said the irrepressible negro, own words:
“ Education is necessary in a distinct answer.” “I said that then," replied order to succeed in their new homes. They the candidate, “but I do not repeat the senti. must have a knowledge of the country, its ment now." He was sent from the hustings government and laws, as well as a knowledge into retirement for seven years, and there he of the rights and obligations of a British is likely to remain.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.
No statement could be more false
than this. He addsOur pages are open to communications bearing The Evangelical party in the Church of
on the present condition and claims of the England, and the Dissenters, to whom the Freed.men.
greater part of the credit of abolition is due, THE Rev. S. Holt's letter is received.
had a much higher opinion of the negro, tban W. 1.-Received with thanks.
to suppose him capable of going upon the
spree.” They had been led to believe from the reports of missionaries that the poor slaves were devotedly pious, that they were for the
most part members of christian churches, and JUNE, 1867.
having once become convinced that this was
a fact, they gave no credit to the persons who THE PRESENT STATE OF THE believe in Uncle Tom, if that preposterous
stated anything to the contrary. They could WEST INDIES.
romance had been published at the time, but Let not our readers imagine that we they could not believe the reports of eye. are about to trouble them with an
witnesses, of those who had resided in the West
Indies for years, even for their lives. elaborate, statistical, political, or social disquisition on the condition of our The cool impudence of this statement West India possessions. We intend needs no comment of ours. It is simnothing of the kind. But under the ply asking us to believe what the wolf above heading there appeared after our would say of the lamb.
We prefer to last number went to press a series of take the testimony of the ministers of articles worthy of notice in a London Christ to that of the ruined, insolent ex
slaveholders. paper called The Day, whose day proved
Notwithstanding the to be a brief one, for it has now for some largeness of the negro love for a “spree” time ceased to exist. These articles and his fondness for rum, he seems to are curious as they are written entirely be making his way in Jamaica, for the from the white West India stand point,
says abounding in that peculiar bombast, The feelings of the pure whites towards the ignorance and utter absence of all sense blacks are not of the most cordial kind. An of “the becoming” which certainly as old and impoverished aristocracy never feels the rule, does not characterise all very affectionately towards rich parvenus. Englishmen resident out of the mother
The aversion of these impoverished country. The writer sneers at those aristocrats to the negro, is put by this who advocated West India emancipa- writer with great force and an amustion. He says
ing unconsciousness of its injustice. It That negroes on their release from slavery goes far to explain the Jamaica troubles should have a sort of “spree"—that they and cruelties. The writer says, should for a few weeks insist on doing nothing No aristocracy in Europe carries about with except getting drunk on rum-would have it such distinctive marks of birth and race as been perfectly intelligible to the British the white man does in the West Indies. The public, who would have expected them as a slightest tinge of coloured blood, the faintest matter of course to return to work, penitent “ dash of the tar brush,” is known and regis. and shakey, after a greater or less interval. tered, and the coloured man, however good his
education' may be, or however great his education and christian principle would wealth, however high his official position, be to knock the mean varlet down, who must for ever feel a rankling envy of the should dare upbraid us in words of carepoorest man of pure white descent. “Thank God,” said a gentleman of dark complexion, fully studied contempt either on account ån Italian by descent, “thank God, I have not of the place of our birth, or the colour a drop of African blood in my veins ; if I had of our complexion. Would our read. I'd blow my brains out.”
ers like to know how coloured people The writer, evidently a West India of position are treated in the West white, thinking he had not said enough Indies. The Jamaica correspondent adds
of the defunct Day will tell you. The bitter hatred entertained towards the
In social intercourse these feelings show negroes by many whites who have suffered
themselves most strongly. The two races personally by emancipation can hardly be
meet at public balls, such as those given by understood by Europeans.
or to the Governor, but they do not mix. Quite so; the writer no doubt is
The whites form quadrilles amongst them. correct. Nothing but viperous slavery selves, dance with each other, and keep up an scotched and killed could have spawned invisible but well-understood barrier between this base infernal hate against any of themselves and the coloured people. A short God's creatures: We greatly fear that
time ago the writer was dancing a quadrille the West India whites hate the Evil One West India Islands, where he was a compara
at a ball given by the Governor of one of the himself, less than they do a man born
tive stranger. He joined a set already of African descent. Comment upon formed, and, to his astonishment, a coloured such a state of feeling is superfluous. man, almost a pure negro, took his place at The pure West Indian white would not one of the sides. Such an occurrence is so condescend to bandy words at length writer's partner refused to take the hand of
rare that it was much remarked on. The with an African, not even an octoroon, the negro in the last figure. Three times he but the writer tells us, perhaps from offered it, and three times she rejected it. his own experience, how to admonish The fourth time he saw what was intended, the sorry galled jade by a ring of the and did not put out his hand. The lady said withers : listen!
as she walked away, “Do you think I would
have taken that negro's hand ? Never! I'd Of course no gentleman chooses to have a have died first!” It was rather a painful quarrel with one of these fellows: but there
On enquiry it was found that the is a retort, a very dangerous one, which piques delinquent was a member of the highest them to the very attermost, and which it is branch of the Legislature, and was invited in difficult to avoid giving. Call the man a his official capacity. The rebuff served him " nigger;" say, “Ah! just like a nigger!” | right for venturing into a quadrille composed and the fury of rage they break out into is entirely of white people. frightful. But a white man who makes much
The estimate of the negro who has use of this weapon had better have a plentiful stock of others, for assuredly his life would be capacity enough according to the corin jeopardy.
respondent to grow rich, to get learning We think this quite possible. For and to win political distinction is thus our own part, the first impulse upon put with all the circumstantiality that receiving an opprobrious, insolent Pope's Martinus Scriblerus runs through epithet, an impulse only restrained by the categories.