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The man who administered the flogging, refrains from instructing the Governor to take James McComock Reid, said :

any further step for the prosecution of the “During martial law I flogged Elizabeth accused. At the same time," he adds, “if Collins with a cat on her naked shoulders, at the local feeling has undergone any change, Long Bay. She was tied hands and feet to a or if anything has occurred which in your cocoa-nut tree. I gave her more than twenty judgment makes it more probable that a fair blows. The cat was made of black fishing and impartial investigation could be ob. lines. I did this by Mr. Christopher Codring- tained in the cases of these persons, you are ton's orders. He was present and saw me do of course at liberty to proceed.” it. The woman's back bled. Mr. David Mein was on the left hand, with a sword.”

REV. W. H. JONES. Mr. James Codrington, who, it is pointed

Our active and persevering friend, in a note out, had not even the questionable justification

dated April 15th, 1867, sent us the following of being a magistrate for ordering flogging, appears to have resorted to that mode of report of his meetings with an account of his


In the strain and pressure upon us punishment upon very slight provocation.

in connection with the Bazaar, the note was One, Ann Galloway, gave the following

laid aside, but it is due to our zealous coevidence against him :“On Wednesday, the 18th day of October, items do not include the sale of little public

worker to give insertion to his account.' The last year, I was taken by Charles Hunter

ations. This is an innocent and useful busi. before defendant at Long Bay, in this parish,

ness that Mr. Jones is quite at liberty to and he ordered Daniel Biggerstaff to give me

manage in his own way. The sale of the thirty-five lashes. He did not try me or

Freed.Man is the only item we expect him examine me at all. Defendant made Bigger

to report. staff drop my clothes, and made me naked to

£ s. d. the waist, and he told Biggerstaff to tie me

Stourminister, Newton ...

5 0 0 to a wain wheel, and he did so; and defendant

Trinity Church, Per Rev. W. W. told Biggerstaff to flog me, and Biggerstaff did

Walker ...

4 12 0 so on my bare shoulders with a guava stick; Twickenham, Per Rev. Freeman 2 0 0 defendant was standing by. My back bled, Turnham Green, Rev. Carr

5 0 0 and defendant washed it with salt pickle; it

Brighton Baptist Chapel, Rev. Isaac 0 12 0 burned me.

I was in the family way, and I Deverell Street Chapel, Rev. Frost 2 0 0 was sick for two months and two weeks after

Parr Hill, Brighton ...

3 14 0 the flogging."

Puget School, Brighton, Mr. Sawyer 2 0 0 In reference to these and similar cases the

Belmont School, Mr. Hadlow 2 12 0 Earl of Carnarvon writes to Sir Peter Grant, East Grinstead, Revs. Davis and under date of January 31st, 1867, that he has


2 2 0 read the depositions “with the deepest regret, Town Hall, Red Hill

2 10 0 both at the unwarranted acts of cruelty which, Crawley, Rev. W. Cook ...

0 2 6 upon the face of the depositions, appear to

Reigate Chapel, Rev. Adeney 3 0 0 have been committed by some of the parties

Mr. Jones is still at work and quietly gaining accused, and at the evidence which those confidence and with greatly increased stability papers contain of the political prepossessions in the society, we have no doubt, the result by which unhappily the grand jurors have will be satisfactory and for the advantage of allowed their minds to be influenced in the

the coloured people in Canada. discharge of their judicial duties.” As there is nothing, however, in Sir Peter Grant's latest despatch to lead to the hope that a better A Soup

ERN corresponde writes that this feeling existed among the class from which year negro women have almost entirely withgrand jurors would be selected, his Lordship drawn from working in the field.



THE WESTERN CHARACTER. Received for British and Foreign Freed-Men's

Aid Society.

£ $. d.

Theodore Tilton, editor of the New York Sale of copy of“ Abraham Lincoln” 0 4 6

Independent, who has been on a Western Miss Ludlow, Refreshment Siall ... 10 16 7

lecturing tour, wrote to his paper, from “ The Mr. Plummer for FREED-MAN 2 0 0

Illinois Prarie,” as follows:Kev. G. A. Coltart, after a Lecture

“ Probably no people in history, so young by Mr. Jones, for Canada ... 9 4 1 John Carr, Esq., annual subscription 3 3 0 as ourselves, have developed in so short a time Rev. G. A. Coltart, after Lecture

so many different types of human character as by Rev. W. H. Jones to children 3 9 10 the American. Thus the New England cha

racter is distinct from any phrase of mankind Mr. Rimmel's stall.

0 13 0

which the world has ever before seen. The SURPLUS LANCASHIRE DISTRESS Yank e is a new product among the races. FUND.

Even Shakspeare has left no sketch, no hint, A meeting was held at Wolverhampton of any such creature as Brother Jonathan. recently, under the presidency of the Mayor But the New England character of to-day of that town, at which a resolution was passed is just as individualized, just as unmis. in favour of applying the surplus of the Cotton takeable, just as original as the Brother Famine Relief Fund to the relief of the dis- Jonathan of the caricatures.

A Boston man tressed Freed-men in the United States. cannot, if he tries, conceal from a shrewd

Anxious as we are to promote the interests observer the marks of having been brought up of the Freed-men, we are by no means certain in Yankee-land. that the persevering efforts made by some of

"Just as unmistakeable is the Southern cha. their earnest friends to obtain the surplus of racter. You know it at a glance. It reveals the Cotton Famine Relief Fund, is either wise itself in the manner, the gait, the hai“, the or equitable. The Earl of Derby in reply to complexion, the pronunciation. And it has a deputation which waited upon him recently, its beautiful excellencies as well as its entailed made certain remarks which in substance we

deformities. gave to the gentlemen who are urging on this “But the Western character is, on the matter now two years ago ; namely, that whole, the most representative of all Ameri. their application was one rather to be made can types, and best expresses what is called to the Court of Chancery than to the Prime the American idea. The Western is the Minister. The gentlemen who have the matter newest of American characters. It is a flower in hand proposed some time since, to obtain plucked from the rocks of New England and the legal opinion of Mr. Thomas Hughes and transplanted in the prairies. "Qui transtulit, of Mr. Ludlow. We ventured to assert when sustinet.' But the present Western character this proposal was made, that whilst we attached is to undergo great changes-greater than the the highest value to the opinions of these Southern or the Eastern. The typical and gentlemen, it would without doubt confirm final Western man does not yet exist; for the our own view, that according to the doctrine best Western men are, as yet, partly Eastern. upon which the Court of Chancery has acted Many of them were born, reared and married in similar cases, a doctrine known as the at the East. But climate influences cha. cypres" doctrine, our Courts would probably racter. Western skies, land and lakes are hold that the funds contributed for the relief busy at work moulding the souls of the of Lancashire operatives suffering from Western people. The process is now going famine, upon the famine being mitigated forward—the result cannot be guessed.” should be applied in some way for the benefit of those for whom the fund was originally accumulated. There are many such objects Printed by Arliss ANDREWS, of No. 7, Duke that it would be easy to suggest.

Street, Bloomsbury, W.C.



BY REV. EDWARD ANDERSON. At the late anniversary meeting of the American Missionary Association in Boston, Mr. Anderson spoke substantially as follows :

“ I remember, two years and one half ago, marching with the U. S. troops into a town of Mississippi where Yankee soldiers had never been seen before. The news of their arrival spread among the colored people, and in a very short time the town was filled with negroes. They had left their masters, thrown away their old clothing, and arrayed in their best clothing came into town, in the expectation that they were to be cared for by the government. They were told that they must return to their masters, that contracts would be made for them and that they must labour and support themselves, and after they were made to understand the matter they returned to the plantations they had left. Many of their masters refused to receive them. One stalwart man returned with his arm lacerated by a pistol-shot. On going back to the plantation he had left, and informing his master that he had come back to work, the brutal white man replied, “You have thrown away your rations and your furniture, and now you can go back to the Yankees, and carry that with my compliments, discharging his pistol at the former slave as he spoke.

The freed-men complained that their position was worse than when they were slaves. The government refused to care for them, and their old masters to receive them, and it seemed almost impossible to answer the question, what was to be done. The question is now answered. To-day these slaves are at labour. They have secured homes, with their families about them and their children in school. At Atalanta a tract of forty-five acres has been divided into little lots and sold to the colored people, to be paid for in monthly instalments. To-day on almost every one of those lots a cabin was erected, a garden planted, and everything is showing signs of thrift. There is also a lot assigned to the poor whites. Instead of cabins, that is covered with tents. There are to be found neither gardens, fences, nor any signs of cultivation.

The men lounge about shiftless and hopeless. When asked why they don't work they replied, because it was nigger's work ;' and when asked why they didn't send their children to school, they answered, because they were taught by Yankees.'

"The great hope for the country lies in the fact that the coloured people have learned that they must work and save and study to make themselves men. Give them political position, civil position, social position, and they will work steadily on and rise higher and higher until they hold the position they are fitted for; and we cannot decide to-day what that position is to be. The great hope in regard to the negro is that he is so eager to study. The feeble hands helplessly groping in the darkness have touched God's hand and been lifted up and strengthened. Go where you please among the coloured people and you find schools. In the city of Nashville you continually hear of General Fisk's school. Meet a coloured child there and ask him if he goes to school, and he says, 'I does.' Ask him where, and he says, “Gen'l Fisk's school.'

“ Two little coloured boys were disputing in the streets of that city (where they have two coloured schools) and one taunted the other with, “You go down to the bone factory to school,' and the other replied, “I don't care; I'se larning,

any how.'

years old.

"I went to see an old woman in Grenada said to be one hundred and twenty

I found her sitting down over a large Bible given her by her minister, following along the page letter by letter, line by line, as she looked at it through her spectacles. I said, “Do you know how to read ?'

What are you doing then ?'

«« Well,' she said, 'I'se got so old I can't learn the letters. I am three or four hundred years old. I tries to learn the letters, but I forgets them just as fast as I learns them. I was only looking to see how they looks, for when I dies and goes home to heaven I hopes to be able to learn to read the blessed Bible, and I thought I might remember how it looked to me here.'

“The people want to learn to read because they want to be able to read for themselves the promise and word of the Lord Jesus Christ. The men want to be able to read the newspapers to find out what is going on in the country, and to be better fitted to hold the ballot. They have a clear idea of the situation of political affairs. I attended a love feast and listened to speeches from several coloured men. One of them had attended a conservative meeting the Saturday night before, and in his speech he referred to it as follows:

«« There was a man that made a speech and said we niggers had wool in our teeth. I don't know what he meant unless that we talk nigger talk. I'se a nigger and I'se got wool in my teeth, but when the election comes we'll take some big tooth-picks and pick the wool out of our teeth, and if that is not enough we'll take the wool off our heads and stuff a republican chair and we'll take the republican candidate in it and carry him into Nashville.'

“We already see more than we dared to hope for: one child teaching another; so that this work is going forward rapidly. Where they are urging us to send them teachers now, we shall soon find this work taken out of our hands into their own, and they will be found abundantly able to carry it on, and instead of the poor wretches that we saw two years ago huddled together in Federal barracks dying like beasts, we shall find a strong earnest people able to assist in the affairs of government-a people which will have been born out of the work done by the people of the North."

THE FIRST AFRICAN CHURCH IN great that the mother did not know her; RICHMOND.

and when she was told that this was

her daughter, she exclaimed: “Well, I Richmond, June 13th, 1867.

knew I should see her again, for de Lord Messrs. Editors,– We are often reminded He promise me dat my daughter should that here in old Virginia we are living under

come back some time." a new dispensation. As we look around and

The religious interest here among the colored witness the wonderful changes that have taken people, since the war closed, has been great. place within the last three years, we are in one church the additions by profession have ready to exclaim, What hath God wrought ! been nearly 700. Last Sabbath 17 were reI came to this city soon after the fall of the ceived, by profession, in the presence of a Confederacy, and have been engaged with the large congregation, and several strangers. Of freed

men since that time, who number in the these one had been the slave and the wife of city some twenty thousand. The first African

a slave trader lately deceased. She is an ex. church is supposed to have a larger member cellent woman, and, though never legally ship than any other on the continent, if not in married to him, he left her with his property ; Christendom. It has 30 deacons, and numbers and the premises used for the confinement of on its records more than 4,000, with over 3,000 slaves will soon be converted into a school for resident members. Many of the absent ones the instruction of colored men preparing for were sold to the cotton States before and the ministry. Another was a little boy, twelve during the war. When freedom came to them, many returned to their families and the years old, who gave a very intelligent account

of his Christian experience, and of his interest church. Some cases of touching iuterest have

in Christ. come to my notice, one of which I will mention

It does seem as though God is preparing here. More than twenty years ago an aged this people, so long oppressed and wronged, mother had all her children sold away from for some good mission in the future. And is her but one; that was a daughter on whom it not strange that the good people of the she leaned for help and comfort in old age. South do not more fully comprehend their But her master decided to sell this daughter, duty to redress these wrongs, and to unite then a young woman ; and, said the slave with the people of the North in every effort mother, “I thought it would kill me."

for their improvement ? They are now free in •Well, said I, aunty, what did you do

the eyes of the law, and will claim their rights. then ?" “What did I do? why I prayed all night,

Yours truly and de Lord He promised me dat I should see

G. S. STOCKWELL. my daughter again."

Pastor First African Church. And sure enough when the war closed, this long-lost child came all the way from Missis. sippi in search of her aged mother, from whom she had been separated more than twenty The Food Crisis in what was termed the years, and of whom she had heard nothing. “burnt district” of Mississipi has passed But when she found her the change was so away by recent abundant crops.

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