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end of February. He brought the crop to and the equalization of the sugar duties in England, and it sold at the highest price 1846, and many other causes, had combined then realised, viz., 2s 3d per lb. Since then to throw a large number of the estates out of he had received information that the field cultivation. The negroes were enabled alwas ready to pick again, so that he had had most at nominal prices to purchase as much two crops within the twelve months. He was land as they required. The result was that convinced that with proper management Ja- vast masses were freeholders of from one to six maica was as well calculated to grow cotton acres, or tenants of a few acres, but in as any other country in the world, and he that case perfectly independent of the land. thought a profitable source of revenue might lord, and they sometimes preferred it, because be reaped from its cultivation.
they could change their holdings as often as The CHAIRMAN expressed his pleasure at they found virgin soil more productive. Un. the intelligent way Mr. Brydson had laid the der these circumstances was there any ground question before them, and
for astonishment if they found employment on Mr. PLUMMER said that since he had been their own soil more productive and more to England he had visited Manchester and agreeable than doing task work in gangs Rochdale, where he saw a large quantity of upon the estate ? The condition of these starch being used in the manufacture of cot. small freeholders was rapidly improving. ton stuffs and prints. Now, in Jamaica, they The Chamber would be glad to hear that, could produce, from the root of the bitter whilst travelling round the island in company cassava, more starch, of excellent quality, with his friend Mr. Murgan, he found in the and at a low price, than was used in both the centre of it a colony of negroes, who without towns he had named. All that was wanted any prompting from the whites, had estabwas capital to develope the fine natural re- lished a mutual lending society or bank, in sources of Jamaica, and to make it a pros- which, in prosperous years, they paid in as perous and wealthy country. The inhabit. much of their profits as they could spare, and ants had shown more improvement during the from the funds thus accumulated they lent to last thitty years than many of the lower their other members in time of want. classes in other places. They were a very Mr. Estcourt, of London, said a sum of industrious and religious set, and had done a £2,000 would enable them to make advances great deal to make the island prosperous. for twelve months, and then the people would As a proprietor himself, he could assure them be relieved of their present difficulties, and it that the people laboured very readily when was not desired in the first instance to launch it was their interest to do so.
any large scheme, but only to supply an Mr. GEORGE DIXon pointed out the fact actual existing want of a suitable commercial that in the neighbouring and smaller island agency. of Cuba, where slavery existed, the exports Mr. Dixon moved that the best thanks of and imports were far in excess of those of the meeting be given to those gentlemen for Jamaica, and wished to know from the depu- the trouble they had taken in explaining the tation how this came about.
wants of the island of Jamaica, and for the Mr. PAYNE, who was out in Jamaica re interesting information they had given. He cently, in connexion with the official enquiry, felt sure the objects they had in view were so said, in answer to Mr. Dixon, that the results simple that there could be no difficulty in which had been referred to by Mr. Dixon were carrying them out. He was quite sure that they not to be attributed to any laziness on the would obtain sufficient to enable them to conpart of the negroes, and he much regretted tinue their undertaking with such success that that that erroneous notion should have taken a little would grow into something large. Of such wide and deep root. The present want the deep sympathy felt by the Englishmen for of commercial prosperity in Jamaica was en- the coloured race, he could not doubt that tirely due to the change from a system of the deputation would carry home with them large holding to small ones. Emancipation the most gratifying assurance of the complete sympathy of England for their future success the best blood of the nation again to and prosperity.
dominate in the halls of the legislature Mr. W. MIDDLEMORE seconded the motion, without giving satisfactory guarantees congratulating the coloured people on having their wishes so ably represented by the gen
for their bona fides and future behatlemen who formed the deputation.
viour. We have also a right to speak, The motion was carried unanimously. for the blood of relatives was shed at
Mr. MIDDLEMORE moved a vote of thanks Gettysburg and the Wilderness. We to the chairman, and the proceedings ter- utter a voice for the silent slain. minated.
We attach great importance to the « THE RIGHT WAY." above meeting. It reflects the highest We continue to receive this admircredit upon all connected with it, and able paper, published by Mr. William especially upon Mr. Estcourt, and other W. Thayer, Boston, Mass. For defriends connected with the British and yotedness to the cause of freedom and Foreign Freed-men's Aid Society, who the interests of the freed-men, for its were among the first and most strenuous lofty patriotism and fidelity, we believe supporters of the oppressed people of it has no rival in the United States of Jamaica. Whilst as a philanthropie America. We express our cordial organ, representing a benevolent society, esteem for friends with whom we our great aim is moral and religious, have the pleasure of co-operating, alwe cannot but rejoice when we see that though at so great a distance from the measures we have strongly recom- field of labour, and augur their ultimate mended are about to be commenced
success. Keep on! under such favourable auspices.
General Howard has received voluminous NEW ENGLAND LOYAL
reports concerning the cruelties practised by PUBLICATION SOCIETY.
Mrs. Henry Abrahams, of King Williams We have received and read No. 318 of County, Virginia, upon her servants. The the papers of this Society with pleasure.
matter came to light through investigation
set on foot about a month ago. The reports Let our friends at Studio Buildings show that on the 2nd of June a freed girl, continue to feel that in their struggles named Martha Anne, aged seventeen, was for freedom, in the most extensive sig- brought to a hospital at Richmond. The nification of the term, they have the surgeon states that there were upon her body sympathy and the prayers of thousands seven ulcers, all the result of burns, and all
produced within two or three weeks. The of true British hearts. Congress and
largest was nearly two inches in diameter. New England are, and will prove them- In addition to these, her entire body was selves, the real descendants of the men almost covered with scars, some old, and who bearded the despotic Stuarts in the some covered with recent scales, some the struggles of the 17th century. Thank result of burns, and some the result of whip
ping. She had been so abused that she was God the same spirit lives with our Co
scarcely able to give expression to an intelli. lumbia. It would be madness to allow
gent idea. The investigation made before the the men whose hands are dripping with Judge Advocate at Richmond proved that
this monster, Mrs. Abrahams, whom half the The evidence fully establishes numerous lawyers of the city volunteered to defend, has instances of assault with intent to wound, within the last few years been the cause of maim, disfigure, disable, or kill. Much of the death of four of her negro servants. An this cruelty has been practised since the fall extract from the report is subjoined:
of Richmond. Burning on the bare back with “ Lucy Richardson, mother of the girl live coals of fire seems to have been a com. taken to the hospital, has been made blind of mon punishment. Whipping was done with one eye, and has been scarred in the throat clubs, tongs, pokers, fire shovels, &c. Mary with a hot iron. Five of the children of the and Frances were twice taken to a pond, and said Lucy Richardson, named Martha Anne half drowned.—Washington Corr. Advertiser, and Mary Ellen, twins, aged sixteen, George, July 22. aged nine, Frances, aged eleven, and Robert, [It is sad, indeed, to record such heart. aged seven and a half years, have, on many sickening instances as those recorded above. different occasions, each of them been placed But painful as they are to read they should be in a nude state before the fire, until their known, that the moral sense of mankind may backs were actually broiled, and then whip- be aroused against such atrocities. Slavery ped with a birch rod on the back until it was was the very quintessence of cruelty. It is raw, when strong salt and pepper water was not to be expected that the cruel spirit of the rubbed on, and they were whipped again. demon will vanish the moment that God's proFrances died in February, 1866, from injuries vidence has forced the rivets of the fetters and received at the hands of the said Mrs. Abra- smitten asunder the chains of the bondman.] hams, by being stamped upon. The children, while being tortured, had their feet and hands WHAT BECOMES OF THE MONEY. bound, and were bucked, to keep them from “We take great pleasure in inserting the fol. struggling or resisting. The house would be lowing extract from a letter written by Capt. closed while they were being burned and Sweeney of the Bureau in Eastern Arkansas. whipped, but then their cries would be heard It shows to our contributors what grand re. for a long way. They would often faint sults follow their benefactions. Hundreds of away, and Mrs. Abrahams would continue to these self-sacrificing teachers are ready to strike them with a poker, saying "You're enter the field; who will aid us in replenishing dead, are you? I'll make you catch your our treasury, that we may send them forth breath.' After the punishment they could by scores and hundreds ? There never was a not lie nor sit down, and had to stand up a time when money could more successfully be number of consecutive days and nights. Be- converted into stars with which to deck fore the children recovered from their injuries, crowns than now, and never an enterprise in Mrs. Abrahams would sear them with hot which hearty workers would win nobler coals, or with a hot iron. She never had a trophies for Christ and the Republic. servant without scars from her hands, and “We had a very interesting school examinanever did a day pass that some servant did tion on Friday last conducted by Miss Carter, not receive torture.
who is deserving of the greatest praise, and “ Sarah Dandridge, milkmaid, was told to who is one of the most estimable of the good get all the milk she could in time for a dancing women the North has sent forth as angels party, and because she did not answer soon of mercy and light, to lead those poor beenough, Mrs. Abrahams tortured her to such nighted souls to their God and everlasting an extent that she drowned herself in the glory. creek.
"The proficiency of the children astonished “ Eliza Hill was beat over the head with every person who heard them recite, and quite an iron poker, and pieces of flesh were cut a number of white folks were present. from her head and face with a knife, by Mrs. “I sincerely hope you will allow Miss Abrahams, until she became blind in both eyes. Carter to return to her labours at this place. She afterwards died from these injuries." She is very anxious to continue teaching the
school at this point, where she has laboured Northern men for preaching the Declaration so hard, and so successfully.
of Independence. For five and six years past, “ Assuring you of the highest respect and slavery has exiled tortured, hung, and burned esteem, I am, dear sir, your obedient servant, Southern men for fidelity to the Union. But
“HENRY SWEENEY, the sure mills of God grind slowly on, and “ Capt. and Gen'l Supt. R. and F. for E. slavery is abolished. Arkansas.
We have entered upon a new era. Already “Helena, Arkansas, June 30th, 1866.” men are shot by stealth in the late slave States
because they declare justice to be the best THE COLOURED TROOPS.
policy. Already school-houses are burned The report of A. A. Gen. Foster, which
and teachers hunted away because they seek accompanies that of Gen. Thomas, presents a
to enlighten the minds which slavery had schedule of all the coloured troops enlisted
darkened. Already the New York World, and during the war:
the other lackeys of slavery denonnce Southern On the 15th of July, 1865, the date on
men who were true to the Union through fire which the last organization of coloured troops
and flood, as “cravens and cowards." In was mustered in, there were in the service Memphis, hatred of the principle of equal of the United States, 120 regiments of infantry. rights before the law massacres the most
friendless and unfortunate part of the populaNumbering in the aggregate.............98,938 tion; and in New Orleans, the advocates of Twelve regiments of heavy artillery...15,662 the same principle, meeting to discuss the Ten batteries of light artillery... 1,311
subject, are ferociously murdered. But still Seven regiments of cavalry.. 7,245 the slow mills of God grind on. The seed of Grand aggregate
123,156 equal rights will be watered, not drowned, by The foregoing is the largest number of the blood of the sowers. It will surely grow coloured troops in service at any one time into a harvest which no storm can destroy. during the war.
It will bear its natural fruit of national peace The entire number of troops commissioned and prosperity; and in the happy day of its and enlisted in this branch of the service, ripening, those who sought to destroy the seed, during the war, is 186,057.
whatever their station, whatever their tempoThe loss during the war from all causes, rary power, will be remembered as the mur. except mustering out of organizations, in derers of Lovejoy and the assassin of Lincoln consequence of expiration of term of service, are remembered. or because service was no longer required, is
The President knew, as everybody else 68,178.
knew, the inflamed condition of the city of Gen. Foster adds :
New Orleans. He had read, as we had all The reputation of the organization for read, the fiery speeches of both parties. He efficiency, good conduct and reliability, has knew, unless he had chosen wilfully to ignore, steadily advanced, and the reports of the the smothered hatred of the late rebels toward officers of the Inspector General's department, the Union men of every colour. He may have so far as they have come to the knowledge of considered the “Conservatives” wise, humane this office, are very satisfactory as to its and peaceful. He may have thought the present condition.— Freed-men's Bulletin.
Radicals wild and foolish. He knew that the
pardoned into office. He knew that the courts THE MASSACRE IN NEW ORLEANS.
had denounced the Convention, and he was The late tragedy in New Orleans, terrible, expressly informed that they meant to indict as it was, will be of the most salutary effect. the members. He could not affect ignorance Thirty years ago, slavery shot Alton for de- of the imminent danger of rioting and blood. fending the right of free speech. Year after shed. Still, if, as he constantly asserts, year, slavery insulted, threatened, and mobbed Louisiana is rightfully in the same relation to the Union that New York is, he had no of authority to utter, except by the same right authority to say a word or to do an act in that which empowered him to save all those lives; State except "on application of the Legisla- a right which he declined to exercise. ture, or of the Executive when the Legislature The President, who has undertaken by his cannot be convened.” Why did he presume, own arbitrary will to settle every question of then, to judge of the authority of the Conven the war without consultation with the repretion? What has the President of the United sentatives of the people, says to the murdered States to do with the manner in which dele- men in New Orleans, "Why did you assume gates to a State Convention are selected. If to act without obtaining the consent of the his own assertion be correct as to the present people ?” The autumn elections will terribly relation of Louisiana to the Union, the Presi. echo that question. Surveying the Executive dent convicts himself of the most extra- action of eighteen months, with its plain ten. ordinary and passionate act of executive dencies and apparent inspiration, seeing that usurpation and federal centralization recorded it has left the President with no other party in our history.
than the most vehement of the late rebels at He knew that a simple word to the military the South, the Copperheads at the North, and commander to preserve the peace at all hazards the timid and trimming adherents of the Union would prevent disorder and save lives. He party, while the great mass of sturdy Union. did not speak that word. Assuming to plant ists in all parts of the country at the North himself upon the Constitution, which by his and South, still maintain the ground they very act he violated, lie telegraphed to the have always held, those Union men will write Attorney-General of the State. He threw his upon the back of every ballot they cast at the whole weight upon the side of those from coming elections, “ Usurpation will not be whom he knew, in the nature of things, the tolerated ;” and upon its face, “Why did disorder would proceed, and from whom it you assume to act without obtaining the con. did proceed. He knew the city was tinder, sent of the people? "-Harper's Weekly. and he threw in a spark. Every negro-hater and every disloyal ruffian knew from the Pre. JAMAICA.—Under the new Government the sident's dispatch that the right of the citizens six official members of the council will be the to assemble and declare their views would Major-General commanding, the Colonial Secnot be protected. The Mayor's proclamation retary, the Attorney-General, the Secretary of was a covert but distinct invitation to riot. Finance, the Secretary of Roads, and the He announced to a city seething with hatred Collector of Customs. Of these, the Colonial of the Convention, that it would " receive no Secretary and the Secretary of Finance have countenance from the President." It was been appointed from England. The council simply saying, “The Convention is at your will also consist of six nominal members not mercy."
yet appointed. It is stated that the office of And the mob so understood it. A procession Attorney-General will be conferred upon a gen. of negroes carrying a United States flag was tleman not connected with Jamaica. attacked. It defended itself; and the work In the case of Provost-Marshal Ramsay, which one word from the President would charged with murder, the Attorney-General have stopped, and which he had the full au- and Solicitor-General of England have deci. thority to speak if he could speak at all, went ded in favour of the views of the Advocateon to its awful result. The rebel flag was General of the Island, that the office of again unfurled. The men who had bravely Provost-Marshal being a military office, held resisted it for four years were murdered under by Mr. Ramsay dnring martial law, and in a its encouragement, and while they were still district subject to martial law during a time lying warm in their blood, the President of war, the acts done were done as Provost. telegraphed that they were “an unlawful Marshal, and therefore the justices, as a assembly," and that “usurpation will not be civil tribunal in the time of peace, are not tolerated,”—words which he had no shadow competent to decide the question.