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Muster the “ Apron-string Guards on the Common :

That is the corps for the sweet little man !
Give him for escort a file of young misses,

Each of them armed with a deadly rattan !
They shall defend him from laughter and hisses
Aimed by low boys at the sweet little man !

HOLMES. Joy is usually loud, brisk, high, pure, of full volume, median stress, long slides. Thus :

Now glory to the Lord of Hosts, from whom all glories are !
And glory to our sovereign liege, King Henry of Navarre !
Now let there be the merry sound of music and of dance
Through thy cornfields green and sunny vales, O pleasant land of France !
And thou, Rochelle, our own Rochelle, proud city of the waters,
Again let rapture light the eyes of all thy mourning daughters.
As thou wert constant in our ills, be joyous in our joy ;
For cold and stiff and still are they who wrought thy walls annoy.
Hurrah ! hurrah ! a single field hath turned the chance of war !
Hurrah, hurrah for Ivry and King Henry of Navarre !

MACAULAY. ADMIRATION, which always contains something of joy, is rather loud, rather high ; of moderate movement, sometimes quick; pure quality; median stress; moderate volume, sometimes large, especially when the object is large; long slides.

Thus :

Sometimes a distant sail gliding along the edge of the ocean would be another theme of idle speculation. How interesting this fragment of a world hastening to rejoin the great mass of existence! What a glorious monument of human invention has thus triumphed over wind and wave; has brought the ends of the earth in communion ; has established an interchange of blessings, pouring into the sterile regions of the north all the luxuries of the south ; diffused the light of knowledge and the charities of cultivated life ; and has thus bound together those scattered portions of the human race between which Nature seemed to have thrown an insurmountable barrier !

- IRVING. DELIGHT is between joy and cheerfulness. Its manifestation differs a little from that of cheerfulness. The movement is rather fast; the force is considerable ; the slides are moderate ;

the stress is strongly median ; the volume is moderate or large ; the quality is very pure. Thus :

Hear the mellow wedding bells, golden bells :
What a world of happiness their harmony foretells !
Through the balmy air of night

How they ring out their delight !
From the molten golden notes,

And all in tune,
What a liquid ditty floats
To the turtle dove that listens, while she gloats

On the moon !
0, from out the sounding cells,
What a gush of euphony voluminously wells !
How it swells ! How it dwells
On the future! How it tells
Of the rapture that impels
To the swinging and the ringing of the bells, bells, bells, –
Of the bells, bells, bells, bells, bells, bells, bells,
To the rhyming and the chiming of the bells.

PoE. . Love, undisturbed, is usually of slight or moderate force ; moderate movement, sometimes inclining to quick; moderate or high pitch ; very pure quality ; moderate or slight volume ; soft median stress ; moderate slides, often rising. Thus :

Not as all other women are,
Is she that to my soul is dear :
Her glorious fancies come from far
Beneath the silver evening-star;
And yet her heart is ever near.

Great feelings hath she of her own,
Which lesser souls may never know :
God giveth them to her alone,
And sweet they are as any tone
Wherewith the wind may choose to blow.

She hath no scorn of common things ;
And though she seem of other birth,
Round us her heart entwines and clings,
And patiently she folds her wings
To tread the humble paths of earth.

Blessing she is : God made her so ;
And deeds of week-day holiness
Fall from her noiseless as the snow ;
Nor hath she ever chanced to know
That aught were easier than to bless.

LOWELL. TENDERNESS is usually rather high, pure, of slight force, moderate or slow movement, slight volume, gentle median stress, sometimes tremulous; short or moderate slides, oftener rising than falling. Thus :

ADAM. Dear master, I can go no further : 0, I die for food ! Here lie I down, and measure out my grave. Farewell, kind master.

ORLANDO. Why, how now, Adam ! no greater heart in thee? Live a little ; comfort a little ; cheer thyself a little. If this uncouth forest yield anything savage, I will either be food for it, or bring it food to thee. Thy conceit is nearer death than thy powers. For my sake be comfortable ; hold death awhile at the arm's end. I will here be with thee presently. . ... Yet thou liest in the bleak air : come, I will bear thee to some shelter ; and thou shalt not die for lack of a dinner, if there live anything in this desert. Cheerly, good Adam. — SHAKE


If the tenderness is playful, the slides may be long and circumflex.

SORROW is of various kinds. When allied to tenderness and pity, it has usually slight force, slow movement, high pitch; pure quality, sometimes aspirated ; slight volume; median stress, sometimes intermittent; moderate or long slides, often rising. Thus :

Gone, gone from us ! and shall we see
Those sibyl-leaves of destiny,
Those calm eyes, nevermore ?
Those deep dark eyes, so warm and bright,
Wherein the fortunes of the man
Lay slumbering in prophetic light,
In characters a child might scan?
So bright, and gone forth utterly !
O stern word - Nevermore !

Pity is usually of slight force, rather slow movement, very

high pitch, pure quality, small volume ; median, or slight radical, stress; moderate slides, often rising. Thus :

Do you hear the children weeping, O my brothers !

Ere the sorrow comes with years ?
They are leaning their young heads against their mothers,

And that cannot stop their tears.
The young lambs are bleating in the meadows,

The young birds are chirping in the nest,
The young fawns are playing with the shadows,

The young flowers are blowing towards the west ;
But the young, young children, O my brothers,

They are weeping bitterly !
They are weeping in the playtime of the others,
In the country of the free !


DISTRESS is of several kinds and degrees. It is usually loud, by paroxysms; very high, quick, with occasional long sounds of grief; aspirated; of moderate volume; vanishing stress, rarely median ; long slides, mostly rising. Thus :

That I did love thee, Cæsar, 0, 't is true !
If, then, thy spirit look upon us now,
Shall it not grieve thee, dearer than thy death,
To see thy Antony making his peace,
Shaking the bloody fingers of thy foes,
Most noble ! in the presence of thy corse ?
Had I as many eyes as thou hast wounds,
Weeping as fast as they stream forth thy blood,
It would become me better than to close
On terms of friendship with thine enemies.

SHAKESPEARE. IMPATIENCE is usually loud, quick, high ; harsh, impure; of moderate or small volume; strong vanishing * stress; long, usually falling slides. Thus :

LEAR. You heavens, give me patience, – patience I need.
You see me here, you gods, a poor old man,
As full of grief as age; wretched in both.
If it be you that stir these daughters' hearts

* As if, the longer the mind dwelt on the thought, the more intense the feeling became.

Against their father, fool me not so much
To bear it tamely : touch me with noble anger.
0, let not women's weapons, water-drops,
Stain my man's cheeks ! — No, you unnatural hags,
I will have such revenges on you both
That all the world shall — I will do such things —
What they are yet, I know not; but they shall be
The terrors of the earth. You think I'll weep :
No, I'll not weep ! -
I have full cause of weeping; but this heart
Shall break into a hundred thousand flaws
Or e'er I'll weep! - O fool, I shall go mad!

SHAKESPEARE. VEXATION has very nearly the same vocal expression as impatience. Thus:

0, what a rogue and peasant slave am I !
Is it not monstrous, that this player here,
But in a fiction, in a dream of passion,
Could force his soul so to his own conceit
That, from her working, all his visage wanned,
Tears in his eyes, distraction in his aspect,
A broken voice, and his whole function suiting
With forms to his conceit ? and all for nothing !

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Yet I, a dull and muddy-mettled rascal
Can say nothing !

SHAKESPEARE. CONTEMPT is usually of slight force, quick or moderate movement, moderate pitch, expulsive initial stress, aspirated whispering quality, small volume ; moderate, sometimes long slides. Thus :

Has the gentleman done? Has he completely done? He was unparliamentary from the beginning to the end of his speech. There was scarce a word he uttered that was not a violation of the privileges of this house. But I did not call him to order. Why? Because the limited talents of some men render it impossible for them to be severe without being unparliamentary. But before I sit down, I shall show him how to be severe and parliamentary at the same time. On any other occasion I should think myself justifiable in treating with silent contempt anything which might fall from that honorable member. – GRATTAN.

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