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Be you contented, wearing now the garland,
your own dignity so much profan'd,
King. You are right, Justice, and you weigh this well;
do live to see a son of mine Offend
you, and obey you, as I did.
4 This retaining of Gascoigne in office after the death of Henry IV. has been commonly set down as a breach of history. justitiable, perhaps, dramatjeally, but untrue in point of frict, he having died before the King. It has been found, however, that among the persons summoned to the first parliament of Henry V. was “Sir William Gascoigne, Knight, Chief Justice of our Loid the King.” A royal warrant has also come to light, dated November 28, 1414, granting to our dear and well-beloved William Gascoigne, Knt., an allowance, during the term of his natural life, of four bucks and four uves every year out of our forest of Poutitract." 'And Mr. Tyler las put the matter bevond question by discovering his last will and testament which was made December 16, 1419. From ali which Lord Campbell, in his
And, Princes all, believe me, I beseech you:
[ To the Chief Justice
SCENE III. Glostershire. The Garden of SHALLOW's
House. Ente Falstaff, SHALLOW, SILENCE, BARDOLPH, the Page
Shal. Nay, you shall see mine orchard ; where, in an arbour, we will eat a last year's pippin of my own graffing, with a dish of caraways, and so forth; 1 — come, cousin Silence; — and then to bed.
Fol. 'Fore God, you have here a goodly dwelling and a rich. Slal Barren, barren, barren; beggars all, beggars all, Sir John:- marry, good air. -Spread, Davy; spread, Davy: well said, Davy.:
Lives of the Chief Justices, concludes it certain that he did survive Henry IV., who died March 20, 1413, and was reappointed to the King's Bench by Henry V. So that we can take the Poet's noble lesson of magnanimity without any abatement or drawback on the score of history.
6 The meaning is, My will dispositions have ceased on my father's death, and are now buried in his tomb.
1 Carrawav seeds used to be much eaten with apples as a carminative, to relieve the flatulency generated by the fruit. Cogan's Haven of Health, 1594, strongly recommends them for that purpose.
Fal. This Davy serves you for good uses; he is your serving-man and your husband.
Shal. A good varlet, a good varlet, a very good varlet, Sir John : By the Mass, I have drunk too much sack at supper:— A good varlet. Now sit down, now sit down. - Come, cousin.
Sil. Ah, sirrah! quoth-a, - we shall
And praise God for the merry year ;
And ever-among so merrily.* Fal. There's a merry heart! Good Master Silence, I'D give you a health for that anon.
Shal. Give Master Bardolph some wine, Davy.
Dury. Sweet sir, sit; I'll be with you anon; most sweet sir, sit. Master page, good master page, sit. [Bard. and Page sit at another Table.] — Proface! What you want in meat, we'll have in drink. But you must bear; the heart's all.6
[E.rit. Shal. Be merry, Master Bardolph ; — and my little soldier there, be merry. Sil. [Sings.] Be merry, be merry, my wife has all ;
For women are shrews, both short and tall:
in hall when beards wag all,
merry, &c. Fal. I did not think Master Silence had been a man of this mettle.
Sil. Who, 1? I have been merry twice and once ere
2 “ Well said” is here used for “ well done." The usage has been sev. eral times noted. See page 333, note 2. — - Spread has reference to making ready for eating and drinking.
Ř Meaning “ your husbandman;" the one who husbands your affairs.
4 Ever-among is an ancient idiomic phrase, used by Chaucer and others. It means about the same as alionys. – Nó traces have been found of the old songs with which Silence overtlows so eloquently in his mellowness.
5 A phrase of welcome, equivalent to ". Much good may it to you." It is thus explained by old Heywood: “ Reader, reade this thus: fir preface, poface, much good muy it do you." It occurs a so in Cavendish's Life of Wilsoy: “ Before the second course, my Lord ('ardinal came in among them, booted and spiu red, all suddenly, and bade them proface."
6 That is, you must put up with plain fare, and take the will for the deed in regard to better.
[Setting them before BARDOLPH. Shal. Davy,
Dary. Your worship?- [TO BARDOLPH.] I'll be with you straight. — A
сир of wine, sir? Sil. (Sings.] A cup of wine that's brisk and fine,
And drink unto the leman mine;
And a merry heart lives long-a.
; — now comes in the sweet of the night.
Ful. Health and long life to you, Master Silence !
I'll pledge you a mile to the bottom.
wantest any thing, and wilt not call, beshrew thy heart. — [To the Page.] Welcome, my little tiny thief ; and welcome indeed too.drink to Master Bardolph, and to all the cavalieroes about London.
Dury. I hope to see London once ere I die.
Shul. By the Mass, you'll crack a quart together, — ha! will you not, Master Bardolph ?
Burd. Yea, sir, in a pottle-pot.
Shal. By God's liggins, I thank thee: the knave will stick by thee, I can assure thee that: 'a will not out; he is true-bred.
Bard. And I'll stick by him, sir.
Shal. Why, there spoke a king. Lack nothing: be merry.' [Knocking heard.] Look who's at door there, ho! who knocks?
[Exit Davy. Fal. Why, now you have done me right.
[ TO SILENCE who has just drunk a Bumper. Sil. [Sings.] Do me right, and dub me knight,
Sa'mingo. Is't not so?
7 Apples commonly called russetines.
8 To do a man right and to do him reason were formerly the usual expres-ions in pledging healths; he who drank a bumper expected that a bumper should be drunk to his toast. To this Bishop Hall a ludes in his Qui Indis: "Those formes of ceremonious qunting, in which men have learned to make gods of others and beasts of themselves; and lose their reason, whiles they pretend to do renson " — He who drank a bumper on his krees to the health of his mistress was dubbed a knight for the evening. In Rowland's Epigrams, 1600, Monsieur Domingo is celebrated as a toper. Whether the change to Sa'mingo was a blunder of Silence in his cups, or was a real contraction of San Duminyo, is uncertain. Why St. Dominick should be the patron of topers does not appear.
Fal. 'Tis so.
Davy. An't please your worship, there's one Pistol come from the Court with news.
Fal. From the Court ! let him come in. —
Pist. Sir John, God save you !
Pist. Not the ill wind which blows no man to good. Sweet
Sil. By'r Lady, I think 'a be, but goodman Puff of Bar
Fal. I pr’ythee, now, deliver them like a man of this world.
Pist. A foutra for the world, and worldlings base! I speak of Africa and golden joys.
Fal. O, base Assyrian Knight, what is thy news? Let King Cophetua know the truth thereof.
Sil. [Sings.] And Robin Hood, Scarlet, and John.
Pist. Shall dunghill curs confront the Helicons ?
Shul. Honest gentleman, I know not your breeding.
Shal. Give me pardon, sir :- · If, sir, you come wiin news from the Court, I take it there's but two ways, – either to utter them, or to conceal them. I am, sir, under the King in some authority.
Pist. Under which king, Besonian? 10 speak, or die.
9 Barston is a village in Warwickshire, lying between Coventry and Solvhull.
lo Besonian, according to Florio a bisogno, is "a new levied souldier, such as comes needy to the wars." Cotgrave, in busogne, says "a filthie knave, or clowne, a raskall, a bisimian, base humoured scoundrel Its origin:il sense is a beggar, a needy person; it is often met with very differently spelt in the old comedies.