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Be you contented, wearing now the garland,
To have a son set your decrees at nought;
To pluck down justice from your awful bench;
To trip the course of law, and blunt the sword
That guards the peace and safety of your person ;
Nay, more, to spurn at your most royal image,
And mock your workings in a second body.
Question your royal thoughts, make the case yours;
Be now the father, and propose a son ;

your own dignity so much profan'd,
See your most dreadful laws so loosely slighted,
Behold yourself so by a son disdain'd;
And then imagine me taking your part,
And in your power so silencing your son.
After this cold considerance, sentence me;
And, as you are a king, speak in your state,
What I have done that misbecame my place,
My person, or my liege's sovereignty.

King. You are right, Justice, and you weigh this well;
Therefore still bear the balance and the sword :
And I do wish your honours may increase,

do live to see a son of mine Offend

you, and obey you, as I did.
So shall I live to speak my father's words:
Happy am I, that have a man so bold
That dares do justice on my proper son ;
And not less happy, having such a son
That would deliver


greatness so
Into the hands of justice. —You did commit me;
For which I do commit into your hand
Th’unstained sword that you have us'd to bear;
With this remembrance, that you use the same
With the like bold, just, and impartial spirit
As you have done 'gainst me. There is my hand.
You shall be as a father to my youth;
My voice shall sound as you do prompt mine ear;
And I will stoop and humble my intents
To your well-practis'd, wise directions. - -

4 This retaining of Gascoigne in office after the death of Henry IV. has been commonly set down as a breach of history. justitiable, perhaps, dramatjeally, but untrue in point of frict, he having died before the King. It has been found, however, that among the persons summoned to the first parliament of Henry V. was “Sir William Gascoigne, Knight, Chief Justice of our Loid the King.” A royal warrant has also come to light, dated November 28, 1414, granting to our dear and well-beloved William Gascoigne, Knt., an allowance, during the term of his natural life, of four bucks and four uves every year out of our forest of Poutitract." 'And Mr. Tyler las put the matter bevond question by discovering his last will and testament which was made December 16, 1419. From ali which Lord Campbell, in his

And, Princes all, believe me, I beseech you:
My father is gone wild into his grave,
For in his tomb lie my affections ;
And with his spirit sadly I survive,
Tc mock the expectation of the world,
Tc frustrate prophecies, and to raze out
Rotten opinion, who hath writ me down
After my seeming. The tide of blood in me
Hath proudly flow'd in vanity till now :
Now doth it turn, and ebb back to the sea,
Where it shall mingle with the state of floods,
And flow henceforth in formal majesty.
Now call we our High Court of Parliament;
And let us choose such limbs of noble counsel,
That the great body of our State may go
In equal rank with the best-govern'd nation ;
That war or peace, or both at once, may be
As things acquainted and familiar to us;

[ To the Chief Justice
In which you, Father, shall have foremost hand.
Our coronation done, we will accite,
As I before remember'd, all our State:
And, God consigning to my good intents,
No prince nor peer shall have just cause to say,
God shorten Harry's happy life one day!


SCENE III. Glostershire. The Garden of SHALLOW's

House. Ente Falstaff, SHALLOW, SILENCE, BARDOLPH, the Page

and Davy.

Shal. Nay, you shall see mine orchard ; where, in an arbour, we will eat a last year's pippin of my own graffing, with a dish of caraways, and so forth; 1 — come, cousin Silence; — and then to bed.

Fol. 'Fore God, you have here a goodly dwelling and a rich. Slal Barren, barren, barren; beggars all, beggars all, Sir John:- marry, good air. -Spread, Davy; spread, Davy: well said, Davy.:

Lives of the Chief Justices, concludes it certain that he did survive Henry IV., who died March 20, 1413, and was reappointed to the King's Bench by Henry V. So that we can take the Poet's noble lesson of magnanimity without any abatement or drawback on the score of history.

6 The meaning is, My will dispositions have ceased on my father's death, and are now buried in his tomb.

1 Carrawav seeds used to be much eaten with apples as a carminative, to relieve the flatulency generated by the fruit. Cogan's Haven of Health, 1594, strongly recommends them for that purpose.

Fal. This Davy serves you for good uses; he is your serving-man and your husband.

Shal. A good varlet, a good varlet, a very good varlet, Sir John : By the Mass, I have drunk too much sack at supper:— A good varlet. Now sit down, now sit down. - Come, cousin.

Sil. Ah, sirrah! quoth-a, - we shall
Sings.] Do nothing but eat, and make good cheer,

And praise God for the merry year ;
When flesh is cheap and females dear,
And lusty lads roam here and there

So merrily,

And ever-among so merrily.* Fal. There's a merry heart! Good Master Silence, I'D give you a health for that anon.

Shal. Give Master Bardolph some wine, Davy.

Dury. Sweet sir, sit; I'll be with you anon; most sweet sir, sit. Master page, good master page, sit. [Bard. and Page sit at another Table.] — Proface! What you want in meat, we'll have in drink. But you must bear; the heart's all.6

[E.rit. Shal. Be merry, Master Bardolph ; — and my little soldier there, be merry. Sil. [Sings.] Be merry, be merry, my wife has all ;

For women are shrews, both short and tall:

in hall when beards wag all,
And welcome


Shrove-tide. be

merry, &c. Fal. I did not think Master Silence had been a man of this mettle.

Sil. Who, 1? I have been merry twice and once ere

Be merry,


2 “ Well saidis here used for “ well done." The usage has been sev. eral times noted. See page 333, note 2. — - Spread has reference to making ready for eating and drinking.

Ř Meaning “ your husbandman;" the one who husbands your affairs.

4 Ever-among is an ancient idiomic phrase, used by Chaucer and others. It means about the same as alionys. – Nó traces have been found of the old songs with which Silence overtlows so eloquently in his mellowness.

5 A phrase of welcome, equivalent to ". Much good may it to you." It is thus explained by old Heywood: “ Reader, reade this thus: fir preface, poface, much good muy it do you." It occurs a so in Cavendish's Life of Wilsoy: “ Before the second course, my Lord ('ardinal came in among them, booted and spiu red, all suddenly, and bade them proface."

6 That is, you must put up with plain fare, and take the will for the deed in regard to better.


Re-enter Davy.
Davy. There is a dish of leather-coats for you."

[Setting them before BARDOLPH. Shal. Davy,

Dary. Your worship?- [TO BARDOLPH.] I'll be with you straight. — A

сир of wine, sir? Sil. (Sings.] A cup of wine that's brisk and fine,

And drink unto the leman mine;

And a merry heart lives long-a.
Fal. Well said, Master Silence.
Sil. And we shall be merry;-

; — now comes in the sweet of the night.

Ful. Health and long life to you, Master Silence !
Sil. [Sings.] Fill the cup, and let it come;

I'll pledge you a mile to the bottom.
Shal. Honest Bardolph, welcome: if thou

wantest any thing, and wilt not call, beshrew thy heart. — [To the Page.] Welcome, my little tiny thief ; and welcome indeed too.drink to Master Bardolph, and to all the cavalieroes about London.

Dury. I hope to see London once ere I die.
Bard. An I might see you there, Davy,–

Shul. By the Mass, you'll crack a quart together, — ha! will you not, Master Bardolph ?

Burd. Yea, sir, in a pottle-pot.

Shal. By God's liggins, I thank thee: the knave will stick by thee, I can assure thee that: 'a will not out; he is true-bred.

Bard. And I'll stick by him, sir.

Shal. Why, there spoke a king. Lack nothing: be merry.' [Knocking heard.] Look who's at door there, ho! who knocks?

[Exit Davy. Fal. Why, now you have done me right.

[ TO SILENCE who has just drunk a Bumper. Sil. [Sings.] Do me right, and dub me knight,

Sa'mingo. Is't not so?

7 Apples commonly called russetines.

8 To do a man right and to do him reason were formerly the usual expres-ions in pledging healths; he who drank a bumper expected that a bumper should be drunk to his toast. To this Bishop Hall a ludes in his Qui Indis: "Those formes of ceremonious qunting, in which men have learned to make gods of others and beasts of themselves; and lose their reason, whiles they pretend to do renson " — He who drank a bumper on his krees to the health of his mistress was dubbed a knight for the evening. In Rowland's Epigrams, 1600, Monsieur Domingo is celebrated as a toper. Whether the change to Sa'mingo was a blunder of Silence in his cups, or was a real contraction of San Duminyo, is uncertain. Why St. Dominick should be the patron of topers does not appear.

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Fal. 'Tis so.
Sil. Is’t so? Why, then say an old man can do somewhat.

Re-enter Davy.

Davy. An't please your worship, there's one Pistol come from the Court with news.

Fal. From the Court ! let him come in. —

How now, Pistol !

Pist. Sir John, God save you !
Fal. What wind blew you hither, Pistol ?

Pist. Not the ill wind which blows no man to good. Sweet
Knight, thou art now one of the greatest men in the realm.

Sil. By'r Lady, I think 'a be, but goodman Puff of Bar


Pist. Puff!
Puff in thy teeth, most recreant coward base!
Sir John, I am thy Pistol and thy friend,
And helter-skelter have I rode to thee;
And tidings do I bring, and lucky joys,
And golden times, and happy news of price.

Fal. I pr’ythee, now, deliver them like a man of this world.

Pist. A foutra for the world, and worldlings base! I speak of Africa and golden joys.

Fal. O, base Assyrian Knight, what is thy news? Let King Cophetua know the truth thereof.

Sil. [Sings.] And Robin Hood, Scarlet, and John.

Pist. Shall dunghill curs confront the Helicons ?
And shall good news be baffled ?
Then, Pistol, lay thy head in Furies' lap.

Shul. Honest gentleman, I know not your breeding.
Pist. Why, then, lament therefore.

Shal. Give me pardon, sir :- · If, sir, you come wiin news from the Court, I take it there's but two ways, – either to utter them, or to conceal them. I am, sir, under the King in some authority.

Pist. Under which king, Besonian? 10 speak, or die.

9 Barston is a village in Warwickshire, lying between Coventry and Solvhull.

lo Besonian, according to Florio a bisogno, is "a new levied souldier, such as comes needy to the wars." Cotgrave, in busogne, says "a filthie knave, or clowne, a raskall, a bisimian, base humoured scoundrel Its origin:il sense is a beggar, a needy person; it is often met with very differently spelt in the old comedies.

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