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CASES REPORTED IN FULL.
Clements v. Philadelphia Co., 184 Pa. St. 28.
Flanders v. Aumack, 32 Or. 19.
Gehlen v. Knorr, 101 Ia. 700..
McColgan v. Baltimore Belt R. Co., 85 Md. 519.
Place v. St. Paul Title Insurance & Trust Co., 67 Minn. 126..
SYNOPSIS OF CONTENTS.
I Definition and purpose of an abstract of title.
2 What an abstract should contain.
3 Duties of abstracter-Legal knowledge required.
4 Period for which title should be shown.
5 Nature of liability of abstracter.
6 Liability of abstracter for negligence, fraud or mistake.
7 Liability of abstracter-Measure of damages.
8 Limiting liability of abstracter.
9 Liability of public officers examining titles.
10 Duty and liability of attorney examining an abstract.
II To whom an abstracter may be held liable.
12 Action against abstracter-Miscellaneous notes.
13 When action against abstracter must be commenced.
15 Time of delivering the abstract.
16 Examination of abstract and removal of defects in the title.
19 Use of abstract as evidence-Supplying lost or destroyed records.
20 Requiring abstract of parties to real actions-Statutory provisions.
21 Right of abstracter to use public records-Common law principles.
22 Right of abstracter to use public records-Statutory provisions.
23 Power of officer to regulate the use of records-Charging fees.
24-45 Statutory provisions-Compilation of the statutory provisions
of the several states and territories, regulating the preparation
and furnishing of abstracts of title, and prescribing the du-
48 Railroads in streets-Recovery of damages by abutting owner.
49 Railroads in streets-Damages recoverable by one not owning the
54 Change of grade-Municipal liability-Measure of damages.
55 Change of "natural grade" of street-Municipal liability.
56 Vacation of street or highway.
57 Assessments against abutting owners for municipal improvements
58 Necessity of acknowledgment-Sufficiency and conclusiveness of
59 Who may take acknowledgments.
60 Acknowledgments by married women.
62 As to what constitutes adverse possession.
63 As to what constitutes adverse possession-Possession by en-
64 Extent of possession without color of title.
65 Extent of possession under color of title-Conflicting patents.
66 Color of title-Necessity of-What constitutes.
67 Title by-General principles-Who may acquire.
68 Title by-Character of title acquired.
69 Title by-What property may be acquired.
70 Title by-Elements necessary-Particular cases.
71 Title by-Occupancy required-Rule where lands are barren and
74 Title by-Tacking possessions.
75 Interruptions of adverse holding.
77 Landlord and tenant-Tenants in common.
78 Vendor and vendee-Mortgagor and mortgagee-Husband and
80 Rights of aliens as to real estate-Statutes construed.
81 Power of alien corporations to acquire real estate.
82 Constitutionality and construction of statutes.
83 Extra-territorial force of assignments and assignment laws.
85 Formal requisites-Construction.
88 Title, rights and liabilities of an assignee.
89 Rights of purchaser at an assignee's sale to assail prior incum-
90 As to what constitutes-General principles.
91 As to what constitutes-Particular cases.
92 Purchasers at execution or judicial sales.
96 Establishing boundaries by erection of fences and buildings.
97 Establishing boundaries by acquiescence and estoppel.
98 Proceedings to establish boundaries.
99 Rules for determining boundaries-Locating lost corners.
100 Streams and waters as boundaries.
102 Streams as-Grants by United States-Title to islands.
107 Reversion of property upon abandonment of the trust.
109-116 Recent constructions of, and amendments and changes made
in the statutes of the several states and territories since the
compilation on this subject contained in Vol. III, Secs. 70-87;
117 Validity of contracts-Public policy.
118 Validity of contracts-Gambling and usurious contracts.
119 Validity of contracts made in violation of a license law.
120 Construction of contracts.
121 Time as the essence of a contract.
122 Breach of contracts-Actions for-Measure of damages.
123 Fraud-Representations as to quality or value.
124 Fraud-Representations as to title or cost of land.
125 Fraud-Broken promises-Statements of opinion or intention.
126 Relief from fraud-Waiver of right to-Election of remedies.
Rescission of contracts-Particular cases.
129 Rescission of contracts-Placing parties in statu quo.
130-Rescission of contracts-Loss or waiver of right to rescind.
131 Limitations upon corporate holding of land.
132 Foreign corporations-Construction of statutes.
133 Contracts and conveyances by-Power to make-Manner of exe-
134 Municipalities-Purchase of real estate.
135 Municipalities-Contracts, conveyances and liabilities concerning