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Let the people know the truth, and the country is safe.”—Lincoln

WE AND
OUR GOVERNMENT

Ву
JEREMIAH WHIPPLE JENKS
Research Professor of Government and Public Administration

New York University

and
RUFUS DANIEL SMITH
Associate Professor of Public Economy, New York University

With fourteen full page drawings by Hanson Booth, and over

five hundred halftone and line illustrations

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The text of this book has been read and approved by an Editorial Advisory Board
composed of many of the leading educators of the whole country. The
book is published in cooperation with Federal

Educational Activities

New York
The American Viewpoint Society

a department of
Boni & Liveright, Inc.

1922

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AUTHORS FOREWORD

To WAS HE Government of the United States must be carried on by O intelligent American citizens who have a grasp of the funda

mental principles underlying its organization and activities. The purpose of this first volume of The American Viewpoint

Series, “ We and Our Government,” is to state and discuss these principles simply and concisely. The main emphasis throughout the book is placed on ideas vital to an understanding of the actual workings of our Government rather than on a purely encyclopedic statement of detailed activities which change so rapidly from day to day.

The authors are indebted to the Editor of the Series, who, with infinite patience and skill, has re-expressed in pictures and captions the text of the book. These illustrations (there are over 500), with their captions, make in themselves a simplified and concise text emphasizing the outstanding points in each chapter much in the same manner as a moving picture develops its theme. In fact the reader has really three connected narratives: First, pictures; second, captions, and third, text.

Educators who have examined the first volume have expressed the opinion that this original plan of illustration makes it for all an exceptionally easy, interesting, and helpful book to read.

The authors will indeed be satisfied if “ We and Our Government " meets the need so often expressed to them by teachers and students for a book which would explain clearly and simply how our Government works and the principles upon which it is built. If it arouses in its readers a desire to take a greater interest in our country and its problems; to know more of its resources, its economics and its people, then those who are responsible for it will be richly rewarded.

The authors are greatly indebted to the members of the Editorial Advisory Board of the American Viewpoint Society for their valuable cooperation in the preparation of the text of this book, also, to Raymond F. Crist of the Bureau of Naturalization, Department of Labor, Washington, for his editorial assistance in the preparation of the text of Chapter V-American Citizenship.

J. W. J.

R. D. S. New York, November, 1922

THE EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD OF THE AMERICAN VIEWPOINT

SOCIETY

DONALD F. STEWART

President and Editor HORACE B. LIVERIGHT

Chairman of Executive Board

EDITORIAL ADVISORY

BOARD FANNIE FERN ANDREWS

Secretary, The American School

Citizenship League
ANNIE WEBB BLANTON

State Superintendent of Public

Instruction, Texas EDWIN C. BROOME

Superintendent of Schools,

Philadelphia
ARTHUR H. CHAMBERLAIN
Executive Secretary, California

Council of Education
J. A. C. CHANDLER

President, College of William

and Mary. FRANK CODY

Superintendent of Schools,

Detroit
L. D. COFFMAN

President, the University of Min

nesota WILLIAM M. DAVIDSON

Superintendent of Schools,

Pittsburgh ARTHUR D. DEAN

Professor of Vocational Educa-
tion, Teachers College, Columbia

University
FRANK L. DYKEMA

Executive Secretary of the
Americanization Society,
Grand Rapids
r. E. FINEGAN

State Superintendent of Public
Instruction, Harrisburg

EUGENE LYMAN FISK, M. D.

Vice President and Medical Di.

rector, Life Extension Institute ALBERT BUSHNELL HART

Professor of Government in Har.

vard University
GRACE RAYMOND HEBARD

Professor of Economics and So

ciology, University of Wyoming H. V. HOLLOWAY

Commissioner of Education, State

of Delaware
JEREMIAH W. JENKS

Research Professor of Govern-
ment and Public Administration,

New York University
JOSEPH FRENCH JOHNSON

President, Alexander Hamilton
Institute; Dean and Professor
of Political Economy, New York

University
R. G. JONES

Superintendent of Schools,

Cleveland, Ohio
Hon. BEN B. LINDSEY

Judge of the Juvenile Court,

Denver
ORTON LOWE

Director of English, Department
of Public Instruction,

Pennsylvania
JOHN J. MAHONEY

Professor of Education, Boston
University,

and Director of
Extension Courses for

Boston
University, and the

Harvard
Graduate School of Education.
WILLIAM McANDREW

Associate Superintendent, New

York Public Schools
I. B. MORGAN

Director of Continuation,
Schools and Vocation Bureau,
Kansas City, Kansas

PETER A. MORTENSON

Superintendent of Schools,

Chicago
ANGELO PATRI

Principal of Public Sciool No.

45, New York City FRANCES PERKINS

Secretary, Council of

Immigrant Education, New York JOSEPHINE CORLISS PRESTON

Superintendent of Public Instruc

tion, State of Washington GEORGE F. QUIMBY

Industrial Service Secretary, As.
sociated Industries of Massachu.

setts
PHILIP SHORE

Chairman Board of Education,

Tampa, Fla.
RUFUS DANIEL SMITH

Associate Professor of Public

Economy, New York University WILLIAM C. SMITH

Supervisor of Immigrant Educa-
tion, The University of the State

of New York
CORA WILSON STEWART

Chairman, National Illiteracy

Committee, Frankfort, Ky.
ASHLEY H. THORNDIKE

Professor of English, Columbia

University
JAMES E. WEST

Chief Scout Executive,

Boy Scouts of America
ARTHUR H. WILDE

Dean, School of Education.

Boston University
WILL C. WOOD

Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion, California

SUBJECTS CHOSEN FOR THE SERIES OF CITIZENSHIP BOOKS BY THE

EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD (1) POLITICAL:-3 Books

(3) POPULATION:-1 Book a *We and Our Government

*Who and What Are We? b *History of the United States

(4) BUSINESS RELATIONS:-1 Book c *We and Our Neighbors

*We and Our Work

(5) SOCIAL RELATIONS:-3 Books (2) NATURAL RESOURCES:-2 Books

a *Public and Personal Health Our Treasures of Land and Sea

b *The American-Author, Artist, Builder b The Mighty Commerce of the Nation

c*To Learn-Where and How NOTE.-The titles of the books are not given-subject matter only. Asterisk (*) indicates subjects for which

а

authors have been secured.

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A PARTIAL LIST OF AMERICAN VIEWPOINT AUTHORS JEREMIAH WHIPPLE JENKS, Ph. D., LL. D., Re- EUGENE LYMAN FISK, M. D., Vice-President and

search Professor of Government and Public Admin- Medical Director, Life Extension Institute, New York, istration, New York University; Chairman, Board of Directors, Alexander Hamilton Institute.

HENRY PRATT FAIRCHILD, Ph. D., Professor of

Social Economy, New York University. ALBERT BUSHNELL HART, Ph. D., LL, D., Professor of Government in Harvard University.

RUFUS DANIEL SMITH, M. A., Associate Professor JOSEPH FRENCH JOHNSON, D.C.S., LL. D., Dean

of Public Economy, New York University, and Professor of Political Economy and Finance, New ANGELO PATRI, Principal Public School 45, The Bronx, York University and President, Alexander Hamilton

JOHN J. MAHONEY, Professor of Education, Boston Institute.

University, and Director of Extension Courses for ASHLEY H. THORNDIKE, A. M., Ph. D., Professor of Boston University and the Harvard Graduate School English, Columbia University.

of Education.

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