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know yourself, Pauline, that you lose In some strange manner the chessall interest” —he pauses to look at men get disarranged. I re-arrange me.

them, abstracting a knight and castle I am studying the board medita- from my opponent's forces. tatively, my chin resting on my clasp He sees me, of course—there is very ed hand. The tall lamp, with its red little he does not see—and says, smilshade, stands beside us.

ingly: By Jove, you are looking well to Just like a woman; if she cannot night,” he remarks. “I believe you win by fair means, she will by foul.” are actually growing pretty.” It is How untrue,” I retort, snappishly. one of his fads to constantly inform“I won't play any more," and I tumble me that the popular verdict as to my the men, pell-mell, into the box. good looks is a mistaken one. N'im Well, who won this time?” I ask. porte—he loves me all the same. Unfortunate question !

Your hair is a trifle flat," he con He is standing now—six long, nartinues, “it suits you better up a little.” row feet of manhood, nervous, wiry'

I meekly give it a few deft pokes. alert, his blue-grey eyes glowing be

“Does that please your royal high- neath the long, black-lashed and heavy ness ?

brows, and his thick, gold-brown hair “ It's better. What have you done waving up from his shapely-cut foreto your hand ?”

head. He reaches across the table, You are horribly observant,” I and, taking my hand in his, gazes sharply remark, for it is an ugly little steadfastly at me. bruise. "I had a nasty tumble off my “Who won ?” he repeats, gravely. wheel to-day, coasting down our hill.” “I think we both have lost. Do you

“If you will coast without a brake, not want to take back that move of you deserve it.”

two months ago ?” Sympathetically, “ Shall I kiss it

He does not say

Will you not ?" and make it well ? '

this proud opponent of mine. He A thought strikes me that Pond's never stoops to entreaty. He takes Extract would be more efficacious, but things as his right, or as a free will I say nothing

offering. One cannot help admiring When my hand is so near, I cannot his proud, independent spirit, but a resist stroking the smooth brow and wounan loves to be entreated, you thick, wavy masses of fair hair, of know; it satisfies her love of power. which he is inordinately vain.

Dearest”—by this time the table I prophesy baldness at thirty as a is not between us—

-"I see my answer condign punishment. Until that evil in your eyes—look at me—is it not day comes, however, I am to stroke so ?” his hair. He says he likes me to do

With the best intentions in the it. I wonder if the privilege extends world, I am unable to make any audto other girls, and I try to find out.

ible reply

Florence Trenholme.

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Lord Salisbury has announced that there

will be a partial arbitration as to such

interested in the Venezuelan dispute, and all cupied by the subjects of either Venezuela

ocour citizens will be pleased that there is a

or Great Britain for fifty years.

A basis prospect of a speedy and peaceful settle- of settlement has thus been reached, and ment. The Anglo-Saxon race holds in it is to be hoped that the settlement itself its hand, at present, the destiny of the will be as satisfactory. world, for no other race at all equals it in

The Toronto Globe says: intellectual power and progressive civilization. Though that race may be divided “Lord Salisbury, by carrying on the negointo two parts politically, there is no rea

tiations regarding the Venezuelan boundary

with the United States, puts that country son why it should not be united for ma

in a position where it must do police duty terial and intellectual progress. Recog- in all the republics to which the Monroe docnizing a broad basis of national liberty in trine applies. It is manifest, for example, its government, as each country does, that if the arbitration between Great Britain there was no reason to expect that such dary dispute results in an award of the ter

and the United States regarding the bounopposite views of any question, outside of ritory beyond the present line of settlement the absolute sovereignty of either, would to Great Britain, the United States will have to be advanced, that either nation would feel force Venezuela to give up the territory, and so justified in resorting to an appeal to arms guardianship will scarcely be as popular at

carry out the decision.

The responsibility of to decide which was right and which was Washington as the assertion of protectorate wrong. Rather was there every reason powers, but it will teach the rulers of the reto hope that an enlightened public opin- public that one cannot assume the right to preion would enable the government of each out also assuming the obligation to prevent that state to view the claims of the other in a neighbour from doing things that deserve punishsufficient degree of liberality as to arrive ment. If the United States find the task of at a common basis of settlement. This keeping their friends in Venezuela' in order hope and this expectation have been ful difficult at times, they will at least have the

satisfaction of knowing that so long as they do filled by the recent unofficial announce police duty there will be no attempt by any ments of Lord Salisbury and Secretary European power to extend its territories in Cen. Olney. The commission appointed by the tral or South America.” Congress of the United States to collect It is to be hoped that the British authmaterial and evidence concerning the true orities at Westminster will be more sucboundary between Venezuela and British cessful in their presentation of evidence Guiana in South America has decided than they were in the boundary disputes that while continuing its deliberations in concerning their territory in North Amthe preparation and orderly arrangement erica. It is a matter of history that the of the maps, reports and documents which State of Maine, a whole belt of country have been procured, it does not propose, for lying between Lake Michigan and the the present, to formulate any decision of Pacific, and a portion of Alaska were lost the matters subject to its examination. to Great Britain, and to Canada, simply

the necessity of Canada's exI wish we were on

erting herself to any great ex. I'OFFICE the inside again Charley'

tent to helplay a Pacificcable. LAURIEREN

Australian merchants doing

business with London are subFalher, I candidly think ject to interruptions somethe Liberals will not last times extending over three or out another Session!!

four days. A cable from Vancouver to the Sandwich Islands and Australia would be of enormous benefit to the citizens of the latter country. The Canadian Pacific line across Canadian territory and the Atlantic cables would give an all-British route, thus combining political and commercial values. This connection would also be of great importance to Great Britain in the case of a war, which would cut off communication via Aden. The extension of the cable from Australia to the Cape of Good Hope would still further biod the Empire together in case of a great

war, as the African land lines w Bloons

are easily destroyed and run partially through hostile territory. But where the benefit to Canada would come in

is not so easily perceived. because the then British statesmen made True, cable communication with Australia the insane error of believing that these would enable us to extend our trade with pieces of territory, among the most valu- our sister colonies, but the extension must, able on this continent, were not of suffi- from the nature of what Australia buys cient importance to justify them in tak- and sells, be somewhat limited. It would ing the greatest possible care that the seem wise, at least, to consider whether very best evidence of the British title was an investment of equal amount in an imforthcoming at the time of settlement. proved Atlantic steamship service would British guardianship of British rights on not be more remunerative. this continent has been a genuine comedy Canada is certainly interested in all of errors, and it is to be hoped that the British projects, and this one especially. comedy will not be extended by Lord But having burdened ourselves greatly in Salisbury and his assistants. Judging, assisting the Canadian Pacific Railway

Comhowever, from the events of history, Great pany to give an all-British railway and teleBritain might have been expected to give graph route across this continent, it would up “No man's Land” in South America be wise to consider carefully whether it at the first demand. That they have not would be to our national interest to heavidone so proves that prognostications con- ly subsidize an undertaking the greatest cerning the future, in the light of history, profit of which, so far as Canadians would are not always reliable, even when logical. profit at all, would fall into the hands of

this same corporation. It is certainly THE PACIFIC CABLE.

proper for us to encourage and assist this Considering the smallness of our trade enterprise, but this assistance should not with Australia, it seems difficult to realize go farther than the prospect of adequate











HV I did it


return will justify. When Sir Donald Smith, Hon. A. G. Jones, and Sandford Fleming, who were the Canadian representatives at the Conference which has just been

GOLD & SILVER held in London, make their report, it will be the duty of the Canadian Government to carefully consider the matter before committing themselves to the giving of financial aid. THE BUILDING OF RAILWAYS.

Railways are an important factor in the development and progress of a country, but it may be questioned whether Canada has not gone too far in giving aid to railroad building. On the 30th of June, 1895, there were 16,091 miles of track laid in this country,


BRUNSWICK and the Dominion Government has contributed to this building at the rate of $9,369 per mile constructed, the Provincial Government at the rate of $1,847, and the municipalities at the rate of $881 per mile. That is, for the net result of 16,091 miles, Canada

CANADA'S SHIP COMING IN AT LAST. has contributed in round numbers the very liberal sum of $195,000,000. ed to only $46,785,487, while the paid-up Isn't it about time to call a halt?

capital was $894,660,559, the percentage In Cape Colony the proportion of net of traffic to cost being about 51 per cent. revenue to capital cost of railways is 5.75 instead of 10 per cent. Would it not be per cent.; in India, 4.96 ; in South Aus- well to call a halt in railroad building tralia, 3.13; in New South Wales, 3.46; and wait for the country to develop ? in New Zealand, 2.73; in Queensland, Canada has so markedly approved the 2.13; and in Canada, 1.57. In only one policy of subsidizing railways that unless British Colony is the proportion lower the Government will plainly and unthan in Canada, and that is Tasmania. equivocally state that no further stateDoes this not seem to indicate that we aid shall be given to these enterprises, are building railways too fast, that they private companies will not undertake the are being constructed and operated be- work without a slice of the public funds fore they are actually necessary?

Promoters of railroads have seen money Mr. George Johnson, the Dominion Sta- lavished so freely that they would not tistician, says in the Statistical Year-Book build a railroad, even if it promised to be of 1895, page 633: “The cost of a rail- profitable, until after they had lobbied way, it has been said, should not be more through a Bill granting them some statethan ten times its annual traffic—that is, aid. In brief, a continuous policy of govthat the annual traffic should be 10 per ernmental subsidizing prevents the undercent. of its capital cost. If this standard taking of such work by unaided private is applied to Canadian railways their cost enterprise. And this is the pass to which will be found to very far exceed the affairs in Canada have come! limit." In 1895 the gross receipts amount Another fault in past practice lies in





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the leaving of state-aided railways with- to give up many benefits which we now out any measure of state control. No enjoy, and one would be our democracy. business man would take one-fourth of Politics in the United States have bethe stock in any incorporated or unincor- come so debased that in many places the porated company without being assured ruling power rests not in the hands of that he would have some voice in its con- decent people, but in the hands of crimitrol and guidance. And yet Canada has nals and villains. In the Chicago Eagle done this in the case of her railways. of September 19th appears an analysis,

Speaking of the subject of the new rail- made by two detectives, of the 723 deleway into British Columbia, the Toronto gates who nominated the Silver-DemoGlobe remarks wisely:

cratic ticket for Cook County, Illinois. “Should it be decided to grant public aid to

Here it is : a line running through the Crow's Nest Pass, the Of the delegates, those who have been on question of public control in regard to the regu. trial for murder...

17 lation of freight rates and other matters will be Sentenced to the penitentiary for murder one for very careful consideration. Enthusiasm and manslaughter, and have served senfor the development of our resources must not

7 be allowed to hurry us into the making of an Served terms in the penitentiary for burimprovident bargain or one which will leave a

glary.. private corporation to do as it pleases with the Served terms in the penitentiary for picktraffic. Unless some company is willing to take ing pockets

2 up the project as a private enterprise, which Served term in the penitentiary for arson.. 1 does not seem likely at present, there are two Ex-Bridewell and jail-birds, identified by alternatives—either the operation of the road detectives.

84 by the Government directly, as in the case of Keepers of gambling-houses

7 the Intercolonial, or its operation by the C. P. Keepers of houses of ill-fame.

2 R., under real and effective public control. We Convicted of mayhem .

3 do not think that that control should be exer- Ex-prize fighters....

11 cised in any narrow or illiberal spirit, but means Pool-room proprietors

265 should be taken to ensure to the country the ad- Lawyers .

14 vantages which are now held out as inducements Physicians

3 for public aid. It must be a Canadian line in Grain dealers.

2 the true sense, run for the purpose of encourag- Political employees.

148 ing Canadian industry and enterprise, of build. Hatters

1 ing up Canadian towns and cities, and of pro Stationers

1 viding transportation for Canadian products at Contractors. reasonable rates. If public money is to be voted Grocers

1 on patriotic grounds to a railway, the railway Sign-painters.

1 must be operated in the same spirit.”


4 Butchers

1 Druggists.


1 Canadians have to fight Annexation

Furniture supplies
Commission merchants.

2 and combat it not by sentiment or fiction, Ex-policemen

15 but by facts. Apparently the Annex- Dentists..

1 ationists have an organ which is published Speculators.

Justices of the Peace in Toronto. In its issue of October 21st

Ex-constables.. the following appears :



3 “Is it not a fact, when you come to think of

Undertakers it, that a union stronger than mere political ties

No occupations exists among the whole English-speaking people

Total delegates

723 of America ? And, moreover, is not this union the best pledge we can possibly have for peace There is little morality in business in upon the continent? Where would war begin the United States, but still less in politics. A mere political division that has been covered beneath a tangled mass of family vines, which The Republic may be the land of freedom, have their root in one country and branches all but freedom at the price of political liberover the other, could hardly serve for the ty is less valuable than the freedom of the purpose."

slaves of the South before the Abolition. The idea of the journal mentioned To ask Canadians to exchange United seems to be to persuade Canadians that, States freedom for British freedom is to after all, a political union with the United ask them to enter into a bad bargain-a States would not be a radical change. bargain which only a lunatic could be But it would. We would find it necessary expected to make.



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