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POPULAR DICTIONARY

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ARTS, SCIENCES, LITERATURE, HISTORY, POLITICS AND

BIOGRAPHY,

BROUGHT DOWN TO THE PRESENT TIME;

INCLUDING

A COPIOUS COLLECTION OF ORIGINAL ARTICLES

IN

AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY;

ON

THE BASIS OF THE SEVENTH EDITION OF THE GERMAN

CONVERSATIONS-LEXICON.

EDITED BY

FRANCIS LIEBER,

ASSISTED BY

E. WIGGLESWORTH AND T. G. BRADFORD.

Vol. XI.

Philadelphia:

CAREY AND LEA.
SOLD IN PHILADELPHIA BY E. L. CAREY AND A. HART-IN NEW YORK

BY G. & C. & H. CARVILL-IN BOSTON BY

CARTER & HENDEE.

1832.

Entered, according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1832, by

CAREY AND LEA,
In the Clerk's office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

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ENCYCLOPÆDIA AMERICANA.

REVELATION. Besides the exhibitions the darkness of all the heathen mytholoof divine agency in the works of nature, gies, which, on closer examination, plainly and the inward disclosures of divinity in appear to have been built up on the simthe human mind, we find among almost ple religious notions of the primitive age, all nations traditions of an immediate rev- confirming the declaration of Scripture, elation of the will of God, communicated that God has never left himself without á by words or works of supernatural sig- witness in the world. These earlier nonificance or power. The nations of anti- tions were preserved pure, and gradually quity traced the origin of their religions, enlarged, during the Mosaic period, by and even of their civilization, to the in- successive revelations to chosen individustructions of the gods, who, in their opin- als, with whom the Bible makes us acion, taught their ancestors as men teach quainted under the name of prophets, children. As a child, without the assist- from Moses to Malachi. God finally comance of others, would be incapable of ac- pleted his revelations through Christ

. quiring knowledge, so the human race, in Thus has revelation educated the human its infancy, could not have made the first race from infancy to manhood, and man, step in the arts and sciences without a dismissed from this school eighteen cenguide; and even if external nature, in its turies ago, has now only to make the light, various objects and phenomena, were a thus received, known and healing to all. sufficient guide to that kind of knowledge The evidences of this divine plan of the and skill which is necessary to provide for education of the human race, proclaimed the bodily wants of man, can it be sup- and accomplished in the Bible, are exhibitposed that this nature could set in action ed in the history of the world. (See Chrishis moral faculties, and open to his view tianity.) the world of spiritual being ? To reason, REVELATION. (See Apocalypse.). which derives its knowledge from sensual REVENUE. For the revenue of the difexperience, the world is a riddle: the so- ferent states of Europe and America, see lution of this riddle—a knowledge of God the articles on the respective countries ; and his relation to the world—could have also the Table of European States. (The been given only by God himself. What- early copies of this work have an imever knowledge man possesses of this proved form of this table after the index subject must have been received directly, of vol. v.) See also the article Tares. by oral communication, from the Deity, REVERBERATION, in physics; the act of without which he could never, or at least a

body repelling or reflecting another after hot so soon nor so surely, have acquired its impinging on it

. Echoes are occasionit . In this revelation of himself, God ed by the reverberation of sounds from adapted his communications to the com- arched surfaces. In glass furnaces, the prebension of the beings for whose instruc- flame reverberates, or bends back again, to tion it was intended ; and we may distin- burn the matter on all sides. — In chemisguish three periods in this education of try, reverberation denotes a circulation of the human race in divine things. The Hame, or its return from the top to the earliest revelations, made in the patriarchal bottom of the furnace, to produce age, were common to the progenitors of tense heat, when

calcination is required. all people ; and their light shines through REVEREND; a title of respect given to

an in

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