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fitted up, by which the effect of the pictures is con- | far short of the power displayed in the other. Several siderably enhanced. The next, the music-room, is the small but very spirited oil sketches by him should also most magnificent in the house, and indeed is said to be examined. The Guidos, of which there are several, have been pronounced by George IV. 'the finest room are generally considered among the choicest paintings in England'-a decision we take leave to demur to. in the collection: the Herodias with John the Baptist's This is one of the apartments erected by Inigo Jones, Head is the best. By Titian there are two or three, who had ever a good eye for picturesque effect. It is hung where it is not easy to judge of their merit. The large and lofty, and well proportioned; the walls are to two historical pictures by Salvator Rosa, which the some height of polished white marble, with pilasters of connoisseurs admire so much, appear to us very unsienna marble; the walls above, and the roof, have bola interesting. The only English paintings that we rerelievo ornaments, richly gilt, off a ground of dead member are some two or three, by Sir Joshua Reynolds; white. The fire-place has a very high chimney-piece one is a repetition of the 'Samuel,' differing a good deal of white marble, of elaborate sculpture, the work of from that we saw at Knole ; another is a female head, Sir R. Westmacott, R.A. The floor is of polished very gracefully painted. There are a few small paintoak ; at one end of the room is a music gallery, in the ings that deserve examination ; and a few portraits. centre of which is an organ-a present, we believe, from The park extends over an area of some 1,800 acres ; George IV. The chairs, ottomans, &c., are of the well diversified with hill and valley, and broad smooth richest description, and like all else profusely gilt. All glades, and bosky dells. Some parts of it afford the this gilding and marble undoubtedly produces a very

most beautiful little closed-up spots of woody scenery rich effect; and most likely, when the room is brilliantly that can be desired; others afford wide and noble prolighted and filled with fair ladies and well-dressed men spects, The park contains many very large trees ;

the the splendour is very much increased. But we confess chestnuts being especially famous. One, known as the to thinking it too fine, at least for daylight.

Four Sisters, is some five-and-twenty feet in girth. But after all, the pictures are what are most worth The stranger must not quit Cobham without visiting seeing at Cobham. In this music-hall there is a very the Church. In it are several very interesting monufine full-length, by Vandyke, of the two sons of the ments of the Cobhams ; among them is a very fine Earl of Lennox, who were killed when fighting for altar tomb, with a recumbent statue of the Lord CobCharles I. against the Parliament. In the dining-room ham who was executed in the first year of the reign of are several other of Vandyke's portraits; they are not Mary, for his participation in Wyatt's rebellion. But among the finest of his works, but they possess much what the church is mainly visited for, is the series of of the quiet grace and dignity which so emphatically thirteen monumental brasses of the Cobhams. Eight distinguish him; the best, perhaps, is that of the of them represent knights, five ladies : they vary, of second Duke of Lennox. There are also in this room course, in execution, but they are probably the finest portraits by Lely and Kneller worth looking at, though and most perfect series of incised slabs in Great Britain. hardly worth describing. There is elsewhere a roomfull of portraits, of which this mention may suffice.

CHARLTON Hlouse. On the staircase are several large paintings; one of which, a Stag Hunt, by Snyders, full of life and fire, By way of completing the series of manor houses, deserves to be hung where it could be better seen. we add an engraving and short notice of Charlton

The chief and most valuable paintings are assembled House, between Greenwich and Woolwich, one of the in the Picture Gallery. It is a fine collection, spoiled buildings erected when the old English domestic archiby the arrangement. One would fancy that some tecture was about to be supplanted by what was then upholsterer had been commissioned to arrange them, thought to be a purer style. (Cut, No. 8.) as he would the tables or the curtains in a room. The At the accession of James I., the manor of Charlton only principle followed seems to have been that of was the property of the crown. The needy train of hanging them as though they were mere furniture, courtiers who followed that monarch to the rich south, and were to be placed where the frames would produce were clamorous for provision, and James was nothing the best effect. Some of the choicest pictures are in loth to supply the necessities of his loving countrymen. the worst positions, and almost all are put beyond the Charlton he assigned, the year after his accession, to ken of ordinary mortals. There is one exception, the Earl of Mar. That nobleman sold it, in 1606, to however : Rubens' grand picture, 'The Head of Cyrus one of his countrymen, Sir James Erskine, for £2,000. brought to Queen Tomyris,' which hangs at the farthest Sir James, in like manner, parted with his bargain the end of the gallery, catches the eye as you enter, and following year, for £4,500, to Sir Adam Newton, is so brilliant as almost to illumine the room. It is another of the king's northern knights. The traffic one of his most glowing pieces of colour : indeed, the stopped there : Sir Adam kept the estate ; in 1607 he power and harmony of the colouring more than atone commenced, and about 1612 completed, the present for the entire disregard of all propriety of costume and mansion. The present owner and occupant is Sir T. character. It was purchased from the Orleans collection. M. Wilson, Bart. There is another very good painting, by Rubens, here- Inigo Jones is commonly said to have been the a Boar Hunt—very animated and vigorous ; but falling architect of Charlton House. He was at the time

a tall

architect to Prince Henry, and is very likely to have are of nearly the same date) as to leave very little been employed by his tutor. The building is of brick, doubt that they are the work of the same architect. with stone quoins and dressings. In form it is an The grand staircase is made a prominent object, and it oblong, with projecting wings, and a central porch pro- is a very effective one in the design. In the various jecting somewhat less than the wings: the ground-plan rooms are a good many pictures and articles of vertû; being nearly that of a capital E. At each end there is and some very showy and costly sculptured chimney

square turret. The style is the extremely florid pieces ; but as they cannot be seen by the stranger, it one then in vogue.

When first erected, its appearance is not worth while to describe them. must have been very different from the soberer structures of a preceding age ; but time has taken off a good To the reader who may desire to visit any of these deal of its extravagancy, and it is now rather a pleas- places, it will be useful to know the days on which they ing, though it cannot be termed a graceful building. can be inspected; it is a surpassing annoyance to make The chief labour is expended upon the centre, which, a holiday for the purpose, and then, after a journey peras was Jones's custom, is very elaborately ornamented. haps of thirty miles or more, to be told you have selected The arched doorway has plain double columns on each the wrong day, and denied admission. Hever Castle is side ; over it is a niche, in which is a female bust. The occupied by a farmer, who readily permits it to be seen first story has quaintly-carved columns; and above on any week-day. Penshurst can only be viewed on them a series of grotesque-sculptured brackets. To Monday or Saturday. Penshurst and Hever may, as we this succeeds another story, and another row of similar mentioned, be easily examined on the same day. The brackets. Along the entire summit is carried a rather Countess Dowager of Plymouth, who owns Knole, and singular balustrade. A somewhat similar balustrade constantly resides in it, very handsomely permits the originally divided the terrace in front of the house from readiest access to the state-rooms on any week-day. the garden. In the interior are some very handsome Cobham can only be seen on Fridays, between the rooms. The entrance hall is large, considerably orna- hours of eleven and four, and the visitor must be caremented, and has a deep central pendant hanging from ful to provide himself beforehand with a ticket (or if the ceiling. There is also a grand saloon, which seems there be more than one in the party, with a ticket for by its bold and profuse ornamentation to claim the each), that may be obtained of Mr. Caddell, bookseller, parentage of Jones. Another of the more striking fea- Milton-road, Gravesend, or at the stationers at Rochestures is a gallery, seventy-six feet in length, very similar ter, on payment of one shilling each ; no fee is allowed to that in Charlton House, Wiltshire, which is known to be taken at the hall. The interior of Charlton House to have been constructed by him. Indeed, the re- is not shown at all, the rooms being in the ordinary semblance is so strong between these two houses (which occupation of the family.

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BATHPROM "TICE BEACON ILL.

BATH.

EARLY HISTORY OF Batu.

of the cup in those days), she perceived at the bottom It is very rarely the case that the history of a city is the glittering token, and thus became aware of the carried back to its very source. In most instances the presence of her son.

Bladud afterwards succeeded to extreme distance is lost in the haze of fable, through the throne, and rewarded his old master by granting which we catch vague glimpses of men and things him a handsome estate near the hot-springs, and buildassuming almost gigantic proportions. The good people ing him a palace and outhouses for his followers. of Bath, however, see clearer than their neighbours, These together made a town divided into two parts, and run back the line of their city's history until they the north town and the south town, to which the at last arrive at a founder who counts only the thirtieth swineherd affixed the name of the animals that had in descent from Adam himself! We question if any been the cause of his good fortune ; and even now the city in the Principality would desire a more respectable north part of the town is called Hogs Norton, but by pedigree. Still more extraodinary is their belief that the some Norton Small-Reward, from a tradition that the most polite city in England owes its very existence to king's bounty was looked upon by the swineherd as a the sagacity of a herd of swine! Bathonians noto- small reward for what he had done for him. The king riously put faith in the story of king Bladud, and why himself, it would seem, terminated his career in a very should not we? They place his bust over the door unfortunate manner; for, being of an aspiring dispoof one of their principal banks, as though to give a sition, like Rasselas he made an essay at flying, and golden currency to the tale : we cannot then be accused

was even more unfortunate than that prince of roof literary “smashing," for doing our little to pass the mance, for he fell down upon the tower of Salisbury somewhat apocryphal coin on to posterity.

Cathedral, and broke his neck ! Puerile as is this According to the most approved accounts of the tradition, yet would it be a golden one if it should origin of Bath, Bladud, son of the British king Hudi. have given Shakspere a hint for his ' Cymbeline,' and bras, was so unfortunate in his youth as to contract if in Bladud he should have found his Polydore. a leperous disease ; and as in those times they were It seems very doubtful whether the hot-springs of not quite so humane as they are now, he was, on the Bath were made use of by the Britons; and in all propetition of the nobles, banished from his father's court, bability no settlement existed here until that made by lest the loathsome affliction should spread to them the Romans under the Emperor Claudius, who conselves. The queen, with a true woman's affection, quered and took possession of the neighbouring country however, presented him with a ring, as a token by about half a century before the birth of Christ. As which she should know him again in case he should Roman Bath lay wholly in a valley, such a situation ever return cured. The prince departed, and after must have been chosen by that people for other than miliwandering some time in exile, hired himself to a swine- tary purposes ; and there can be no reasonable doubt, herd, whom he found feeding his pigs not far from the addicted as they were to the use of the warm-bath, that site of the future city. The Royal swineherd was so the hot-springs were the chief attraction of the spot. unfortunate, however, as to infect his charge with his These they collected, and erected over them buildings own disease; and fearing that the fact would become which even the Bath of the present day cannot rival. known to his master, he separated from him, and drove An excavation that was made in 1755, near the abbey, his pigs towards the vast forests that at that time exposed to view a series of Roman baths of the most crowned the Lansdown and Beacon hills. The swine, perfect and magnificent description. The following however, taught by nature to medicine their own dis-account of them, given in the History of Somersettempers, made straight for the spot whence issued the shire,' will show how far beyond us they were in the hot-springs, and here wallowed in the marsh caused by construction of such buildings : its overflowing waters. This kindly oblation soon “ The walls of these baths were eight feet in height, cured them of their disease ; which Bladud perceiving, built of wrought stone lined with a strong cement of he applied the same remedy, with the like good effect, terras: one of them was of a semicircular form, fifteen to his own person. Thus cured, he appeared again feet in diameter, with a stone seat round it eighteen before the old herdsman, his master, informed him of inches high, and floored with very smooth flag-stones. the miraculous cure that had been performed upon the descent into it was by seven steps, and a small himself and pigs; and added further to his astonish- channel for conveying the water ran along the bottom, ment, by proclaiming that he was a king's son. To turning at a right angle towards the present King's convince him of this fact, he led him to his father's bath. At a small distance from this was a very large court, and seizing an opportunity when the king and oblong bath, having on three sides a colonnade surqueen banqueted in public, he dropped into the royal rounded with small pilasters, which were probably goblet the ring his mother had given him. As the intended to support a roof. O, one side of this bath queen drank (and they did more than taste the rim were two sudatories, nearly square, the floors of which

XVIII.-VOL. III.

D

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