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vague one, as it might equally apply to the India-rubber in England ; and its first appearance gives the reader men, who perform in our quiet streets, or to the Lord that sensation that a fine work of Art or Nature always Chancellor, or Chief Justice of the kingdom. It must effects. Viewing it as we do from Brock Street, its be, moreover, a difficult task for the Master of the grandly sweeping curve impresses itself once and for Ceremonies, with all his fine eye for a gentleman, to ever upon the mind. Few buildings have the advandistinguish the difference between a Piccadilly retailer tage of such a site as the Crescent, situated as it is and a Leadenhall Street merchant, disguised as they upon a gentle slope, and the ground in front quite open both might be in the well-built clothes of a Stultz or a for a considerable distance; the Royal Avenue to the Buckmaster; and we have no doubt that, with all the Victoria Park, in fact, forming its very picturesque care taken to let none but aristocratic particles escape foreground. (Cut, No. 5.) through the official sieve,
Turn we now into the Royal Avenue-no formal “Even here, amid the crowds you view, 'T is sometimes difficult to tell who's who.”
This class feeling was carried at one time even into the theatre, where no trader was allowed to sit in the dress circle !
The Circus, to which Bennet Street forms an avenue, as its name denotes, is a circular pile of buildings, covering a large space of ground, and erected in the Roman style of architecture; the principal stories being divided by Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian pillars. There is something, we confess, gloomy in the effect of this mass of buildings ; indeed, we must plead guilty to a certain feeling of oppression whilst traversing the more architectural portions of Bath : whether it is from the colour of the stone, darkened by age, and the uniformity of tone and style that prevails, we know not, but all the buildings have a haughty exclusive look, and appear to hold themselves aloof from the spectators ; they seem, in fact, as exclusive as their possessors, and amid all their grandeur we wish for a sight of the pleasant jumble of Park Lane, where the houses are like faces-no two alike. Leasing the Circus by way of Brook Street, we come at once upon the really magnificent Royal Crescent, also built by Wood the younger. This is infinitely the most magnificent pile of buildings in Bath ; indeed we know of nothing finer
row of trees, or broad gravel walk, as its name seems exclusion of the citizens from the Assembly-room, to imply, but a winding drive through plantations and they are in the habit of holding their balls in these fine shrubberies, in the centre of which another obelisk bas apartments, which certainly rivals the others in magbeen erected, called the Victoria Column. (Cut, No. 6.) nificence, if the company be not altogether so select. This drive, of more than half a mile in extent, opens Turning off on the right hand, down Bridge Street, we into the Victoria Park, lately formed out of the Town cross the Avon by means of the Pulteney Bridge, which Common. The plantations have not yet grown up, carries on its strong arches a line of houses on either consequently it has a cold naked appearance, which side of the roadway, the river being thus entirely time alone can remedy. The scenery around the Park, hidden from view. The prospect, as we proceed up however, makes up for the rawness incident to all Great Pulteney Street, is one of the sights of Bath. It newly laid-out grounds : few public promenades can resembles Portland Place, London, in width and archicommand so fine a prospect, and fewer still such an tectural effect; but it is a full third longer than that architectural effect as the Royal Crescent. A colossal street, and it is terminated by the very handsome head of Jupiter, from the chisel of a self-taught sculptor Sidney Hotel, which, besides serving its ordinary purof Bath, ornaments one portion of the Park. It is poses, forms a noble entrance to the Sidney Gardens, upwards of seven feet in height, and is esteemed by the place of great resort to the citizens of Bath and citizens as a great work of art. It has certainly merit, Bristol : it was, indeed, for a long time the Vauxhall but we fear the fact of its author being a "self-tauglit" of the two cities, pyrotechnic exhibitions taking place native artist exaggerates its merits in the eyes of here nearly every week. Having been planted above Bathonians : works of art must be judged purely on half a century, the trees have grown up to a stately their own merits. We cannot leave the Park without altitude, and assume all the wild luxuriance of a forest. noticing the two sphinxes over the gateway, the donors A thousand beautiful effects meet the eye at every of which having had the very questionable taste to turn, and one cannot help contrasting the charming make the fact known to the world in Egyptian effect of these gardens with the trim, cold, bare apletfers as large as a sign-board. There is a Botanical pearance of the Victoria Park. For some time past, and Horticultural Garden in the Park, in which the however, it has been a melancholy solitude : no gay floral exhibitions of the city are held.
lamps now hang between the trees : Returning again to the Abbey Church, and proceeding along High Street, instead of turning off, as we have
Glitt’ring like fire-flies tangled in a silver braid." done, into the more aristocratic portions of the town, we come to the seat of civic dignity, the Guildhall, an The pathways are deserted, the flower-beds neglected, exceedingly fine Roman building, in the centre of and the arbours rotting; and the whole domain looks trading Bath: an architectural screen on either hand forgotten and abandoned, with the exception of two forms portions of the market, by which we suppose lines of life which traverse it in the shape of the Kennet the builder meant to imply that the corporation takes and Avon Canal, and the Great Western Railway. especially under its wings the good things of this life. Handsome terraces skirt and overhang the iron-way, Bath has, from a very early period, possessed certain and ornamental bridges span it, whilst the Canal forms municipal privileges ; but its government by a mayor quite a piece of ornamental water to the Gardens, and corporation dates from the time of Elizabeth, when, adorned as its margin is with weeping-willows. Standby Royal Charter, Bath was declared a city in itself. ing between these two great arteries of the west, the The Corporation, before the passing of the Reform Past and the Present seem pictured to us at a view. Bill, had the privilege of returning to Parliament the Along the Canal comes a barge, " The Sylph of 70 two members for the city: the inhabitants at large tons”—for it is a curious fact that the heavier the having no voice at all in the matter. This extraordinary tonnage and appearance of these vessels, the lighter state of things was one of those cases, like that of Old and more aërial is the name given to them-a string of Sarum, which tended as much as anything to pass this horses, or perhaps men, towing it slowly along. It important measure. The fact of twenty-six persons
moves so gently that the ripples scarce curve from its thus monopolising the rights of the citizens of such an bows; the helmsman moves the helm sleepily with important place as Bath, can scarcely be believed by his jutting hip, the blue smoke from the little cabin the rising generation ; but give a body of men a privi- creeps upwards in an almost perpendicular thread, lege, and, however unjust it might be, they soon come and the whole seems a type of the easy-going world to confound it with a right, and are astonished at those that is departing. Then on a sudden a rumble is heard it oppresses attempting to destroy it.
in the distance, where the traffic-brightened rails, like In the days before the Municipal Reform Act fell like lines of light, vanish in a point; a speck of black is a blight upon the close corporations of the kingdom, seen : it grows up to us in a moment, rushes past, and the civic authorities, like their Bristol brethren, were we stand gazing at a long thread of white cloud, painted famous for taking care of the “body corporate” in distinctly against the green background of trees; and more ways than one, as the length of their kitchen- ere it has broken up and drifted into fantastic fragrange, and the size and magnificence of their banquet- ments, the train, with its long freight of thousands, is ing-rooms, can now testify to. In consequence of the lost in the mist of the distance :
“ Men, my brothers, men, the workers, ever reaping some
thing new; That which they have done but earnest of the things that
they shall do.
Not in vain the distance beacons : forward, forward, let us
range, Let the great world spin for ever dowr the ringing groves
However much the material aspect of the world might alter, the emotions of the heart never do ; and we read with as much delight the love-tales of times long past as those of our own immediate day. Along these garden-walks, Sheridan once rambled with his beloved, and the grotto is pointed out in which they used to sit. The lover has himself left a rather maud
10 lin poem, addressed to the spot, which commences in the following very limp and dishevelled manner : “l'ncouth is this moss-cover'd grotto of stone,
And damp is the shade of this dew-dropping tree ; Yet I this rude grotto with rapture will own ;
And willow, thy damps are refreshing to me.
As late I in secret her confidence sought;
&c. &c. &c.
Returning along Great Pulteney Street, we cannot help noticing that it stands, as it were, still in the country. At every opening, on either side, we see meadows and pleasure-grounds, and the public walk to Henrietta Street is quite park-like in appearance. This
S.-ST. STEPHEN'S CHURCH. fine street was constructed at the latter end of the last century, and was intended as the main thoroughfare of to a considerable height, and forms one of the most an entirely new neiglıbourhood on the eaot side of the interesting features of the city, when viewed from the river; but the plan was never carried out, and the railway. This spire is wrought in the most elaborate “ New Town,” as it is called, consists of the trunk of manner, and only requires time to soften its present Great Pulteney Street, and a few streets leading out of sharpness to make it perfect. (Cut, No. 7.) The new it, or lying like great blocks in its immediate vicinity. tower of St. James's Church, built in the Italian style, It remains for some future speculator to fill up the and surmounted with an elegant lantern, is another very vast original sketch, and to render the New Town the prominent object, as you enter Stall Street; indeed, it most splendid portion of the city.
forms many graceful combinations from different points If we return to High Street, and proceed on through of view. Northgate Street, we have a full view of St. Michael's The most ambitious-looking of all the modern eccleChurch, which is by far the best of the modern ecclesi-siastical erections in Bath is St. Stephen's Church, astical structures of the city. It is built in the fork, situated upon the top of Lansdowne Hill. It has been between Broad Street and Walcot Street: an excellent built within the last few years, but its architect does position, as far as effect goes. The style is that pre- not seem to have felt the influence of that revival of valent in Salisbury Cathedral. The most beautiful the pure Gothic which has lately taken place. (Cut, portion of the building is the pierced spire, which rises No. 8.)