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ment, and very handsomely fitted up. The room is places. Altogether, this gatehouse affords a very good large and lofty; and is provided with a music-gallery, idea of the stronghold of a baronial mansion. withdrawing-room, and the other appurtenances of an On emerging from the gateway we find ourselves in old hall. The walls are covered with carved oak a stately quadrangular court-yard, surrounded by buildpanels; the roof is also panelled. The fire-place has ings, evidently not all of equal antiquity, but yet having some good carving of the arms of the Boleyns and all somewhat of an antique aspect. The whole is in their alliances, supported by well-designed figures of good repair, but not in its ancient state. The fronts angels : on one of the shields the arms of Henry VIII. were once fancifully painted; but no trace of painting are empanelled. This hall seems to have been remo- is now visible. We cross the court-yard (which in delled after the castle became the property of the passing, we notice, retains the old red-brick pavement) Boleyns. A few years back it was carefully repaired and enter the gateway directly opposite to that we have and refitted, and is now the most completely-furnished just quitted. On the left is the dining-hall: this is a room in the whole edifice. When it was restored' room fit for the ordinary refectory of a noble family what remained of the old Boleyn furniture was collected before ancient hospitality was given up. Not so stately and placed here, and contributes not a little to the as the older hall we have recently come from, it is yet general effect. The chairs and sofas are not only of a goodly room; and while the master of the house with antique form, but retain their original covering of that his family and his guests have places apart, there is needle-work for which the English ladies of Anne ample room for the numerous domestics, and also for Boleyn's day were so famous. There is a feebly sup- the humble dependent or stranger who may
be a ported tradition that some of these covers are of Anne's casual participant at the plenteous board. The room own embroidery. At one time the furniture of Hever is large, and of proportionate height: the ceiling is must have been of rare value, but the costlier articles rather elaborately ornamented. On one side is a were scattered by the auctioneer. Some of the curious huge fire-place. The long tables may have served fire-dogs, with other relics, are now at Knole. We when the Earl of Wiltshire was lord of Hever Castle. must not quit the hall without mentioning that there Bat the ancient hangings are gone; no banners float are several portraits on the walls. One is pointed out over head; neither arms, nor helmets, nor broad antlers as the family portrait of Anne Boleyn, and it is added hang upon the walls. As the old castle is degraded that it was painted shortly before her execution. To into a farm-house, so the old hall is made to serve as the us it seems to bear little resemblance to the anthentic farm-house kitchen. Yet there is some good even in this portraits of her: we do not believe it is even a copy use of it: a bright fire is ever burning in the huge fireof ber portrait- we need hardly add, that it is not an place, and its cheerful blaze lights up the old walls in a original. The other portraits are worthless as pictures way that contrasts quite gratefully in comparison with --but they help the general effect of the room.
the ungénial chill that pervades the ancient halls which We might be led to repeople the old hall with its are kept merely for show in so many a lordly dwelling. . early tenants ; to fancy the Hevers or the Boleyns sit- Passing through the hall, we proceed up what is ting here in their dignity, at a court-baron, or as sheriffs called the Grand Staircase,' to the Long Gallery, or of Kent, or presiding at the banquet, or listening to ball-room. This is a noticeable apartment: it is very some goodly interlude and merry: or place the bluff long, but narrow, and the ceiling is low. The sides are monarch in the chair of state to receive the homage of of panelled oak ; the ceiling is also divided into panels. the surrounding 'squires :- but our guide spoils the The floor is of oak, rather too rudely put together, we fancy, if we venture to utter it aloud, by the assurance should fancy, to be pleasant to ladies' 'twinkling feet." that the old dining-room was on the other side of the On one side, at equal distances apart, are three recesses: court-yard; and that as for the king, he always saw one of them is a large bay window, the middle one is company up in the long gallery. We cannot say nay for the fire. Altogether the room will probably remind to this, and so we will pass on, only intimating that the visitor of the Long Gallery at Haddon, to which it this hall was probably the staie dining-room of the bears a very marked resemblance. The three recesses Hevers, as the other may have been the ordinary one there, however, are all bay windows. The long gallery of the Boleyns. This hall is reached by a winding stair- / at Hever is in its present state evidently of the Tudor case in one of the towers: the visitor may, if he pleases, period. It was doubtless the construction of a Boleyn, ascend by it to the battlements on the summit of the “perhaps of Anne's father.
In her day it was at any tower, but owing to the lowness of the site there is rate in its greatest splendour ; and, filled with such a little prospect; he must not, however, descend the company as sometimes were assembled in it, must have stairs without stepping into some one of the little presented a striking spectacle. We might be sure, if chambers in order to see the way in which they were tradition were silent respecting it, that Anne's lovercontrived for the annoyance of an enemy. The loop- the great master of revels-would have holes he will observe were well-adapted for discharging
“A noble and a fair assembly arrows through. The guard-rooms are also worth look
Some niglit to meet here-he could do no less, ing into ; and on returning to the gateway, it will be Out of the great respect he bore to beauty-well just to notice the portcullises, and some other of
and entreat the original fittings which yet remain in their proper An hour of revels with them."
And we can easily fancy how the little maiden's heart became perplexed how best to rid himself of poor
Anne would flutter when the king “ took her out” to lead Boleyn. To have two divorced wives living, was rather the brawls.
beyond what he liked to venture on. To cut off the Tradition has fixed chiefly on the bay window for head of one had not yet suggested itself to him. He the scene of its tales of Anne and her lover. Here, it determined to try whether starvation would not answer relates, she sat and watched, when she anticipated his his purpose. Anne was sent down to Hever and concoming. A lattice is shown, from which she used to signed to the dungeon. When her keeper thought time wave her bandkerchief what time her royal admirer enough had elapsed, he opened the door and brought sounded his bugle when he had reached the summit of out her body. She appeared to be dead, but after a the hill, some balf-mile off, where first the towers of brief space, she revived, and his heart failed him. InHever become visible from the road; or when sorrow stead of replacing her in the cell he carried her to ing over his departure she caught the last glimpse of London; and then the king took a more legal course. his portly form. It hardly needs tradition to tell that They don't repeat this legend at Hever now. Visitors here was the fond pair's favourite seat; the seat in a are grown critical, and guides taciturn. sunny bay is, we know,
Another room will be shown the stranger :- Anne
Boleyn's bed-room. It is worth seeing : it is but “For whispering lovers made.”
scantily furnished, but what furniture it has is ancient. In this bay-window, too, we are assured, was placed The bed is affirmed to be the veritable one she slept Henry's chair of state when the neighbouring gentry in. It is an antique-looking one, with heavy yellow were admitted to a levée. At the end of the room a hangings. The chairs and tables, and a strong carved trap-door is pointed out, which opens into the dun- oak chest, are said to have belonged to the Boleyns. geon'--a gloomy chamber wbich, you are told, was Write your name in the visitor's book,--and let us intended for a hiding-place in time of trouble. As if away. to counterbalance the bit of sentiment in which she had There is nothing to attract the visitor in the village indulged at the bay-window, Tradition repeats another of Hever, which is, in fact, merely a gathering on a hillstory of rather a grim character. When the king, she side of a few very sad-looking cottages; but he should tells, was smitten by the charms of Jane Seymour, he remember that by every old baronial hall, as by every
den's heart became perplexed how best to rid himself of poor Anz at” to lead Boleyn. To have two divorced wives living, was rather
beyond what he liked to venture on. To cut off the window for head of one had not yet suggested itself to him. H: - Here, it determined to try whether starvation would not answer cipated his his purpose. Anne was sent down to Hever and combe used to signed to the dungeon. When her keeper thought time al admirer enough had elapsed, he opened the door and brough
summit of out her body. She appeared to be dead, but after a e towers of brief space, she revived, and his heart failed him. la en sorrow stead of replacing her in the cell he carried her to glimpse of London; and then the king took a more legal course. to tell that
They don't repeat this legend at Hever now. Visitor - seat in a are grown critical, and guides taciturn.
Another room will be shown the stranger :-Anze
scantily furnished, but what furniture it has is ancient
Write your name in the visitor's book,—and let us she had
There is nothing to attract the visitor in the village another of Hever, which is, in fact, merely a gathering on a bil
e. As if away.
<ing, she side of a few very sad-looking cottages; but he should
mour, he remember that by every old baronial hall
, as by every
old abbey, the neighbouring church is almost sure to chief front, with its central entrance-tower and corredeserve inspection. The keys can always be easily sponding wings, is more recent though still old ; in attained, and he should spend a quarter of an hour in appearance it is stately from its extent, but very formal. looking over it. Hever Church is but a humble one, We remember what Ben Jonson says of it, and are yet some few features that will repay the search for satisfied : them, and a few monuments of the lords of Hever, will
“ Thou art not, Penshurst, built to envious show be found there. The altar tomb, to the memory of
Of touch or marble ; nor can boast a row Anne's father, the Earl of Wiltshire, has upon the top
Of polish'd pillars, or a roof of gold : of it a brass, representing the earl in the full costume Thou hast no lanthern whereof tales are told; of a knight of the garter, which is a very superior ex- Or stair or courts; but stand’st an ancient pile, ample of the incised work of the sixteenth century.
And, these grudg’d at, art reverenced the while. In front of the little village inn hangs a dismal por
Thou joy’st in better marks, of soil, of air,
Of wood, of water; therein thou art fair.” traiture of King Harry's head. Why he should be chosen to 'predominate' over a hostel bere is rather The early owners of Penshurst would supply an hard to guess. Was it made to swing here from admira- entertaining history. Not here, however, can it be tion or abhorrence ?-or, as we heard suggested, as a told. It must be enough to say that shortly after the warning to the wives of Hever ?
Conquest it belonged to a family named Pencestre.
of Bedford, who was regent during the long minority PENSHURST Place.
of Henry VI., one of the bravest and best men of his We are now to visit a place of more pleasing associa- age; and his brother, the “good duke Humphrey" of tions, and in every sense of greater interest. Pens- Shakspere, and rendered illustrious by his patronage hurst is one of the most cherished spots all over our of literature and its followers, both resided at Penshurst. land :
How it came into the possession of the Sidney family “For Sidney here was born ;
is told by the inscription we read over the gateway of Sidney, than whom no greater, braver man,
the entrance-tower: “The most religious and renowned His own delightful genius ever feigned,
Prince, Edward the Sixth, King of England, France, Illustrating the vales of Arcady
and Ireland, gave this House of Pencester, with its With courteous courage and with loyal loves.”—
manors, lands, and appurtenances thereunto belonging
unto his trusty and well-beloved servant, Sir William Other associations it has of rare worth, but Sidney's is Sydney, Knight Banneret, serving him from the time the ruling memory. His name recurs to the recollection of his birth unto his coronation in the offices of chamwhenever Penshurst is spoken of; and when we visit berlain and steward of his household. In commemorathe place, everything there serves to deepen the im- tion of which most worthy and famous king, Sir Henry pression. It is Sidney's Penshurst.
Sydney, Knight of the most noble order of the Garter, Very difficult would it be to select a more pleasant Lord President of the Council established in the Marches spot for a day's holiday. The railway carries you of Wales, son and heir of the aforenamed Sir William, within a couple of miles of the house and village; the caused this Tower to be builded, and that most excelrooms occupy an hour or two in the best manner; the lent prince's arms to be erected, Anno Domini, 1585.” park is full of beauty, and not devoid of special attrac- Penshurst has long ceased to be the property of a tions; and there are charming walks about the sur- Sidney. The direct line became extinct on the decease rounding country. You may find enough to occupy of the last Earl of Leicester, who bure that name. Upon without satiety or weariness, the longest summer's day ; his death, arose protracted and expensive litigation and after a day spent as delightfully as profitably, you among the several branches of the family. It was at can return by the evening train speedily, and without length settled by a compromise, but a good part fatigue. Penshurst is only three or four miles distant of the estate was consumed in the strife. The daughter from Hever, and they may both be easily examined on of the person to whose share Penshurst fell, a lady
named Parry, carried it by marriage to one of the Come with us now and spend a day at Penshurst, Shelleys of Sussex, who assumed the name of SidTempting are the lanes we pass through, and more tempt- ney. Sir John Sidney (the uncle of the poet Shelley) ing the peeps we get from them. But we linger not till laid claim to the barony of L'isle, which had formerly we arrive at a somewhat elevated spot, from which we been held with the earldom of Leicester by the Sidneys: see stretched before us the long front of the mansion, but the House of Lords decided against his claim. His and the divided stream of the Medway lying just below son, the present owner of Penshurst, however, had the it. We enter the park by an avenue of noble elms, title of De Lisle conferred upon him on his marriage and behold the mansion just before us. (Cut, No. 2.) with the daughter of William IV. The earldom is As we look more closely at it, we notice that its several altogether lost to the family, having been, as will be parts are plainly of very different ages and architectural recollected, conferred some few years since, on Mr. character. The older portions, which we see at the Coke, of Norfolk. sides, are broken into not unpleasing irregularity: the It is yet too early to enter the mansion. We will
the same day.