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i Num. 21. 2, 3.

28 Notwithstanding no devoted thing, that a man shall devote unto the Lord of a ver: 21; Jou 6. 17

all that he hath, both of man and beast, and of the field of his possession, shall be 29 sold or redeemed: every devoted thing is most holy unto the Lord. None

devoted, which shall be devoted of men, I shall be redeemed; but shall surely be

put to death. 30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit * Ge. 14, 20; 28. 22; 31 of the tree, is the LORD's: it is holy unto the LORD. "And if a man will at all 32 redeem aught of his tithes, he shall add thereto the fifth part thereof. And con

cerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever " passeth under var. 13 33 the rod,” the tenth shall be holy unto the Lord. He shall not search whether it

be good or bad, * neither shall he change it: and if he change it at all, then both ver. 10.

it and the change thereof shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed. 34 • These are the commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses for the • ch. %. 46.

children of Israel in mount Sinai. 1 This means not devoted by men, but devoted from ites (Deut. xxv. 19; 1 Sam. xv. 3). among men; such as, the Canaanitish nations (Deut. vii. 2 Referring to the usual method of numbering and 2, 24), the city of Jericho (Josh. vi. 17), and the Amalek- separating cattle.

Num. ? Chr. 31. 5, 6. 12; Ne. 10 37, ; 13 12 : M 1. 3. 8, 10; Heb. 7.5-9.

see Jer. 39. 13; Eze. 20.37; Mic. 7. 14.

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THE FOURTH BOOK

OF MOSES, CALLED

NUMBERS.

THEIR RETURN THITXER ABOUT THIRTY-SEVEN YEARS

This book derives its title from the numberings of the (22—27); the offerings of the princes (vii.); the conpeople of Israel, recorded in ch. i.-iv., xxvi. The first secration of the Levites (viii.); the passover, the pillar of these was made at Sinai, in the beginning of the second of cloud and of fire, and the silver trumpets (ix., x. 1-10). year after their departure from Egypt; the second was III. THE JOURNEY FROM SINAI TO THE BORDERS or made thirty-eight years afterwards, in the land of Moab, CANAAN. The people leave Sinai, and resume their jour. just before their entrance into Canaan. The repetition ney (x. 11–36); they despise the manna, lust for flesh, of the census, and the mode in which it was taken, tended and are punished (xi.); Aaron and Miriam murmur at to promote attention to the family registers; and, by Moses (xii.); the spies, and their report (xiii.); the redistinguishing those of pure Hebrew descent, to prevent bellion of the people, and the consequent rejection of that admisture with their vicious and idolatrous neighbours. generation (xiv.) It also especially served to show the linenge of the IV. TRANSACTIONS BETWEEN THE TURNING BACK OF Messiah, the promised Seed of Abraham.'

THE ISRAELITES FROM THE BORDERS OF CANAAN, AND The second numbering is, moreover, particularly connected with one of the chief events of this history--that AFTERWARDS : including, various ordinances (xv.); the criminal unbelief which excluded a whole generation rebellion and death of Korah and his party (xvi.); the of the Israelites from the promised land; delaying their budding of Aaron's rod (xvii.); the duties and the portion berupation of it for thirty-eight years, and suddenly of the priests and Levites (xviii.); the law of the water arresting the extraordinary increase of the nation; so that of purification (xix.) they were less numerous at the end of this period than V. ConcLUSION OF THE MARCH THROUGH THE WILther had been at the beginning.

DERNESS, AND COMMENCEMENT OF THE CONQUEST OF We see in this history, on the one hand, the unceasing CANAAN. The people come to the desert of Zin; at and tender care of the Almighty over his chosen people Kadesh they murmur for water, and are supplied from the during their wanderings; and, on the other, the mur- smitten rock (xx. 1–13); a passage through Edom is murings and rebellions by which they offended their refused (14—21); Aaron dies, and is succeeded by Eleazar heavenly Protector, drew down upon them repeated marks (22--29); defeat of Canaanites in the south ; renewed of his just displeasure, and provoked him to say that they murmurings of the people; the fiery serpents, and the should not enter into his rest,' because of their una serpent of brass (xxi. 1-9); further journeys; and belief. See Heb. iii. 19. * All these things happened victories over Sihon and Og (10—35); Balaam and unto them for ensamples, and were written for our ad- his prophecies (xxii. -- xxiv.); the Israelites are enmonition' (1 Cor. x. 1-11).

snared by the Midianites, and are punished (xxv.); the

second numbering of the people on the plains of Moab This book may be divided into five principal sec- (xxvi.); the law of inheritance of daughters (xxvii. 1-11); tions:

Moses is warned of his death, and Joshua appointed his I. THE NUMBERING OF THE ISRAELITES : their classi- successor (12--23); laws concerning offerings and vows fication according to their descent; the arrangement of (xxviii.--xxx.); victory over the Midianites (xxxi.); the the camp; the numbers and offices of the Levites; and partition of the conquered land east of Jordan (xxxii.); the redemption of the first-born (ch. i.-iv.)

recapitulation of the stations in the wilderness (xxxiii.); II. VARIOUS LAWS AND OBSERVANCES : viz., the the boundaries of the promised land (xxxiv.); the cities purification of the camp; the trial of jealousy (v.); the of the Levites, and cities of refuge (xxxv.); law respectlaw concerning Nazarites (vi. 1—21); form of blessing / ing heiresses (xxxvi.)

Numbering of the Israelites by families, the Levites being excepted. 1 AND the LORD spake unto Moses o in the wilderness of Sinai, in the taber

nacle of the congregation, on the first day of the second month, in the second 2 year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying, "Take ye the sum of

a eh. 10. 11, 12; Ex.

19. I.
6 Ex. 2 22.

all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house 1 The result of this census (ver. 46) had been stated the total was nearly two millions. The persons numby anticipation, Exod. xxxviii. 26. From the number of bered would be fit for labour as well as war, constituting males above the age of twenty, it may be inferred that the effective strength of the nation.

Ex 40.17 deh. 20. 2, 63, 64; Fx.

1. 1-3: 321?: 38 26; 2 Sam. 24. ?; 1 Chr. 21. 2.

• eh. 14. 23; EL 30 14

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of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls ; 3 from twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: 4 thou and Aaron shall number them by their armies. And with you there shall

be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers. 5 And these are the names of the men that shall stand with you. Of the tribe of 6 Reuben; Elizur the son of Shedeur. Of Simeon; Shelumiel the son of Zuri7 shaddai. Of Judah; Nahshon the son of Amminadab. Of Issachar; Nethaneel the 9 son of Zuar. Of Zebulun; Eliab the son of Helon. Of the children of Joseph : in of Ephraim; Elishama the son of Ammihud: of Manasseh ; Gamaliel the son of 11 Pedahzur. Of Benjamin; Abidan the son of Gideoni. of Dan; Ahiezer the son 13 of Ammishaddai. Of Asher; Pagiel the son of Oeran. Of Gad; Eliasaph the son 15 / Deuel. Of Naphtali; Ahira the son of Enan. 6 These were the renowned of the other 214, he is called 16 congregation, princes of the tribes of their fathers, * heads of thousands in Israel. .2 2: 1 Chr. 17 And Moses and Aaron took these men which are expressed by their names : 18 and they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second

month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their

fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, 19 by their polls. As the LORD commanded Moses, so he numbered them in the wilderness of Sinai.

And the children of Reuben, Israel's eldest son, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, by

their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to 21 forth to war; those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Reuben,

were forty and six thousand and five hundred. 1 22 Of the children of 'Simeon, by their generations, after their families, by the ch. 2. 12, 13

house of their fathers, those that were numbered of them, according to the number

of the names, by their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all 23 that were able to go forth to war; those that were numbered of them, even of the

tribe of Siineon, " were fifty and nine thousand and three hundred. 24

Of the children of " Gad, by their generations, after their families, by the house *ch. 2. 14, 15 of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old 2.5 and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; those that were numbered of

them, even of the tribe of Gad, were forty and five thousand six hundred and fifty. 20

Of the children of P Judah, by their generations, after their families, by the house peh. 2. 3, 4 of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and 27 upward, all that were able to go forth to war; those that were numbered of them,

even of the tribe of Judah, were threescore and fourteen thousand and six hundred. ch. 2 22; : Sees 23 Of the children of Issachar, by their generations, after their families, by the

house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years 29 old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; those that were numbered

of them, even of the tribe of Issachar, were ' fifty and four thousand and four

hundred. 30 Of the children of 'Zebulun, by their generations, after their families, by the ch. 2 7, 8

house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years 31 old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; those that were numbered

of them, even of the tribe of Zebulun, were “ fifty and seven thousand and four "ch. * 7.

hundred. 32 Of the children of - Joseph, namely, of the children of Ephraim, by their gene- ? 18, 19; Des

rations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number

of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth 33 to war; those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Ephraim, ' were

forty thousand and five hundred. 34 of the children of Manasseh, by their generations, after their families, by the

house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years 335 old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; those that were numbered

of them, even of the tribe of Manasseh, were « thirty and two thousand and two

hundred. 36 Of the children of Benjamin, by their generations, after their families, by the bed. 2 2,54

house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years 37 old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; those that were numbered

of them, even of the tribe of Benjamin, were 'thirty and five thousand and fourch!! Judete

hundred. 38 Of the children of " Dan, by their generations, after their families, by the house deh. 2 %

of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and

* ch. 26 IS

24. 9.
ch. 24,6

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y Deu. 33 17.
* cb. 2. 19: % &.

. ch. 221; * 34

1 All the sums being hundreds, except one fifty, it is , probable that numbers less than fifty were omitted.

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Ge. 13. 16; Ex. 12. 37; 38. 26.

47

4; 26 W. 62: 1 Chr.

6: 21.6 #ch. 2. 33 ; 26. 62.

eh. 35-11; 4. 15, 25

-4, 3); Ex. 38. 21; Ac. 7. 44.

. ch. 2. 17: 2833

21.

I Sam. 6. 19; 2 Sam. 6. 6. 7.

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Ver. 50.

39 upward, all that were able to go forth to war; those that were numbered of them,

even of the tribe of Dan, were threescore and two thousand and seven hundred. 10 Of the children of Asher, by their generations, after their families, by the seh. 2. 27, 28.

house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years 41 old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; those that were numbered of

them, even of the tribe of Asher, were & forty and one thousand and five hundred. Sch. %. 19. 4.2 Of the children of " Naphtali, throughout their generations, after their families, * eh. 2. 29, 30.

by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty 43 years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; those that were

numbered of them, even of the tribe of Naphtali, were ' fifty and three thousand" ch. 2. sa and four hundred.

· These are those that were numbered, which Moses and Aaron numbered, and eh. 26. 64 the princes of Israel, being twelve men : each one was for the house of his fathers. 45 So were all those that were numbered of the children of Israel, by the house of

their fathers, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to 46 war in Israel; even all they that were numbered were «six hundred thousand * eh. 2. 32: 2. 5!: and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.

But 'the Levites after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among eh. 2 31: mech. 3: 48 them. For the Lord had spoken unto Moses, saying, "Only thou shalt not 49 number the tribe of Levi, neither take the sum of them among the children of 50 Israel : " but thou shalt appoint the Levites over the tabernaclel of testimony,

and orer all the vessels thereof, and over all things that belong to it: they shall

bear the tabernacle, and all the vessels thereof; and they shall minister unto it, 51 •and shall encamp round about the tabernacle. P And when the tabernacle setteth

forward, the Levites shall take it down : and when the tabernacle is to be sh. 4. 5–33; 10. 1.

pitched, the Levites shall set it up: ? and the strangera that cometh nigh shall be ch. 2 10,: 18. 22; 52 put to death. And the children of Israel shall pitch their tents,' every man by 53 his own camp, and every man by his own standard, throughout their hosts. But 34

the Levites shall pitch round about the tabernacle of testimony, that there be no

'wrath3 upon the congregation of the children of Israel: "and the Levites shall sh.: 19: 16. 18: 54 keep the charge of the tabernacle of testimony. And the children of Israel did according to all that the Lord commanded Moses, so did they.

Arrangement of the camp, and order of march. 2 AND the Lord spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, "Every man of the "eh. 1. 52 2 children of Israel shall pitch by his own standard, with the ensign of their

father's house : y far off (over against] about the tabernacle of the congregation Jou. 24

shall they pitch. 3 And on the east side toward the rising of the sun shall they of the standard of

the camp of · Judah pitch throughout their armies : and · Nahshon the son of 4 Amminadab shall be captain of the children of Judah. And his host, and those

that were numbered of them, were threescore and fourteen thousand and six 5 hundred. And those that do pitch next unto him shall be the tribe of Issachar : 6 and Nethaneel the son of Zuar shall be captain of the children of Issachar. And

his host, and those that were numbered thereof, were fifty and four thousand and 7 four hundred. Then the tribe of Zebulun: and Eliab the son of Helon shall be 8 captain of the children of Zebulun. And his host, and those that were numbered 9 thereof, were fifty and seven thousand and four hundred. All that were numbered

in the camp of Judah were an hundred thousand and fourscore thousand and six

thousand and four hundred, throughout their armies. These shall first set forth. ch. 10. 14 10 On the south side shall be the standard of the camp of Reuben according to

their armies : and the captain of the children of Reuben shall be Elizur the son of 11 Shedeur. And his host, and those that were numbered thereof, were forty and 12 six thousand and five hundred. And those which pitch by him shall be the tribe

of Simeon: and the captain of the children of Simeon shall be Shelumiel the son 13 of Zurishaddai. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were fifty 14 and nine thousand and three hundred. Then the tribe of Gad: and the captain 15 of the sons of Gad shall be Eliasaph the son of Renel. And his host, and those Deuel, ch. 1. 1; 7.

that were numbered of them, were forty and five thousand and six hundred and 16 fifty. All that were numbered in the camp of Reuben were an hundred thousand

and fifty and one thousand and four hundred and fifty, throughout their armies.
* And they shall set forth in the second rank.
! Not to officiate in it, but to take charge of it.

4 The tribes were to pitch around the tabernacle. It 2 One who is not a Levite. See refs.

is the oriental usage to place the monarch and his chief 3 That is

, from God; who will not suffer the profaners officers in the centre of the camp. There are very various of his worship to go unpunished. The preventing of sin opinions respecting the ensigns of the tribes; but nothing is the preventing of wrath.

is known with certainty about them.

18 5; Le. 6; 1 Sam. 6. 19. ver, 50; ch. 3. 7, 8; R 21-25 13-5 31. 30, v; I Chr. 23. 32 ; ? Chr. 13. 11.

te. 43. & • eh. 10. 14: Ru.4.

20; 1 Chr. 2.10: Ml. I. 4; L.k. 3. 32,

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49,07 10. 20.

deh. 10. 18.

• ch. I. 53; 10. 17, 21.

25

32

17 • Then the tabernacle of the congregation shall set forward with the camp of

the Levites in the midst of the camp: as they encamp, so shall they set forward,

every man in his place by their standards. 18 On the west side shall be the standard of the camp of Ephraim according to

their armies : and the captain of the sons of Ephraim shall be Elishama the son 19 Ammihud. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were forty 20 thousand and five hundred. And by him shall be the tribe of Manasseh : and the 21 captain of the children of Manasseh shall be Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur. And

his host, and those that were numbered of them, were thirty and two thousand 22 and two hundred. Then the tribe of Benjamin; and the captain of the sons of 23 Benjamin shall be Abidan the son of Gideoni. And his host, and those that were 24 numbered of them, were thirty and five thousand and four hundred. All that

were numbered of the camp of Ephraim were an hundred thousand and eight
thousand and an hundred, throughout their armies. And they shall go forward ch. 10 22
in the third rank.

The standard of the camp of Dan shall be on the north side by their armies : and the captain of the children of Dan shall be Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai. 26 And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were threescore and two 27 thousand and seven hundred. And those that encamp by him shall be the tribe

of Asher: and the captain of the children of Asher shall be Pagiel the son of 28 Ocran. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were forty and one 29 thousand and five hundred. Then the tribe of Naphtali: and the captain of the 30 children of Naphtali shall be Ahira the son of Enan. And his host, and those that 31 were numbered of them, were fifty and three thousand and four hundred. All

they that were numbered in the camp of Dan were an hundred thousand and
fifty and seven thousand and six hundred. They shall go hindmost with ch. 10. 2.
their standards.

These are those which were numbered of the children of Israel by the house of their fathers : "all those that were numbered of the camps throughout their hosts 33 were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty. But the ich l. -49

Levites were not numbered among the children of Israel; as the Lord commanded 34 Moses. And the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded

Moses : 1 so they pitched by their standards, and so they set forward, every one after their families, according to the house of their fathers. ?

The priests and Levites ; their selection, offices, and number according to their families. 3 THESE also are the generations? of Aaron and Moses in the day that the LORD 2 spake with Moses in mount Sinai. And these are the names of the sons of Aaron; 3 Nadab the firstborn, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. These are the names of

the sons of Aaron, 'the priests which were anointed, whom he consecrated to 4 minister in the priest's office. * And Nadab and Abihu died before the LORD,

when they offered strange fire before the LORD, in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children: and Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priest's office

in the sight of Aaron their father. 5, 6 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, " Bring the tribe of Levi near, and 7 present them before Aaron the priest, that they may minister unto him. And

they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the 8 tabernacle of the congregation, to do the service of the tabernacle. And they

shall keep all the instruments of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the charge 9 of the children of Israel, to do the service of the tabernacle. And P thou shalt eh. 8. 19: 18 6

give the Levites unto Aaron and to his sons: they are wholly given unto him 10 out of the children of Israel. And thou shalt appoint Aaron and his sons, ' and

they shall wait on their priest's office : "and the stranger that cometh nigh shall

be put to death. 11, 12 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, And I, behold, I have taken the

Levites from among the children of Israel instead of all the firstborn that openeth

the matrix among the children of Israel: therefore the Levites shall be mine; 13 because all the firstborn are mine; " for on the day that I smote all the firstborn

Ach. ). 46; 11. 21:

Ex. 38 26

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15; LeR *ch, % 61 : Le 10.

1,!; I Chr. 242

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15, 24, 26

ech. 18 7: Ra 12.7:

I Tim. 15, 16 ver. 8: ch. I. 31;

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I ch. & 16: Ex. 13 :: rer. 39; eh. $6. 62

L. 27. %; Lk.241 ch. & 17; Ex. 12. 9 12 12, 15

| Thus the host of Israel was fully organized, and a regular gradation of officers established, which insured strict order.

2 In this enumeration of the Levites, observe: (1.) The family of Aaron, as priest, stands first; whilst the sons of Moses are not mentioned, as they were simply Levites. (2.) All the males from a month old are reckoned, as consecrated to God. It appears, however, afterwards, that little more than a third part of them were fit to be em

ployed in the service of the tabernacle. See ch. iv. 47, 48. (3.) The tribe is divided into the three families of Gershon, Kohath, and Merari; to each of which a separate work is assigned. (4.) This tribe was much smaller than any other, and did not amount to the number of the firstborn males of the whole nation at that time, in whose stead it was taken for the peculiar service of God. The redempe tion of the overplus of the first-born is specially provided for in ver. 46.

y ch. 26. V: Ge. 16.

11; Ex. 6. 16; 1 Chr. 61, 1623.6

Ex. 6. 17. a E. & 18

Ex. 6 19.

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in the land of Egypt I hallowed unto me all the firstborn in Israel, both man and

beast: mine shall they be: I am the LORD. 14 And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, saying, Number 15 the children of Levi after the house of their fathers, by their families : 'every 16 male from a month old and upward shalt thou number them. And Moses

numbered them according to the word of the LORD, as he was commanded. 17 And these were the sons of Levi by their names ; Gershon, and Kohath, and 18 Merari. And these are the names of the sons of Gershon by their families ; 19 - Libni, and Shimei. And the sons of Kohath by their families ; « Amram, and 20 Izehar, Hebron, and Uzziel. And the sons of Merari by their families ; Mahli,

and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites according to the house of

their fathers. 21 Of Gershon was the family of the Libnites, and the family of the Shimites : 22 these are the families of the Gershonites. Those that were numbered of them,

according to the number of all the males, from a month old and upward, even

those that were numbered of them were seven thousand and five hundred. 23 · The families of the Gershonites shall pitch behind the tabernacle westward. 24 And the chief of the house of the father of the Gershonites shall be Eliasaph the 25 son of Lael. And the charge of the sons of Gershon in the tabernacle of the

congregation shall be « the tabernacle, and the tent, the covering thereof, and 26 the hanging for the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the hang- KE71

ings of the court, and *the curtain for the door of the court, which is by the tabernacle, and by the altar round about, and the cords of it for all the

service thereof. 27 And of Kohath was the family of the Amramites, and the family of the

Izeharites, and the family of the Hebronites, and the family of the Užzielites : 28 these are the families of the Kohathites.? In the number of all the males,

from a month old and upward, were cight thousand and six hundred, keep29 ing the charge of the sanctuary. The families of the sons of Kohath shall 30 pitch on the side of the tabernacle southward. And the chief of the house

of the father of the families of the Kohathites shall be Elizaphan the son

of Uzziel. 31 And their charge shall be p the ark, and the table, and the candlestick, and

the altars, and the vessels of the sanctuary wherewith they minister, and the 32 hanging, and all the service thereof. And Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest

shall be chief over the chief of the Levites, and have the oversight of them that

keep the charge of the sanctuary. 33

Of Merari was the family of the Mahlites, and the family of the Mushites : 34 these are the families of Merari. And those that were numbered of them,

according to the number of all the males, from a month old and upward, were 35 six thousand and two hundred. And the chief of the house of the father of the

families of Merari was Zuriel the son of Abihail : « these shall pitch on the side 36 of the tabernacle northward. And * under the custody and charge of the sons of cb. 431, 2

Merari shall be the boards of the tabernacle, and the bars thereof, and the pillars

thereof, and the sockets thereof, and all the vessels thereof, and all that serveth 37 thereto, and the pillars of the court round about, and their sockets, and their

pins, and their cords. 38 But those that encamp before the tabernacle toward the east, even before the ch. 1. ad

tabernacle of the congregation eastward, shall be Moses, and Aaron and his sons,

2 keeping the charge of the sanctuary for the charge of the children of Israel; 39 and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death. All that were num

bered of the Levites, which Moses and Aaron numbered at the commandment of the Lord, throughout their families, all the males from a month old and upward,

were twenty and two thousand.s 40 And the LORD said unto Moses, 4 Number all the firstborn of the males of the ver. 15

children of Israel from a month old and upward, and take the number of their 41 names. . . And thou shalt take the Levites for me (I am the LORD) instead of all

the firstborn among the children of Israel; and the cattle of the Levites + instead

That is, the coverings of the tabernacle; for the crept into one of the smaller numbers; but others explain Merarites had charge of the boards.

the difference by remarking, that there were three hundred ? In the Kohathites were included the sons of Moses, of the Levites, who, being theniselves first-born, could not who had no higher employment than that of taking care be accepted as substitutes. of the sacred vessels, and carrying burdens in connection 4 The cattle of the Levites were not to be taken from with this service. See also ch. iv. 24–28.

them, or to be offered in sacrifice; but both they and their 3 This, which is evidently the correct number (see vers. cattle were to be presented before the Lord, that they 43, 46), is three hundred less than the sum of the three might be set apart for God's service, and their cattle for families. Some have supposed that an error may have their use and support as God's ministers.

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Ex. 25. 31. • Ex. 27.1; 30. 1. I EL. 26. 2.

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